The Project Gutenberg eBook, Report on the Radiolaria Collected by H.M.S. Challenger During the Years 1873-1876, Plates, by Ernst Haeckel

 

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org

Title: Report on the Radiolaria Collected by H.M.S. Challenger During the Years 1873-1876, Plates

Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger During the Years 1873-76, Vol. XVIII

Author: Ernst Haeckel

Release Date: December 28, 2013 [eBook #44527]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1

***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK REPORT ON THE RADIOLARIA COLLECTED BY H.M.S. CHALLENGER DURING THE YEARS 1873-1876, PLATES***

 

E-text prepared by
Charlene Taylor, Adrian Mastronardi, Keith Edkins,
and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team
(http://www.pgdp.net)
from page images generously made available by
Internet Archive
(https://archive.org)

 

Note: Images of the original pages are available through Internet Archive. See https://archive.org/details/reportonradiolar00haecrich

Project Gutenberg has the other two volumes of this work.
First Part: Porulosa (Spumellaria and Acantharia): see http://www.gutenberg.org/files/44525/44525-h/44525-h.htm
Second Part: Subclass Osculosa; Index: see http://www.gutenberg.org/files/44526/44526-h/44526-h.htm

 

Transcriber's note: Some typographical errors in the printed work have been corrected. The corrected text is underscored in red like this. Hover the cursor over the marked text and the explanation should appear.

Click on any illustration to enlarge it.

 


 

 

 

REPORT

ON THE

SCIENTIFIC RESULTS

OF THE

VOYAGE OF H.M.S. CHALLENGER

DURING THE YEARS 1873-76

UNDER THE COMMAND OF

Captain GEORGE S. NARES, R.N., F.R.S

AND THE LATE

Captain FRANK TOURLE THOMSON, R.N

PREPARED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF

THE LATE

Sir C. WYVILLE THOMSON, Knt., F.R.S., &c

REGIUS PROFESSOR OF NATURAL HISTORY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

DIRECTOR OF THE CIVILIAN SCIENTIFIC STAFF ON BOARD

AND NOW OF

JOHN MURRAY

ONE OF THE NATURALISTS OF THE EXPEDITION

Zoology—Vol. XVIII.

PLATES

Published by Order of Her Majesty's Government

 

 

PRINTED FOR HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE

AND SOLD BY

LONDON:—EYRE & SPOTTISWOODE, EAST HARDING STREET, FETTER LANE

EDINBURGH:—ADAM & CHARLES BLACK

DUBLIN:—HODGES, FIGGIS, & CO

1887


Price (in Two Parts, with a Volume of Plates) £5, 10s.

CONTENTS.


Report on the Radiolaria collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876.

By Ernst Haeckel, M.D., Ph.D., Professor of Zoology in the University of Jena.

PLATES.

CONTENTS.


  PLATES 1-50. SPUMELLARIA.  
" 51-98. NASSELLARIA.
" 99-128. PHÆODARIA.
" 129-140. ACANTHARIA.
MAP, showing the Geographical Distribution of the Radiolaria.

PLATE 1.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order COLLOIDEA.

Family Thalassicollida.

PLATE 1.
Thalassicollida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Actissa princeps, n. sp.,

× 300 13
The entire living Spumellarium. c, The spherical central capsule containing finely granulated protoplasm, which is radially striated in the cortical zone; v, spherical vacuoles enclosed by the protoplasm; n, the spherical nucleus in the centre; l, the concentric nucleolus; f, the radial pseudopodia which pierce the calymma or the (yellowish) jelly-envelope of the central capsule and arise from the granular sarcomatrix.
Fig. 1a. Half of the central capsule of another specimen, in which the original central nucleus is cleft into numerous small nuclei, × 400
Fig. 1b. Half of the central capsule of another specimen, filled up by flagellate spores, × 400
Fig. 1c. Eight isolated flagellate spores, × 800
Fig. 2. Thalassolampe maxima, n. sp., × 8 17
The entire living Spumellarium. c, The big spherical central capsule; a, the large alveoles filling the central capsule and surrounding a central nucleus; f, the pseudopodia piercing the extracapsular calymma.
Fig. 2a. The nucleus alone, with numerous nucleoli, × 30
Fig. 3. Thalassopila cladococcus, n. sp., × 20 17
c, The big central capsule; a, numerous large alveoles contained in the central capsule; k, oil globules, many of which are placed in the radially striped cortical zone; the nucleus placed centrally, is covered with numerous radial apophyses or cæcal sacs. f, The radially striped calymma.
Fig. 4. Thalassicolla maculata, n. sp., × 100 21
c, The central capsule; v, vacuoles filling this capsule; n, the central nucleus; l, the concentric nucleolus; g, the voluminous calymma, a small radial piece of which is only represented; a, the large alveoles; b, peculiar exoplasmatic bodies; p, black pigment in the inner zone; f, the retracted pseudopodia in the outer zone.
Fig. 4a. An exoplasmatic body, × 300
Fig. 4b, Vacuoles in the endoplasm, × 300
Fig. 5. Thalassicolla melacapsa, n. sp., × 300 21
n, The large nucleus; l, numerous small nucleoli inside the nucleus; v, the vacuoles filling up the central capsule and separated by black pigment; a, large alveoles in the calymma; k, oil globules; b, exoplasmatic bodies; f, the retracted pseudopodia in the outer zone of the calymma.
Fig. 5a. An endoplasmatic vacuole, resembling a cell, × 600
Fig. 5b. A piece of the central capsule, × 600
Plate 1.
PLATE 1.
Thalassicollida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Actissa princeps, n. sp.,

× 300 13
The entire living Spumellarium. c, The spherical central capsule containing finely granulated protoplasm, which is radially striated in the cortical zone; v, spherical vacuoles enclosed by the protoplasm; n, the spherical nucleus in the centre; l, the concentric nucleolus; f, the radial pseudopodia which pierce the calymma or the (yellowish) jelly-envelope of the central capsule and arise from the granular sarcomatrix.
Fig. 1a. Half of the central capsule of another specimen, in which the original central nucleus is cleft into numerous small nuclei, × 400
Fig. 1b. Half of the central capsule of another specimen, filled up by flagellate spores, × 400
Fig. 1c. Eight isolated flagellate spores, × 800
Fig. 2. Thalassolampe maxima, n. sp., × 8 17
The entire living Spumellarium. c, The big spherical central capsule; a, the large alveoles filling the central capsule and surrounding a central nucleus; f, the pseudopodia piercing the extracapsular calymma.
Fig. 2a. The nucleus alone, with numerous nucleoli, × 30
Fig. 3. Thalassopila cladococcus, n. sp., × 20 17
c, The big central capsule; a, numerous large alveoles contained in the central capsule; k, oil globules, many of which are placed in the radially striped cortical zone; the nucleus placed centrally, is covered with numerous radial apophyses or cæcal sacs. f, The radially striped calymma.
Fig. 4. Thalassicolla maculata, n. sp., × 100 21
c, The central capsule; v, vacuoles filling this capsule; n, the central nucleus; l, the concentric nucleolus; g, the voluminous calymma, a small radial piece of which is only represented; a, the large alveoles; b, peculiar exoplasmatic bodies; p, black pigment in the inner zone; f, the retracted pseudopodia in the outer zone.
Fig. 4a. An exoplasmatic body, × 300
Fig. 4b, Vacuoles in the endoplasm, × 300
Fig. 5. Thalassicolla melacapsa, n. sp., × 300 21
n, The large nucleus; l, numerous small nucleoli inside the nucleus; v, the vacuoles filling up the central capsule and separated by black pigment; a, large alveoles in the calymma; k, oil globules; b, exoplasmatic bodies; f, the retracted pseudopodia in the outer zone of the calymma.
Fig. 5a. An endoplasmatic vacuole, resembling a cell, × 600
Fig. 5b. A piece of the central capsule, × 600
Plate 1.

PLATE 2.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order BELOIDEA.

Family Thalassosphærida.

PLATE 2.
Thalassosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lampoxanthium pandora, n. sp.,

× 120 38
The central capsule exhibits distinct pore-canals in its membrane, and a clear interval between this and the coagulated and vacuolated protoplasm. The central nucleus contains numerous dark nucleoli. The spicula are scattered throughout the alveolate calymma.
Fig. 2. Thalassoplancta brevispicula, n. sp. (vel Lampoxanthium brevispiculum), × 120 36
The central capsule contains numerous clear vacuoles, and in the cortical zone a layer of large oil-globules. The central nucleus includes numerous dark nucleoli. The calymma is alveolate. The spicula lie only in the cortical zone.
Fig. 3. Thalassoxanthium cervicorne, n. sp., × 300 33
The central capsule is filled up by clear vacuoles and contains a large central nucleus, with a single nucleolus. The spicula surround the thin calymma.
Fig. 4. Thalassoxanthium cervicorne, n. sp., × 600 33
A single spiculum.
Fig. 5. Thalassoxanthium medusinum, n. sp., × 120 32
The central capsule is filled up by clear vacuoles and contains on its cortical zone a layer of large oil-globules. The central nucleus contains numerous dark nucleoli. The calymma is radially striped, contains numerous small xanthellæ, and is surrounded by the spicula.
Fig. 6. Thalassoxanthium octoceras, n. sp., × 400 34
Three isolated spicula.
Plate 2.
PLATE 2.
Thalassosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lampoxanthium pandora, n. sp.,

× 120 38
The central capsule exhibits distinct pore-canals in its membrane, and a clear interval between this and the coagulated and vacuolated protoplasm. The central nucleus contains numerous dark nucleoli. The spicula are scattered throughout the alveolate calymma.
Fig. 2. Thalassoplancta brevispicula, n. sp. (vel Lampoxanthium brevispiculum), × 120 36
The central capsule contains numerous clear vacuoles, and in the cortical zone a layer of large oil-globules. The central nucleus includes numerous dark nucleoli. The calymma is alveolate. The spicula lie only in the cortical zone.
Fig. 3. Thalassoxanthium cervicorne, n. sp., × 300 33
The central capsule is filled up by clear vacuoles and contains a large central nucleus, with a single nucleolus. The spicula surround the thin calymma.
Fig. 4. Thalassoxanthium cervicorne, n. sp., × 600 33
A single spiculum.
Fig. 5. Thalassoxanthium medusinum, n. sp., × 120 32
The central capsule is filled up by clear vacuoles and contains on its cortical zone a layer of large oil-globules. The central nucleus contains numerous dark nucleoli. The calymma is radially striped, contains numerous small xanthellæ, and is surrounded by the spicula.
Fig. 6. Thalassoxanthium octoceras, n. sp., × 400 34
Three isolated spicula.
Plate 2.

PLATE 3.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order COLLOIDEA.

Family Collozoida.

PLATE 3.
Collozoida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Collozoum serpentinum, n sp (vel Collophidium serpentinum, Hkl),

× 10 26
A living cœnobium, with expanded pseudopodia. The spherical calymma (or the common jelly-mass of the colony) is alveolate and contains numerous cylindrical, serpentine, central capsules. Numerous yellow cells or xanthellæ are scattered between the radial pseudopodia in the periphery.
Fig. 2. Collozoum serpentinum, n. sp., × 50 26
An isolated, cylindrical, worm-shaped, central capsule, with an axial series of oil-globules; the red points are nuclei.
Fig. 3. Collozoum serpentinum, n. sp., × 150 26
An isolated, cylindrical, serpentine, central capsule. k, Oil-globules forming an axial series; n, densely placed, red-coloured nuclei;, c, the capsule membrane under which are scattered small black pigment spots in the colourless cortical zone of the endoplasm; a, extracapsular alveoles; x, xanthellæ or "yellow cells."
Fig. 4. Collozoum amœboides, n. sp., × 100 28
A spherical cœnobium or jelly-colony. Each amœboid central capsule contains an oil-globule; the small red points are nuclei.
Fig. 5. Collozoum amœboides, n. sp., × 400 28
c, A single isolated central capsule; n, nuclei; k, oil-globule.
Fig. 6. Collozoum vermiforme, n. sp., × 30 27
g, A spherical cœnobium or jelly-colony; a, large alveoles, forming a cortical zone; c, central capsules; k, oil-globules.
Fig. 7. Collozoum vermiforme, n. sp., × 100 27
c, A single isolated central capsule; x, xanthellæ surrounding this central capsule; k, oil-globules; n, nuclei.
Fig. 8. Collozoum ellipsoides, n. sp., × 2 26
A spherical colony; the red points are central capsules.
Fig. 9. Collozoum ellipsoides, n. sp., × 150 26
c, A single isolated central capsule; k, oil-globules; n, nuclei.
Fig. 10. Collozoum inerme, Hkl., × 2 25
An old, cylindrical, articulated cœnobium; the red points are centralcapsules.
Fig. 11. Collozoum inerme, Hkl., × 2 25
A young cylindrical cœnobium; the red points are central capsules.
Fig. 12. Collozoum inerme, Hkl., × 400 25
A piece of a young colony with eight small central capsules, without oil-globules. n, The central nucleus in different stages of division. Two capsules are also dividing. x, Xanthellæ in the jelly-like calymma (blue), which also contains numerous vacuoles.
Plate 3.
PLATE 3.
Collozoida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Collozoum serpentinum, n sp (vel Collophidium serpentinum, Hkl),

× 10 26
A living cœnobium, with expanded pseudopodia. The spherical calymma (or the common jelly-mass of the colony) is alveolate and contains numerous cylindrical, serpentine, central capsules. Numerous yellow cells or xanthellæ are scattered between the radial pseudopodia in the periphery.
Fig. 2. Collozoum serpentinum, n. sp., × 50 26
An isolated, cylindrical, worm-shaped, central capsule, with an axial series of oil-globules; the red points are nuclei.
Fig. 3. Collozoum serpentinum, n. sp., × 150 26
An isolated, cylindrical, serpentine, central capsule. k, Oil-globules forming an axial series; n, densely placed, red-coloured nuclei;, c, the capsule membrane under which are scattered small black pigment spots in the colourless cortical zone of the endoplasm; a, extracapsular alveoles; x, xanthellæ or "yellow cells."
Fig. 4. Collozoum amœboides, n. sp., × 100 28
A spherical cœnobium or jelly-colony. Each amœboid central capsule contains an oil-globule; the small red points are nuclei.
Fig. 5. Collozoum amœboides, n. sp., × 400 28
c, A single isolated central capsule; n, nuclei; k, oil-globule.
Fig. 6. Collozoum vermiforme, n. sp., × 30 27
g, A spherical cœnobium or jelly-colony; a, large alveoles, forming a cortical zone; c, central capsules; k, oil-globules.
Fig. 7. Collozoum vermiforme, n. sp., × 100 27
c, A single isolated central capsule; x, xanthellæ surrounding this central capsule; k, oil-globules; n, nuclei.
Fig. 8. Collozoum ellipsoides, n. sp., × 2 26
A spherical colony; the red points are central capsules.
Fig. 9. Collozoum ellipsoides, n. sp., × 150 26
c, A single isolated central capsule; k, oil-globules; n, nuclei.
Fig. 10. Collozoum inerme, Hkl., × 2 25
An old, cylindrical, articulated cœnobium; the red points are centralcapsules.
Fig. 11. Collozoum inerme, Hkl., × 2 25
A young cylindrical cœnobium; the red points are central capsules.
Fig. 12. Collozoum inerme, Hkl., × 400 25
A piece of a young colony with eight small central capsules, without oil-globules. n, The central nucleus in different stages of division. Two capsules are also dividing. x, Xanthellæ in the jelly-like calymma (blue), which also contains numerous vacuoles.
Plate 3.

PLATE 4.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders BELOIDEA.

Families Sphærozoida.

PLATE 4.
Sphærozoida
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sphærozoum trigeminum, n. sp.,

× 50 43
An annular colony. The main mass of the jelly-colony is filled up by large alveoles; the entire surface is densely covered with spicula, and beyond this skeleton-cover lie the spherical central capsules, each with an oil-globule. This species is by mistake not mentioned in the text.
Fig. 2. Sphærozoum alveolatum, n. sp., × 50 43
Section through a spherical colony; displaying the inside of a hemisphere. All the central capsules lie in a single stratum on the surface of the jelly-sphere, each being surrounded by a thick-walled alveole. The spicula lie between the alveole and the capsule, which includes a central oil-globule.
Fig. 3. Sphærozoum alveolatum, n. sp., × 400 43
A single central capsule, filled up by crystal-spores. Numerous geminato-radiate spicula and spherical xanthellæ lie between the capsule and the including thick-walled alveole. In the jelly-calymma, between the capsule and the alveole, numerous thin ramified pseudopodia are expanded.
Fig. 4. Sphærozoum geminatum, n. sp., × 400 45
A single central capsule, with a central oil-globule, surrounded by numerous spicula and spherical xanthellæ. The jelly-substance of the calymma is expanded between the points of the spicula.
Fig. 5. Sphærozoum variabile, n. sp., × 300 45
Three isolated spicula.
Fig. 6. Sphærozoum pandora, n. sp. (vel Rhaphidozoum pandora), × 300 49
A group of various spicula.
Fig. 7. Sphærozoum verticillatum, n. sp., × 300 44
A single spiculum.
Fig. 8. Sphærozoum arborescens, n. sp., × 300 44
A single spiculum.
Fig. 9. Sphærozoum armatum, n. sp., × 300 43
A single spiculum.
Plate 4.
PLATE 4.
Sphærozoida
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sphærozoum trigeminum, n. sp.,

× 50 43
An annular colony. The main mass of the jelly-colony is filled up by large alveoles; the entire surface is densely covered with spicula, and beyond this skeleton-cover lie the spherical central capsules, each with an oil-globule. This species is by mistake not mentioned in the text.
Fig. 2. Sphærozoum alveolatum, n. sp., × 50 43
Section through a spherical colony; displaying the inside of a hemisphere. All the central capsules lie in a single stratum on the surface of the jelly-sphere, each being surrounded by a thick-walled alveole. The spicula lie between the alveole and the capsule, which includes a central oil-globule.
Fig. 3. Sphærozoum alveolatum, n. sp., × 400 43
A single central capsule, filled up by crystal-spores. Numerous geminato-radiate spicula and spherical xanthellæ lie between the capsule and the including thick-walled alveole. In the jelly-calymma, between the capsule and the alveole, numerous thin ramified pseudopodia are expanded.
Fig. 4. Sphærozoum geminatum, n. sp., × 400 45
A single central capsule, with a central oil-globule, surrounded by numerous spicula and spherical xanthellæ. The jelly-substance of the calymma is expanded between the points of the spicula.
Fig. 5. Sphærozoum variabile, n. sp., × 300 45
Three isolated spicula.
Fig. 6. Sphærozoum pandora, n. sp. (vel Rhaphidozoum pandora), × 300 49
A group of various spicula.
Fig. 7. Sphærozoum verticillatum, n. sp., × 300 44
A single spiculum.
Fig. 8. Sphærozoum arborescens, n. sp., × 300 44
A single spiculum.
Fig. 9. Sphærozoum armatum, n. sp., × 300 43
A single spiculum.
Plate 4.

PLATE 5.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Collosphærida.

PLATE 5.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Trypanosphæra transformata, n. sp.,

× 150 111
A living colony. The centre of the spherical cœnobium contains a large alveole, surrounded by a net of sarcode. The entire calymma is filled up by smaller, thin-walled alveoles. Its inner part contains numerous small, young, central capsules (each with an oil-globule) without shells; in the cortical zone of the calymma lie larger capsules, each of which is enclosed by a fenestrated shell with from two to four or more dentated tubes. Between the radiant pseudopodia very numerous small yellow cells (xanthellæ), which are scattered everywhere.
Fig. 2. Trypanosphæra transformata, n. sp., × 300 111
A single shell.
Fig. 3. Trypanosphæra coronata, n. sp., × 300 110
Fig. 4. Trypanosphæra trepanata, n. sp., × 300 110
Fig. 5. Odontosphæra monodon, n. sp., × 300 102
Fig. 6. Odontosphæra cyrtodon, n. sp., × 300 102
Fig. 7. Acrosphæra inflata, n. sp., × 300 101
Fig. 8. Mazosphæra hippotis, n. sp., × 400 108
Fig. 9. Mazosphæra lagotis, n. sp., × 300 108
Fig. 10. Pharyngosphæra stomodæa, n. sp., × 400 98
Fig. 11. Buccinosphæra invaginata. n. sp., × 500 99
Each shell contains numerous larger and smaller crystals.
Fig. 12. Tribonosphæra centripetalis, n. sp., × 500 98
Each shell contains numerous large crystals.
Fig. 13. Collosphæra polygona, n. sp., × 200 96
Plate 5.
PLATE 5.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Trypanosphæra transformata, n. sp.,

× 150 111
A living colony. The centre of the spherical cœnobium contains a large alveole, surrounded by a net of sarcode. The entire calymma is filled up by smaller, thin-walled alveoles. Its inner part contains numerous small, young, central capsules (each with an oil-globule) without shells; in the cortical zone of the calymma lie larger capsules, each of which is enclosed by a fenestrated shell with from two to four or more dentated tubes. Between the radiant pseudopodia very numerous small yellow cells (xanthellæ), which are scattered everywhere.
Fig. 2. Trypanosphæra transformata, n. sp., × 300 111
A single shell.
Fig. 3. Trypanosphæra coronata, n. sp., × 300 110
Fig. 4. Trypanosphæra trepanata, n. sp., × 300 110
Fig. 5. Odontosphæra monodon, n. sp., × 300 102
Fig. 6. Odontosphæra cyrtodon, n. sp., × 300 102
Fig. 7. Acrosphæra inflata, n. sp., × 300 101
Fig. 8. Mazosphæra hippotis, n. sp., × 400 108
Fig. 9. Mazosphæra lagotis, n. sp., × 300 108
Fig. 10. Pharyngosphæra stomodæa, n. sp., × 400 98
Fig. 11. Buccinosphæra invaginata. n. sp., × 500 99
Each shell contains numerous larger and smaller crystals.
Fig. 12. Tribonosphæra centripetalis, n. sp., × 500 98
Each shell contains numerous large crystals.
Fig. 13. Collosphæra polygona, n. sp., × 200 96
Plate 5.

PLATE 6.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Collosphærida.

PLATE 6.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Siphonosphæra socialis, n. sp.,

× 500 106
A small piece of the surface of a living cœnobium, seen from the surface. Only four individuals are visible, the central capsule of which contains numerous small nuclei and a central oil-globule. The including spherical lattice-shell is provided with a few (one to four) larger apertures, which are prolonged into short cylindrical tubules. Through these latter radiate bundles of fine pseudopodia, branching and anastomosing, and forming a fine sarcode network between the alveoles of the calymma. On the surface of the alveolated jelly-sphere the pseudopodia form a dense radiating zone. Xanthella or yellow cells are everywhere scattered.
Fig. 2. Siphonosphæra socialis, n. sp., × 300 106
A small cœnobium or colony in the state of alveolation, forming a jelly-sphere, composed of a great number of capsulated individuals, densely aggregated. Each central capsule contains an oil-globule, and is enclosed by a spherical lattice-shell, which bears a few (one to four) short cylindrical tubules. Each shell is again enveloped by a membranous polyhedral alveole and separated from it by structureless jelly. The thick cortical jelly-envelope, which surrounds the whole spherical colony, exhibits a fine radial striation, produced by radiating pseudopodia; many xanthellæ or yellow cells are scattered in the calymma.
Fig. 3. Siphonosphæra pipetta, n. sp., × 300 108
Fig. 4. Siphonosphæra tubulosa, J. Müller, × 300 105
The central capsule, enclosed in the cavity of the shell, has a central oil-globule, and is surrounded by a few xanthella.
Fig. 5. Siphonosphæra chonophora, n. sp., × 300 107
Fig. 6. Siphonosphæra serpula, n. sp., × 300 107
Fig. 7. Siphonosphæra patinaria, n sp., × 300 105
The central capsule, enclosed in the cavity of the shell, contains a central oil-globule, and is surrounded by a few xanthella.
Fig. 8. Siphonosphæra patinaria, n. sp., × 300 105
Fig. 9. Siphonosphæra conifera, n. sp., × 300 106
Fig. 10. Siphonosphæra cyathina, n. sp., × 300 105
Plate 6.
PLATE 6.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Siphonosphæra socialis, n. sp.,

× 500 106
A small piece of the surface of a living cœnobium, seen from the surface. Only four individuals are visible, the central capsule of which contains numerous small nuclei and a central oil-globule. The including spherical lattice-shell is provided with a few (one to four) larger apertures, which are prolonged into short cylindrical tubules. Through these latter radiate bundles of fine pseudopodia, branching and anastomosing, and forming a fine sarcode network between the alveoles of the calymma. On the surface of the alveolated jelly-sphere the pseudopodia form a dense radiating zone. Xanthella or yellow cells are everywhere scattered.
Fig. 2. Siphonosphæra socialis, n. sp., × 300 106
A small cœnobium or colony in the state of alveolation, forming a jelly-sphere, composed of a great number of capsulated individuals, densely aggregated. Each central capsule contains an oil-globule, and is enclosed by a spherical lattice-shell, which bears a few (one to four) short cylindrical tubules. Each shell is again enveloped by a membranous polyhedral alveole and separated from it by structureless jelly. The thick cortical jelly-envelope, which surrounds the whole spherical colony, exhibits a fine radial striation, produced by radiating pseudopodia; many xanthellæ or yellow cells are scattered in the calymma.
Fig. 3. Siphonosphæra pipetta, n. sp., × 300 108
Fig. 4. Siphonosphæra tubulosa, J. Müller, × 300 105
The central capsule, enclosed in the cavity of the shell, has a central oil-globule, and is surrounded by a few xanthella.
Fig. 5. Siphonosphæra chonophora, n. sp., × 300 107
Fig. 6. Siphonosphæra serpula, n. sp., × 300 107
Fig. 7. Siphonosphæra patinaria, n sp., × 300 105
The central capsule, enclosed in the cavity of the shell, contains a central oil-globule, and is surrounded by a few xanthella.
Fig. 8. Siphonosphæra patinaria, n. sp., × 300 105
Fig. 9. Siphonosphæra conifera, n. sp., × 300 106
Fig. 10. Siphonosphæra cyathina, n. sp., × 300 105
Plate 6.

PLATE 7.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Collosphærida.

PLATE 7.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1 Caminosphæra dendrophora, n. sp.,

× 300 112
Fig. 2. Caminosphæra dichotoma, n. sp., × 300 112
Fig. 3. Coronosphæra diadema, n. sp., × 300 117
Fig. 4. Coronosphæra calycina, n. sp., × 300 117
Fig. 5. Otosphæra auriculata, n. sp., × 300 116
Fig. 6. Otosphæra polymorpha, n. sp., × 300 116
Fig. 7. Solenosphæra serpentina, n. sp., × 300 114
Fig. 8. Solenosphæra cornucopia, n. sp., × 300 115
Fig. 9. Solenosphæra ascensionis, n. sp., × 300 115
Fig. 10. Solenosphæra pandora, n. sp., × 300 113
Fig. 11. Solenosphæra pandora, n. sp., × 100 113
An entire spherical cœnobium. The shells of the colony bear a variable number of fenestrated radial tubes and are densely crowded in the jelly-sphere of the calymma, the cortical zone of which is radially striped.
Plate 7.
PLATE 7.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1 Caminosphæra dendrophora, n. sp.,

× 300 112
Fig. 2. Caminosphæra dichotoma, n. sp., × 300 112
Fig. 3. Coronosphæra diadema, n. sp., × 300 117
Fig. 4. Coronosphæra calycina, n. sp., × 300 117
Fig. 5. Otosphæra auriculata, n. sp., × 300 116
Fig. 6. Otosphæra polymorpha, n. sp., × 300 116
Fig. 7. Solenosphæra serpentina, n. sp., × 300 114
Fig. 8. Solenosphæra cornucopia, n. sp., × 300 115
Fig. 9. Solenosphæra ascensionis, n. sp., × 300 115
Fig. 10. Solenosphæra pandora, n. sp., × 300 113
Fig. 11. Solenosphæra pandora, n. sp., × 100 113
An entire spherical cœnobium. The shells of the colony bear a variable number of fenestrated radial tubes and are densely crowded in the jelly-sphere of the calymma, the cortical zone of which is radially striped.
Plate 7.

PLATE 8.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Collosphærida.

PLATE 8.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Acrosphæra echinoides, n. sp.,

× 400 100
Fig. 2. Acrosphæra collina, n. sp., × 300 101
Fig. 3. Chænicosphæra nassiterna, n. sp., × 400 103
Fig. 4. Chænicosphæra murrayana, n. sp., × 300 102
Fig. 5. Chænicosphæra flammabunda, n. sp., × 300 103
Fig. 6. Clathrosphæra circumtexta, n. sp., × 400 118
Fig. 7. Clathrosphæra arachnoides, n. sp., × 300 119
Fig. 8. Clathrosphæra lamellosa, n. sp., × 300 119
Fig. 9. Xanthiosphæra erinacea, n. sp., × 400 120
Fig. 10. Xanthiosphæra lappacea, n. sp., × 300 120
Fig. 11. Xanthiosphæra lappacea, n. sp., × 100 120
A complete spherical cœnobium. The associated central capsules (each with a double shell) are densely crowded in the central part of the calymma, whilst its peripheral part is occupied by a layer of large alveoles. Numerous xanthellæ or yellow cells an scattered in the calymma.
Plate 8.
PLATE 8.
Collosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Acrosphæra echinoides, n. sp.,

× 400 100
Fig. 2. Acrosphæra collina, n. sp., × 300 101
Fig. 3. Chænicosphæra nassiterna, n. sp., × 400 103
Fig. 4. Chænicosphæra murrayana, n. sp., × 300 102
Fig. 5. Chænicosphæra flammabunda, n. sp., × 300 103
Fig. 6. Clathrosphæra circumtexta, n. sp., × 400 118
Fig. 7. Clathrosphæra arachnoides, n. sp., × 300 119
Fig. 8. Clathrosphæra lamellosa, n. sp., × 300 119
Fig. 9. Xanthiosphæra erinacea, n. sp., × 400 120
Fig. 10. Xanthiosphæra lappacea, n. sp., × 300 120
Fig. 11. Xanthiosphæra lappacea, n. sp., × 100 120
A complete spherical cœnobium. The associated central capsules (each with a double shell) are densely crowded in the central part of the calymma, whilst its peripheral part is occupied by a layer of large alveoles. Numerous xanthellæ or yellow cells an scattered in the calymma.
Plate 8.

PLATE 9.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order LARCOIDEA.

Family Pylonida.

PLATE 9.
Pylonida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Monozonium alatum, n. sp.,

× 300 633
Dorsal view.
Fig. 1a. Apical view.
Fig. 2. Dizonium pleuracanthum, n. sp., × 400 636
Fig. 3. Dizonium stauracanthum, n. sp., × 300 636
Fig. 4. Trizonium tricinctum, n. sp., × 300 637
Dorsal view.
Fig. 4a. Lateral view.
Fig. 4b. Apical view.
Fig. 5. Amphipyle tetraceros, n. sp., × 400 642
Dorsal view.
Fig. 6. Amphipyle callizona, n. sp., × 300 644
Dorsal view.
Fig. 7. Amphipyle amphiptera, n. sp., × 300 642
Dorsal view.
Fig. 7a. Lateral view.
Fig. 8. Tetrapyle circularis, n. sp., × 300 645
Dorsal view.
Fig. 9. Tetrapyle pleuracantha, n. sp., × 400 646
Dorsal view. The lentelliptical central capsule is visible between medullary and cortical shell.
Fig. 10. Tetrapyle turrita, n. sp., × 400 649
Oblique view, half dorsal, half lateral.
Fig. 11. Octopyle stenozona, n. sp., × 400 652
Dorsal view.
Fig. 12. Octopyle sexangulata, n. sp., × 300 653
Dorsal view.
Fig. 13. Octopyle decastyle, n. sp., × 300 654
Dorsal view.
Fig. 13a. Lateral view.
Fig. 14. Pylonium quadricorne, n. sp., × 400 655
Dorsal view.
Fig. 15. Tetrapylonium quadrangulare, n. sp., × 300 658
Dorsal view.
Fig. 16. Pylozonium octacanthum, n. sp., × 300 660
Dorsal view.
Plate 9.
PLATE 9.
Pylonida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Monozonium alatum, n. sp.,

× 300 633
Dorsal view.
Fig. 1a. Apical view.
Fig. 2. Dizonium pleuracanthum, n. sp., × 400 636
Fig. 3. Dizonium stauracanthum, n. sp., × 300 636
Fig. 4. Trizonium tricinctum, n. sp., × 300 637
Dorsal view.
Fig. 4a. Lateral view.
Fig. 4b. Apical view.
Fig. 5. Amphipyle tetraceros, n. sp., × 400 642
Dorsal view.
Fig. 6. Amphipyle callizona, n. sp., × 300 644
Dorsal view.
Fig. 7. Amphipyle amphiptera, n. sp., × 300 642
Dorsal view.
Fig. 7a. Lateral view.
Fig. 8. Tetrapyle circularis, n. sp., × 300 645
Dorsal view.
Fig. 9. Tetrapyle pleuracantha, n. sp., × 400 646
Dorsal view. The lentelliptical central capsule is visible between medullary and cortical shell.
Fig. 10. Tetrapyle turrita, n. sp., × 400 649
Oblique view, half dorsal, half lateral.
Fig. 11. Octopyle stenozona, n. sp., × 400 652
Dorsal view.
Fig. 12. Octopyle sexangulata, n. sp., × 300 653
Dorsal view.
Fig. 13. Octopyle decastyle, n. sp., × 300 654
Dorsal view.
Fig. 13a. Lateral view.
Fig. 14. Pylonium quadricorne, n. sp., × 400 655
Dorsal view.
Fig. 15. Tetrapylonium quadrangulare, n. sp., × 300 658
Dorsal view.
Fig. 16. Pylozonium octacanthum, n. sp., × 300 660
Dorsal view.
Plate 9.

PLATE 10.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order LARCOIDEA.

Family Tholonida.

PLATE 10.
Tholonida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tholartus tricolus, n. sp.,

× 200 664
Fig. 2. Tholodes cupula, n. sp., × 500 665
Fig. 3. Amphitholus artiscus, n. sp., × 400 666
Fig. 4. Amphitholus panicium, n. sp., × 500 668
Fig. 5. Amphitholus acanthometra, n. sp., × 300 667
Fig. 6. Amphitholus acanthometra, n. sp., × 300 667
Frontal section of the shell.
Fig. 7. Amphitholonium tricolonium, n. sp., × 300 669
Fig. 8. Staurotholus tetrastylus, n. sp., × 300 673
Fig. 9. Staurotholus dodecastylus, n. sp., × 400 674
Fig. 10. Tholoma quadrigeminum, n. sp., × 200 672
Fig. 11. Staurotholonium octodoronium, n. sp., × 300 676
Fig. 12. Tholocubus tessellatus, n. sp., × 200 677
Fig. 13. Tholoma metallasson, n. sp., × 300 672
Fig. 14. Cubotholus regularis, n. sp., × 200 680
Fig. 15. Cubotholonium ellipsoides, n. sp., × 300 682
Fig. 16. Tholocubus tesseralis, n. sp., × 400 678
Fig. 17. Tholonium hexonium, × 400 679
Plate 10.
PLATE 10.
Tholonida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tholartus tricolus, n. sp.,

× 200 664
Fig. 2. Tholodes cupula, n. sp., × 500 665
Fig. 3. Amphitholus artiscus, n. sp., × 400 666
Fig. 4. Amphitholus panicium, n. sp., × 500 668
Fig. 5. Amphitholus acanthometra, n. sp., × 300 667
Fig. 6. Amphitholus acanthometra, n. sp., × 300 667
Frontal section of the shell.
Fig. 7. Amphitholonium tricolonium, n. sp., × 300 669
Fig. 8. Staurotholus tetrastylus, n. sp., × 300 673
Fig. 9. Staurotholus dodecastylus, n. sp., × 400 674
Fig. 10. Tholoma quadrigeminum, n. sp., × 200 672
Fig. 11. Staurotholonium octodoronium, n. sp., × 300 676
Fig. 12. Tholocubus tessellatus, n. sp., × 200 677
Fig. 13. Tholoma metallasson, n. sp., × 300 672
Fig. 14. Cubotholus regularis, n. sp., × 200 680
Fig. 15. Cubotholonium ellipsoides, n. sp., × 300 682
Fig. 16. Tholocubus tesseralis, n. sp., × 400 678
Fig. 17. Tholonium hexonium, × 400 679
Plate 10.

PLATE 11.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Astrosphærida.

PLATE 11.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp.,

× 200 277
The entire shell and the central capsule. Numerous club-shaped radial apophyses or cœcal sacs arise from the pink central capsule and are protruded through the pores of the medullary shell, which is completely hidden by them. The sarcomatrix in the calymma, surrounding the central capsule, exhibits a fine radial striation. Numerous retracted pseudopodia, bearing red granules, arise from the sarcomatrix and pierce the calymma radially. The interval between the two concentric shells is filled up by the hyaline calymma.
Fig. 2. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp., × 400 277
A part of the cortical shell, with a radial spine.
Fig. 3. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp., × 400 277
The medullary shell and the basal parts of the radial spines arising from it.
Fig. 4. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp., × 400 277
Distal end of a radial spine.
Fig. 5. Rhizoplegma lychnosphæra, n. sp., × 200 276
The central capsule and the enclosed parts of the skeleton. The protoplasm is radially striped. The central nucleus (red) sends out numerous radial apophyses, which are protruded through the pores of the medullary shell.
Plate 11.
PLATE 11.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp.,

× 200 277
The entire shell and the central capsule. Numerous club-shaped radial apophyses or cœcal sacs arise from the pink central capsule and are protruded through the pores of the medullary shell, which is completely hidden by them. The sarcomatrix in the calymma, surrounding the central capsule, exhibits a fine radial striation. Numerous retracted pseudopodia, bearing red granules, arise from the sarcomatrix and pierce the calymma radially. The interval between the two concentric shells is filled up by the hyaline calymma.
Fig. 2. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp., × 400 277
A part of the cortical shell, with a radial spine.
Fig. 3. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp., × 400 277
The medullary shell and the basal parts of the radial spines arising from it.
Fig. 4. Lychnosphæra regina, n. sp., × 400 277
Distal end of a radial spine.
Fig. 5. Rhizoplegma lychnosphæra, n. sp., × 200 276
The central capsule and the enclosed parts of the skeleton. The protoplasm is radially striped. The central nucleus (red) sends out numerous radial apophyses, which are protruded through the pores of the medullary shell.
Plate 11.

PLATE 12.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders PHÆOSPHÆRIA et SPHÆROIDEA.

Families Orosphærida, Astrosphærida et Liosphærida.

PLATE 12.
Orosphærida, Astrosphærida et Liosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Orosphæra huxleyii, n. sp. (vel Oroscena huxleyii),

× 50 1599
Fig. 1a. A piece of the network, the bars of which contain partly an axial canal, × 200 1599
Fig. 2. Conosphæra orthoconus, n. sp., × 200 221
Fig. 3. Conosphæra platyconus, n. sp., × 300 221
Fig. 4. Conosphæra plagioconus, n. sp., × 300 222
Fig. 5. Ethmosphæra conosiphonia, n. sp., × 400 69
Fig. 5a. Vertical section through the wall.
Fig. 6. Ethmosphæra polysiphonia, n. sp., × 400 70
Fig. 7. Cenosphæra compacta, n. sp., × 300 65
Fig. 8. Cenosphæra elysia, n. sp., × 300 64
Fig. 8a. Vertical section through the wall.
Fig. 9. Cenosphæra mellifica, n. sp., × 300 62
Fig. 10. Cenosphæra favosa, n. sp., × 300 62
Fig. 10a. Vertical section through the wall.
Fig. 11. Cenosphæra vesparia, n. sp., × 300 62
Fig. 11a. Vertical section through the wall.
Plate 12.
PLATE 12.
Orosphærida, Astrosphærida et Liosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Orosphæra huxleyii, n. sp. (vel Oroscena huxleyii),

× 50 1599
Fig. 1a. A piece of the network, the bars of which contain partly an axial canal, × 200 1599
Fig. 2. Conosphæra orthoconus, n. sp., × 200 221
Fig. 3. Conosphæra platyconus, n. sp., × 300 221
Fig. 4. Conosphæra plagioconus, n. sp., × 300 222
Fig. 5. Ethmosphæra conosiphonia, n. sp., × 400 69
Fig. 5a. Vertical section through the wall.
Fig. 6. Ethmosphæra polysiphonia, n. sp., × 400 70
Fig. 7. Cenosphæra compacta, n. sp., × 300 65
Fig. 8. Cenosphæra elysia, n. sp., × 300 64
Fig. 8a. Vertical section through the wall.
Fig. 9. Cenosphæra mellifica, n. sp., × 300 62
Fig. 10. Cenosphæra favosa, n. sp., × 300 62
Fig. 10a. Vertical section through the wall.
Fig. 11. Cenosphæra vesparia, n. sp., × 300 62
Fig. 11a. Vertical section through the wall.
Plate 12.

PLATE 13.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders SPHÆROIDEA et PRUNOIDEA.

Families Stylosphærida et Ellipsida.

PLATE 13.
Stylosphærida et Ellipsida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Ellipsostylus aquila, n. sp.,

× 300 300
Fig. 2. Ellipsostylus hirundo, n. sp., × 300 301
Fig. 3. Ellipsostylus columba, n. sp., × 300 300
Fig. 4. Xiphostylus alcedo, n. sp., × 400 127
Fig. 5. Xiphostylus edolius, n. sp., × 400 130
Fig. 6. Ellipsostylus psittacus, n. sp., × 400 300
Fig. 7. Stylostaurus caudatus, n. sp., × 400 157
Fig. 8. Ellipsostylus ciconia, n. sp., × 300 300
Fig. 9. Xiphostylus phasianus, n. sp., × 400 127
Fig. 10. Xiphostylus trochilus, n. sp., × 300 129
Fig. 11. Xiphostylus emberiza, n. sp., × 300 131
Fig. 12. Saturnalis circoideus, n. sp., × 400 132
Not fully developed.
Fig. 13. Xiphostylus alca, n. sp., × 300 130
Fig. 14. Xiphostylus falco, n. sp., × 300 130
Fig. 15. Saturnalis rotula, n. sp., × 400 133
Fig. 16. Saturnalis annularis, n. sp., × 400 132
Plate 13.
PLATE 13.
Stylosphærida et Ellipsida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Ellipsostylus aquila, n. sp.,

× 300 300
Fig. 2. Ellipsostylus hirundo, n. sp., × 300 301
Fig. 3. Ellipsostylus columba, n. sp., × 300 300
Fig. 4. Xiphostylus alcedo, n. sp., × 400 127
Fig. 5. Xiphostylus edolius, n. sp., × 400 130
Fig. 6. Ellipsostylus psittacus, n. sp., × 400 300
Fig. 7. Stylostaurus caudatus, n. sp., × 400 157
Fig. 8. Ellipsostylus ciconia, n. sp., × 300 300
Fig. 9. Xiphostylus phasianus, n. sp., × 400 127
Fig. 10. Xiphostylus trochilus, n. sp., × 300 129
Fig. 11. Xiphostylus emberiza, n. sp., × 300 131
Fig. 12. Saturnalis circoideus, n. sp., × 400 132
Not fully developed.
Fig. 13. Xiphostylus alca, n. sp., × 300 130
Fig. 14. Xiphostylus falco, n. sp., × 300 130
Fig. 15. Saturnalis rotula, n. sp., × 400 133
Fig. 16. Saturnalis annularis, n. sp., × 400 132
Plate 13.

PLATE 14.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders SPHÆROIDEA et PRUNOIDEA.

Families Stylosphærida et Ellipsida.

PLATE 14.
Stylosphærida et Ellipsida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Ellipsoxiphus atractus, n. sp.,

× 300 298
Fig. 2. Xiphosphæra venus, n. sp., × 300 123
Fig. 3. Ellipsoxiphus claviger, n. sp., × 300 297
Fig. 4. Xiphosphæra pallas, n. sp., × 400 124
Fig. 5. Xiphosphæra gæa, n. sp., × 400 123
Fig. 6. Xiphosphæra vesta, n. sp., × 300 126
Fig. 7. Ellipsoxiphus elegans, n. sp., var. palliatus, × 400 296
Fig. 8. Lithapium halicapsa, n. sp., × 300 303
Fig. 9. Lithapium pyriforme, n. sp., × 300 303
Fig. 10. Lithapium monocyrtis, n. sp., × 300 304
Fig. 11. Ellipsoxiphus bipolaris, n. sp., × 600 297
Fig. 12. Xiphostylus trogon, n. sp., × 400 129
Fig. 13. Xiphostylus picus, n. sp., × 300 129
Fig. 14. Lithomespilus flammabundus, n. sp., × 400 303
Fig. 15. Xiphostylus alauda, n. sp., × 400 128
Fig. 16. Lithomespilus phloginus, n. sp., × 600 302
Fig. 17. Lithomespilus phlogoides, n. sp., × 600 302
Plate 14.
PLATE 14.
Stylosphærida et Ellipsida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Ellipsoxiphus atractus, n. sp.,

× 300 298
Fig. 2. Xiphosphæra venus, n. sp., × 300 123
Fig. 3. Ellipsoxiphus claviger, n. sp., × 300 297
Fig. 4. Xiphosphæra pallas, n. sp., × 400 124
Fig. 5. Xiphosphæra gæa, n. sp., × 400 123
Fig. 6. Xiphosphæra vesta, n. sp., × 300 126
Fig. 7. Ellipsoxiphus elegans, n. sp., var. palliatus, × 400 296
Fig. 8. Lithapium halicapsa, n. sp., × 300 303
Fig. 9. Lithapium pyriforme, n. sp., × 300 303
Fig. 10. Lithapium monocyrtis, n. sp., × 300 304
Fig. 11. Ellipsoxiphus bipolaris, n. sp., × 600 297
Fig. 12. Xiphostylus trogon, n. sp., × 400 129
Fig. 13. Xiphostylus picus, n. sp., × 300 129
Fig. 14. Lithomespilus flammabundus, n. sp., × 400 303
Fig. 15. Xiphostylus alauda, n. sp., × 400 128
Fig. 16. Lithomespilus phloginus, n. sp., × 600 302
Fig. 17. Lithomespilus phlogoides, n. sp., × 600 302
Plate 14.

PLATE 15.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders SPHÆROIDEA et PRUNOIDEA.

Families Staurosphærida et Druppulida.

PLATE 15.
Staurosphærida et Druppulida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cromyatractus tetracelyphus, n. sp.,

× 300 335
Fig. 1a. The two inner medullary shells.
Fig. 2. Cromyatractus tetraphractus, n. sp., × 300 335
Fig. 3. Cromyatractus cepicius, n. sp., × 300 336
The spongy distal part of a polar spine.
Fig. 4. Cromyatractus ceparius, n. sp. (vel Caryostylus ceparius), × 300 336
Fig. 5. Staurolonche pertusa, n. sp., × 300 159
Fig. 5a. Its medullary shell.
Fig. 6. Staurosphæra philippi, n. sp., × 300 154
Fig. 7. Stauroxiphus gladius, n. sp., × 400 163
Fig. 8. Staurocaryum arborescens, n. sp., × 300 167
Fig. 9. Rhizoplegma radicatum, n. sp., × 200 276
Fig. 9a. The medullary shell, which is completely hidden in fig. 9 by the numerous club-shaped apophyses of the central capsule.
Plate 15.
PLATE 15.
Staurosphærida et Druppulida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cromyatractus tetracelyphus, n. sp.,

× 300 335
Fig. 1a. The two inner medullary shells.
Fig. 2. Cromyatractus tetraphractus, n. sp., × 300 335
Fig. 3. Cromyatractus cepicius, n. sp., × 300 336
The spongy distal part of a polar spine.
Fig. 4. Cromyatractus ceparius, n. sp. (vel Caryostylus ceparius), × 300 336
Fig. 5. Staurolonche pertusa, n. sp., × 300 159
Fig. 5a. Its medullary shell.
Fig. 6. Staurosphæra philippi, n. sp., × 300 154
Fig. 7. Stauroxiphus gladius, n. sp., × 400 163
Fig. 8. Staurocaryum arborescens, n. sp., × 300 167
Fig. 9. Rhizoplegma radicatum, n. sp., × 200 276
Fig. 9a. The medullary shell, which is completely hidden in fig. 9 by the numerous club-shaped apophyses of the central capsule.
Plate 15.

PLATE 16.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders SPHÆROIDEA et PRUNOIDEA.

Families STYLOSPHÆRIDA et Druppulida.

PLATE 16.
STYLOSPHÆRIDA et Druppulida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stylosphæra melpomene, n. sp.,

× 300 135
Fig. 2. Lithatractus jugatus, n. sp., (vel Stylosphæra jugata), × 400 323
Fig. 3. Lithatractus fragilis, n. sp. (vel Stylosphæra fragilis), × 400 319
Fig. 4. Stylosphæra lithatractus, n. sp., × 300
The entire shell.
Fig. 5. Stylosphæra lithatractus, n. sp., × 300
The greater part of the cortical shell and the two spines taken off.
The description of Stylosphæra lithatractus (intermediate between Stylosphæra jugata and Stylosphæra terpsichore, p. 137) is by mistake not given in the text.
Fig. 6. Stylosphæra calliope, n. sp., × 400 134
Fig. 7. Stylosphæra clio, n. sp., × 400 134
Fig. 8. Druppatractus ostracion, n. sp., × 300 326
The entire shell.
Fig. 9. Druppatractus ostracion, n. sp., × 300 326
The anterior half of the cortical shell has been removed.
Fig. 10. Druppatractus hippocampus, n. sp., × 300 324
The entire shell.
Fig. 11. Druppatractus hippocampus, n. sp., × 300 324
The greater part of the cortical shell has been removed.
Fig. 12. Stylosphæra nana, n. sp., × 300 136
The entire shell
Fig. 13. Stylosphæra nana, n. sp., × 300 136
The greater part of the cortical shell taken off.
Fig. 14. Sphærostylus ophidium, n. sp., × 300 140
The entire shell.
Fig. 15. Sphærostylus ophidium, n. sp., × 300 140
The medullary shell alone.
Fig. 16. Saturnulus ellipticus, n. sp., × 400 141
Fig. 17. Saturnulus planetes, n. sp., × 400 142
Plate 16.
PLATE 16.
STYLOSPHÆRIDA et Druppulida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stylosphæra melpomene, n. sp.,

× 300 135
Fig. 2. Lithatractus jugatus, n. sp., (vel Stylosphæra jugata), × 400 323
Fig. 3. Lithatractus fragilis, n. sp. (vel Stylosphæra fragilis), × 400 319
Fig. 4. Stylosphæra lithatractus, n. sp., × 300
The entire shell.
Fig. 5. Stylosphæra lithatractus, n. sp., × 300
The greater part of the cortical shell and the two spines taken off.
The description of Stylosphæra lithatractus (intermediate between Stylosphæra jugata and Stylosphæra terpsichore, p. 137) is by mistake not given in the text.
Fig. 6. Stylosphæra calliope, n. sp., × 400 134
Fig. 7. Stylosphæra clio, n. sp., × 400 134
Fig. 8. Druppatractus ostracion, n. sp., × 300 326
The entire shell.
Fig. 9. Druppatractus ostracion, n. sp., × 300 326
The anterior half of the cortical shell has been removed.
Fig. 10. Druppatractus hippocampus, n. sp., × 300 324
The entire shell.
Fig. 11. Druppatractus hippocampus, n. sp., × 300 324
The greater part of the cortical shell has been removed.
Fig. 12. Stylosphæra nana, n. sp., × 300 136
The entire shell
Fig. 13. Stylosphæra nana, n. sp., × 300 136
The greater part of the cortical shell taken off.
Fig. 14. Sphærostylus ophidium, n. sp., × 300 140
The entire shell.
Fig. 15. Sphærostylus ophidium, n. sp., × 300 140
The medullary shell alone.
Fig. 16. Saturnulus ellipticus, n. sp., × 400 141
Fig. 17. Saturnulus planetes, n. sp., × 400 142
Plate 16.

PLATE 17.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders SPHÆROIDEA et PRUNOIDEA.

Families Stylosphærida, Druppulida et Spongurida.

PLATE 17.
Stylosphærida, Druppulida et Spongurida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stylatractus giganteus, n. sp. (vel Amphistylus giganteus),

× 300 329
Fig. 2. Stylatractus sethoporus, n. sp., × 400 330
The greater part of the cortical shell taken off.
Fig. 3. Stylatractus sethoporus, n. sp., × 400 330
The entire cortical shell.
Fig. 4. Stylatractus compactus, n. sp., × 400 329
Fig. 5. Amphisphæra cronos, n. sp. (vel Amphistylus cronos), × 400 144
Fig. 6. Stylatractus neptunus, n. sp. (vel Amphisphæra neptunus), × 300 328
Fig. 7. Amphisphæra pluto, n. sp., × 300 144
The entire cortical shell.
Fig. 8. Amphisphæra pluto, n. sp., × 300 144
Meridional section through the three concentric shells.
Fig. 9. Xiphatractus glyptodon, n. sp., × 400 334
The entire cortical shell.
Fig. 10. Xiphatractus glyptodon, n. sp., × 400 334
The greater part of the cortical shell taken off.
Fig. 11. Xiphatractus armadillo, n. sp., × 400 332
Fig. 12. Spongoxiphus prunococcus, n. sp., × 300 354
The spongy cortical shell.
Fig. 13. Spongoxiphus prunococcus, n. sp., × 600 354
The two concentric latticed medullary shells.
Plate 17.
PLATE 17.
Stylosphærida, Druppulida et Spongurida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stylatractus giganteus, n. sp. (vel Amphistylus giganteus),

× 300 329
Fig. 2. Stylatractus sethoporus, n. sp., × 400 330
The greater part of the cortical shell taken off.
Fig. 3. Stylatractus sethoporus, n. sp., × 400 330
The entire cortical shell.
Fig. 4. Stylatractus compactus, n. sp., × 400 329
Fig. 5. Amphisphæra cronos, n. sp. (vel Amphistylus cronos), × 400 144
Fig. 6. Stylatractus neptunus, n. sp. (vel Amphisphæra neptunus), × 300 328
Fig. 7. Amphisphæra pluto, n. sp., × 300 144
The entire cortical shell.
Fig. 8. Amphisphæra pluto, n. sp., × 300 144
Meridional section through the three concentric shells.
Fig. 9. Xiphatractus glyptodon, n. sp., × 400 334
The entire cortical shell.
Fig. 10. Xiphatractus glyptodon, n. sp., × 400 334
The greater part of the cortical shell taken off.
Fig. 11. Xiphatractus armadillo, n. sp., × 400 332
Fig. 12. Spongoxiphus prunococcus, n. sp., × 300 354
The spongy cortical shell.
Fig. 13. Spongoxiphus prunococcus, n. sp., × 600 354
The two concentric latticed medullary shells.
Plate 17.

PLATE 18.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Families Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.

PLATE 18.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Centrocubus cladostylus, n. sp.,

× 100 278
Fig. 2. Octodendron spathillatum, n. sp., × 300 280
The entire inner shell, but a small part only of the outer shell is represented.
Fig. 3. Octodendron cubocentron, n. sp., × 400 279
The central capsule (somewhat irregular by compression?) exhibits a large excentric nucleus (probably dislocated artificially?).
Fig. 4. Octodendron spathillatum, n. sp., × 800 280
Free distal end of a radial spine, with the spathillæ on the end of the branches.
Fig. 5. Rhizosphæra serrata, n. sp., × 300 284
Fig. 6. Rhizosphæra serrata, n. sp., × 300 284
Medullary shell.
Fig. 7. Rhizosphæra serrata, n. sp., × 600 284
A single radial spine.
Fig. 8. Plegmosphæra exodictyon, n. sp., × 200 89
The central shell-cavity encloses the spherical central capsule and the concentric nucleus.
Fig. 9. Spongodrymus elaphococcus, n. sp., × 150 272
The entire inner shell, but only a small part of the outer spongy envelope is represented.
Plate 18.
PLATE 18.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Centrocubus cladostylus, n. sp.,

× 100 278
Fig. 2. Octodendron spathillatum, n. sp., × 300 280
The entire inner shell, but a small part only of the outer shell is represented.
Fig. 3. Octodendron cubocentron, n. sp., × 400 279
The central capsule (somewhat irregular by compression?) exhibits a large excentric nucleus (probably dislocated artificially?).
Fig. 4. Octodendron spathillatum, n. sp., × 800 280
Free distal end of a radial spine, with the spathillæ on the end of the branches.
Fig. 5. Rhizosphæra serrata, n. sp., × 300 284
Fig. 6. Rhizosphæra serrata, n. sp., × 300 284
Medullary shell.
Fig. 7. Rhizosphæra serrata, n. sp., × 600 284
A single radial spine.
Fig. 8. Plegmosphæra exodictyon, n. sp., × 200 89
The central shell-cavity encloses the spherical central capsule and the concentric nucleus.
Fig. 9. Spongodrymus elaphococcus, n. sp., × 150 272
The entire inner shell, but only a small part of the outer spongy envelope is represented.
Plate 18.

PLATE 19.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Astrosphærida.

PLATE 19.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Drymosphæra polygonalis, n. sp.,

× 200 249
Fig. 2. Leptosphæra hexagonalis, n. sp., × 200 244
Showing the central capsule (forming numerous club-shaped protuberances) and the simple spherical nucleus in its centre. The skeleton is nearly the same as in Diplosphæra hexagonalis (fig. 3).
Fig. 3. Diplosphæra hexagonalis, n. sp., × 200 246
The spherical central capsule, with radially striped protoplasm, is enclosed in the inner shell, and exhibits in its centre the clear spherical nucleus.
Fig. 4. Astrosphæra hexagonalis, n. sp., × 300 250
Fig. 5. Astrosphæra stellata, n. sp., × 300 251
The central capsule, enclosed in the inner shell, exhibits a distinct radial striation of the protoplasm, and in the centre a clear spherical nucleus.
Fig. 6. Haliomma rhodococcus, n. sp. (vel Sethosphæra rhodococcus), × 400 237
The greater part of the outer shell is removed.
Plate 19.
PLATE 19.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Drymosphæra polygonalis, n. sp.,

× 200 249
Fig. 2. Leptosphæra hexagonalis, n. sp., × 200 244
Showing the central capsule (forming numerous club-shaped protuberances) and the simple spherical nucleus in its centre. The skeleton is nearly the same as in Diplosphæra hexagonalis (fig. 3).
Fig. 3. Diplosphæra hexagonalis, n. sp., × 200 246
The spherical central capsule, with radially striped protoplasm, is enclosed in the inner shell, and exhibits in its centre the clear spherical nucleus.
Fig. 4. Astrosphæra hexagonalis, n. sp., × 300 250
Fig. 5. Astrosphæra stellata, n. sp., × 300 251
The central capsule, enclosed in the inner shell, exhibits a distinct radial striation of the protoplasm, and in the centre a clear spherical nucleus.
Fig. 6. Haliomma rhodococcus, n. sp. (vel Sethosphæra rhodococcus), × 400 237
The greater part of the outer shell is removed.
Plate 19.

PLATE 20.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Families Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.

PLATE 20.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Drymosphæra dendrophora, n. sp.,

× 300 249
Fig. 1a. Meridional section through the central capsule. In the centre the large spherical nucleus is visible. The protoplasm around it is distinctly radiate. From the central capsule arise numerous club-shaped apophyses or cæcal sacs, which are protruded through the meshes of the inner shell, × 300
Fig. 1b. Basal part of a single radial spine, and its connection with the network of the two shells, × 400
Fig. 2. Liosphæra polypora, n. sp., × 300 78
The greater part of the outer shell is removed.
Fig. 3. Liosphæra hexagonia, n. sp., × 400 76
Fig. 4. Carposphæra melitomma, n. sp. (vel Melitomma melittosphæra), × 400 73
Plate 20.
PLATE 20.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Drymosphæra dendrophora, n. sp.,

× 300 249
Fig. 1a. Meridional section through the central capsule. In the centre the large spherical nucleus is visible. The protoplasm around it is distinctly radiate. From the central capsule arise numerous club-shaped apophyses or cæcal sacs, which are protruded through the meshes of the inner shell, × 300
Fig. 1b. Basal part of a single radial spine, and its connection with the network of the two shells, × 400
Fig. 2. Liosphæra polypora, n. sp., × 300 78
The greater part of the outer shell is removed.
Fig. 3. Liosphæra hexagonia, n. sp., × 400 76
Fig. 4. Carposphæra melitomma, n. sp. (vel Melitomma melittosphæra), × 400 73
Plate 20.

PLATE 21.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Cubosphærida.

PLATE 21.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexastylus cochleatus, n. sp.,

× 400 174
From the central capsule, enclosed in the shell, numerous delicate radial pseudopodia arise, which are protruded through the pores of the shell.
Fig. 2. Hexastylus triaxonius, n. sp., × 400 175
Fig. 3. Hexastylus phænaxonius, n. sp., × 300 171
Fig. 4. Hexastylus thaletis, n. sp., × 400 172
Fig. 5. Hexastylus minimus, n. sp., × 400 172
Fig. 6. Hexastylus dimensivus, n. sp., × 400 175
Fig. 7. Hexastylus spiralis, n. sp., × 400 177
Fig. 8. Hexastylus dictyotus, n. sp., × 400 176
Fig. 9. Hexastylus dictyotus, n. sp., × 400 176
Central capsule with concentric nucleus and nucleolus; the protoplasm is radially striped.
Fig. 10. Hexastylus marginatus, n. sp., × 400 176
Fig. 10a. Radial section through the shell-wall.
Fig. 11. Hexastylus solonis, n. sp., × 400 173
Fig. 12. Hexastylus contortus, n. sp., × 300 177
Plate 21.
PLATE 21.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexastylus cochleatus, n. sp.,

× 400 174
From the central capsule, enclosed in the shell, numerous delicate radial pseudopodia arise, which are protruded through the pores of the shell.
Fig. 2. Hexastylus triaxonius, n. sp., × 400 175
Fig. 3. Hexastylus phænaxonius, n. sp., × 300 171
Fig. 4. Hexastylus thaletis, n. sp., × 400 172
Fig. 5. Hexastylus minimus, n. sp., × 400 172
Fig. 6. Hexastylus dimensivus, n. sp., × 400 175
Fig. 7. Hexastylus spiralis, n. sp., × 400 177
Fig. 8. Hexastylus dictyotus, n. sp., × 400 176
Fig. 9. Hexastylus dictyotus, n. sp., × 400 176
Central capsule with concentric nucleus and nucleolus; the protoplasm is radially striped.
Fig. 10. Hexastylus marginatus, n. sp., × 400 176
Fig. 10a. Radial section through the shell-wall.
Fig. 11. Hexastylus solonis, n. sp., × 400 173
Fig. 12. Hexastylus contortus, n. sp., × 300 177
Plate 21.

PLATE 22.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Cubosphærida.

PLATE 22.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexalonche pythagoræa, n. sp.,

× 300 185
Fig. 2. Hexalonche conicornis, n. sp., × 300 181
Fig. 3. Hexalonche aristarchi, n. sp., × 400 185
Fig. 4. Hexalonche philosophica, n. sp., × 400 186
Fig. 5. Hexalonche anaximandri, n. sp., × 400 182
Fig. 6. Hexalonche octocolpa, n. sp., × 300 183
Fig. 6a. The inner shell alone.
Fig. 7. Hexalonche heracliti, n. sp., × 300 187
Fig. 8. Hexalonche octahedra, n. sp., × 400 181
Fig. 8a. The inner shell alone.
Fig. 9. Hexancistra tricuspis, n. sp., × 300 188
Fig. 10. Hexancistra triserrata, n. sp., × 300 188
Fig. 11. Hexancistra quadricuspis, n. sp., × 300 189
Plate 22.
PLATE 22.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexalonche pythagoræa, n. sp.,

× 300 185
Fig. 2. Hexalonche conicornis, n. sp., × 300 181
Fig. 3. Hexalonche aristarchi, n. sp., × 400 185
Fig. 4. Hexalonche philosophica, n. sp., × 400 186
Fig. 5. Hexalonche anaximandri, n. sp., × 400 182
Fig. 6. Hexalonche octocolpa, n. sp., × 300 183
Fig. 6a. The inner shell alone.
Fig. 7. Hexalonche heracliti, n. sp., × 300 187
Fig. 8. Hexalonche octahedra, n. sp., × 400 181
Fig. 8a. The inner shell alone.
Fig. 9. Hexancistra tricuspis, n. sp., × 300 188
Fig. 10. Hexancistra triserrata, n. sp., × 300 188
Fig. 11. Hexancistra quadricuspis, n. sp., × 300 189
Plate 22.

PLATE 23.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Cubosphærida.

PLATE 23.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexadendron bipinnatum, n. sp.,

× 400 200
Fig. 2. Hexacromyum octahedrum, n. sp., × 400 202
Fig. 3. Hexancistra mirabilis, n. sp. (= Hexapitys mirabilis), × 400 189
The spherical central capsule encloses the concentric spherical inner shell (which is filled up by the nucleus), and is surrounded by the octahedral outer shell. The latter is enveloped by the octahedral calymma, which is radially striated and contains numerous xanthellæ.
Fig. 4. Hexacaryum arborescens, n. sp., × 400 203
Fig. 5. Hexacontium clavigerum, n. sp., × 300 19
Plate 23.
PLATE 23.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexadendron bipinnatum, n. sp.,

× 400 200
Fig. 2. Hexacromyum octahedrum, n. sp., × 400 202
Fig. 3. Hexancistra mirabilis, n. sp. (= Hexapitys mirabilis), × 400 189
The spherical central capsule encloses the concentric spherical inner shell (which is filled up by the nucleus), and is surrounded by the octahedral outer shell. The latter is enveloped by the octahedral calymma, which is radially striated and contains numerous xanthellæ.
Fig. 4. Hexacaryum arborescens, n. sp., × 400 203
Fig. 5. Hexacontium clavigerum, n. sp., × 300 19
Plate 23.

PLATE 24.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Cubosphærida.

PLATE 24.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexacontium sceptrum, n. sp.,

× 400 194
Fig. 1a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 2. Hexacontium favosum, n. sp., × 400 194
Fig. 2a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 3. Hexacontium axotrias, n. sp., × 300 192
The six lattice-plates, which form the cortical shell, are not yet fully developed.
Fig. 4. Hexacontium floridum, n. sp., × 300 195
Fig. 4a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 5. Hexacontium papillosum, n. sp., × 400 197
Fig. 5a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 6. Hexacontium lævigatum, n. sp., × 400 193
The contours of the two medullary shells are visible in the centre.
Fig. 7. Hexacontium prionacanthum, n. sp., × 400 195
Fig. 7a. The two medullary shells, connected with a fragment of the cortical shell.
Fig. 8. Cubosphæra cubaxonia, n. sp., × 400 203
Fig. 8a. A single radial spine.
Fig. 9. Hexacromyum elegans, n. sp., × 400 201
A part of the two cortical shells is broken off.
Plate 24.
PLATE 24.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexacontium sceptrum, n. sp.,

× 400 194
Fig. 1a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 2. Hexacontium favosum, n. sp., × 400 194
Fig. 2a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 3. Hexacontium axotrias, n. sp., × 300 192
The six lattice-plates, which form the cortical shell, are not yet fully developed.
Fig. 4. Hexacontium floridum, n. sp., × 300 195
Fig. 4a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 5. Hexacontium papillosum, n. sp., × 400 197
Fig. 5a. The two medullary shells.
Fig. 6. Hexacontium lævigatum, n. sp., × 400 193
The contours of the two medullary shells are visible in the centre.
Fig. 7. Hexacontium prionacanthum, n. sp., × 400 195
Fig. 7a. The two medullary shells, connected with a fragment of the cortical shell.
Fig. 8. Cubosphæra cubaxonia, n. sp., × 400 203
Fig. 8a. A single radial spine.
Fig. 9. Hexacromyum elegans, n. sp., × 400 201
A part of the two cortical shells is broken off.
Plate 24.

PLATE 25.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Cubosphærida.

PLATE 25.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexadoridium streptacanthum, n. sp.,

× 400 206
Fig. 1a. The two concentric medullary shells.
Fig. 2. Hexalonche amphisiphon, n. sp., × 300 182
Fig. 2a. Medullary shell connected with a fragment of the cortical shell.
Fig. 2b. Vertical section through the wall of the cortical shell. (Below the centre of the Plate, also lettered 3a by mistake.)
Fig. 3. Hexalonche rosetta, n. sp., × 400 180
Fig. 3a. Medullary shell.
Fig. 3b. Vertical section through the wall of the cortical shell.
Fig. 4. Hexalonche curvicornis, n. sp., × 300 181
Outer shell not yet complete, or partly broken off (?).
Fig. 5. Hexalonche anaximenis, n. sp., × 400 183
Fig. 6. Hexalonche hystricina, n. sp., × 300 187
Fig. 7. Hexacontium circumtextum, n. sp., × 400 193
Fig. 7a. Vertical section through the double wall of the cortical shell.
Fig. 8. Hexacontium gladiatum, n. sp., × 400 198
A part of the two outer shells and of the radial spines is broken off.
Plate 25.
PLATE 25.
Cubosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Hexadoridium streptacanthum, n. sp.,

× 400 206
Fig. 1a. The two concentric medullary shells.
Fig. 2. Hexalonche amphisiphon, n. sp., × 300 182
Fig. 2a. Medullary shell connected with a fragment of the cortical shell.
Fig. 2b. Vertical section through the wall of the cortical shell. (Below the centre of the Plate, also lettered 3a by mistake.)
Fig. 3. Hexalonche rosetta, n. sp., × 400 180
Fig. 3a. Medullary shell.
Fig. 3b. Vertical section through the wall of the cortical shell.
Fig. 4. Hexalonche curvicornis, n. sp., × 300 181
Outer shell not yet complete, or partly broken off (?).
Fig. 5. Hexalonche anaximenis, n. sp., × 400 183
Fig. 6. Hexalonche hystricina, n. sp., × 300 187
Fig. 7. Hexacontium circumtextum, n. sp., × 400 193
Fig. 7a. Vertical section through the double wall of the cortical shell.
Fig. 8. Hexacontium gladiatum, n. sp., × 400 198
A part of the two outer shells and of the radial spines is broken off.
Plate 25.

PLATE 26.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Families Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.

PLATE 26.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Coscinomma amphisiphon, n. sp.,

× 300 222
Fig. 1a. A piece of the lattice-shell, × 600
Fig. 1b. Vertical section through the shell-wall, × 600
Fig. 2. Heliosphæra hexagonaria, n. sp., × 300 217
Fig. 3. Acanthosphæra castanea, n. sp., × 400 211
Fig. 4. Acanthosphæra angulata, n. sp., × 300 216
Fig. 5. Acanthosphæra reticulata, n. sp., × 300 217
Fig. 6. Heliosphæra coronata, n. sp., × 400 219
Fig. 6a. A single pore with its coronal, × 300
Fig. 7. Acanthosphæra mucronata, n. sp., × 400 212
Fig. 8. Acanthosphæra clavata, n. sp., × 400 212
Fig. 9. Heliosphæra pectinata, n. sp., × 400 218
Fig. 10. Cenosphæra perforata, n. sp., × 400 66
Fig. 11. Cenosphæra coronata, n. sp., × 400 67
Plate 26.
PLATE 26.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Coscinomma amphisiphon, n. sp.,

× 300 222
Fig. 1a. A piece of the lattice-shell, × 600
Fig. 1b. Vertical section through the shell-wall, × 600
Fig. 2. Heliosphæra hexagonaria, n. sp., × 300 217
Fig. 3. Acanthosphæra castanea, n. sp., × 400 211
Fig. 4. Acanthosphæra angulata, n. sp., × 300 216
Fig. 5. Acanthosphæra reticulata, n. sp., × 300 217
Fig. 6. Heliosphæra coronata, n. sp., × 400 219
Fig. 6a. A single pore with its coronal, × 300
Fig. 7. Acanthosphæra mucronata, n. sp., × 400 212
Fig. 8. Acanthosphæra clavata, n. sp., × 400 212
Fig. 9. Heliosphæra pectinata, n. sp., × 400 218
Fig. 10. Cenosphæra perforata, n. sp., × 400 66
Fig. 11. Cenosphæra coronata, n. sp., × 400 67
Plate 26.

PLATE 27.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Astrosphærida.

PLATE 27.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cladococcus pinetum, n. sp.,

× 300 226
Fig. 2. Cladococcus scoparius, n. sp., × 300 225
Fig. 3. Cladococcus abietinus, n. sp., × 300 226
The central capsule, enclosed originally in the shell, sends out numerous club-shaped apophyses through the pores of the lattice-sphere. The central spherical nucleus fills up half the shell-cavity.
Fig. 4. Cladococcus stalactites, n. sp., × 300 227
Fig. 5. Cladococcus dendrites, n. sp., × 200 227
Plate 27.
PLATE 27.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cladococcus pinetum, n. sp.,

× 300 226
Fig. 2. Cladococcus scoparius, n. sp., × 300 225
Fig. 3. Cladococcus abietinus, n. sp., × 300 226
The central capsule, enclosed originally in the shell, sends out numerous club-shaped apophyses through the pores of the lattice-sphere. The central spherical nucleus fills up half the shell-cavity.
Fig. 4. Cladococcus stalactites, n. sp., × 300 227
Fig. 5. Cladococcus dendrites, n. sp., × 200 227
Plate 27.

PLATE 28.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Families Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.

PLATE 28.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Haliomma lirianthus, n. sp.,

× 300 232
Fig. 1a. Medullary shell, × 300
Fig. 1b. Three pores of the cortical shell, × 900
Fig. 2. Carposphæra nodosa, n. sp., × 300 76
Fig. 2a. The medullary shell is visible, the upper half of the cortical shell being taken off, × 300
Fig. 3. Heliosoma radians, n. sp., × 300 240
Fig. 3a. Medullary shell, × 300
Fig. 4. Heliosoma hastatum, n. sp., × 400 241
Fig. 5. Haliomma compactum, n. sp., × 400 239
Fig. 5a. The upper half of the cortical shell is removed, × 300
Fig. 6. Haliomma macrodoras, n. sp., × 400 238
Fig. 7. Haliomma circumtextum, n sp., × 400 233
Fig. 8. Elatomma juniperinum, n. sp., × 400 243
Fig. 8a. Medullary shell, × 400
Plate 28.
PLATE 28.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Haliomma lirianthus, n. sp.,

× 300 232
Fig. 1a. Medullary shell, × 300
Fig. 1b. Three pores of the cortical shell, × 900
Fig. 2. Carposphæra nodosa, n. sp., × 300 76
Fig. 2a. The medullary shell is visible, the upper half of the cortical shell being taken off, × 300
Fig. 3. Heliosoma radians, n. sp., × 300 240
Fig. 3a. Medullary shell, × 300
Fig. 4. Heliosoma hastatum, n. sp., × 400 241
Fig. 5. Haliomma compactum, n. sp., × 400 239
Fig. 5a. The upper half of the cortical shell is removed, × 300
Fig. 6. Haliomma macrodoras, n. sp., × 400 238
Fig. 7. Haliomma circumtextum, n sp., × 400 233
Fig. 8. Elatomma juniperinum, n. sp., × 400 243
Fig. 8a. Medullary shell, × 400
Plate 28.

PLATE 29.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Family Astrosphærida.

PLATE 29.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Echinomma toxopneustes, n. sp.,

× 400 259
Fig. 2. Echinomma sphærechinus, n. sp., × 400 258
Fig. 3. Actinomma denticulatum, n. sp., × 400 254
Fig. 4. Actinomma pachyderma, n. sp., × 400 254
The half of the cortical shell is removed.
Fig. 5. Actinomma pachyderma, n. sp., × 400 254
Fig. 6. Actinomma capillaceum, n. sp., × 300 255
Fig. 7. Actinomma arcadophorum, n. sp., × 400 255
A part of the two outer shells is removed.
Fig. 8. Actinomma arcadophorum, n. sp., × 400 255
Inner medullary shell.
Fig. 9. Pityomma drymodes, n. sp., × 300 260
A part of the two outer shells is removed.
Plate 29.
PLATE 29.
Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Echinomma toxopneustes, n. sp.,

× 400 259
Fig. 2. Echinomma sphærechinus, n. sp., × 400 258
Fig. 3. Actinomma denticulatum, n. sp., × 400 254
Fig. 4. Actinomma pachyderma, n. sp., × 400 254
The half of the cortical shell is removed.
Fig. 5. Actinomma pachyderma, n. sp., × 400 254
Fig. 6. Actinomma capillaceum, n. sp., × 300 255
Fig. 7. Actinomma arcadophorum, n. sp., × 400 255
A part of the two outer shells is removed.
Fig. 8. Actinomma arcadophorum, n. sp., × 400 255
Inner medullary shell.
Fig. 9. Pityomma drymodes, n. sp., × 300 260
A part of the two outer shells is removed.
Plate 29.

PLATE 30.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order SPHÆROIDEA.

Families Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.

PLATE 30.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cromyechinus icosacanthus, n. sp.,

× 300 263
Fig. 2. Cromyomma villosum, n. sp., × 300 261
Fig. 3. Cromyechinus dodecacanthus, n. sp., × 400 264
Fig. 3a. The innermost shells.
Fig. 4. Cromyomma circumtextum, n. sp., × 300 262
Fig. 5. Cromyomma mucronatum, n. sp., × 200 263
Fig. 5a. The innermost shells.
Fig. 6. Cromyodrymus abietinus, n. sp., × 300 265
Fig. 7. Cromyodrymus quadricuspis, n. sp., × 400 264
Fig. 7a. The inner concentric shells.
Fig. 8. Cromyomma perspicuum, n. sp., × 300 262
Fig. 9. Cromyosphæra quadruplex, n. sp., × 300 84
Fig. 9a. The innermost shells.
Plate 30.
PLATE 30.
Liosphærida et Astrosphærida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cromyechinus icosacanthus, n. sp.,

× 300 263
Fig. 2. Cromyomma villosum, n. sp., × 300 261
Fig. 3. Cromyechinus dodecacanthus, n. sp., × 400 264
Fig. 3a. The innermost shells.
Fig. 4. Cromyomma circumtextum, n. sp., × 300 262
Fig. 5. Cromyomma mucronatum, n. sp., × 200 263
Fig. 5a. The innermost shells.
Fig. 6. Cromyodrymus abietinus, n. sp., × 300 265
Fig. 7. Cromyodrymus quadricuspis, n. sp., × 400 264
Fig. 7a. The inner concentric shells.
Fig. 8. Cromyomma perspicuum, n. sp., × 300 262
Fig. 9. Cromyosphæra quadruplex, n. sp., × 300 84
Fig. 9a. The innermost shells.
Plate 30.

PLATE 31.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Families Cenodiscida et Phacodiscida.

PLATE 31.
Cenodiscida et Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethostaurus orthostaurus, n. sp.,

× 300 433
Fig. 2. Sethostaurus orthostaurus, n. sp., × 300 433
Vertical section through the centrum.
Fig. 3. Sethostaurus recurvatus, n. sp., × 100 434
Optical section through the equatorial plane.
Fig. 4. Sethostaurus rhombostaurus, n. sp., × 100 434
Optical section through the equatorial plane.
Fig. 5. Sethostaurus cruciatus, n. sp. (vel Heliostaurus cruciatus), × 300 434
Fig. 6. Phacostaurus oceanidum, n. sp., × 300 435
Fig. 7. Phacostaurus magnificus, n. sp., × 400 436
Fig. 8. Phacostaurus magnificus, n. sp., × 200 436
Vertical section through the centrum.
Fig. 9. Sethostylus distyliscus, n. sp., × 400 428
Fig. 10. Sethostylus dicylindrus, n. sp., × 300 428
Marginal view.
Fig. 11. Stylodiscus endostylus, n. sp. (vel Sethostylus endostylus), × 300 413
Fig. 12. Phacostylus amphistylus, n. sp., × 300 430
Plate 31.
PLATE 31.
Cenodiscida et Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethostaurus orthostaurus, n. sp.,

× 300 433
Fig. 2. Sethostaurus orthostaurus, n. sp., × 300 433
Vertical section through the centrum.
Fig. 3. Sethostaurus recurvatus, n. sp., × 100 434
Optical section through the equatorial plane.
Fig. 4. Sethostaurus rhombostaurus, n. sp., × 100 434
Optical section through the equatorial plane.
Fig. 5. Sethostaurus cruciatus, n. sp. (vel Heliostaurus cruciatus), × 300 434
Fig. 6. Phacostaurus oceanidum, n. sp., × 300 435
Fig. 7. Phacostaurus magnificus, n. sp., × 400 436
Fig. 8. Phacostaurus magnificus, n. sp., × 200 436
Vertical section through the centrum.
Fig. 9. Sethostylus distyliscus, n. sp., × 400 428
Fig. 10. Sethostylus dicylindrus, n. sp., × 300 428
Marginal view.
Fig. 11. Stylodiscus endostylus, n. sp. (vel Sethostylus endostylus), × 300 413
Fig. 12. Phacostylus amphistylus, n. sp., × 300 430
Plate 31.

PLATE 32.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Phacodiscida.

PLATE 32.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Astrophacus solaris, n. sp.,

× 300 453
Fig. 2. Astrophacus apollinis, n. sp., × 300 455
Fig. 3. Astrophacus phacodiscus, n. sp., × 300 454
Vertical section through the centrum.
Fig. 4. Astrosestrum ephyra, n. sp., × 300 442
Fig. 4a. Transverse section through the double medullary shell, × 300 442
Fig. 5. Astrosestrum nauphanta, n. sp., × 300 442
Fig. 6. Phacostylus caudatus, n. sp. (vel Astrosestrum caudatum), × 200 431
Fig. 7. Perizona scutella, n. sp., × 400 427
Fig. 8. Perizona pterygota, n. sp., × 400 427
Fig. 8a. Medullary shells and radial beams connecting them with the disk, × 300 427
Plate 32.
PLATE 32.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Astrophacus solaris, n. sp.,

× 300 453
Fig. 2. Astrophacus apollinis, n. sp., × 300 455
Fig. 3. Astrophacus phacodiscus, n. sp., × 300 454
Vertical section through the centrum.
Fig. 4. Astrosestrum ephyra, n. sp., × 300 442
Fig. 4a. Transverse section through the double medullary shell, × 300 442
Fig. 5. Astrosestrum nauphanta, n. sp., × 300 442
Fig. 6. Phacostylus caudatus, n. sp. (vel Astrosestrum caudatum), × 200 431
Fig. 7. Perizona scutella, n. sp., × 400 427
Fig. 8. Perizona pterygota, n. sp., × 400 427
Fig. 8a. Medullary shells and radial beams connecting them with the disk, × 300 427
Plate 32.

PLATE 33.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Phacodiscida.

PLATE 33.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethodiscus lenticula, n. sp.,

× 300 423
Fig. 2. Sethodiscus lenticula, n. sp., × 300 423
Vertical section.
Fig. 3. Sethodiscus macrococcus, n. sp., × 300 423
Young shell, not yet closed, seen from the margin.
Fig. 4. Periphæna cincta, n. sp., × 400 426
Fig. 5. Triactiscus tricuspis, n. sp., × 300 432
Marginal view.
Fig. 6. Triactiscus tripyramis, n. sp., × 400 432
Fig. 7. Heliodiscus cingillum, n. sp., × 300 448
Fig. 8. Heliodiscus asteriscus, n. sp., × 300 445
Fig. 9. Heliodrymus dendrocyclus, n. sp.(vel Heliocladus dendrocyclus), × 300 451
Plate 33.
PLATE 33.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethodiscus lenticula, n. sp.,

× 300 423
Fig. 2. Sethodiscus lenticula, n. sp., × 300 423
Vertical section.
Fig. 3. Sethodiscus macrococcus, n. sp., × 300 423
Young shell, not yet closed, seen from the margin.
Fig. 4. Periphæna cincta, n. sp., × 400 426
Fig. 5. Triactiscus tricuspis, n. sp., × 300 432
Marginal view.
Fig. 6. Triactiscus tripyramis, n. sp., × 400 432
Fig. 7. Heliodiscus cingillum, n. sp., × 300 448
Fig. 8. Heliodiscus asteriscus, n. sp., × 300 445
Fig. 9. Heliodrymus dendrocyclus, n. sp.(vel Heliocladus dendrocyclus), × 300 451
Plate 33.

PLATE 34.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Phacodiscida.

PLATE 34.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethostylus dentatus, n. sp. (vel Heliostylus dentatus),

× 300 429
Upper half of the disk.
Fig. 2. Sethostylus serratus, n. sp. (vel Heliostylus serratus), × 300 429
Lower half of the disk.
Fig. 3. Heliosestrum octonum, n. sp., × 300 440
Fig. 4. Heliodiscus solaster, n. sp., × 300 447
Fig. 5. Heliodiscus echiniscus, n. sp., × 400 448
Fig. 6. Heliosestrum medusinum, n. sp., × 300 438
Fig. 7. Sethostaurus conostaurus, n. sp., × 100 433
Normal form with four regular spines.
Fig. 8. Sethostaurus conostaurus, n. sp., × 100 433
Abnormal form with five spines.
Fig. 9. Heliodiscus marginatus, n. sp., × 100 449
Fig. 10. Heliodiscus trochiscus, n. sp., × 100 445
Fig. 11. Heliodiscus polymorphus, n. sp., × 100 447
Fig. 12. Heliodiscus polymorphus, n. sp., × 100 447
Fig. 13. Heliodiscus trochiscus, n. sp., × 100 445
Fig. 14. Astrophacus trochiscus, n. sp., × 100 453
Plate 34.
PLATE 34.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethostylus dentatus, n. sp. (vel Heliostylus dentatus),

× 300 429
Upper half of the disk.
Fig. 2. Sethostylus serratus, n. sp. (vel Heliostylus serratus), × 300 429
Lower half of the disk.
Fig. 3. Heliosestrum octonum, n. sp., × 300 440
Fig. 4. Heliodiscus solaster, n. sp., × 300 447
Fig. 5. Heliodiscus echiniscus, n. sp., × 400 448
Fig. 6. Heliosestrum medusinum, n. sp., × 300 438
Fig. 7. Sethostaurus conostaurus, n. sp., × 100 433
Normal form with four regular spines.
Fig. 8. Sethostaurus conostaurus, n. sp., × 100 433
Abnormal form with five spines.
Fig. 9. Heliodiscus marginatus, n. sp., × 100 449
Fig. 10. Heliodiscus trochiscus, n. sp., × 100 445
Fig. 11. Heliodiscus polymorphus, n. sp., × 100 447
Fig. 12. Heliodiscus polymorphus, n. sp., × 100 447
Fig. 13. Heliodiscus trochiscus, n. sp., × 100 445
Fig. 14. Astrophacus trochiscus, n. sp., × 100 453
Plate 34.

PLATE 35.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Phacodiscida.

PLATE 35.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Heliodiscus pertusus, n. sp. (vel Heliosestrum pertusum),

× 400 448
Irregular form with ten (instead of eight) larger latticed spines.
Fig. 2. Heliodiscus glyphodon, n. sp. (vel Heliosestrum glyphodon), × 300 446
Fig. 3. Heliodrymus ramosus, n. sp., × 300 452
Fig. 4. Heliodrymus ramosus, n. sp., × 500 452
Medullary shell and a segment of the disk.
Fig. 5. Heliodrymus viminalis, n. sp., × 400 452
Marginal view.
Fig. 6. Phacodiscus clypeus, n. sp., × 400 425
Fig. 7. Phacodiscus rotula, n. sp., × 400 424
Marginal view.
Fig. 8. Phacodiscus lentiformis, n. sp., × 400 425
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Fig. 9. Phacodiscus clypeus, n. sp., × 400 425
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Plate 35.
PLATE 35.
Phacodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Heliodiscus pertusus, n. sp. (vel Heliosestrum pertusum),

× 400 448
Irregular form with ten (instead of eight) larger latticed spines.
Fig. 2. Heliodiscus glyphodon, n. sp. (vel Heliosestrum glyphodon), × 300 446
Fig. 3. Heliodrymus ramosus, n. sp., × 300 452
Fig. 4. Heliodrymus ramosus, n. sp., × 500 452
Medullary shell and a segment of the disk.
Fig. 5. Heliodrymus viminalis, n. sp., × 400 452
Marginal view.
Fig. 6. Phacodiscus clypeus, n. sp., × 400 425
Fig. 7. Phacodiscus rotula, n. sp., × 400 424
Marginal view.
Fig. 8. Phacodiscus lentiformis, n. sp., × 400 425
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Fig. 9. Phacodiscus clypeus, n. sp., × 400 425
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Plate 35.

PLATE 36.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Coccodiscida.

PLATE 36.
Coccodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Coccodiscus lamarckii, n. sp.,

× 500 459
The left half of the figure represents a horizontal section through the peripheral shell, the right half a view of the surface.
Fig. 2. Coccodiscus gœthei, n. sp., × 500 461
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Fig. 3. Lithocyclia lenticula, n. sp., × 400 459
Fig. 4. Lithocyclia lenticula, n. sp., × 400 459
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 5. Coccocyclia helianthus, n. sp., × 400 468
Fig. 6. Coccocyclia helianthus, n. sp., × 500 468
Vertical section through the outer medullary shell, showing the inner.
Fig. 7. Astrocyclia solaster, n. sp., × 300 466
Fig. 8. Astrocyclia heterocycla, n. sp., × 400 468
Horizontal section through the equatorial plane.
Plate 36.
PLATE 36.
Coccodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Coccodiscus lamarckii, n. sp.,

× 500 459
The left half of the figure represents a horizontal section through the peripheral shell, the right half a view of the surface.
Fig. 2. Coccodiscus gœthei, n. sp., × 500 461
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Fig. 3. Lithocyclia lenticula, n. sp., × 400 459
Fig. 4. Lithocyclia lenticula, n. sp., × 400 459
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 5. Coccocyclia helianthus, n. sp., × 400 468
Fig. 6. Coccocyclia helianthus, n. sp., × 500 468
Vertical section through the outer medullary shell, showing the inner.
Fig. 7. Astrocyclia solaster, n. sp., × 300 466
Fig. 8. Astrocyclia heterocycla, n. sp., × 400 468
Horizontal section through the equatorial plane.
Plate 36.

PLATE 37.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Coccodiscida.

PLATE 37.
Coccodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Staurocyclia cruciata, n. sp.,

× 400 465
Fig. 2. Staurocyclia phacostaurus, n. sp., × 300 465
Fig. 3. Staurocyclia phacostaurus, n. sp., × 300 465
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 4. Staurocyclia magniducis, n. sp. (Coccostaurus magniducis), × 300 466
Fig. 5. Trigonocyclia triangularis, n. sp., × 400 464
Fig. 6. Stylocyclia prionacantha, n. sp., × 500 462
A great part of the peripheral shell is removed.
Fig. 7. Amphicyclia amphistyla, n. sp., × 300 464
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 8. Stylocyclia excavata, n. sp., × 200 463
Vertical section through the centre.
Plate 37.
PLATE 37.
Coccodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Staurocyclia cruciata, n. sp.,

× 400 465
Fig. 2. Staurocyclia phacostaurus, n. sp., × 300 465
Fig. 3. Staurocyclia phacostaurus, n. sp., × 300 465
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 4. Staurocyclia magniducis, n. sp. (Coccostaurus magniducis), × 300 466
Fig. 5. Trigonocyclia triangularis, n. sp., × 400 464
Fig. 6. Stylocyclia prionacantha, n. sp., × 500 462
A great part of the peripheral shell is removed.
Fig. 7. Amphicyclia amphistyla, n. sp., × 300 464
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 8. Stylocyclia excavata, n. sp., × 200 463
Vertical section through the centre.
Plate 37.

PLATE 38.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Coccodiscida.

PLATE 38.
Coccodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Amphicyclia chronometra, n. sp.,

× 400 463
Fig. 2. Amphicyclia pachydiscus, n. sp., × 500 464
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 3. Amphiactura amphibrachia, n. sp., × 300 470
Fig. 4. Amphiactura amphibrachia, n. sp., × 150 470
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 5. Diplactura diploconus, n. sp., × 300 470
Fig. 6. Trigonactura triacantha, n. sp., × 200 472
Fig. 7. Trigonactura triacantha, n. sp., × 400 472
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Fig. 8. Hymenactura archimedis, n. sp., × 300 473
Fig. 9. Hymenactura copernici, n. sp., × 200 475
Plate 38.
PLATE 38.
Coccodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Amphicyclia chronometra, n. sp.,

× 400 463
Fig. 2. Amphicyclia pachydiscus, n. sp., × 500 464
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 3. Amphiactura amphibrachia, n. sp., × 300 470
Fig. 4. Amphiactura amphibrachia, n. sp., × 150 470
Vertical section through the centre.
Fig. 5. Diplactura diploconus, n. sp., × 300 470
Fig. 6. Trigonactura triacantha, n. sp., × 200 472
Fig. 7. Trigonactura triacantha, n. sp., × 400 472
Vertical section nearly through the centre.
Fig. 8. Hymenactura archimedis, n. sp., × 300 473
Fig. 9. Hymenactura copernici, n. sp., × 200 475
Plate 38.

PLATE 39.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order PRUNOIDEA.

Families Ellipsida, Druppulida, Artiscida et Cyphinida.

PLATE 39.
Ellipsida, Druppulida, Artiscida et Cyphinida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cenellipsis faceta, n. sp. (vel Ellipsis faceta),

× 300 291
Fig. 2. Cenellipsis infundibulum, n. sp. (vel Ellipsis infundibulum), × 300 292
Fig. 3. Druppula pandanus, n. sp. (vel Coccymelium pandanus), × 300 308
Fig. 4. Prunulum coccymelium, n. sp. (vel Coccymelium prunulum), × 300 313
Fig. 5. Prunocarpus artocarpium, n. sp. (vel Artocarpium indicum), × 300 316
Fig. 6. Pipettella prismatica, n. sp., × 300 305
Fig. 7. Pipetta tuba, n. sp., × 300 337
Fig. 8. Pipetta fusus, n. sp., × 300 337
Fig. 8a. The enclosed medullary shell.
Fig. 9. Artiscus nodosus, n. sp. (vel Artidium nodosum), × 400 356
Fig. 10. Cannartus violina, n. sp., × 300 358
Fig. 11. Cyphonium cribellum, n. sp., × 200 365
Fig. 12. Cyphonium virgineum, n. sp. (vel Ommatospyris virginea), × 400 363
Fig. 12a. Vertical section through the double medullary shell.
Fig. 13. Cypassis puella, n. sp. (vel Didymospyris puella), × 400 367
The enclosed central capsule is visible.
Fig. 14. Cyphinus amphilophus, N. sp., × 300 370
Fig. 15. Pipettaria tubaria, n. sp., × 300 339
Fig. 16. Cannartidium mammiferum, n. sp., × 300 375
Fig. 17. Cannartidium mastophorum, n. sp., × 150 375
Fig. 18. Cannartidium bicinctum, n. sp., × 300 374
Fig. 18a. Vertical section through the main axis.
Fig. 19. Cannartiscus amphiconiscus, n. sp., × 300 372
Plate 39.
PLATE 39.
Ellipsida, Druppulida, Artiscida et Cyphinida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cenellipsis faceta, n. sp. (vel Ellipsis faceta),

× 300 291
Fig. 2. Cenellipsis infundibulum, n. sp. (vel Ellipsis infundibulum), × 300 292
Fig. 3. Druppula pandanus, n. sp. (vel Coccymelium pandanus), × 300 308
Fig. 4. Prunulum coccymelium, n. sp. (vel Coccymelium prunulum), × 300 313
Fig. 5. Prunocarpus artocarpium, n. sp. (vel Artocarpium indicum), × 300 316
Fig. 6. Pipettella prismatica, n. sp., × 300 305
Fig. 7. Pipetta tuba, n. sp., × 300 337
Fig. 8. Pipetta fusus, n. sp., × 300 337
Fig. 8a. The enclosed medullary shell.
Fig. 9. Artiscus nodosus, n. sp. (vel Artidium nodosum), × 400 356
Fig. 10. Cannartus violina, n. sp., × 300 358
Fig. 11. Cyphonium cribellum, n. sp., × 200 365
Fig. 12. Cyphonium virgineum, n. sp. (vel Ommatospyris virginea), × 400 363
Fig. 12a. Vertical section through the double medullary shell.
Fig. 13. Cypassis puella, n. sp. (vel Didymospyris puella), × 400 367
The enclosed central capsule is visible.
Fig. 14. Cyphinus amphilophus, N. sp., × 300 370
Fig. 15. Pipettaria tubaria, n. sp., × 300 339
Fig. 16. Cannartidium mammiferum, n. sp., × 300 375
Fig. 17. Cannartidium mastophorum, n. sp., × 150 375
Fig. 18. Cannartidium bicinctum, n. sp., × 300 374
Fig. 18a. Vertical section through the main axis.
Fig. 19. Cannartiscus amphiconiscus, n. sp., × 300 372
Plate 39.

PLATE 40.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order PRUNOIDEA.

Families Panartida et Zygartida.

PLATE 40.
Panartida et Zygartida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Panartus diploconus, n. sp.,

× 300 379
Fig. 2. Panartus pluteus, n. sp., × 300 382
Fig. 3. Panartus tetrathalamus, n. sp., × 300 378
Fig. 4. Panicium coronatum, n. sp. (vel Panartidium coronatum), × 300 386
Fig. 5. Peripanartus amphiconus, n. sp., × 300 383
Fig. 6. Peripanartus cylindrus, n. sp., × 150 384
Fig. 7. Peripanartus atractus, n. sp., × 300 384
Fig. 8. Peripanicium amphicorona, n. sp., × 300 387
Fig. 9. Panarium tubularium, n. sp., × 300 390
Fig. 10. Ommatocampe nereides, n. sp., × 300 394
Fig. 11. Cyphocolpus virginis, n. sp. (vel Zygartus virginis) × 300 369
Fig. 12. Desmartus larvalis, n. sp. (vel Zygartus larvalis), × 300 398
Fig. 13. Zygartus chrysalis, n. sp. (vel Zygocampe chrysalis), × 400 401
Plate 40.
PLATE 40.
Panartida et Zygartida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Panartus diploconus, n. sp.,

× 300 379
Fig. 2. Panartus pluteus, n. sp., × 300 382
Fig. 3. Panartus tetrathalamus, n. sp., × 300 378
Fig. 4. Panicium coronatum, n. sp. (vel Panartidium coronatum), × 300 386
Fig. 5. Peripanartus amphiconus, n. sp., × 300 383
Fig. 6. Peripanartus cylindrus, n. sp., × 150 384
Fig. 7. Peripanartus atractus, n. sp., × 300 384
Fig. 8. Peripanicium amphicorona, n. sp., × 300 387
Fig. 9. Panarium tubularium, n. sp., × 300 390
Fig. 10. Ommatocampe nereides, n. sp., × 300 394
Fig. 11. Cyphocolpus virginis, n. sp. (vel Zygartus virginis) × 300 369
Fig. 12. Desmartus larvalis, n. sp. (vel Zygartus larvalis), × 300 398
Fig. 13. Zygartus chrysalis, n. sp. (vel Zygocampe chrysalis), × 400 401
Plate 40.

PLATE 41.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Families Porodiscida et Spongodiscida.

PLATE 41.
Porodiscida et Spongodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Porodiscus flustrella, n. sp.,

× 300 493
Fig. 2. Porodiscus perispira, n. sp., × 200 495
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 3. Porodiscus quadrigatus, n. sp., × 200 494
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 4. Porodiscus semispiralis, n. sp., × 500 497
Fig. 5. Perichlamydium saturnus, n. sp., × 300 499
Fig. 6. Porodiscus centrospira, n. sp. (vel Perispongidium centrospira), × 200 495
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 7. Porodiscus irregularis, n. sp. (vel Perispongidium irregulare), × 200 498
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 8. Stylodictya heliospira, n. sp., × 400 512
Fig. 9. Stylodictya centrospira, n. sp., × 400 512
Fig. 10. Stylochlamydium asteriscus, n. sp., × 400 514
Fig. 11. Stylotrochus geddesii, n. sp., × 300 585
Plate 41.
PLATE 41.
Porodiscida et Spongodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Porodiscus flustrella, n. sp.,

× 300 493
Fig. 2. Porodiscus perispira, n. sp., × 200 495
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 3. Porodiscus quadrigatus, n. sp., × 200 494
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 4. Porodiscus semispiralis, n. sp., × 500 497
Fig. 5. Perichlamydium saturnus, n. sp., × 300 499
Fig. 6. Porodiscus centrospira, n. sp. (vel Perispongidium centrospira), × 200 495
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 7. Porodiscus irregularis, n. sp. (vel Perispongidium irregulare), × 200 498
The rings alone (equatorial section).
Fig. 8. Stylodictya heliospira, n. sp., × 400 512
Fig. 9. Stylodictya centrospira, n. sp., × 400 512
Fig. 10. Stylochlamydium asteriscus, n. sp., × 400 514
Fig. 11. Stylotrochus geddesii, n. sp., × 300 585
Plate 41.

PLATE 42.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Porodiscida.

PLATE 42.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Staurodictya elegans, n. sp.,

× 500 507
Fig. 2. Staurodictya ciliata, n. sp., × 400 506
Fig. 3. Staurodictya medusa, n. sp., × 400 506
Fig. 4. Staurodictya cruciata, n. sp., × 300 507
Fig. 5. Staurodictya cruciata, n. sp., × 300 507
Vertical section through the disk.
Fig. 6. Staurodictya grandis, n. sp., × 300 508
Vertical section through the disk.
Fig. 7. Tripodictya triacantha, n. sp., × 400 505
Fig. 8. Tripodictya trigonaria, n. sp., × 400 505
Fig. 9. Tripodictya tribelonia, n. sp., × 400 505
Vertical section through the disk.
Fig. 10. Xiphodictya amphibelonia, n. sp., × 300 503
Marginal view.
Fig. 11. Xiphodictya amphirrhopalia, n. sp., × 400 504
Fig. 12. Xiphodictya staurospira, n. sp., × 500 504
Plate 42.
PLATE 42.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Staurodictya elegans, n. sp.,

× 500 507
Fig. 2. Staurodictya ciliata, n. sp., × 400 506
Fig. 3. Staurodictya medusa, n. sp., × 400 506
Fig. 4. Staurodictya cruciata, n. sp., × 300 507
Fig. 5. Staurodictya cruciata, n. sp., × 300 507
Vertical section through the disk.
Fig. 6. Staurodictya grandis, n. sp., × 300 508
Vertical section through the disk.
Fig. 7. Tripodictya triacantha, n. sp., × 400 505
Fig. 8. Tripodictya trigonaria, n. sp., × 400 505
Fig. 9. Tripodictya tribelonia, n. sp., × 400 505
Vertical section through the disk.
Fig. 10. Xiphodictya amphibelonia, n. sp., × 300 503
Marginal view.
Fig. 11. Xiphodictya amphirrhopalia, n. sp., × 400 504
Fig. 12. Xiphodictya staurospira, n. sp., × 500 504
Plate 42.

PLATE 43.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Porodiscida.

PLATE 43.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Rhopalastrum malleus, n. sp.,

× 100 527
Fig. 2. Rhopalastrum ypsilinum, n. sp., × 50 528
Fig. 3. Rhopalastrum hexaceros, n. sp., × 100 529
Fig. 4. Rhopalastrum triceros, n. sp., × 50 529
Fig. 5. Rhopalastrum trispinosum, n. sp. (vel Dictyastrum trispinosum), × 150 525
Fig. 6. Rhopalastrum arcticum, n. sp., × 300 539
Fig. 7. Rhopalastrum hexagonum, n. sp. (vel Dictyastrum hexagonum), × 100 525
Fig. 8. Rhopalastrum irregulare, n. sp., × 100 528
Fig. 9. Euchitonia lanceolata, n. sp., × 80 534
Fig. 10. Euchitonia carcinus, n. sp., × 300 535
Fig. 11. Euchitonia echinata, n. sp., × 120 536
Fig. 12. Euchitonia stohrii, n. sp., × 100 534
Fig. 13. Hymeniastrum euclidis, n. sp., × 200 531
Fig. 14. Chitonastrum jugatum, n. sp., × 200 537
Fig. 15. Chitonastrum lyra, n. sp., × 500 538
A living specimen observed. The entire shell is enveloped by the calymma and surrounded by radiating pseudopodia (drawn much too short). Between the two paired arms arises a large "sarcode-flagellum." The central chamber and the first enveloping ring are filled by the clear nucleus; the other rings and all the chambers of the arms contain numerous pink oil-globules.
Fig. 16. Trigonastrum regulare, n. sp. (vel Chitonastrum regulare), × 200 539
Plate 43.
PLATE 43.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Rhopalastrum malleus, n. sp.,

× 100 527
Fig. 2. Rhopalastrum ypsilinum, n. sp., × 50 528
Fig. 3. Rhopalastrum hexaceros, n. sp., × 100 529
Fig. 4. Rhopalastrum triceros, n. sp., × 50 529
Fig. 5. Rhopalastrum trispinosum, n. sp. (vel Dictyastrum trispinosum), × 150 525
Fig. 6. Rhopalastrum arcticum, n. sp., × 300 539
Fig. 7. Rhopalastrum hexagonum, n. sp. (vel Dictyastrum hexagonum), × 100 525
Fig. 8. Rhopalastrum irregulare, n. sp., × 100 528
Fig. 9. Euchitonia lanceolata, n. sp., × 80 534
Fig. 10. Euchitonia carcinus, n. sp., × 300 535
Fig. 11. Euchitonia echinata, n. sp., × 120 536
Fig. 12. Euchitonia stohrii, n. sp., × 100 534
Fig. 13. Hymeniastrum euclidis, n. sp., × 200 531
Fig. 14. Chitonastrum jugatum, n. sp., × 200 537
Fig. 15. Chitonastrum lyra, n. sp., × 500 538
A living specimen observed. The entire shell is enveloped by the calymma and surrounded by radiating pseudopodia (drawn much too short). Between the two paired arms arises a large "sarcode-flagellum." The central chamber and the first enveloping ring are filled by the clear nucleus; the other rings and all the chambers of the arms contain numerous pink oil-globules.
Fig. 16. Trigonastrum regulare, n. sp. (vel Chitonastrum regulare), × 200 539
Plate 43.

PLATE 44.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Porodiscida.

PLATE 44.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stephanastrum capitatum, n. sp.,

× 200 549
Fig. 2. Pentinastrum asteriscus, n. sp., × 300 557
Fig. 3. Pentalastrum ophidiaster, n. sp., × 100 557
Fig. 4. Hexinastrum geryonidum, n. sp., × 300 560
Fig. 5. Hexalastrum orchidaceum, n. sp., × 50 560
Fig. 6. Amphibrachium dilatatum, n. sp., × 50 517
Fig. 7. Amphymenium zygartus, n. sp., × 400 520
Fig. 8. Amphymenium pupula, n. sp., × 300 519
Fig. 9. Amphymenium amphistylium, n. sp., × 200 520
Fig. 10. Amphicraspedum murrayanum, n. sp., × 300 523
Fig. 11. Amphymenium monstrosum, n. sp., × 300 520
Plate 44.
PLATE 44.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stephanastrum capitatum, n. sp.,

× 200 549
Fig. 2. Pentinastrum asteriscus, n. sp., × 300 557
Fig. 3. Pentalastrum ophidiaster, n. sp., × 100 557
Fig. 4. Hexinastrum geryonidum, n. sp., × 300 560
Fig. 5. Hexalastrum orchidaceum, n. sp., × 50 560
Fig. 6. Amphibrachium dilatatum, n. sp., × 50 517
Fig. 7. Amphymenium zygartus, n. sp., × 400 520
Fig. 8. Amphymenium pupula, n. sp., × 300 519
Fig. 9. Amphymenium amphistylium, n. sp., × 200 520
Fig. 10. Amphicraspedum murrayanum, n. sp., × 300 523
Fig. 11. Amphymenium monstrosum, n. sp., × 300 520
Plate 44.

PLATE 45.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Porodiscida.

PLATE 45.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stauralastrum rhopalophorum, n. sp.,

× 200 541
Fig. 2. Dicranastrum cornutum, n. sp., × 200 551
Fig. 3. Hagiastrum mosis, n. sp., × 100 543
Fig. 4. Hagiastrum mosis, n. sp., × 50 543
Lateral view, from the edge.
Fig. 5. Hagiastrum buddhæ, n. sp., × 50 542
Fig. 6. Stauralastrum cruciforme, n. sp. (in glycerine), × 500 540
The central capsule contains a large central nucleus with nucleolus, and is surrounded by the jelly calymma and numerous small zooxanthellæ. The endoplasm is radially striped.
Fig. 7. Tesserastrum democriti, n. sp., × 100 548
Fig. 8. Tesserastrum straussii, n. sp., × 500 547
Fig. 9. Tesserastrum brunonis, n. sp., × 200 548
Disk seen from the edge.
Fig. 10. Amphirhopalum echinatum, n. sp., × 300 522
Fig. 11. Amphicraspedum maclaganium, n. sp., × 100 523
Fig. 12. Amphicraspedum wyvilleanum, n. sp., × 300 523
Plate 45.
PLATE 45.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stauralastrum rhopalophorum, n. sp.,

× 200 541
Fig. 2. Dicranastrum cornutum, n. sp., × 200 551
Fig. 3. Hagiastrum mosis, n. sp., × 100 543
Fig. 4. Hagiastrum mosis, n. sp., × 50 543
Lateral view, from the edge.
Fig. 5. Hagiastrum buddhæ, n. sp., × 50 542
Fig. 6. Stauralastrum cruciforme, n. sp. (in glycerine), × 500 540
The central capsule contains a large central nucleus with nucleolus, and is surrounded by the jelly calymma and numerous small zooxanthellæ. The endoplasm is radially striped.
Fig. 7. Tesserastrum democriti, n. sp., × 100 548
Fig. 8. Tesserastrum straussii, n. sp., × 500 547
Fig. 9. Tesserastrum brunonis, n. sp., × 200 548
Disk seen from the edge.
Fig. 10. Amphirhopalum echinatum, n. sp., × 300 522
Fig. 11. Amphicraspedum maclaganium, n. sp., × 100 523
Fig. 12. Amphicraspedum wyvilleanum, n. sp., × 300 523
Plate 45.

PLATE 46.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Porodiscida.

PLATE 46.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Histiastrum boseanum, n. sp.,

× 400 546
Fig. 2. Histiastrum pentadiscus, n. sp., × 200 546
Fig. 3. Histiastrum quadrigatum, n. sp., × 300 544
Fig. 4. Histiastrum velatum, n. sp., × 200 545
Fig. 5. Stephanastrum quadratum, n. sp., × 200 549
Plate 46.
PLATE 46.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Histiastrum boseanum, n. sp.,

× 400 546
Fig. 2. Histiastrum pentadiscus, n. sp., × 200 546
Fig. 3. Histiastrum quadrigatum, n. sp., × 300 544
Fig. 4. Histiastrum velatum, n. sp., × 200 545
Fig. 5. Stephanastrum quadratum, n. sp., × 200 549
Plate 46.

PLATE 47.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order DISCOIDEA.

Family Porodiscida.

PLATE 47.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dicranastrum bifurcatum, n. sp.,

× 200 552
Fig. 1a. Central disc of the same, × 600
Fig. 2. Dicranastrum furcatum, n. sp., × 100 550
Fig. 3. Dicranastrum wyvillei, n. sp., × 100 551
Fig. 4. Pentophiastrum forcipatum, n. sp., × 50 559
Fig. 5. Pentophiastrum caudatum, n. sp., × 50 559
Fig. 6. Myelastrum papilio, n. sp., × 50 554
Fig. 7. Myelastrum decaceros, n. sp., × 20 554
Fig. 8. Myelastrum heteropterum, n. sp., × 20 553
Fig. 9. Myelastrum anomalum, n. sp., × 50 556
Fig. 10. Myelastrum farfalla, n. sp., × 50 554
Fig. 11. Myelastrum dodecaceros, n. sp., × 100 554
Fig. 12. Myelastrum octocorne, n. sp., × 90 553
Fig. 13. Myelastrum medullare, n. sp., × 50 553
Plate 47.
PLATE 47.
Porodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dicranastrum bifurcatum, n. sp.,

× 200 552
Fig. 1a. Central disc of the same, × 600
Fig. 2. Dicranastrum furcatum, n. sp., × 100 550
Fig. 3. Dicranastrum wyvillei, n. sp., × 100 551
Fig. 4. Pentophiastrum forcipatum, n. sp., × 50 559
Fig. 5. Pentophiastrum caudatum, n. sp., × 50 559
Fig. 6. Myelastrum papilio, n. sp., × 50 554
Fig. 7. Myelastrum decaceros, n. sp., × 20 554
Fig. 8. Myelastrum heteropterum, n. sp., × 20 553
Fig. 9. Myelastrum anomalum, n. sp., × 50 556
Fig. 10. Myelastrum farfalla, n. sp., × 50 554
Fig. 11. Myelastrum dodecaceros, n. sp., × 100 554
Fig. 12. Myelastrum octocorne, n. sp., × 90 553
Fig. 13. Myelastrum medullare, n. sp., × 50 553
Plate 47.

PLATE 48.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Orders PRUNOIDEA et DISCOIDEA.

Families Ellipsida, Artiscida, Spongurida, Cenodiscida, Porodiscida et Pylodiscida.

PLATE 48.
Ellipsida, Artiscida, Spongurida, Cenodiscida, Porodiscida et Pylodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cenodiscus phacoides, n. sp.,

× 100 411
Fig. 1a. Vertical section.
Fig. 2. Crucidiscus endostaurus, n. sp., × 200 416
Equatorial section.
Fig. 3. Trochodiscus stellaris, n. sp., × 200 418
Fig. 4. Axoprunum stauraxonium, n. sp., × 300 298
Equatorial section.
Fig. 5. Stylartus bipolaris, n. sp., × 200 357
Vertical section.
Fig. 6. Spongocore puella, n. sp., × 300 347
Fig. 7. Spongoprunum amphilonche, n. sp., × 300 347
Fig. 8. Stomatodiscus osculatus, n. sp., × 600 503
Fig. 9. Archidiscus stauroniscus, n. sp., × 400 487
Fig. 9a. Marginal view.
Fig. 10. Archidiscus hexoniscus, n. sp., × 400 488
Fig. 10a. Marginal view.
Fig. 11. Archidiscus pyloniscus, n. sp., × 400 488
Fig. 11a. Marginal view.
Fig. 12. Triolena primordialis, n. sp., × 800 564
Fig. 13. Triopyle hexagona, n. sp., × 600 565
Fig. 14. Triodiscus spinosus, n. sp., × 600 565
Fig. 15. Pylolena armata, n. sp., × 300 568
Fig. 16. Hexapyle dodecantha, n. sp., × 300 569
Fig. 17. Pylodiscus triangularis, n. sp., × 400 570
Fig. 18. Discozonium hexagonium, n. sp., × 400 572
Fig. 19. Discopyle osculata, n. sp., × 400 573
Fig. 20. Discopyle elliptica, n. sp., × 400 573
Plate 48.
PLATE 48.
Ellipsida, Artiscida, Spongurida, Cenodiscida, Porodiscida et Pylodiscida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cenodiscus phacoides, n. sp.,

× 100 411
Fig. 1a. Vertical section.
Fig. 2. Crucidiscus endostaurus, n. sp., × 200 416
Equatorial section.
Fig. 3. Trochodiscus stellaris, n. sp., × 200 418
Fig. 4. Axoprunum stauraxonium, n. sp., × 300 298
Equatorial section.
Fig. 5. Stylartus bipolaris, n. sp., × 200 357
Vertical section.
Fig. 6. Spongocore puella, n. sp., × 300 347
Fig. 7. Spongoprunum amphilonche, n. sp., × 300 347
Fig. 8. Stomatodiscus osculatus, n. sp., × 600 503
Fig. 9. Archidiscus stauroniscus, n. sp., × 400 487
Fig. 9a. Marginal view.
Fig. 10. Archidiscus hexoniscus, n. sp., × 400 488
Fig. 10a. Marginal view.
Fig. 11. Archidiscus pyloniscus, n. sp., × 400 488
Fig. 11a. Marginal view.
Fig. 12. Triolena primordialis, n. sp., × 800 564
Fig. 13. Triopyle hexagona, n. sp., × 600 565
Fig. 14. Triodiscus spinosus, n. sp., × 600 565
Fig. 15. Pylolena armata, n. sp., × 300 568
Fig. 16. Hexapyle dodecantha, n. sp., × 300 569
Fig. 17. Pylodiscus triangularis, n. sp., × 400 570
Fig. 18. Discozonium hexagonium, n. sp., × 400 572
Fig. 19. Discopyle osculata, n. sp., × 400 573
Fig. 20. Discopyle elliptica, n. sp., × 400 573
Plate 48.

PLATE 49.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order LARCOIDEA.

Families Lithelida, Streblonida, Phorticida et Soreumida.

PLATE 49.
Lithelida, Streblonida, Phorticida et Soreumida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Spirema melonia, n. sp.,

× 300 692
Fig. 2. Lithelius solaris, n. sp. (the first central convolutions only), × 300 695
Fig. 3. Larcospira quadrangula, n. sp., × 300 696
Fig. 4. Pylospira octopyle, n. sp., × 300 698
Fig. 5. Tholospira cervicornis, n. sp., × 300 700
Fig. 6. Tholospira dendrophora, n. sp., × 300 700
Fig. 7. Spironium octonium, n. sp., × 300 701
Fig. 8. Streblacantha siderolina, n. sp., × 300 706
Fig. 8a. Outlines of the chambers, × 200
Fig. 9. Streblopyle helicina, n. sp., × 300 707
Fig. 10. Phorticium pylonium, n. sp., × 300 709
Fig. 11. Spongophortis larnacilla, n. sp., × 200 711
Fig. 11a. The upper half of the cortical shell is removed.
Figs. 11b to 11d. The enclosed medullary Larnacilla-shell. b, Dorsal view; c, lateral view; d, basal view.
Fig. 12. Soreuma irregulare, n. sp., × 200 713
Fig. 13. Sorolarcus larnacillifer, n. sp., × 300 715
Plate 49.
PLATE 49.
Lithelida, Streblonida, Phorticida et Soreumida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Spirema melonia, n. sp.,

× 300 692
Fig. 2. Lithelius solaris, n. sp. (the first central convolutions only), × 300 695
Fig. 3. Larcospira quadrangula, n. sp., × 300 696
Fig. 4. Pylospira octopyle, n. sp., × 300 698
Fig. 5. Tholospira cervicornis, n. sp., × 300 700
Fig. 6. Tholospira dendrophora, n. sp., × 300 700
Fig. 7. Spironium octonium, n. sp., × 300 701
Fig. 8. Streblacantha siderolina, n. sp., × 300 706
Fig. 8a. Outlines of the chambers, × 200
Fig. 9. Streblopyle helicina, n. sp., × 300 707
Fig. 10. Phorticium pylonium, n. sp., × 300 709
Fig. 11. Spongophortis larnacilla, n. sp., × 200 711
Fig. 11a. The upper half of the cortical shell is removed.
Figs. 11b to 11d. The enclosed medullary Larnacilla-shell. b, Dorsal view; c, lateral view; d, basal view.
Fig. 12. Soreuma irregulare, n. sp., × 200 713
Fig. 13. Sorolarcus larnacillifer, n. sp., × 300 715
Plate 49.

PLATE 50.

Legion SPUMELLARIA.

Order LARCOIDEA.

Families Larcarida, Larnacida et Zonarida.

PLATE 50.
Larcarida, Larnacida et Zonarida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Larnacilla typus, n. sp.,

× 300 617
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 1a. From the lateral pole (sagittal section).
Fig. 1b. From the principal pole (equatorial section).
Fig. 2. Larnacalpis lentellipsis, n. sp., × 400 620
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 2a. From the lateral pole (sagittal section).
Fig. 2b. From the principal pole (equatorial section).
Fig. 3. Larnacalpis triaxonia, n. sp., × 400 621
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 4. Larnacantha hexacantha, n. sp., × 400 622
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 5. Larnacantha bicruciata, n. sp., × 300 623
Frontal view.
Fig. 6. Larnacantha prismatica, n. sp., × 300 623
Half frontal, half lateral view.
Fig. 7. Cenolarcus primordialis, n. sp., × 300 607
From the sagittal pole.
Fig. 7a. From the lateral pole.
Fig. 7b. From the principal pole.
Fig. 8. Larcidium dodecanthum, n. sp., × 300 612
From the sagittal pole.
Fig. 8a. From the principal pole.
Fig. 9. Zonarium octangulum, n. sp., × 300 685
Frontal view.
Fig. 10. Zoniscus tetracanthus, n. sp., × 300 687
Frontal view.
Fig. 11. Zoniscus hexatholius, n. sp., × 400 687
Dorsal view (from the sagittal pole).
Fig. 11a. Lateral view (from the frontal pole).
Fig. 12. Zonidium octotholium, n. sp., × 300 688
Frontal section (from the sagittal pole).
Fig. 12a. Lateral view (from the frontal pole).
Plate 50.
PLATE 50.
Larcarida, Larnacida et Zonarida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Larnacilla typus, n. sp.,

× 300 617
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 1a. From the lateral pole (sagittal section).
Fig. 1b. From the principal pole (equatorial section).
Fig. 2. Larnacalpis lentellipsis, n. sp., × 400 620
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 2a. From the lateral pole (sagittal section).
Fig. 2b. From the principal pole (equatorial section).
Fig. 3. Larnacalpis triaxonia, n. sp., × 400 621
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 4. Larnacantha hexacantha, n. sp., × 400 622
From the sagittal pole (dorsal view).
Fig. 5. Larnacantha bicruciata, n. sp., × 300 623
Frontal view.
Fig. 6. Larnacantha prismatica, n. sp., × 300 623
Half frontal, half lateral view.
Fig. 7. Cenolarcus primordialis, n. sp., × 300 607
From the sagittal pole.
Fig. 7a. From the lateral pole.
Fig. 7b. From the principal pole.
Fig. 8. Larcidium dodecanthum, n. sp., × 300 612
From the sagittal pole.
Fig. 8a. From the principal pole.
Fig. 9. Zonarium octangulum, n. sp., × 300 685
Frontal view.
Fig. 10. Zoniscus tetracanthus, n. sp., × 300 687
Frontal view.
Fig. 11. Zoniscus hexatholius, n. sp., × 400 687
Dorsal view (from the sagittal pole).
Fig. 11a. Lateral view (from the frontal pole).
Fig. 12. Zonidium octotholium, n. sp., × 300 688
Frontal section (from the sagittal pole).
Fig. 12a. Lateral view (from the frontal pole).
Plate 50.

PLATE 51.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida et Cyrtocalpida.

PLATE 51.
Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida et Cyrtocalpida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tripterocalpis phylloptera, n. sp.,

× 400 1138
Fig. 2. Tripterocalpis conoptera, n. sp., × 300 1138
Fig. 3. Tripterocalpis ogmoptera, n. sp., × 300 1138
Fig. 4. Tripterocalpis ogmoptera, n. sp., × 500 1138
A group of confluent pores, more enlarged.
Fig. 5. Tripterocalpis ogmoptera, n. sp., × 300 1138
Central capsule. In the centre the striate podoconus, above it four oil-globules, to the right the nucleus.
Fig. 6. Tripocalpis triserrata, n. sp., × 600 1136
Fig. 7. Tridictyopus conicus, n. sp., × 300 1145
Fig. 8. Tridictyopus vatillum, n. sp., × 400 1145
Fig. 9. Cyrtophormis spiralis, n. sp., × 400 1166
Fig. 10. Archicorys ovata, n. sp., × 300 1185
Fig. 11. Cyrtocalpis gromia, n. sp., × 400 1188
Fig. 12. Archicorys microstoma, n. sp., × 400 1185
Fig. 13. Cyrtocalpis urceolus, n. sp., × 500 1186
The ovate central capsule exhibits in the lower half the podoconus, in the upper half the spherical nucleus and three oil-globules. Between the capsule and the shell numerous xanthellæ, partly protruded through the shell-mouth along the radiating pseudopodia.
Plate 51.
PLATE 51.
Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida et Cyrtocalpida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tripterocalpis phylloptera, n. sp.,

× 400 1138
Fig. 2. Tripterocalpis conoptera, n. sp., × 300 1138
Fig. 3. Tripterocalpis ogmoptera, n. sp., × 300 1138
Fig. 4. Tripterocalpis ogmoptera, n. sp., × 500 1138
A group of confluent pores, more enlarged.
Fig. 5. Tripterocalpis ogmoptera, n. sp., × 300 1138
Central capsule. In the centre the striate podoconus, above it four oil-globules, to the right the nucleus.
Fig. 6. Tripocalpis triserrata, n. sp., × 600 1136
Fig. 7. Tridictyopus conicus, n. sp., × 300 1145
Fig. 8. Tridictyopus vatillum, n. sp., × 400 1145
Fig. 9. Cyrtophormis spiralis, n. sp., × 400 1166
Fig. 10. Archicorys ovata, n. sp., × 300 1185
Fig. 11. Cyrtocalpis gromia, n. sp., × 400 1188
Fig. 12. Archicorys microstoma, n. sp., × 400 1185
Fig. 13. Cyrtocalpis urceolus, n. sp., × 500 1186
The ovate central capsule exhibits in the lower half the podoconus, in the upper half the spherical nucleus and three oil-globules. Between the capsule and the shell numerous xanthellæ, partly protruded through the shell-mouth along the radiating pseudopodia.
Plate 51.

PLATE 52.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida, Cyrtocalpida et Anthocyrtida.

PLATE 52.
Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida, Cyrtocalpida et Anthocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cyrtophormis pila, n. sp.,

× 300 1165
Fig. 2. Cyrtophormis ærostatica, n. sp., × 300 1166
Fig. 3. Cyrtophormis ærostatica, n. sp., × 300 1166
Longitudinal section.
Fig. 4. Cyrtocalpis sethopora, n. sp., × 600 1187
Fig. 5. Cyrtocalpis lithomitra, n. sp., × 400 1187
Fig. 6. Cyrtocalpis lithomitra, n. sp., × 400 1187
Longitudinal section.
Fig. 7. Cyrtocalpis compacta, n. sp., × 400 1187
Fig. 8. Cyrtocalpis compacta, n. sp., × 400 1187
Longitudinal section.
Fig. 9. Carpocanistrum flosculum, n. sp., × 400 1171
Fig. 10. Carpocanistrum cephalum, n. sp., × 300 1171
Fig. 11. Carpocanistrum evacuatum, n. sp., × 400 1172
Fig. 12. Carpocanium verecundum, n. sp., × 400 1284
Vertical section through the top of the shell.
Fig. 13. Carpocanium verecundum, n. sp., × 400 1284
Fig. 14. Carpocanium irregulare, n. sp., × 400 1284
Fig. 15. Carpocanium hexagonale, n. sp., × 400 1282
Fig. 16. Carpocanium peristomium, n. sp., × 500 1283
Fig. 17. Carpocanium peristomium, n. sp., × 500 1283
Vertical section.
Fig. 18. Carpocanium trepanium, n. sp., × 600 1282
Peristome.
Fig. 19. Carpocanium petalospyris, n. sp., × 300 1283
Fig. 20. Carpocanium virgineum, n. sp., × 600 1285
Fig. 21. Tripodiscium sphærocephalum, n. sp., × 400 1144
Fig. 22. Tripodiscium tristylospyris, n. sp. (vel Tristylospyris tripodiscium), × 600 1143
Fig. 23. Tripodiscium ramosum, n. sp. (vel Tristylospyris ramosa), × 600 1144
Plate 52.
PLATE 52.
Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida, Cyrtocalpida et Anthocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cyrtophormis pila, n. sp.,

× 300 1165
Fig. 2. Cyrtophormis ærostatica, n. sp., × 300 1166
Fig. 3. Cyrtophormis ærostatica, n. sp., × 300 1166
Longitudinal section.
Fig. 4. Cyrtocalpis sethopora, n. sp., × 600 1187
Fig. 5. Cyrtocalpis lithomitra, n. sp., × 400 1187
Fig. 6. Cyrtocalpis lithomitra, n. sp., × 400 1187
Longitudinal section.
Fig. 7. Cyrtocalpis compacta, n. sp., × 400 1187
Fig. 8. Cyrtocalpis compacta, n. sp., × 400 1187
Longitudinal section.
Fig. 9. Carpocanistrum flosculum, n. sp., × 400 1171
Fig. 10. Carpocanistrum cephalum, n. sp., × 300 1171
Fig. 11. Carpocanistrum evacuatum, n. sp., × 400 1172
Fig. 12. Carpocanium verecundum, n. sp., × 400 1284
Vertical section through the top of the shell.
Fig. 13. Carpocanium verecundum, n. sp., × 400 1284
Fig. 14. Carpocanium irregulare, n. sp., × 400 1284
Fig. 15. Carpocanium hexagonale, n. sp., × 400 1282
Fig. 16. Carpocanium peristomium, n. sp., × 500 1283
Fig. 17. Carpocanium peristomium, n. sp., × 500 1283
Vertical section.
Fig. 18. Carpocanium trepanium, n. sp., × 600 1282
Peristome.
Fig. 19. Carpocanium petalospyris, n. sp., × 300 1283
Fig. 20. Carpocanium virgineum, n. sp., × 600 1285
Fig. 21. Tripodiscium sphærocephalum, n. sp., × 400 1144
Fig. 22. Tripodiscium tristylospyris, n. sp. (vel Tristylospyris tripodiscium), × 600 1143
Fig. 23. Tripodiscium ramosum, n. sp. (vel Tristylospyris ramosa), × 600 1144
Plate 52.

PLATE 53.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Orders SPYROIDEA et CYRTOIDEA.

Families Zygospyrida, Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida et Cyrtocalpida.

PLATE 53.
Zygospyrida, Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida et Cyrtocalpida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Archicapsa triforis, n. sp.,

× 300 1191
Lateral view.
Fig. 2. Archicapsa triforis, n. sp., × 300 1191
Basal view.
Fig. 3. Halicapsa triglochin, n. sp., × 200 1190
Lateral view.
Fig. 4. Halicapsa triglochin, n. sp., × 200 1191
Basal view.
Fig. 5. Halicapsa hystrix, n. sp., × 200 1191
Lateral view.
Fig. 6. Halicapsa hystrix, n. sp., × 200 1191
Basal view.
Fig. 7. Cantharospyris platybursa, n. sp. (vel Platybursa compressa), × 400 1051
Fig. 8. Tessarospyris clathrobursa, n. sp. (vel Clathrobursa dictyopus), × 400 1045
Fig. 9. Peridium spinipes, n. sp., × 500 1154
Fig. 10. Peridium palmipes, n. sp., × 500 1154
Fig. 11. Archiscenium quadrispinum, n. sp., × 500 1150
In the spherical central capsule the dark nucleus is visible.
Fig. 12. Euscenium eucolpium, n. sp., × 500 1147
Fig. 13. Cladoscenium ancoratum, n. sp., × 400 1149
Fig. 14. Pteroscenium pinnatum, n. sp., × 400 1152
Lateral view.
Fig. 15. Pteroscenium pinnatum, n. sp., × 400 1152
Vertical section.
Fig. 16. Pteroscenium pinnatum, n. sp., × 400 1152
Basal view.
Fig. 17. Calpophæna hexarrhabda, n. sp., × 400 1176
Fig. 18. Calpophæna hexarrhabda, n. sp., × 400 1176
Basal plate.
Fig. 19. Tetraspyris tetracorethra, n. sp., × 400 1044
With the four-lobed central capsule, in each lobe an oil-globule.
Fig. 20. Tetraspyris tetracorethra, n. sp., × 800 1044
Shell more enlarged.
Plate 53.
PLATE 53.
Zygospyrida, Tripocalpida, Phænocalpida et Cyrtocalpida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Archicapsa triforis, n. sp.,

× 300 1191
Lateral view.
Fig. 2. Archicapsa triforis, n. sp., × 300 1191
Basal view.
Fig. 3. Halicapsa triglochin, n. sp., × 200 1190
Lateral view.
Fig. 4. Halicapsa triglochin, n. sp., × 200 1191
Basal view.
Fig. 5. Halicapsa hystrix, n. sp., × 200 1191
Lateral view.
Fig. 6. Halicapsa hystrix, n. sp., × 200 1191
Basal view.
Fig. 7. Cantharospyris platybursa, n. sp. (vel Platybursa compressa), × 400 1051
Fig. 8. Tessarospyris clathrobursa, n. sp. (vel Clathrobursa dictyopus), × 400 1045
Fig. 9. Peridium spinipes, n. sp., × 500 1154
Fig. 10. Peridium palmipes, n. sp., × 500 1154
Fig. 11. Archiscenium quadrispinum, n. sp., × 500 1150
In the spherical central capsule the dark nucleus is visible.
Fig. 12. Euscenium eucolpium, n. sp., × 500 1147
Fig. 13. Cladoscenium ancoratum, n. sp., × 400 1149
Fig. 14. Pteroscenium pinnatum, n. sp., × 400 1152
Lateral view.
Fig. 15. Pteroscenium pinnatum, n. sp., × 400 1152
Vertical section.
Fig. 16. Pteroscenium pinnatum, n. sp., × 400 1152
Basal view.
Fig. 17. Calpophæna hexarrhabda, n. sp., × 400 1176
Fig. 18. Calpophæna hexarrhabda, n. sp., × 400 1176
Basal plate.
Fig. 19. Tetraspyris tetracorethra, n. sp., × 400 1044
With the four-lobed central capsule, in each lobe an oil-globule.
Fig. 20. Tetraspyris tetracorethra, n. sp., × 800 1044
Shell more enlarged.
Plate 53.

PLATE 54.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Phænocalpida, Cyrtocalpida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.

PLATE 54.
Phænocalpida, Cyrtocalpida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Bathropyramis quadrata, n. sp.,

× 300 1159
Fig. 2. Sethopyramis quadrata, n. sp., × 300 1254
Fig. 3. Bathropyramis trapezoides, n. sp., × 300 1160
Fig. 4. Bathropyramis ramosa, n. sp., × 300 1161
Fig. 5. Peripyramis circumtexta, n. sp., × 300 1162
Fig. 6. Plectopyramis dodecomma, n. sp., × 400 1258
Fig. 7. Cinclopyramis infundibulum, n. sp., × 300 1161
Fig. 8. Plectopyramis trapezomma, n. sp., × 400 1258
Fig. 9. Cornutella hexagona, n. sp., × 400 1180
Fig. 10. Cornutella sethoconus, n. sp., × 400 1180
Fig. 11. Sethoconus orthoceras, n. sp., × 400 1294
Fig. 12. Sethoconus bimarginatus, n. sp., × 400 1295
Plate 54.
PLATE 54.
Phænocalpida, Cyrtocalpida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Bathropyramis quadrata, n. sp.,

× 300 1159
Fig. 2. Sethopyramis quadrata, n. sp., × 300 1254
Fig. 3. Bathropyramis trapezoides, n. sp., × 300 1160
Fig. 4. Bathropyramis ramosa, n. sp., × 300 1161
Fig. 5. Peripyramis circumtexta, n. sp., × 300 1162
Fig. 6. Plectopyramis dodecomma, n. sp., × 400 1258
Fig. 7. Cinclopyramis infundibulum, n. sp., × 300 1161
Fig. 8. Plectopyramis trapezomma, n. sp., × 400 1258
Fig. 9. Cornutella hexagona, n. sp., × 400 1180
Fig. 10. Cornutella sethoconus, n. sp., × 400 1180
Fig. 11. Sethoconus orthoceras, n. sp., × 400 1294
Fig. 12. Sethoconus bimarginatus, n. sp., × 400 1295
Plate 54.

PLATE 55.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Phænocalpida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.

PLATE 55.
Phænocalpida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethoconus facetus, n. sp. (vel Phlebarachnium facetum),

× 300 1296
Upper part of the shell.
Fig. 2. Sethoconus venosus, n. sp. (vel Phlebarachnium venosum), × 250 1297
Shell including the four-lobed central capsule.
Fig. 3. Sethophormis aurelia, n. sp. (vel Leptarachnium aurelia), × 100 1248
Shell seen from above.
Fig. 4. Sethophormis aurelia, n. sp., × 400 1248
Cephalis more enlarged, with the enclosed four-lobed central capsule.
Fig. 5. Cladarachnium ramosum, n. sp., × 300 1165
Apical view.
Fig. 6. Cladarachnium ramosum, n. sp., × 70 1165
Lateral view.
Fig. 7. Bathropyramis interrupta, n. sp., × 300 1160
Apical part of the shell, from above.
Fig. 8. Litharachnium araneosum, n. sp., × 300 1163
Apical part of the shell, from above.
Fig. 9. Litharachnium epeira, n. sp., × 500 1164
Oblique view of the shell.
Fig. 10. Litharachnium araneosum, n. sp., × 50 1163
Lateral view.
Fig. 11. Periarachnium periplectum, n. sp., × 500 1297
Shell enclosing the trilobed central capsule.
Plate 55.
PLATE 55.
Phænocalpida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Sethoconus facetus, n. sp. (vel Phlebarachnium facetum),

× 300 1296
Upper part of the shell.
Fig. 2. Sethoconus venosus, n. sp. (vel Phlebarachnium venosum), × 250 1297
Shell including the four-lobed central capsule.
Fig. 3. Sethophormis aurelia, n. sp. (vel Leptarachnium aurelia), × 100 1248
Shell seen from above.
Fig. 4. Sethophormis aurelia, n. sp., × 400 1248
Cephalis more enlarged, with the enclosed four-lobed central capsule.
Fig. 5. Cladarachnium ramosum, n. sp., × 300 1165
Apical view.
Fig. 6. Cladarachnium ramosum, n. sp., × 70 1165
Lateral view.
Fig. 7. Bathropyramis interrupta, n. sp., × 300 1160
Apical part of the shell, from above.
Fig. 8. Litharachnium araneosum, n. sp., × 300 1163
Apical part of the shell, from above.
Fig. 9. Litharachnium epeira, n. sp., × 500 1164
Oblique view of the shell.
Fig. 10. Litharachnium araneosum, n. sp., × 50 1163
Lateral view.
Fig. 11. Periarachnium periplectum, n. sp., × 500 1297
Shell enclosing the trilobed central capsule.
Plate 55.

PLATE 56.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Tripocyrtida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.

PLATE 56.
Tripocyrtida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithomelissa bütschlii, n. sp. (vel Sethomelissa bütschlii),

× 400 1207
Fig. 2. Lithomelissa decacantha, n. sp. (vel Sethomelissa decacantha), × 400 1208
Fig. 3. Psilomelissa calvata, n. sp., × 400 1209
The cephalis alone, with the three collar beams.
Fig. 4. Lychnodictyum scaphopodium, n. sp., × 400 1231
Fig. 5. Sethophormis pentalactis, n. sp. (vel Pentaphormis pentalactis), × 400 1244
Oblique view of the shell, from below.
Fig. 6. Sethophormis hexalactis, n. sp. (vel Hexaphormis hexalactis), × 400 1245
Central part of the shell, with the cortinar septum.
Fig. 7. Sethopyramis enneactis, n. sp. (vel Cephalopyramis enneactis), × 400 1254
Fig. 8. Plectopyramis polypleura, n. sp. (vel Sethopyramis polypleura), × 200 1260
Fig. 9. Sethophormis eupilium, n. sp. (vel Craspedilium eupilium), × 400 1247
Fig. 10. Plectopyramis spongiosa, n. sp. (vel Spongopyramis spongiosa), × 400 1261
Fig. 11. Arachnocorys araneosa, n. sp., × 500 1266
Fig. 12. Sethophormis dodecaster, n. sp. (vel Astrophormis dodecaster), × 200 1248
Fig. 13. Sethocephalus eucecryphalus, n. sp., × 400 1298
Plate 56.
PLATE 56.
Tripocyrtida, Anthocyrtida et Sethocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithomelissa bütschlii, n. sp. (vel Sethomelissa bütschlii),

× 400 1207
Fig. 2. Lithomelissa decacantha, n. sp. (vel Sethomelissa decacantha), × 400 1208
Fig. 3. Psilomelissa calvata, n. sp., × 400 1209
The cephalis alone, with the three collar beams.
Fig. 4. Lychnodictyum scaphopodium, n. sp., × 400 1231
Fig. 5. Sethophormis pentalactis, n. sp. (vel Pentaphormis pentalactis), × 400 1244
Oblique view of the shell, from below.
Fig. 6. Sethophormis hexalactis, n. sp. (vel Hexaphormis hexalactis), × 400 1245
Central part of the shell, with the cortinar septum.
Fig. 7. Sethopyramis enneactis, n. sp. (vel Cephalopyramis enneactis), × 400 1254
Fig. 8. Plectopyramis polypleura, n. sp. (vel Sethopyramis polypleura), × 200 1260
Fig. 9. Sethophormis eupilium, n. sp. (vel Craspedilium eupilium), × 400 1247
Fig. 10. Plectopyramis spongiosa, n. sp. (vel Spongopyramis spongiosa), × 400 1261
Fig. 11. Arachnocorys araneosa, n. sp., × 500 1266
Fig. 12. Sethophormis dodecaster, n. sp. (vel Astrophormis dodecaster), × 200 1248
Fig. 13. Sethocephalus eucecryphalus, n. sp., × 400 1298
Plate 56.

PLATE 57.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families TRIPOCYRTIDA, ANTHOCYRTIDA et SETHOCYRTIDA.

PLATE 57.
TRIPOCYRTIDA, ANTHOCYRTIDA et SETHOCYRTIDA.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dicolocapsa microcephala, n. sp.,

× 400 1312
Fig. 2. Sethocapsa pyriformis, n. sp., × 300 1310
Fig. 3. Lithopera ananassa, n. sp., × 500 1234
Fig. 4. Sethamphora favosa, n. sp. (vel Cryptoprora favosa), × 400 1252
Fig. 5. Sethamphora microstoma, n. sp. (vel Cryptoprora microstoma), × 300 1252
Fig. 6. Clistophæna hexolena, n. sp., × 300 1287
Fig. 7. Clistophæna armata, n. sp., × 300 1288
Fig. 8. Clathromitra pterophormis, n. sp., × 400 1219
Fig. 9. Sethophormis rotula, n. sp. (vel Enneaphormis rotula), × 400 1246
Fig. 10. Dictyophimus sphærocephalus, n. sp., × 400 1195
Fig. 11. Peromelissa phalacra, n. sp., × 400 1236
Fig. 12. Peromelissa calva, n. sp., × 300 1237
Fig. 13. Sethochytris triconiscus, n. sp., × 300 1239
Fig. 14. Micromelissa bombus, n. sp., × 300 1235
Plate 57.
PLATE 57.
TRIPOCYRTIDA, ANTHOCYRTIDA et SETHOCYRTIDA.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dicolocapsa microcephala, n. sp.,

× 400 1312
Fig. 2. Sethocapsa pyriformis, n. sp., × 300 1310
Fig. 3. Lithopera ananassa, n. sp., × 500 1234
Fig. 4. Sethamphora favosa, n. sp. (vel Cryptoprora favosa), × 400 1252
Fig. 5. Sethamphora microstoma, n. sp. (vel Cryptoprora microstoma), × 300 1252
Fig. 6. Clistophæna hexolena, n. sp., × 300 1287
Fig. 7. Clistophæna armata, n. sp., × 300 1288
Fig. 8. Clathromitra pterophormis, n. sp., × 400 1219
Fig. 9. Sethophormis rotula, n. sp. (vel Enneaphormis rotula), × 400 1246
Fig. 10. Dictyophimus sphærocephalus, n. sp., × 400 1195
Fig. 11. Peromelissa phalacra, n. sp., × 400 1236
Fig. 12. Peromelissa calva, n. sp., × 300 1237
Fig. 13. Sethochytris triconiscus, n. sp., × 300 1239
Fig. 14. Micromelissa bombus, n. sp., × 300 1235
Plate 57.

PLATE 58.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Tripocyrtida, Sethocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.

PLATE 58.
Tripocyrtida, Sethocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cecryphalium sestrodiscus, n. sp.,

× 400 1399
Apical view.
Fig. 2. Cecryphalium lamprodiscus, n. sp., × 400 1398
Apical view.
Fig. 3. Clathrocyclas coscinodiscus, n. sp., × 400 1389
Apical view.
Fig. 4. Clathrocyclas coscinodiscus, n. sp., × 700 1389
The cephalis alone, with the two horns.
Fig. 5. Clathrocyclas semeles, n. sp., × 400 1388
Lateral view.
Fig. 6. Sethoconus capreolus, n. sp., × 400 1291
Lateral view.
Fig. 7. Lampromitra quadricuspis, n. sp., × 400 1214
Apical view.
Fig. 8. Lampromitra furcata, n. sp., × 400 1215
The collar septum after removal of the cephalis.
Fig. 9. Lampromitra dendrocorona, n. sp., × 400 1216
Apical view.
Plate 58.
PLATE 58.
Tripocyrtida, Sethocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cecryphalium sestrodiscus, n. sp.,

× 400 1399
Apical view.
Fig. 2. Cecryphalium lamprodiscus, n. sp., × 400 1398
Apical view.
Fig. 3. Clathrocyclas coscinodiscus, n. sp., × 400 1389
Apical view.
Fig. 4. Clathrocyclas coscinodiscus, n. sp., × 700 1389
The cephalis alone, with the two horns.
Fig. 5. Clathrocyclas semeles, n. sp., × 400 1388
Lateral view.
Fig. 6. Sethoconus capreolus, n. sp., × 400 1291
Lateral view.
Fig. 7. Lampromitra quadricuspis, n. sp., × 400 1214
Apical view.
Fig. 8. Lampromitra furcata, n. sp., × 400 1215
The collar septum after removal of the cephalis.
Fig. 9. Lampromitra dendrocorona, n. sp., × 400 1216
Apical view.
Plate 58.

PLATE 59.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Tripocyrtida, Podocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.

PLATE 59.
Tripocyrtida, Podocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lampromitra huxleyi, n. sp.,

× 400 1215
Fig. 2. Amphiplecta callistoma, n. sp., × 400 1224
Fig. 3. Corocalyptra agnesæ, n. sp., × 400 1323
Fig. 4. Corocalyptra emmæ, n. sp., × 400 1323
The shell encloses the trilobate central capsule, with the trilobate nucleus.
Fig. 5. Clathrocyclas cassiopejæ, n. sp., × 400 1390
Fig. 6. Clathrocyclas alcmenæ, n. sp., × 400 1388
Fig. 7. Clathrocyclas latonæ, n. sp., × 400 1389
Apical view.
Fig. 8. Diplocylas bicorona, n. sp., × 400 1392
Fig. 9. Clathrocyclas ionis, n. sp., × 400 1389
Fig. 10. Corocalyptra elisabethæ, n. sp., × 400 1323
Oblique apical view of the shell, with the quadrilobate central capsule enclosed.
Fig. 11. Clathrocyclas europæ, n. sp., × 400 1388
Apical view of the shell, after removal of the cephalis.
Fig. 12. Clathrocyclas europæ, n. sp., × 400 1388
Central capsule, seen from above, with the quadrilobate nucleus.
Fig. 13. Clathrocyclas danaës, n. sp., × 300 1388
Vertical section through the cephalis and the quadrilobate central capsule, with the quadrilobate nucleus.
Fig. 14. Clathrocyclas danaës, n. sp., × 300 1388
Apical view of the shell.
Plate 59.
PLATE 59.
Tripocyrtida, Podocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lampromitra huxleyi, n. sp.,

× 400 1215
Fig. 2. Amphiplecta callistoma, n. sp., × 400 1224
Fig. 3. Corocalyptra agnesæ, n. sp., × 400 1323
Fig. 4. Corocalyptra emmæ, n. sp., × 400 1323
The shell encloses the trilobate central capsule, with the trilobate nucleus.
Fig. 5. Clathrocyclas cassiopejæ, n. sp., × 400 1390
Fig. 6. Clathrocyclas alcmenæ, n. sp., × 400 1388
Fig. 7. Clathrocyclas latonæ, n. sp., × 400 1389
Apical view.
Fig. 8. Diplocylas bicorona, n. sp., × 400 1392
Fig. 9. Clathrocyclas ionis, n. sp., × 400 1389
Fig. 10. Corocalyptra elisabethæ, n. sp., × 400 1323
Oblique apical view of the shell, with the quadrilobate central capsule enclosed.
Fig. 11. Clathrocyclas europæ, n. sp., × 400 1388
Apical view of the shell, after removal of the cephalis.
Fig. 12. Clathrocyclas europæ, n. sp., × 400 1388
Central capsule, seen from above, with the quadrilobate nucleus.
Fig. 13. Clathrocyclas danaës, n. sp., × 300 1388
Vertical section through the cephalis and the quadrilobate central capsule, with the quadrilobate nucleus.
Fig. 14. Clathrocyclas danaës, n. sp., × 300 1388
Apical view of the shell.
Plate 59.

PLATE 60.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Tripocyrtida.

PLATE 60.
Tripocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dictyophimus cienkowskii, n. sp. (vel Lamprotripus squarrosus),

× 300 1200
Shell seen from the side.
Fig. 2. Dictyophimus bütschlii, n. sp. (vel Lamprotripus horridus), × 300 1201
Fig. 3. Dictyophimus hertwigii, n. sp. (vel Lamprotripus spinosus), × 400 1201
The cephalis of the shell includes the central capsule, with three lobes depending in the pyramidal thorax.
Fig. 4. Dictyophimus platycephalus, n. sp., × 400 1198
Central capsule with four thoracic lobes, each of which contains an oil-globule; kidney-shaped nucleus in the cephalic lobe.
Fig. 5. Dictyophimus platycephalus, n. sp., × 400 1198
Shell seen from the side.
Fig. 6. Dictyophimus brandtii, n. sp., × 300 1198
Shell seen from the base, with the four large pores of the collar septum, two minor jugular and two major cardinal pores.
Fig. 7. Lampromitra coronata, n. sp., × 400 1214
Shell seen from below, with the quadrilobate central capsule.
Fig. 7a. A portion of the shell-margin, × 800 1214
Fig. 8. Lampromitra arborescens, n. sp., × 400 1216
Shell from above.
Fig. 8a. The collar septum with the four crossed rods of the cortina, × 400 1216
Fig. 9. Tripocyrtis plectaniscus, n. sp., × 400 1202
Fig. 10. Tripocyrtis plagoniscus, n. sp., × 400 1201
Plate 60.
PLATE 60.
Tripocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dictyophimus cienkowskii, n. sp. (vel Lamprotripus squarrosus),

× 300 1200
Shell seen from the side.
Fig. 2. Dictyophimus bütschlii, n. sp. (vel Lamprotripus horridus), × 300 1201
Fig. 3. Dictyophimus hertwigii, n. sp. (vel Lamprotripus spinosus), × 400 1201
The cephalis of the shell includes the central capsule, with three lobes depending in the pyramidal thorax.
Fig. 4. Dictyophimus platycephalus, n. sp., × 400 1198
Central capsule with four thoracic lobes, each of which contains an oil-globule; kidney-shaped nucleus in the cephalic lobe.
Fig. 5. Dictyophimus platycephalus, n. sp., × 400 1198
Shell seen from the side.
Fig. 6. Dictyophimus brandtii, n. sp., × 300 1198
Shell seen from the base, with the four large pores of the collar septum, two minor jugular and two major cardinal pores.
Fig. 7. Lampromitra coronata, n. sp., × 400 1214
Shell seen from below, with the quadrilobate central capsule.
Fig. 7a. A portion of the shell-margin, × 800 1214
Fig. 8. Lampromitra arborescens, n. sp., × 400 1216
Shell from above.
Fig. 8a. The collar septum with the four crossed rods of the cortina, × 400 1216
Fig. 9. Tripocyrtis plectaniscus, n. sp., × 400 1202
Fig. 10. Tripocyrtis plagoniscus, n. sp., × 400 1201
Plate 60.

PLATE 61.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Tripocyrtida.

PLATE 61.
Tripocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dictyophimus cortina, n. sp.,

× 400 1197
Fig. 2. Lychnocanium pudicum, n. sp., × 200 1230
Fig. 3. Dictyophimus longipes, n. sp., × 400 1197
Fig. 4. Lychnocanium clavigerum, n. sp., × 300 1230
Fig. 5. Dictyophimus lasanum, n. sp., × 300 1197
Fig. 6. Lychnocanium favosum, n. sp., × 300 1225
Fig. 7. Lychnocanium lanterna, n. sp., × 300 1224
Fig. 8. Dictyophimus plectaniscus, n. sp., × 300 1196
Apical view.
Fig. 9. Dictyophimus plectaniscus, n. sp., × 300 1196
Lateral view.
Fig. 10. Lychnocanium fenestratum, n. sp., × 400 1228
Fig. 11. Lychnocanium pyriforme, n. sp., × 300 1225
Fig. 12. Lychnocanium fortipes, n. sp., × 300 1227
Fig. 13. Lychnocanium tuberosum, n. sp., × 300 1227
Fig. 14. Lychnocanium nodosum, n. sp., × 300 1225
Fig. 15. Lychnocanium sigmopodium, n. sp., × 400 1228
Fig. 16. Dictyophimus pyramis, n. sp., × 300 1196
Fig. 17. Dictyophimus triserratus, n. sp., × 300 1200
Plate 61.
PLATE 61.
Tripocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dictyophimus cortina, n. sp.,

× 400 1197
Fig. 2. Lychnocanium pudicum, n. sp., × 200 1230
Fig. 3. Dictyophimus longipes, n. sp., × 400 1197
Fig. 4. Lychnocanium clavigerum, n. sp., × 300 1230
Fig. 5. Dictyophimus lasanum, n. sp., × 300 1197
Fig. 6. Lychnocanium favosum, n. sp., × 300 1225
Fig. 7. Lychnocanium lanterna, n. sp., × 300 1224
Fig. 8. Dictyophimus plectaniscus, n. sp., × 300 1196
Apical view.
Fig. 9. Dictyophimus plectaniscus, n. sp., × 300 1196
Lateral view.
Fig. 10. Lychnocanium fenestratum, n. sp., × 400 1228
Fig. 11. Lychnocanium pyriforme, n. sp., × 300 1225
Fig. 12. Lychnocanium fortipes, n. sp., × 300 1227
Fig. 13. Lychnocanium tuberosum, n. sp., × 300 1227
Fig. 14. Lychnocanium nodosum, n. sp., × 300 1225
Fig. 15. Lychnocanium sigmopodium, n. sp., × 400 1228
Fig. 16. Dictyophimus pyramis, n. sp., × 300 1196
Fig. 17. Dictyophimus triserratus, n. sp., × 300 1200
Plate 61.

PLATE 62.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Anthocyrtida, Sethocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.

PLATE 62.
Anthocyrtida, Sethocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dictyocephalus australis, n. sp.,

× 300 1306
Fig. 2. Dictyocephalus mediterraneus, n. sp., × 300 1307
Fig. 3. Sethamphora costata, n. sp. (vel Dictyocephalus costatus), × 300 1251
Fig. 4. Dictyocephalus amphora, n. sp., × 400 1305
Fig. 5. Cycladophora (?) favosa, n. sp. (an Dictyocephalus?), × 400 1380
Fig. 6. Cycladophora (?) favosa, n. sp. (an Dictyocephalus?), × 400 1380
A variety with obliterated ribs (?).
Fig. 7. Dictyocephalus globiceps, n. sp., × 400 1308
Fig. 8. Sethocorys achillis, n. sp., × 400 1301
Fig. 9. Sethocyrtis oxycephalis, n. sp., × 400 1299
Fig. 10. Sethocorys odysseus, n. sp., × 400 1302
Fig. 11. Sethocyrtis agamemnonis, n. sp., × 300 1300
Seen from above (apical view).
Fig. 11A. Sethocyrtis agamemnonis, n. sp., × 300 1300
Seen from above, after removal of the cephalis.
Fig. 12. Anthocyrtium pyrum, n. sp., × 400 1276
Fig. 13. Anthocyrtis ovata, n. sp., × 300 1272
Fig. 14. Anthocyrtium chrysanthemum, n. sp × 400 1272
Fig. 15. Anthocyrtidium ligularia, n. sp., × 400 1278
Fig. 16. Anthocyrtidium cineraria, n. sp., × 400 1278
Fig. 17. Anthocyrtium campanula, n. sp., × 400 1274
Fig. 18. Anthocyrtium doronicum, n. sp., × 300 1276
Fig. 19. Anthocyrtium flosculus, n. sp., × 300 1277
Fig. 20. Anthocyrtium adonis, n. sp., × 300 1273
Fig. 21. Sethoconus anthocyrtis, n. sp. (vel Anthocyrtium sethoconium), × 300 1296
Plate 62.
PLATE 62.
Anthocyrtida, Sethocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dictyocephalus australis, n. sp.,

× 300 1306
Fig. 2. Dictyocephalus mediterraneus, n. sp., × 300 1307
Fig. 3. Sethamphora costata, n. sp. (vel Dictyocephalus costatus), × 300 1251
Fig. 4. Dictyocephalus amphora, n. sp., × 400 1305
Fig. 5. Cycladophora (?) favosa, n. sp. (an Dictyocephalus?), × 400 1380
Fig. 6. Cycladophora (?) favosa, n. sp. (an Dictyocephalus?), × 400 1380
A variety with obliterated ribs (?).
Fig. 7. Dictyocephalus globiceps, n. sp., × 400 1308
Fig. 8. Sethocorys achillis, n. sp., × 400 1301
Fig. 9. Sethocyrtis oxycephalis, n. sp., × 400 1299
Fig. 10. Sethocorys odysseus, n. sp., × 400 1302
Fig. 11. Sethocyrtis agamemnonis, n. sp., × 300 1300
Seen from above (apical view).
Fig. 11A. Sethocyrtis agamemnonis, n. sp., × 300 1300
Seen from above, after removal of the cephalis.
Fig. 12. Anthocyrtium pyrum, n. sp., × 400 1276
Fig. 13. Anthocyrtis ovata, n. sp., × 300 1272
Fig. 14. Anthocyrtium chrysanthemum, n. sp × 400 1272
Fig. 15. Anthocyrtidium ligularia, n. sp., × 400 1278
Fig. 16. Anthocyrtidium cineraria, n. sp., × 400 1278
Fig. 17. Anthocyrtium campanula, n. sp., × 400 1274
Fig. 18. Anthocyrtium doronicum, n. sp., × 300 1276
Fig. 19. Anthocyrtium flosculus, n. sp., × 300 1277
Fig. 20. Anthocyrtium adonis, n. sp., × 300 1273
Fig. 21. Sethoconus anthocyrtis, n. sp. (vel Anthocyrtium sethoconium), × 300 1296
Plate 62.

PLATE 63.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Tripocyrtida.

PLATE 63.
Tripocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Callimitra carolotæ, n. sp.,

× 400 1217
Lateral view.
Fig. 2. Callimitra annæ, n. sp., × 400 1217
Dorsal view.
Fig. 3. Callimitra emmæ, n. sp., × 300 1218
Lateral view.
Fig. 4. Callimitra emmæ, n. sp., × 400 1218
Cephalis alone, with the enclosed four-lobed central capsule, and the internal four divergent beams; surrounded by some scattered xanthellæ.
Fig. 5. Callimitra agnesæ, n. sp., × 400 1217
Dorsal view.
Fig. 6. Callimitra elisabethæ, n. sp., × 400 1218
Lateral view.
Fig. 7. Callimitra carolotæ, n. sp., × 200 1217
Seen from above (from the apical pole).
Fig. 8. Callimitra carolotæ, n. sp., × 200 1217
Seen from below (from the basal pole).
Plate 63.
PLATE 63.
Tripocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Callimitra carolotæ, n. sp.,

× 400 1217
Lateral view.
Fig. 2. Callimitra annæ, n. sp., × 400 1217
Dorsal view.
Fig. 3. Callimitra emmæ, n. sp., × 300 1218
Lateral view.
Fig. 4. Callimitra emmæ, n. sp., × 400 1218
Cephalis alone, with the enclosed four-lobed central capsule, and the internal four divergent beams; surrounded by some scattered xanthellæ.
Fig. 5. Callimitra agnesæ, n. sp., × 400 1217
Dorsal view.
Fig. 6. Callimitra elisabethæ, n. sp., × 400 1218
Lateral view.
Fig. 7. Callimitra carolotæ, n. sp., × 200 1217
Seen from above (from the apical pole).
Fig. 8. Callimitra carolotæ, n. sp., × 200 1217
Seen from below (from the basal pole).
Plate 63.

PLATE 64.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Tripocyrtida et Podocyrtida.

PLATE 64.
Tripocyrtida et Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Clathrocanium sphærocephalum, n. sp.,

× 600 1211
Fig. 2. Clathrocanium diadema, n. sp., × 600 1212
Fig. 3. Clathrocanium triomma, n. sp., × 600 1211
Fig. 4. Clathrocanium reginæ, n. sp., × 600 1212
Fig. 5. Clathrolychnus araneosus, n. sp., × 600 1240
Fig. 6. Clathrolychnus periplectus, n. sp., × 600 1241
Fig. 7. Pteropilium clathrocanium, n. sp., × 400 1327
Fig. 8. Clathrocorys murrayi, n. sp., × 600 1219
Fig. 9. Clathrocorys giltschii, n. sp., × 600 1220
Fig. 10. Clathrocorys teuscheri, n. sp., × 600 1220
Plate 64.
PLATE 64.
Tripocyrtida et Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Clathrocanium sphærocephalum, n. sp.,

× 600 1211
Fig. 2. Clathrocanium diadema, n. sp., × 600 1212
Fig. 3. Clathrocanium triomma, n. sp., × 600 1211
Fig. 4. Clathrocanium reginæ, n. sp., × 600 1212
Fig. 5. Clathrolychnus araneosus, n. sp., × 600 1240
Fig. 6. Clathrolychnus periplectus, n. sp., × 600 1241
Fig. 7. Pteropilium clathrocanium, n. sp., × 400 1327
Fig. 8. Clathrocorys murrayi, n. sp., × 600 1219
Fig. 9. Clathrocorys giltschii, n. sp., × 600 1220
Fig. 10. Clathrocorys teuscheri, n. sp., × 600 1220
Plate 64.

PLATE 65.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Phormocyrtida.

PLATE 65.
Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Alacorys friderici, n. sp. (vel Hexalacorys friderici),

× 400 1372
The central capsule, enclosed in the fenestrated shell, exhibits in its lower half four large club-shaped lobes, each of which includes in its upper part a large oil-globule. The uppermost, undivided part of the capsule includes the nucleus, which protrudes four small nuclear lobes through the four holes of the cortinar septum into the thorax. Numerous long pseudopodia arise from the granular sarcomatrix, which the capsule surrounds, and pass through the pores of the siliceous shell.
Fig. 2. Alacorys guilelmi, n. sp. (vel Hexalacorys guilelmi), × 300 1372
Fig. 3. Alacorys bismarckii, n. sp. (vel Pentalacorys bismarckii), × 200 1372
Fig. 4. Alacorys lutheri, n. sp. (vel Tetralacorys lutheri), × 400 1370
Fig. 5. Cycladophora goetheana, n. sp. (vel Lampterium goetheanum), × 300 1376
Plate 65.
PLATE 65.
Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Alacorys friderici, n. sp. (vel Hexalacorys friderici),

× 400 1372
The central capsule, enclosed in the fenestrated shell, exhibits in its lower half four large club-shaped lobes, each of which includes in its upper part a large oil-globule. The uppermost, undivided part of the capsule includes the nucleus, which protrudes four small nuclear lobes through the four holes of the cortinar septum into the thorax. Numerous long pseudopodia arise from the granular sarcomatrix, which the capsule surrounds, and pass through the pores of the siliceous shell.
Fig. 2. Alacorys guilelmi, n. sp. (vel Hexalacorys guilelmi), × 300 1372
Fig. 3. Alacorys bismarckii, n. sp. (vel Pentalacorys bismarckii), × 200 1372
Fig. 4. Alacorys lutheri, n. sp. (vel Tetralacorys lutheri), × 400 1370
Fig. 5. Cycladophora goetheana, n. sp. (vel Lampterium goetheanum), × 300 1376
Plate 65.

PLATE 66.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Theocyrtida.

PLATE 66.
Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tricolocapsa theophrasti, n. sp.,

× 400 1432
Fig. 2. Tricolocapsa schleidenii, n. sp., × 300 1433
Fig. 3. Tricolocapsa dioscoridis, n. sp., × 300 1432
Fig. 4. Tricolocapsa decandollei, n. sp., × 300 1433
Fig. 5. Tricolocapsa linnæi, n. sp., × 400 1432
Fig. 6. Theocapsa aristotelis, n. sp., × 300 1427
Fig. 7. Theocapsa mülleri, n. sp., × 400 1431
Fig. 8. Theocapsa democriti, n. sp., × 400 1427
Fig. 9. Theocapsa forskalii, n. sp., × 400 1429
Fig. 10. Theocapsa cuvieri, n. sp., × 400 1430
Fig. 11. Theocapsa wottonis, n. sp., × 400 1428
Fig. 12. Theocapsa darwinii, n. sp., × 300 1431
Fig. 13. Theocapsa linnæi, n. sp., × 400 1429
Fig. 14. Theocapsa wolffii, n. sp., × 400 1429
Fig. 15. Theocapsa malpighii, n. sp., × 400 1428
Fig. 16. Theocapsa lamarckii, n. sp., × 400 1430
Fig. 17. Tricolocampe amphizona, n. sp., × 400 1413
Fig. 18. Theocampe collaris, n. sp., × 300 1425
Fig. 19. Tricolocampe polyzona, n. sp., × 400 1412
Fig. 20. Tricolocampe stenozona, n. sp., × 400 1413
Fig. 21. Tricolocampe cylindrica, n. sp., × 300 1412
Fig. 22. Tricolocampe urnula, n. sp., × 400 1422
Fig. 23. Theocampe stenostoma, n. sp., × 300 1423
Fig. 24. Theocampe costata, n. sp., × 300 1424
Fig. 25. Theocampe sphærothorax, n. sp., × 300 1424
Plate 66.
PLATE 66.
Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tricolocapsa theophrasti, n. sp.,

× 400 1432
Fig. 2. Tricolocapsa schleidenii, n. sp., × 300 1433
Fig. 3. Tricolocapsa dioscoridis, n. sp., × 300 1432
Fig. 4. Tricolocapsa decandollei, n. sp., × 300 1433
Fig. 5. Tricolocapsa linnæi, n. sp., × 400 1432
Fig. 6. Theocapsa aristotelis, n. sp., × 300 1427
Fig. 7. Theocapsa mülleri, n. sp., × 400 1431
Fig. 8. Theocapsa democriti, n. sp., × 400 1427
Fig. 9. Theocapsa forskalii, n. sp., × 400 1429
Fig. 10. Theocapsa cuvieri, n. sp., × 400 1430
Fig. 11. Theocapsa wottonis, n. sp., × 400 1428
Fig. 12. Theocapsa darwinii, n. sp., × 300 1431
Fig. 13. Theocapsa linnæi, n. sp., × 400 1429
Fig. 14. Theocapsa wolffii, n. sp., × 400 1429
Fig. 15. Theocapsa malpighii, n. sp., × 400 1428
Fig. 16. Theocapsa lamarckii, n. sp., × 400 1430
Fig. 17. Tricolocampe amphizona, n. sp., × 400 1413
Fig. 18. Theocampe collaris, n. sp., × 300 1425
Fig. 19. Tricolocampe polyzona, n. sp., × 400 1412
Fig. 20. Tricolocampe stenozona, n. sp., × 400 1413
Fig. 21. Tricolocampe cylindrica, n. sp., × 300 1412
Fig. 22. Tricolocampe urnula, n. sp., × 400 1422
Fig. 23. Theocampe stenostoma, n. sp., × 300 1423
Fig. 24. Theocampe costata, n. sp., × 300 1424
Fig. 25. Theocampe sphærothorax, n. sp., × 300 1424
Plate 66.

PLATE 67.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Podocyrtida.

PLATE 67.
Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithornithium falco, n. sp.,

× 400 1355
Fig. 2. Lithornithium fringilla, n. sp., × 400 1355
Fig. 3. Lithornithium ciconia, n. sp., × 400 1354
Fig. 4. Lithornithium trochilus, n. sp., × 400 1355
Fig. 5. Theopera fusiformis, n. sp., × 400 1357
Fig. 6. Theopera chytropus, n. sp., × 400 1358
Fig. 7. Theopera prismatica, n. sp., × 300 1357
Fig. 8. Theopera cortina, n. sp., × 400 1358
Fig. 9. Rhopalocanium delphicum, n. sp., × 400 1360
Fig. 10. Rhopalocanium lasanum, n. sp., × 300 1359
Fig. 11. Lithochytris lanterna, n. sp., × 300 1364
Fig. 12. Lithochytris cortina, n. sp., × 300 1362
Fig. 13. Lithochytris pyriformis, n. sp., × 400 1362
Fig. 14. Lithochytris lucerna, n. sp., × 300 1364
Fig. 15. Lithochytris pteropus, n. sp., × 300 1364
Fig. 16. Lithochytris galeata, n. sp., × 400 1363
Plate 67.
PLATE 67.
Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithornithium falco, n. sp.,

× 400 1355
Fig. 2. Lithornithium fringilla, n. sp., × 400 1355
Fig. 3. Lithornithium ciconia, n. sp., × 400 1354
Fig. 4. Lithornithium trochilus, n. sp., × 400 1355
Fig. 5. Theopera fusiformis, n. sp., × 400 1357
Fig. 6. Theopera chytropus, n. sp., × 400 1358
Fig. 7. Theopera prismatica, n. sp., × 300 1357
Fig. 8. Theopera cortina, n. sp., × 400 1358
Fig. 9. Rhopalocanium delphicum, n. sp., × 400 1360
Fig. 10. Rhopalocanium lasanum, n. sp., × 300 1359
Fig. 11. Lithochytris lanterna, n. sp., × 300 1364
Fig. 12. Lithochytris cortina, n. sp., × 300 1362
Fig. 13. Lithochytris pyriformis, n. sp., × 400 1362
Fig. 14. Lithochytris lucerna, n. sp., × 300 1364
Fig. 15. Lithochytris pteropus, n. sp., × 300 1364
Fig. 16. Lithochytris galeata, n. sp., × 400 1363
Plate 67.

PLATE 68.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Podocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.

PLATE 68.
Podocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Axocorys macroceros, n. sp.,

× 300 1420
Fig. 1a. The internal axial rod of the shell, which bears on its basal part three verticils of three diverging forked spines, × 300
Fig. 2. Cycladophora fenestrata, n. sp., × 300 1380
Fig. 3. Cycladophora pantheon, n. sp., × 400 1379
Fig. 4. Theosyringium tibia, n. sp., × 300 1409
Fig. 5. Theosyringium pipetta, n. sp., × 200 1409
Fig. 6. Pterocorys tubulosa, n. sp., × 400 1319
Fig. 7. Pterocanium pyramis, n. sp., × 400 1330
Fig. 8. Thyrsocyrtis rhizopodium, n. sp., × 300 1351
Fig. 9. Thyrsocyrtis arborescens, n. sp., × 400 1350
Fig. 10. Rhopalatractus foveolatus, n. sp., × 400 1361
Fig. 11. Rhopalatractus pentacanthus, n. sp., × 300 1361
Fig. 12. Rhopalatractus fenestratus, n. sp. (vel Dictyatractus fenestratus), × 300 1361
Fig. 13. Hexalatractus fusiformis, n. sp., × 300 1391
Fig. 14. Sethornithium dictyopterum, n. sp., × 300 1356
The trilobate central capsule, which contains in its uppermost part the trilobate nucleus, and in the basal part of each lobe an oil-globule.
Fig. 15. Lophocyrtis synapta, n. sp., × 300 1411
The quadrilobate central capsule, which contains in its uppermost part the quadrilobate nucleus, and in the basal part of each lobe an oil-globule.
Plate 68.
PLATE 68.
Podocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Axocorys macroceros, n. sp.,

× 300 1420
Fig. 1a. The internal axial rod of the shell, which bears on its basal part three verticils of three diverging forked spines, × 300
Fig. 2. Cycladophora fenestrata, n. sp., × 300 1380
Fig. 3. Cycladophora pantheon, n. sp., × 400 1379
Fig. 4. Theosyringium tibia, n. sp., × 300 1409
Fig. 5. Theosyringium pipetta, n. sp., × 200 1409
Fig. 6. Pterocorys tubulosa, n. sp., × 400 1319
Fig. 7. Pterocanium pyramis, n. sp., × 400 1330
Fig. 8. Thyrsocyrtis rhizopodium, n. sp., × 300 1351
Fig. 9. Thyrsocyrtis arborescens, n. sp., × 400 1350
Fig. 10. Rhopalatractus foveolatus, n. sp., × 400 1361
Fig. 11. Rhopalatractus pentacanthus, n. sp., × 300 1361
Fig. 12. Rhopalatractus fenestratus, n. sp. (vel Dictyatractus fenestratus), × 300 1361
Fig. 13. Hexalatractus fusiformis, n. sp., × 300 1391
Fig. 14. Sethornithium dictyopterum, n. sp., × 300 1356
The trilobate central capsule, which contains in its uppermost part the trilobate nucleus, and in the basal part of each lobe an oil-globule.
Fig. 15. Lophocyrtis synapta, n. sp., × 300 1411
The quadrilobate central capsule, which contains in its uppermost part the quadrilobate nucleus, and in the basal part of each lobe an oil-globule.
Plate 68.

PLATE 69.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.

PLATE 69.
Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Theocorys plutonis, n. sp.,

× 400 1416
Fig. 2. Lophoconus rhinoceros, n. sp., × 400 1405
Fig. 3. Theocorys apollinis, n. sp., × 300 1418
Fig. 4. Theoconus jovis, n. sp., × 400 1401
Fig. 5. Theocorys veneris, n. sp., × 300 1415
Fig. 6. Phormocyrtis costata, n. sp., × 300 1369
Fig. 7. Theoconus junonis, n. sp., × 300 1401
Fig. 8. Theocyrtis ptychodes, n. sp., × 400 1408
Fig. 9. Lophocorys astrocephala, n. sp., × 300 1421
Fig. 10. Theocorys obliqua, n. sp., × 400 1417
Fig. 11. Theocorys dianæ, n. sp., × 400 1416
Fig. 12. Lophocorys bovicornis, n. sp., × 300 1422
Fig. 13. Theocyrtis macroceros, n. sp., × 400 1407
Fig. 14. Theocorys minervæ, n. sp., × 300 1419
Fig. 15. Phormocyrtis longicornis, n. sp., × 400 1370
Fig. 16. Theocorys ovata, n. sp., × 300 1416
Plate 69.
PLATE 69.
Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Theocorys plutonis, n. sp.,

× 400 1416
Fig. 2. Lophoconus rhinoceros, n. sp., × 400 1405
Fig. 3. Theocorys apollinis, n. sp., × 300 1418
Fig. 4. Theoconus jovis, n. sp., × 400 1401
Fig. 5. Theocorys veneris, n. sp., × 300 1415
Fig. 6. Phormocyrtis costata, n. sp., × 300 1369
Fig. 7. Theoconus junonis, n. sp., × 300 1401
Fig. 8. Theocyrtis ptychodes, n. sp., × 400 1408
Fig. 9. Lophocorys astrocephala, n. sp., × 300 1421
Fig. 10. Theocorys obliqua, n. sp., × 400 1417
Fig. 11. Theocorys dianæ, n. sp., × 400 1416
Fig. 12. Lophocorys bovicornis, n. sp., × 300 1422
Fig. 13. Theocyrtis macroceros, n. sp., × 400 1407
Fig. 14. Theocorys minervæ, n. sp., × 300 1419
Fig. 15. Phormocyrtis longicornis, n. sp., × 400 1370
Fig. 16. Theocorys ovata, n. sp., × 300 1416
Plate 69.

PLATE 70.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Anthocyrtida, Podocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.

PLATE 70.
Anthocyrtida, Podocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Theophormis callipilium, n. sp.,

× 300 1367
Fig. 2. Theophormis callipilium, n. sp., × 300 1367
The four cruciate rods of the cortinar septum and the vertical columella in its centre.
Fig. 3. Theophormis callipilium, n. sp., × 400 1367
The cephalis alone with the enclosed quadrilobate central capsule, which is surrounded by numerous xanthellæ.
Fig. 4. Sethophormis umbrella, n. sp., × 150 1248
Fig. 5. Sethophormis umbrella, n. sp., × 400 1248
Cephalis with the cruciform cortinar septum.
Fig. 6. Theopilium tricostatum, n. sp., × 400 1322
Seen from above.
Fig. 7. Phrenocodon clathrostomium, n. sp., × 250 1434
Vertical section through the shell.
Fig. 8. Phrenocodon clathrostomium, n. sp., × 500 1434
Shell seen half from below, and exhibiting the fenestrated septum between thorax and abdomen.
Fig. 9. Pteropilium stratiotes, n. sp., × 400 1326
Fig. 10. Pteropilium stratiotes, n. sp., × 400 1326
The three rods of the cortinar septum and the three arches connecting them with the central axial columella.
Fig. 11. Pterocodon ornatus, n. sp., × 300 1333
Fig. 12. Theophæna corona, n. sp., × 300 1394
Plate 70.
PLATE 70.
Anthocyrtida, Podocyrtida, Phormocyrtida et Theocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Theophormis callipilium, n. sp.,

× 300 1367
Fig. 2. Theophormis callipilium, n. sp., × 300 1367
The four cruciate rods of the cortinar septum and the vertical columella in its centre.
Fig. 3. Theophormis callipilium, n. sp., × 400 1367
The cephalis alone with the enclosed quadrilobate central capsule, which is surrounded by numerous xanthellæ.
Fig. 4. Sethophormis umbrella, n. sp., × 150 1248
Fig. 5. Sethophormis umbrella, n. sp., × 400 1248
Cephalis with the cruciform cortinar septum.
Fig. 6. Theopilium tricostatum, n. sp., × 400 1322
Seen from above.
Fig. 7. Phrenocodon clathrostomium, n. sp., × 250 1434
Vertical section through the shell.
Fig. 8. Phrenocodon clathrostomium, n. sp., × 500 1434
Shell seen half from below, and exhibiting the fenestrated septum between thorax and abdomen.
Fig. 9. Pteropilium stratiotes, n. sp., × 400 1326
Fig. 10. Pteropilium stratiotes, n. sp., × 400 1326
The three rods of the cortinar septum and the three arches connecting them with the central axial columella.
Fig. 11. Pterocodon ornatus, n. sp., × 300 1333
Fig. 12. Theophæna corona, n. sp., × 300 1394
Plate 70.

PLATE 71.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Podocyrtida.

PLATE 71.
Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Pterocorys rhinoceros, n. sp.,

× 400 1320
Fig. 2. Pterocorys columba, n. sp., × 400 1317
Fig. 3. Pterocorys campanula, n. sp., × 400 1316
Fig. 4. Pterocorys hirundo, n. sp., × 300 1318
Fig. 5. Pterocorys aquila, n. sp., × 300 1317
Fig. 6. Dictyoceras insectum, n. sp., × 400 1324
Fig. 7. Dictyoceras insectum, n. sp., × 400 1324
Seen from the apex.
Fig. 8. Dictyoceras formica, n. sp., × 400 1325
Fig. 9. Dictyoceras melitta, n. sp., × 400 1325
Seen from the apex.
Fig. 10. Dictyoceras bombus, n. sp., × 400 1325
Fig. 11. Dictyocodon annasethe, n. sp., × 400 1334
Fig. 12. Dictyocodon palladius, n. sp., × 300 1335
Fig. 13. Dictyocodon palladius, n. sp., × 600 1335
Apical part of the shell alone.
Fig. 14. Dictyocodon carolotæ, n. sp., × 300 1335
Plate 71.
PLATE 71.
Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Pterocorys rhinoceros, n. sp.,

× 400 1320
Fig. 2. Pterocorys columba, n. sp., × 400 1317
Fig. 3. Pterocorys campanula, n. sp., × 400 1316
Fig. 4. Pterocorys hirundo, n. sp., × 300 1318
Fig. 5. Pterocorys aquila, n. sp., × 300 1317
Fig. 6. Dictyoceras insectum, n. sp., × 400 1324
Fig. 7. Dictyoceras insectum, n. sp., × 400 1324
Seen from the apex.
Fig. 8. Dictyoceras formica, n. sp., × 400 1325
Fig. 9. Dictyoceras melitta, n. sp., × 400 1325
Seen from the apex.
Fig. 10. Dictyoceras bombus, n. sp., × 400 1325
Fig. 11. Dictyocodon annasethe, n. sp., × 400 1334
Fig. 12. Dictyocodon palladius, n. sp., × 300 1335
Fig. 13. Dictyocodon palladius, n. sp., × 600 1335
Apical part of the shell alone.
Fig. 14. Dictyocodon carolotæ, n. sp., × 300 1335
Plate 71.

PLATE 72.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Podocyrtida.

PLATE 72.
Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Podocyrtis prismatica, n. sp.,

× 300 1340
Fig. 2. Podocyrtis corythæola, n. sp., × 300 1339
Fig. 3. Podocyrtis lithoconus, n. sp., × 300 1348
Fig. 4. Podocyrtis tripodiscus, n. sp., × 300 1338
Fig. 5. Podocyrtis magnifica, n. sp., × 500 1341
Fig. 6. Podocyrtis divergens, n. sp., × 400 1340
Fig. 7. Podocyrtis cristata, n. sp., × 400 1342
Fig. 8. Podocyrtis pedicellaria, n. sp., × 300 1347
Fig. 9. Podocyrtis flosculata, n. sp., × 500 1341
Fig. 10. Podocyrtis surena, n. sp., × 400 1339
Plate 72.
PLATE 72.
Podocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Podocyrtis prismatica, n. sp.,

× 300 1340
Fig. 2. Podocyrtis corythæola, n. sp., × 300 1339
Fig. 3. Podocyrtis lithoconus, n. sp., × 300 1348
Fig. 4. Podocyrtis tripodiscus, n. sp., × 300 1338
Fig. 5. Podocyrtis magnifica, n. sp., × 500 1341
Fig. 6. Podocyrtis divergens, n. sp., × 400 1340
Fig. 7. Podocyrtis cristata, n. sp., × 400 1342
Fig. 8. Podocyrtis pedicellaria, n. sp., × 300 1347
Fig. 9. Podocyrtis flosculata, n. sp., × 500 1341
Fig. 10. Podocyrtis surena, n. sp., × 400 1339
Plate 72.

PLATE 73.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Podocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.

PLATE 73.
Podocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Pterocanium tricolpum, n. sp.,

× 400 1331
Fig. 2. Pterocanium orcinum, n. sp., × 400 1329
Fig. 3. Pterocanium gravidum, n. sp., × 400 1329
Fig. 4. Pterocanium eucolpum, n. sp., × 400 1332
Fig. 5. Pterocanium bicorne, n. sp., × 400 1332
Fig. 6. Pterocanium virgineum, n. sp., × 400 1330
Fig. 7. Dictyopodium thyrsolophus, n. sp., × 300 1354
Fig. 8. Dictyopodium scaphopodium, n. sp., × 300 1353
Fig. 9. Calocyclas monumentum, n. sp., × 400 1385
Fig. 10. Calocyclas casta, n. sp., × 400 1384
Plate 73.
PLATE 73.
Podocyrtida et Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Pterocanium tricolpum, n. sp.,

× 400 1331
Fig. 2. Pterocanium orcinum, n. sp., × 400 1329
Fig. 3. Pterocanium gravidum, n. sp., × 400 1329
Fig. 4. Pterocanium eucolpum, n. sp., × 400 1332
Fig. 5. Pterocanium bicorne, n. sp., × 400 1332
Fig. 6. Pterocanium virgineum, n. sp., × 400 1330
Fig. 7. Dictyopodium thyrsolophus, n. sp., × 300 1354
Fig. 8. Dictyopodium scaphopodium, n. sp., × 300 1353
Fig. 9. Calocyclas monumentum, n. sp., × 400 1385
Fig. 10. Calocyclas casta, n. sp., × 400 1384
Plate 73.

PLATE 74.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Phormocyrtida.

PLATE 74.
Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Calocyclas parthenia, n. sp.,

× 400 1385
Fig. 2. Calocyclas amicæ, n. sp., × 400 1382
Fig. 3. Calocyclas vestalis, n. sp., × 400 1382
Fig. 4. Calocyclas virginis, n. sp., × 300 1381
Fig. 5. Calocyclas veneris, n. sp., × 300 1381
Fig. 6. Clathrocyclas basilea, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas basilea), × 400 1386
Fig. 7. Clathrocyclas principessa, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas principessa), × 400 1386
Fig. 8. Clathrocyclas collaris, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas collaris), × 400 1387
Fig. 9. Alacorys carcinus, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas carcinus), × 300 1375
Fig. 10. Lamprocyclas deflorata, n. sp., × 200 1391
Fig. 11. Lamprocyclas reginæ, n. sp., × 400 1391
Fig. 12. Lamprocyclas reginæ, n. sp., × 800 1391
Two meshes of the network.
Fig. 13. Lamprocyclas maritalis, n. sp., × 400 1390
Fig. 14. Lamprocyclas maritalis, n. sp., × 400 1390
Vertical section.
Fig. 15. Lamprocyclas nuptialis, n. sp., × 400 1390
Fig. 16. Lamprocyclas saltatricis, n. sp., × 400 1391
Plate 74.
PLATE 74.
Phormocyrtida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Calocyclas parthenia, n. sp.,

× 400 1385
Fig. 2. Calocyclas amicæ, n. sp., × 400 1382
Fig. 3. Calocyclas vestalis, n. sp., × 400 1382
Fig. 4. Calocyclas virginis, n. sp., × 300 1381
Fig. 5. Calocyclas veneris, n. sp., × 300 1381
Fig. 6. Clathrocyclas basilea, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas basilea), × 400 1386
Fig. 7. Clathrocyclas principessa, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas principessa), × 400 1386
Fig. 8. Clathrocyclas collaris, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas collaris), × 400 1387
Fig. 9. Alacorys carcinus, n. sp. (vel Calocyclas carcinus), × 300 1375
Fig. 10. Lamprocyclas deflorata, n. sp., × 200 1391
Fig. 11. Lamprocyclas reginæ, n. sp., × 400 1391
Fig. 12. Lamprocyclas reginæ, n. sp., × 800 1391
Two meshes of the network.
Fig. 13. Lamprocyclas maritalis, n. sp., × 400 1390
Fig. 14. Lamprocyclas maritalis, n. sp., × 400 1390
Vertical section.
Fig. 15. Lamprocyclas nuptialis, n. sp., × 400 1390
Fig. 16. Lamprocyclas saltatricis, n. sp., × 400 1391
Plate 74.

PLATE 75.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Podocampida et Phormocampida.

PLATE 75.
Podocampida et Phormocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Artopilium elegans, n. sp. (vel Trictenartus elegans),

× 200 1440
Fig. 2. Artophormis horrida, n. sp., × 300 1458
Fig. 3. Cyrtopera thoracoptera, n. sp. (vel Artopera thoracoptera), × 300 1450
Fig. 4. Stichophæna ærostatica, n. sp. (vel Artophæna ærostatica), × 400 1463
Fig. 5. Cyrtophormis turricula, n. sp., × 300 1463
Fig. 6. Stichopodium dictyopodium, n. sp., × 400 1447
Fig. 7. Artopilium trifenestra, n. sp. (vel Clathropyrgus trifenestra), × 500 1441
Fig. 8. Artopilium stichopterygium, n. sp., × 400 1442
Fig. 9. Stichophormis cornutella, n. sp., × 400 1455
Fig. 10. Cyrtopera laguncula, n. sp. (vel Cyrtolagena laguncula), × 400 1451
Fig. 11. Stichopera pectinata, n. sp., × 500 1449
Fig. 12. Stichophæna ritteriana, n. sp., × 400 1465
Plate 75.
PLATE 75.
Podocampida et Phormocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Artopilium elegans, n. sp. (vel Trictenartus elegans),

× 200 1440
Fig. 2. Artophormis horrida, n. sp., × 300 1458
Fig. 3. Cyrtopera thoracoptera, n. sp. (vel Artopera thoracoptera), × 300 1450
Fig. 4. Stichophæna ærostatica, n. sp. (vel Artophæna ærostatica), × 400 1463
Fig. 5. Cyrtophormis turricula, n. sp., × 300 1463
Fig. 6. Stichopodium dictyopodium, n. sp., × 400 1447
Fig. 7. Artopilium trifenestra, n. sp. (vel Clathropyrgus trifenestra), × 500 1441
Fig. 8. Artopilium stichopterygium, n. sp., × 400 1442
Fig. 9. Stichophormis cornutella, n. sp., × 400 1455
Fig. 10. Cyrtopera laguncula, n. sp. (vel Cyrtolagena laguncula), × 400 1451
Fig. 11. Stichopera pectinata, n. sp., × 500 1449
Fig. 12. Stichophæna ritteriana, n. sp., × 400 1465
Plate 75.

PLATE 76.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Phormocampida et Lithocampida.

PLATE 76.
Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stichocapsa pentacola, n. sp.,

× 400 1517
Fig. 2. Stichocapsa hexacola, n. sp., × 400 1517
Fig. 3. Stichocapsa compacta, n. sp., × 400 1517
Fig. 4. Stichocapsa paniscus, n. sp., × 400 1518
Fig. 5. Artocapsa fusiformis, n. sp., × 400 1519
Fig. 6. Stichophæna nonaria, n. sp., × 200 1466
Fig. 7. Stichophæna novena, n. sp., × 400 1466
Fig. 8. Artocapsa elegans, n. sp., × 400 1520
Fig. 9. Cyrtocapsa chrysalidium, n. sp., × 400 1515
Fig. 10. Artocapsa spinosa, n. sp., × 400 1519
Fig. 11. Spirocampe callispira, n. sp., × 300 1511
Fig. 12. Spirocampe allospira, n. sp., × 400 1511
Fig. 13. Spirocyrtis cornutella, n. sp., × 400 1509
Fig. 14. Spirocyrtis scalaris, n. sp., × 400 1509
Fig. 15. Spirocyrtis merospira, n. sp., × 500 1510
Fig. 16. Spirocyrtis holospira, n. sp., × 400 1509
Fig. 17. Spirocyrtis diplospira, n. sp., × 400 1510
Plate 76.
PLATE 76.
Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stichocapsa pentacola, n. sp.,

× 400 1517
Fig. 2. Stichocapsa hexacola, n. sp., × 400 1517
Fig. 3. Stichocapsa compacta, n. sp., × 400 1517
Fig. 4. Stichocapsa paniscus, n. sp., × 400 1518
Fig. 5. Artocapsa fusiformis, n. sp., × 400 1519
Fig. 6. Stichophæna nonaria, n. sp., × 200 1466
Fig. 7. Stichophæna novena, n. sp., × 400 1466
Fig. 8. Artocapsa elegans, n. sp., × 400 1520
Fig. 9. Cyrtocapsa chrysalidium, n. sp., × 400 1515
Fig. 10. Artocapsa spinosa, n. sp., × 400 1519
Fig. 11. Spirocampe callispira, n. sp., × 300 1511
Fig. 12. Spirocampe allospira, n. sp., × 400 1511
Fig. 13. Spirocyrtis cornutella, n. sp., × 400 1509
Fig. 14. Spirocyrtis scalaris, n. sp., × 400 1509
Fig. 15. Spirocyrtis merospira, n. sp., × 500 1510
Fig. 16. Spirocyrtis holospira, n. sp., × 400 1509
Fig. 17. Spirocyrtis diplospira, n. sp., × 400 1510
Plate 76.

PLATE 77.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Podocampida, Phormocampida et Lithocampida.

PLATE 77.
Podocampida, Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithocampe ovata, n. sp.,

× 500 1504
Fig. 2. Lithocampe urceolata, n. sp., × 400 1507
Fig. 3. Lithocampe diploconus, n. sp., × 400 1505
Fig. 4. Dictyomitra eurythorax, n. sp., × 300 1477
Fig. 5. Eucyrtidium teuscheri, n. sp., × 400 1491
Fig. 6. Lithostrobus cornutus, n. sp., × 400 1474
Fig. 7. Eucyrtidium bütschlii, n. sp., × 400 1492
Fig. 8. Cyrtocapsa compacta, n. sp., × 300 1512
Fig. 9. Stichopilium bicorne, n. sp., × 600 1437
Fig. 10. Artopilium longicorne, n. sp., × 500 1440
Fig. 11. Stichopilium campanulatum, n. sp., × 400 1438
Fig. 12. Artopilium cyrtopterum, n. sp., × 400 1440
Fig. 13. Phormocampe campanula, n. sp., × 400 1456
Fig. 14. Phormocampe eucalyptra, n. sp., × 300 1457
Fig. 15. Cyrtophormis corona, n. sp., × 300 1462
Fig. 16. Phormocampe lamprocyclas, n. sp., × 300 1457
Fig. 17. Cyrtophormis cylindrica, n. sp., × 300 1461
Fig. 18. Cyrtophormis cornuta, n. sp., × 500 1462
Plate 77.
PLATE 77.
Podocampida, Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithocampe ovata, n. sp.,

× 500 1504
Fig. 2. Lithocampe urceolata, n. sp., × 400 1507
Fig. 3. Lithocampe diploconus, n. sp., × 400 1505
Fig. 4. Dictyomitra eurythorax, n. sp., × 300 1477
Fig. 5. Eucyrtidium teuscheri, n. sp., × 400 1491
Fig. 6. Lithostrobus cornutus, n. sp., × 400 1474
Fig. 7. Eucyrtidium bütschlii, n. sp., × 400 1492
Fig. 8. Cyrtocapsa compacta, n. sp., × 300 1512
Fig. 9. Stichopilium bicorne, n. sp., × 600 1437
Fig. 10. Artopilium longicorne, n. sp., × 500 1440
Fig. 11. Stichopilium campanulatum, n. sp., × 400 1438
Fig. 12. Artopilium cyrtopterum, n. sp., × 400 1440
Fig. 13. Phormocampe campanula, n. sp., × 400 1456
Fig. 14. Phormocampe eucalyptra, n. sp., × 300 1457
Fig. 15. Cyrtophormis corona, n. sp., × 300 1462
Fig. 16. Phormocampe lamprocyclas, n. sp., × 300 1457
Fig. 17. Cyrtophormis cylindrica, n. sp., × 300 1461
Fig. 18. Cyrtophormis cornuta, n. sp., × 500 1462
Plate 77.

PLATE 78.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Phormocampida et Lithocampida.

PLATE 78.
Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stichocapsa tetracola, n. sp.,

× 600 1515
Fig. 2. Stichocapsa tricincta, n. sp., × 400 1516
Fig. 3. Stichocapsa quadrigata, n. sp., × 400 1515
Fig. 4. Stichocapsa monstrosa, n. sp., × 400 1517
Fig. 5. Cyrtocapsa tetrapera, n. sp., × 300 1512
Fig. 6. Cyrtocapsa diploconus, n. sp., × 300 1513
Fig. 7. Cyrtocapsa fusulus, n. sp., × 400 1514
Fig. 8. Cyrtocapsa pyrum, n. sp., × 400 1513
Fig. 9. Cyrtocapsa cornuta, n. sp., × 400 1513
Fig. 10. Eusyringium conosiphon, n. sp., × 400 1496
Fig. 11. Eusyringium pachysiphon, n. sp., × 400 1496
Fig. 12. Eusyringium macrosiphon, n. sp., × 400 1497
Fig. 13. Eucyrtidium tricinctum, n. sp., × 400 1494
Fig. 14. Eucyrtidium armatum, n. sp., × 400 1495
Fig. 15. Eucyrtidium ehrenbergii, n. sp., × 300 1495
Fig. 16. Eucyrtidium conostoma, n. sp., × 400 1495
Fig. 17. Cyrtophormis armata, n. sp., × 400 1460
Fig. 18. Cyrtophormis cingulata, n. sp., × 400 1460
Plate 78.
PLATE 78.
Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Stichocapsa tetracola, n. sp.,

× 600 1515
Fig. 2. Stichocapsa tricincta, n. sp., × 400 1516
Fig. 3. Stichocapsa quadrigata, n. sp., × 400 1515
Fig. 4. Stichocapsa monstrosa, n. sp., × 400 1517
Fig. 5. Cyrtocapsa tetrapera, n. sp., × 300 1512
Fig. 6. Cyrtocapsa diploconus, n. sp., × 300 1513
Fig. 7. Cyrtocapsa fusulus, n. sp., × 400 1514
Fig. 8. Cyrtocapsa pyrum, n. sp., × 400 1513
Fig. 9. Cyrtocapsa cornuta, n. sp., × 400 1513
Fig. 10. Eusyringium conosiphon, n. sp., × 400 1496
Fig. 11. Eusyringium pachysiphon, n. sp., × 400 1496
Fig. 12. Eusyringium macrosiphon, n. sp., × 400 1497
Fig. 13. Eucyrtidium tricinctum, n. sp., × 400 1494
Fig. 14. Eucyrtidium armatum, n. sp., × 400 1495
Fig. 15. Eucyrtidium ehrenbergii, n. sp., × 300 1495
Fig. 16. Eucyrtidium conostoma, n. sp., × 400 1495
Fig. 17. Cyrtophormis armata, n. sp., × 400 1460
Fig. 18. Cyrtophormis cingulata, n. sp., × 400 1460
Plate 78.

PLATE 79.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Families Phormocampida et Lithocampida.

PLATE 79.
Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithomitra nodosaria, n. sp.,

× 600 1484
Fig. 2. Cyrtophormis tabulata, n. sp., × 400 1166
Fig. 3. Lithomitra eruca, n. sp., × 500 1485
Fig. 4. Lithomitra chrysalis, n. sp., × 300 1485
Fig. 5. Lithomitra infundibulum, n. sp., × 500 1487
Fig. 6. Lithocampe octocola, n. sp., × 400 1508
Fig. 7. Lithocampe hexacola, n. sp., × 400 1507
Fig. 8. Lithocampe heptacola, n. sp., × 400 1508
Fig. 9. Stichophormis novena, n. sp., × 400 1455
Fig. 10. Siphocampe annulosa, n. sp., × 300 1500
Fig. 11. Siphocampe erucosa, n. sp., × 300 1500
Fig. 12. Siphocampe caminosa, n. sp., × 400 1500
Fig. 13. Siphocampe tubulosa, n. sp., × 400 1500
Fig. 14. Siphocampe spiralis, n. sp., × 500 1501
Fig. 15. Lithostrobus seriatus, n. sp., × 400 1474
Fig. 16. Artostrobus articulatus, n. sp., × 400 1483
Fig. 17. Lithostrobus lithobotrys, n. sp., × 400 1475
Fig. 18. Lithostrobus botryocyrtis, n. sp., × 400 1475
Fig. 19. Lithostrobus botryocyrtis, n. sp., × 400 1475
Vertical section through the cephalis.
Fig. 20. Lithostrobus hexagonalis, n. sp., × 400 1475
Plate 79.
PLATE 79.
Phormocampida et Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithomitra nodosaria, n. sp.,

× 600 1484
Fig. 2. Cyrtophormis tabulata, n. sp., × 400 1166
Fig. 3. Lithomitra eruca, n. sp., × 500 1485
Fig. 4. Lithomitra chrysalis, n. sp., × 300 1485
Fig. 5. Lithomitra infundibulum, n. sp., × 500 1487
Fig. 6. Lithocampe octocola, n. sp., × 400 1508
Fig. 7. Lithocampe hexacola, n. sp., × 400 1507
Fig. 8. Lithocampe heptacola, n. sp., × 400 1508
Fig. 9. Stichophormis novena, n. sp., × 400 1455
Fig. 10. Siphocampe annulosa, n. sp., × 300 1500
Fig. 11. Siphocampe erucosa, n. sp., × 300 1500
Fig. 12. Siphocampe caminosa, n. sp., × 400 1500
Fig. 13. Siphocampe tubulosa, n. sp., × 400 1500
Fig. 14. Siphocampe spiralis, n. sp., × 500 1501
Fig. 15. Lithostrobus seriatus, n. sp., × 400 1474
Fig. 16. Artostrobus articulatus, n. sp., × 400 1483
Fig. 17. Lithostrobus lithobotrys, n. sp., × 400 1475
Fig. 18. Lithostrobus botryocyrtis, n. sp., × 400 1475
Fig. 19. Lithostrobus botryocyrtis, n. sp., × 400 1475
Vertical section through the cephalis.
Fig. 20. Lithostrobus hexagonalis, n. sp., × 400 1475
Plate 79.

PLATE 80.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order CYRTOIDEA.

Family Lithocampida.

PLATE 80.
Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithostrobus conulus, n. sp. (vel Cyrtostrobus conulus),

× 400 1472
Fig. 2. Lithostrobus cyrtoceras, n. sp. (vel Cornustrobus cyrtoceras), × 400 1470
Fig. 3. Stichocorys huschkei, n. sp., × 400 1480
Fig. 4. Lithostrobus caloceras, n. sp. (vel Cornustrobus caloceras), × 400 1471
Fig. 5. Stichocorys okenii, n. sp., × 300 1480
Fig. 6. Lithostrobus tetrastichus, n. sp. (vel Conostrobus tetrastichus), × 500 1470
Fig. 7. Stichocorys panderi, n. sp., × 400 1479
Fig. 8. Stichocorys baerii, n. sp., × 400 1479
Fig. 9. Eucyrtidium cienkowskii, n. sp., × 400 1493
Fig. 10. Stichocorys wolffii, n. sp., × 400 1479
Fig. 11. Eucyrtidium hexagonatum, n. sp., × 600 1489
Fig. 12. Eucyrtidium hertwigii, n. sp., × 400 1491
Fig. 13. Eusyringium cannostoma, n. sp., × 600 1499
Fig. 14. Eusyringium siphonostoma, n. sp., × 500 1499
Fig. 15. Lithostrobus hexastichus, n. sp. (vel Artostrobus hexastichus), × 500 1470
Plate 80.
PLATE 80.
Lithocampida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithostrobus conulus, n. sp. (vel Cyrtostrobus conulus),

× 400 1472
Fig. 2. Lithostrobus cyrtoceras, n. sp. (vel Cornustrobus cyrtoceras), × 400 1470
Fig. 3. Stichocorys huschkei, n. sp., × 400 1480
Fig. 4. Lithostrobus caloceras, n. sp. (vel Cornustrobus caloceras), × 400 1471
Fig. 5. Stichocorys okenii, n. sp., × 300 1480
Fig. 6. Lithostrobus tetrastichus, n. sp. (vel Conostrobus tetrastichus), × 500 1470
Fig. 7. Stichocorys panderi, n. sp., × 400 1479
Fig. 8. Stichocorys baerii, n. sp., × 400 1479
Fig. 9. Eucyrtidium cienkowskii, n. sp., × 400 1493
Fig. 10. Stichocorys wolffii, n. sp., × 400 1479
Fig. 11. Eucyrtidium hexagonatum, n. sp., × 600 1489
Fig. 12. Eucyrtidium hertwigii, n. sp., × 400 1491
Fig. 13. Eusyringium cannostoma, n. sp., × 600 1499
Fig. 14. Eusyringium siphonostoma, n. sp., × 500 1499
Fig. 15. Lithostrobus hexastichus, n. sp. (vel Artostrobus hexastichus), × 500 1470
Plate 80.

PLATE 81.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order STEPHOIDEA.

Family Stephanida.

PLATE 81.
Stephanida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Archicircus primordialis, n. sp.,

× 200 942
Fig. 2. Zygocircus polygonus, n. sp., × 200 947
Fig. 3. Zygocircus triquetrus, n. sp., × 300 947
Fig. 4. Archicircus hexacanthus, n. sp., × 300 942
Fig. 5. Zygocircus acacia, n. sp., × 300 947
Fig. 6. Lithocircus crambessa, n. sp., × 400 944
Fig. 7. Archicircus rhombus, n. sp., × 300 942
Fig. 8. Zygocircus pentagonus, n. sp., × 300 946
Fig. 9. Lithocircus quadricornis, n. sp., × 300 944
Fig. 10. Dendrocircus arborescens, n. sp., × 300 949
Fig. 11. Dendrocircus dodecancistra, n. sp., × 300 949
Fig. 12. Archicircus sexangularis, n. sp., × 300 943
Fig. 13. Dendrocircus elegans, n. sp., × 400 949
Fig. 14. Dendrocircus stalactites, n. sp., × 400 950
Fig. 15. Lithocircus decimalis, n. sp., × 300 944
Fig. 16. Lithocircus magnificus, n. sp., × 400 945
The ovate, red-coloured central capsule exhibits in the lower half the striate podoconus, in the upper half four oil-globules, and at the left the kidney-shaped nucleus. Numerous "yellow cells" or xanthellæ are scattered in the calymma, which contains brown pigment around the porochora. Numerous pseudopodia radiate from the supporting spines of the sagittal ring.
Fig. 17. Lithocircus hexablastus, n. sp., × 400 944
Plate 81.
PLATE 81.
Stephanida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Archicircus primordialis, n. sp.,

× 200 942
Fig. 2. Zygocircus polygonus, n. sp., × 200 947
Fig. 3. Zygocircus triquetrus, n. sp., × 300 947
Fig. 4. Archicircus hexacanthus, n. sp., × 300 942
Fig. 5. Zygocircus acacia, n. sp., × 300 947
Fig. 6. Lithocircus crambessa, n. sp., × 400 944
Fig. 7. Archicircus rhombus, n. sp., × 300 942
Fig. 8. Zygocircus pentagonus, n. sp., × 300 946
Fig. 9. Lithocircus quadricornis, n. sp., × 300 944
Fig. 10. Dendrocircus arborescens, n. sp., × 300 949
Fig. 11. Dendrocircus dodecancistra, n. sp., × 300 949
Fig. 12. Archicircus sexangularis, n. sp., × 300 943
Fig. 13. Dendrocircus elegans, n. sp., × 400 949
Fig. 14. Dendrocircus stalactites, n. sp., × 400 950
Fig. 15. Lithocircus decimalis, n. sp., × 300 944
Fig. 16. Lithocircus magnificus, n. sp., × 400 945
The ovate, red-coloured central capsule exhibits in the lower half the striate podoconus, in the upper half four oil-globules, and at the left the kidney-shaped nucleus. Numerous "yellow cells" or xanthellæ are scattered in the calymma, which contains brown pigment around the porochora. Numerous pseudopodia radiate from the supporting spines of the sagittal ring.
Fig. 17. Lithocircus hexablastus, n. sp., × 400 944
Plate 81.

PLATE 82.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order STEPHOIDEA.

Families Coronida et Tympanida.

PLATE 82.
Coronida et Tympanida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Coronidium cervicorne, n. sp.,

× 400 974
Seen from the apical pole.
Fig. 2. Coronidium acacia, n. sp., × 300 975
Fig. 3. Eucoronis angulata, n. sp., × 400 978
Half from the apical, half from the dorsal side.
Fig. 4. Eucoronis challengeri, n. sp., × 400 978
The red central capsule encloses a large ovate nucleus and is surrounded by numerous xanthellæ.
Fig. 5. Eucoronis nephrospyris, n. sp., × 300 977
Fig. 6. Eucoronis perspicillum, n. sp., × 300 977
Fig. 7. Coronidium dyostephanus, n. sp., × 400 974
Seen from the apical pole.
Fig. 8. Coronidium diadema, n. sp., × 300 974
Fig. 9. Acrocubus octopylus, n. sp., × 300 993
Fig. 10. Parastephanus asymmetricus, n. sp., × 400 1008
Fig. 11. Eutympanium militare, n. sp., × 400 1014
Oblique view.
Fig. 12. Lithocubus astragalus, n. sp., × 400 1012
Fig. 13. Trissocircus globus, n. sp., × 400 986
Plate 82.
PLATE 82.
Coronida et Tympanida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Coronidium cervicorne, n. sp.,

× 400 974
Seen from the apical pole.
Fig. 2. Coronidium acacia, n. sp., × 300 975
Fig. 3. Eucoronis angulata, n. sp., × 400 978
Half from the apical, half from the dorsal side.
Fig. 4. Eucoronis challengeri, n. sp., × 400 978
The red central capsule encloses a large ovate nucleus and is surrounded by numerous xanthellæ.
Fig. 5. Eucoronis nephrospyris, n. sp., × 300 977
Fig. 6. Eucoronis perspicillum, n. sp., × 300 977
Fig. 7. Coronidium dyostephanus, n. sp., × 400 974
Seen from the apical pole.
Fig. 8. Coronidium diadema, n. sp., × 300 974
Fig. 9. Acrocubus octopylus, n. sp., × 300 993
Fig. 10. Parastephanus asymmetricus, n. sp., × 400 1008
Fig. 11. Eutympanium militare, n. sp., × 400 1014
Oblique view.
Fig. 12. Lithocubus astragalus, n. sp., × 400 1012
Fig. 13. Trissocircus globus, n. sp., × 400 986
Plate 82.

PLATE 83.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Orders STEPHOIDEA et SPYROIDEA.

Families Stephanida, Semantida, Coronida, Tympanida, Zygospyrida, Phormospyrida et Androspyrida.

PLATE 83.
Stephanida, Semantida, Coronida, Tympanida, Zygospyrida, Phormospyrida et Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithotympanum tuberosum, n. sp.,

× 400 1006
Fig. 2. Eutympanium musicantum, n. sp., × 300 1013
Fig. 3. Semantis distephanus, n. sp., × 300 957
Fig. 4. Sphærospyris globosa, n. sp., × 300 1100
Fig. 5. Trissocyclus stauroporus, n. sp., × 200 987
Fig. 6. Trissocircus binellipsis, n. sp., × 300 985
Fig. 7. Podocoronis toxarium, n. sp., × 200 980
Fig. 8. Androspyris anthropiscus, n. sp., × 400 1093
Fig. 9. Cortina tripus, n. sp., × 200 950
Fig. 10. Cephalospyris cancellata, n. sp., × 400 1035
Fig. 11. Tripospyris furcata, n. sp., × 400 1029
Fig. 12. Petalospyris novena, n. sp., × 400 1062
Basal view of the shell, with the cortinar septum.
Fig. 13. Rhodospyris tricornis, n. sp., × 400 1089
Fig. 14. Desmospyris mammillata, n. sp., × 400 1089
Fig. 15. Phormospyris tricostata, n. sp., × 400 1087
Fig. 16. Zygospyris equus, n. sp., × 300 1056
Fig. 17. Archicircus monostephus, n. sp., × 300 941
Fig. 18. Dipospyris cubus, n. sp., × 400 1036
Basal view of the shell, with the cortinar septum.
Fig. 19. Gamospyris circulus, n. sp., × 200 1042
Fig. 20. Stephanospyris excellens, n. sp., × 300 1043
Plate 83.
PLATE 83.
Stephanida, Semantida, Coronida, Tympanida, Zygospyrida, Phormospyrida et Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Lithotympanum tuberosum, n. sp.,

× 400 1006
Fig. 2. Eutympanium musicantum, n. sp., × 300 1013
Fig. 3. Semantis distephanus, n. sp., × 300 957
Fig. 4. Sphærospyris globosa, n. sp., × 300 1100
Fig. 5. Trissocyclus stauroporus, n. sp., × 200 987
Fig. 6. Trissocircus binellipsis, n. sp., × 300 985
Fig. 7. Podocoronis toxarium, n. sp., × 200 980
Fig. 8. Androspyris anthropiscus, n. sp., × 400 1093
Fig. 9. Cortina tripus, n. sp., × 200 950
Fig. 10. Cephalospyris cancellata, n. sp., × 400 1035
Fig. 11. Tripospyris furcata, n. sp., × 400 1029
Fig. 12. Petalospyris novena, n. sp., × 400 1062
Basal view of the shell, with the cortinar septum.
Fig. 13. Rhodospyris tricornis, n. sp., × 400 1089
Fig. 14. Desmospyris mammillata, n. sp., × 400 1089
Fig. 15. Phormospyris tricostata, n. sp., × 400 1087
Fig. 16. Zygospyris equus, n. sp., × 300 1056
Fig. 17. Archicircus monostephus, n. sp., × 300 941
Fig. 18. Dipospyris cubus, n. sp., × 400 1036
Basal view of the shell, with the cortinar septum.
Fig. 19. Gamospyris circulus, n. sp., × 200 1042
Fig. 20. Stephanospyris excellens, n. sp., × 300 1043
Plate 83.

PLATE 84.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order SPYROIDEA.

Family Zygospyrida.

PLATE 84.
Zygospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tripospyris capitata, n. sp.,

× 400 1028
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 2. Tripospyris semantis, n. sp., × 300 1026
Seen from the ventral side.
Fig. 3. Tripospyris semantis, n. sp., × 300 1026
Seen from the lateral side.
Fig. 4. Tripospyris eucolpos, n. sp., × 300 1029
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 5. Tripospyris diomma, n. sp., × 400 1026
Half from the right side, half from the basal side.
Fig. 6. Tripospyris cortiniscus, n. sp., × 500 1026
Half from the dorsal, half from the right side.
Fig. 6a. Frontal section through the ring, × 500
Fig. 7. Tripospyris conifera, n. sp., × 400 1027
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 7a. From the basal side, × 200
Fig. 8. Tripospyris euscenium, n. sp. (vel Euscenium tripospyris), × 400 1147
Seen from the frontal or ventral side.
Fig. 9. Triceraspyris gazella, n. sp., × 500 1031
Seen from the ventral side.
Fig. 10. Triceraspyris damæcornis, n. sp., (vel Elaphospyris damæcornis?); compare p. 1032, × 400 1057
Seen from the apical (or basal?) side.
Fig. 11. Triceraspyris giraffa, n. sp., × 400 1031
Seen from the frontal side.
Fig. 12. Triceraspyris corallorrhiza, n. sp., × 400 1031
Seen from the frontal side.
Fig. 13. Tristylospyris scaphipes, n. sp., × 400 1033
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 14. Tristylospyris palmipes, n. sp., × 400 1033
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 15. Tristylospyris clavipes, n. sp., × 400 1033
Seen from the basal side.
Plate 84.
PLATE 84.
Zygospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tripospyris capitata, n. sp.,

× 400 1028
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 2. Tripospyris semantis, n. sp., × 300 1026
Seen from the ventral side.
Fig. 3. Tripospyris semantis, n. sp., × 300 1026
Seen from the lateral side.
Fig. 4. Tripospyris eucolpos, n. sp., × 300 1029
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 5. Tripospyris diomma, n. sp., × 400 1026
Half from the right side, half from the basal side.
Fig. 6. Tripospyris cortiniscus, n. sp., × 500 1026
Half from the dorsal, half from the right side.
Fig. 6a. Frontal section through the ring, × 500
Fig. 7. Tripospyris conifera, n. sp., × 400 1027
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 7a. From the basal side, × 200
Fig. 8. Tripospyris euscenium, n. sp. (vel Euscenium tripospyris), × 400 1147
Seen from the frontal or ventral side.
Fig. 9. Triceraspyris gazella, n. sp., × 500 1031
Seen from the ventral side.
Fig. 10. Triceraspyris damæcornis, n. sp., (vel Elaphospyris damæcornis?); compare p. 1032, × 400 1057
Seen from the apical (or basal?) side.
Fig. 11. Triceraspyris giraffa, n. sp., × 400 1031
Seen from the frontal side.
Fig. 12. Triceraspyris corallorrhiza, n. sp., × 400 1031
Seen from the frontal side.
Fig. 13. Tristylospyris scaphipes, n. sp., × 400 1033
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 14. Tristylospyris palmipes, n. sp., × 400 1033
Seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 15. Tristylospyris clavipes, n. sp., × 400 1033
Seen from the basal side.
Plate 84.

PLATE 85.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order SPYROIDEA.

Family Zygospyrida.

PLATE 85.
Zygospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dipospyris forcipata, n. sp.,

× 300 1037
Fig. 2. Dipospyris irregularis, n. sp., × 200 1037
Fig. 3. Dipospyris chelifer, n. sp., × 300 1037
Fig. 4. Dorcadospyris dinoceras, n. sp., × 400 1041
Fig. 5. Dorcadospyris antilope, n. sp., × 200 1041
Fig. 6. Dorcadospyris dentata, n. sp., × 200 1040
Fig. 7. Dorcadospyris decussata, n. sp., × 200 1041
Fig. 8. Dendrospyris polyrrhiza, n. sp., × 200 1039
Fig. 9. Dendrospyris arborescens, n. sp., × 400 1040
Fig. 10. Stephanospyris cordata, n. sp., × 200 1042
Fig. 11. Stephanospyris verticillata, n. sp., × 300 1043
Plate 85.
PLATE 85.
Zygospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Dipospyris forcipata, n. sp.,

× 300 1037
Fig. 2. Dipospyris irregularis, n. sp., × 200 1037
Fig. 3. Dipospyris chelifer, n. sp., × 300 1037
Fig. 4. Dorcadospyris dinoceras, n. sp., × 400 1041
Fig. 5. Dorcadospyris antilope, n. sp., × 200 1041
Fig. 6. Dorcadospyris dentata, n. sp., × 200 1040
Fig. 7. Dorcadospyris decussata, n. sp., × 200 1041
Fig. 8. Dendrospyris polyrrhiza, n. sp., × 200 1039
Fig. 9. Dendrospyris arborescens, n. sp., × 400 1040
Fig. 10. Stephanospyris cordata, n. sp., × 200 1042
Fig. 11. Stephanospyris verticillata, n. sp., × 300 1043
Plate 85.

PLATE 86.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order SPYROIDEA.

Family Zygospyrida.

PLATE 86.
Zygospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Ceratospyris polygona, n. sp.,

× 400 1066
Fig. 2. Ceratospyris strasburgeri, n. sp., × 400 1067
Fig. 3. Ceratospyris allmersii, n. sp., × 400 1067
Fig. 4. Ceratospyris mulderi, n. sp., × 400 1067
Fig. 5. Anthospyris aculeata, n. sp., × 400 1065
Fig. 6. Petalospyris dictyocubus, n. sp., × 400 1063
Fig. 7. Liriospyris hexapoda, n. sp., × 400 1049
Fig. 8. Aegospyris caprina, n. sp., × 400 1054
Fig. 9. Ceratospyris preyeri, n. sp., × 400 1068
Fig. 10. Ceratospyris krausei, n. sp., × 400 1068
Fig. 11. Ceratospyris carnerii, n. sp., × 400 1069
Fig. 12. Elaphospyris alcicornis, n. sp., × 400 1057
Fig. 13. Elaphospyris cervicornis, n. sp., × 400 1057
Plate 86.
PLATE 86.
Zygospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Ceratospyris polygona, n. sp.,

× 400 1066
Fig. 2. Ceratospyris strasburgeri, n. sp., × 400 1067
Fig. 3. Ceratospyris allmersii, n. sp., × 400 1067
Fig. 4. Ceratospyris mulderi, n. sp., × 400 1067
Fig. 5. Anthospyris aculeata, n. sp., × 400 1065
Fig. 6. Petalospyris dictyocubus, n. sp., × 400 1063
Fig. 7. Liriospyris hexapoda, n. sp., × 400 1049
Fig. 8. Aegospyris caprina, n. sp., × 400 1054
Fig. 9. Ceratospyris preyeri, n. sp., × 400 1068
Fig. 10. Ceratospyris krausei, n. sp., × 400 1068
Fig. 11. Ceratospyris carnerii, n. sp., × 400 1069
Fig. 12. Elaphospyris alcicornis, n. sp., × 400 1057
Fig. 13. Elaphospyris cervicornis, n. sp., × 400 1057
Plate 86.

PLATE 87.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order SPYROIDEA.

Families Zygospyrida et Tholospyrida.

PLATE 87.
Zygospyrida et Tholospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Gorgospyris medusa, n. sp.,

× 300 1070
Fig. 2. Gorgospyris medusetta, n. sp., × 300 1070
From the basal side, with the nine cortinar pores.
Fig. 3. Gorgospyris polypus, n. sp., × 300 1070
Fig. 4. Gorgospyris schizopodia, n. sp., × 400 1071
Fig. 5. Gorgospyris eurycolpos, n. sp., × 300 1071
Fig. 6. Gorgospyris liriope, n. sp., × 300 1071
Fig. 7. Tiarospyris pervia, n. sp., × 400 1082
Fig. 8. Tiarospyris amphora, n. sp., × 400 1083
Fig. 9. Tiarospyris mitra, n. sp., × 400 1082
From the ventral side.
Fig. 10. Tiarospyris mitra, n. sp., × 400 1082
From the dorsal side.
Fig. 11. Petalospyris octopus, n. sp., × 400 1061
Fig. 12. Petalospyris dinoceras, n. sp., × 400 1063
Fig. 13. Petalospyris lobata, n. sp., × 300 1064
Fig. 14. Petalospyris triomma, n. sp., × 200 1060
From the basal side, with the six cortinar pores.
Fig. 15. Anthospyris spathulata, n. sp., × 400 1065
Fig. 16. Anthospyris mammillata, n. sp., × 400 1064
Fig. 17. Anthospyris tragopogon, n. sp., × 300 1066
Fig. 18. Anthospyris doronicum, n. sp., × 300 1065
Fig. 19. Ceratospyris calorrhiza, n. sp., × 400 1069
Plate 87.
PLATE 87.
Zygospyrida et Tholospyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Gorgospyris medusa, n. sp.,

× 300 1070
Fig. 2. Gorgospyris medusetta, n. sp., × 300 1070
From the basal side, with the nine cortinar pores.
Fig. 3. Gorgospyris polypus, n. sp., × 300 1070
Fig. 4. Gorgospyris schizopodia, n. sp., × 400 1071
Fig. 5. Gorgospyris eurycolpos, n. sp., × 300 1071
Fig. 6. Gorgospyris liriope, n. sp., × 300 1071
Fig. 7. Tiarospyris pervia, n. sp., × 400 1082
Fig. 8. Tiarospyris amphora, n. sp., × 400 1083
Fig. 9. Tiarospyris mitra, n. sp., × 400 1082
From the ventral side.
Fig. 10. Tiarospyris mitra, n. sp., × 400 1082
From the dorsal side.
Fig. 11. Petalospyris octopus, n. sp., × 400 1061
Fig. 12. Petalospyris dinoceras, n. sp., × 400 1063
Fig. 13. Petalospyris lobata, n. sp., × 300 1064
Fig. 14. Petalospyris triomma, n. sp., × 200 1060
From the basal side, with the six cortinar pores.
Fig. 15. Anthospyris spathulata, n. sp., × 400 1065
Fig. 16. Anthospyris mammillata, n. sp., × 400 1064
Fig. 17. Anthospyris tragopogon, n. sp., × 300 1066
Fig. 18. Anthospyris doronicum, n. sp., × 300 1065
Fig. 19. Ceratospyris calorrhiza, n. sp., × 400 1069
Plate 87.

PLATE 88.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Orders STEPHOIDEA et SPYROIDEA.

Families Tympanida et Androspyrida.

PLATE 88.
Tympanida et Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Toxarium circospyris, n. sp.,

× 400 995
Fig. 2. Amphispyris sternalis, n. sp., × 300 1096
Fig. 3. Amphispyris costata, n. sp., × 300 1097
Fig. 4. Amphispyris thorax, n. sp., × 300 1096
Fig. 5. Amphispyris subquadrata, n. sp., × 300 1097
Fig. 6. Amphispyris quadrigemina, n. sp., × 300 1096
Fig. 7. Amphispyris toxarium, n. sp., × 300 1097
Fig. 8. Tricolospyris baconiana, n. sp., × 400 1098
Fig. 9. Tricolospyris leibnitziana, n. sp., × 600 1098
Fig. 10. Tricolospyris kantiana, n. sp., × 600 1098
Fig. 11. Tricolospyris newtoniana, n. sp., × 400 1098
Fig. 12. Perispyris lentellipsis, n. sp., × 400 1099
Fig. 13. Perispyris bicincta, n. sp., × 400 1099
Plate 88.
PLATE 88.
Tympanida et Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Toxarium circospyris, n. sp.,

× 400 995
Fig. 2. Amphispyris sternalis, n. sp., × 300 1096
Fig. 3. Amphispyris costata, n. sp., × 300 1097
Fig. 4. Amphispyris thorax, n. sp., × 300 1096
Fig. 5. Amphispyris subquadrata, n. sp., × 300 1097
Fig. 6. Amphispyris quadrigemina, n. sp., × 300 1096
Fig. 7. Amphispyris toxarium, n. sp., × 300 1097
Fig. 8. Tricolospyris baconiana, n. sp., × 400 1098
Fig. 9. Tricolospyris leibnitziana, n. sp., × 600 1098
Fig. 10. Tricolospyris kantiana, n. sp., × 600 1098
Fig. 11. Tricolospyris newtoniana, n. sp., × 400 1098
Fig. 12. Perispyris lentellipsis, n. sp., × 400 1099
Fig. 13. Perispyris bicincta, n. sp., × 400 1099
Plate 88.

PLATE 89.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order SPYROIDEA.

Families Zygospyrida, Tholospyrida et Androspyrida.

PLATE 89.
Zygospyrida, Tholospyrida et Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tholospyris tripodiscus, n. sp.,

× 400 1079
Ventral side.
Fig. 2. Tholospyris fenestrata, n. sp., × 400 1079
Dorsal side.
Fig. 3. Tholospyris ramosa, n. sp., × 400 1079
Dorsal side.
Fig. 4. Tholospyris cupola, n. sp., × 400 1080
Ventral side.
Fig. 5. Therospyris leo, n. sp., × 400 1059
Ventral side.
Fig. 6. Therospyris felis, n. sp., × 400 1059
Dorsal side.
Fig. 7. Dictyospyris stalactites, n. sp., × 400 1073
Ventral side.
Fig. 8. Dictyospyris anthophora, n. sp., × 400 1076
Ventral side.
Fig. 9. Dictyospyris mammillaris, n. sp., × 400 1076
Ventral side.
Fig. 10. Dictyospyris mammillaris, n. sp., × 400 1076
Frontal section.
Fig. 11. Dictyospyris distoma, n. sp., × 300 1073
Ventral side.
Fig. 12. Dictyospyris distoma, n. sp., × 300 1073
Frontal section.
Fig. 13. Lamprospyris darwinii, n. sp., × 300 1094
Ventral side.
Fig. 14. Lamprospyris huxleyi, n. sp., × 300 1094
Ventral side.
Plate 89.
PLATE 89.
Zygospyrida, Tholospyrida et Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Tholospyris tripodiscus, n. sp.,

× 400 1079
Ventral side.
Fig. 2. Tholospyris fenestrata, n. sp., × 400 1079
Dorsal side.
Fig. 3. Tholospyris ramosa, n. sp., × 400 1079
Dorsal side.
Fig. 4. Tholospyris cupola, n. sp., × 400 1080
Ventral side.
Fig. 5. Therospyris leo, n. sp., × 400 1059
Ventral side.
Fig. 6. Therospyris felis, n. sp., × 400 1059
Dorsal side.
Fig. 7. Dictyospyris stalactites, n. sp., × 400 1073
Ventral side.
Fig. 8. Dictyospyris anthophora, n. sp., × 400 1076
Ventral side.
Fig. 9. Dictyospyris mammillaris, n. sp., × 400 1076
Ventral side.
Fig. 10. Dictyospyris mammillaris, n. sp., × 400 1076
Frontal section.
Fig. 11. Dictyospyris distoma, n. sp., × 300 1073
Ventral side.
Fig. 12. Dictyospyris distoma, n. sp., × 300 1073
Frontal section.
Fig. 13. Lamprospyris darwinii, n. sp., × 300 1094
Ventral side.
Fig. 14. Lamprospyris huxleyi, n. sp., × 300 1094
Ventral side.
Plate 89.

PLATE 90.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order SPYROIDEA.

Family Androspyrida.

PLATE 90.
Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp. (vel Paradictyum paradoxum),

× 250 1102
The complete shell, seen from the frontal side.
Fig. 2. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 250 1102
The incomplete shell, seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 3. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 500 1102
The sagittal ring, isolated, from the dorsal side; more enlarged.
Fig. 4. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 120 1102
Vertical section through half the shell, exhibiting the thickened margin with the included symbiontes (compare page 1101).
Fig. 5. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 200 1102
Oblique marginal view of the shell.
Fig. 6. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 250 1102
Marginal view of a young specimen, with open fissure between the two parallel net-plates.
Fig. 7. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 250 1102
The soft body alone, without the skeleton. The bilobed central capsule exhibits a central transverse nucleus, and on each lobe a stratum of oil-globules. The kidney-shaped calymma contains on the margin numerous symbiontes (Xanthellæ or Vorticellinæ? Compare page 1102).
Fig. 8. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 500 1102
Three single unicellular symbiontes (Zooxanthellæ?).
Fig. 9. Nephrospyris renilla, n. sp. (vel Nephrodictyum renilla), × 250 1101
The bilobed central capsule is enclosed by the discoidal shell and in the middle constricted by the sagittal ring; it contains a transverse nucleus. The kidney-shaped calymma contains in the peripheral part numerous symbiontes (Xanthellæ or Vorticellinæ? Compare page 1101).
Fig. 10. Nephrospyris renilla, n. sp., × 250 1101
A singular abnormality (occurring not rarely), in which the reduced skeleton has nearly disappeared and the sagittal ring alone remained. The kidney-shaped calymma, however, which encloses numerous symbiontes, has preserved the form of the skeleton. The bilobed central capsule is similar to that in figs. 7 and 9, and is encircled by the thickened sagittal ring.
Plate 90.
PLATE 90.
Androspyrida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp. (vel Paradictyum paradoxum),

× 250 1102
The complete shell, seen from the frontal side.
Fig. 2. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 250 1102
The incomplete shell, seen from the dorsal side.
Fig. 3. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 500 1102
The sagittal ring, isolated, from the dorsal side; more enlarged.
Fig. 4. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 120 1102
Vertical section through half the shell, exhibiting the thickened margin with the included symbiontes (compare page 1101).
Fig. 5. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 200 1102
Oblique marginal view of the shell.
Fig. 6. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 250 1102
Marginal view of a young specimen, with open fissure between the two parallel net-plates.
Fig. 7. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 250 1102
The soft body alone, without the skeleton. The bilobed central capsule exhibits a central transverse nucleus, and on each lobe a stratum of oil-globules. The kidney-shaped calymma contains on the margin numerous symbiontes (Xanthellæ or Vorticellinæ? Compare page 1102).
Fig. 8. Nephrospyris paradictyum, n. sp., × 500 1102
Three single unicellular symbiontes (Zooxanthellæ?).
Fig. 9. Nephrospyris renilla, n. sp. (vel Nephrodictyum renilla), × 250 1101
The bilobed central capsule is enclosed by the discoidal shell and in the middle constricted by the sagittal ring; it contains a transverse nucleus. The kidney-shaped calymma contains in the peripheral part numerous symbiontes (Xanthellæ or Vorticellinæ? Compare page 1101).
Fig. 10. Nephrospyris renilla, n. sp., × 250 1101
A singular abnormality (occurring not rarely), in which the reduced skeleton has nearly disappeared and the sagittal ring alone remained. The kidney-shaped calymma, however, which encloses numerous symbiontes, has preserved the form of the skeleton. The bilobed central capsule is similar to that in figs. 7 and 9, and is encircled by the thickened sagittal ring.
Plate 90.

PLATE 91.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Orders NASSOIDEA et PLECTOIDEA.

Families Nassellida, Plagonida et Plectanida.

PLATE 91.
Nassellida, Plagonida et Plectanida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cystidium princeps, n. sp.,

× 400 897
Fig. 2. Triplagia primordialis, n. sp., × 100 909
Fig. 3. Tetraplagia phænaxonia, n. sp., × 200 911
Fig. 4. Plagoniscus tripodiscus, n. sp., × 200 912
Fig. 5. Plagiocarpa procortina, n. sp., × 300 914
Fig. 6. Plagonium sphærozoum, n. sp., × 300 916
Fig. 7. Triplecta triactis, n. sp., × 300 922
Fig. 8. Tetraplecta pinigera, n. sp., × 300 924
Fig. 9. Plectaniscus cortiniscus, n. sp., × 300 925
Fig. 10. Periplecta cortina, n. sp., × 400 926
Fig. 11. Plectanium trigeminum, n. sp., × 400 928
Fig. 12. Polyplecta heptacantha, n. sp., × 300 929
Plate 91.
PLATE 91.
Nassellida, Plagonida et Plectanida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Cystidium princeps, n. sp.,

× 400 897
Fig. 2. Triplagia primordialis, n. sp., × 100 909
Fig. 3. Tetraplagia phænaxonia, n. sp., × 200 911
Fig. 4. Plagoniscus tripodiscus, n. sp., × 200 912
Fig. 5. Plagiocarpa procortina, n. sp., × 300 914
Fig. 6. Plagonium sphærozoum, n. sp., × 300 916
Fig. 7. Triplecta triactis, n. sp., × 300 922
Fig. 8. Tetraplecta pinigera, n. sp., × 300 924
Fig. 9. Plectaniscus cortiniscus, n. sp., × 300 925
Fig. 10. Periplecta cortina, n. sp., × 400 926
Fig. 11. Plectanium trigeminum, n. sp., × 400 928
Fig. 12. Polyplecta heptacantha, n. sp., × 300 929
Plate 91.

PLATE 92.

Legion NASSELLARIA.

Order STEPHOIDEA.

Families Stephanida et Semantida.

PLATE 92.
Stephanida et Semantida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Semantis sigillum, n. sp.,

× 400 957
Fig. 2. Semantis biforis, n. sp., × 300 956
Fig. 3. Semantrum tetrastoma, n. sp., × 300 959
Fig. 4. Semantrum signarium, n. sp., × 400 960
Fig. 5. Semantrum quadrifore, n. sp., × 400 958
Fig. 6. Semantidium hexastoma, n. sp., × 400 960
Fig. 7. Semantidium signatorium, n. sp., × 400 961
Fig. 8. Clathrocircus stapedius, n. sp., × 400 962
Fig. 9. Clathrocircus dictyospyris, n. sp., × 300 963
Fig. 10. Clathrocircus multiforis, n. sp., × 300 963
Fig. 11. Cortiniscus tripodiscus, n. sp., × 400 963
Fig. 12. Cortiniscus typicus, n. sp., × 300 964
Fig. 13. Cortiniscus dipylaris, n. sp., × 400 964
Fig. 14. Stephaniscus quadrifurcus, n. sp., × 300 965
Fig. 15. Stephaniscus quadrigatus, n. sp., × 400 965
Fig. 16. Semantiscus hexapodius, n. sp., × 400 966
Fig. 17. Semantiscus hexapylus, n. sp., × 400 967
Fig. 18. Semantiscus hexaspyris, n. sp., × 400 966
Fig. 19. Lithocircus tarandus, n. sp., × 400 944
Fig. 20. Stephanium quadrupes, n. sp., × 200 952
Fig. 21. Cortina cervina, n. sp., × 300 952
Plate 92.
PLATE 92.
Stephanida et Semantida.
Diam. Page.

Fig. 1. Semantis sigillum, n. sp.,

× 400 957
Fig. 2. Semantis biforis, n. sp., × 300 956
Fig. 3. Semantrum tetrastoma, n. sp., × 300 959
Fig. 4. Semantrum signarium, n. sp., × 400 960
Fig. 5. Semantrum quadrifore, n. sp., × 400 958
Fig. 6. Semantidium hexastoma, n. sp., × 400 960
Fig. 7. Semantidium signatorium, n. sp., × 400 961
Fig. 8. Clathrocircus stapedius, n. sp., × 400 962
Fig. 9. Clathrocircus dictyospyris, n. sp., × 300