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Title: The Poets' Lincoln
       Tributes in Verse to the Martyred President

Author: Various

Editor: Osborn H. Oldroyd

Release Date: November 7, 2009 [EBook #30420]

Language: English

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Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Index
Transcriber's Notes

[i]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN, Photograph by Brady, 1864, color tinted

[ii]



The

Poets’ Lincoln

TRIBUTES IN VERSE TO THE
MARTYRED PRESIDENT


Selected by

OSBORN H. OLDROYD

AUTHOR OF "THE ASSASSINATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN"
AND EDITOR OF THE "WORDS OF LINCOLN"



With many portraits of Lincoln,
illustrations of events
in his life, etc.





PUBLISHED BY THE EDITOR AT
"THE HOUSE WHERE LINCOLN DIED"

WASHINGTON, D. C.
1915


[iii]

Copyright 1915,
by Osborn H. Oldroyd


top[1]



ACKNOWLEDGMENT


The Editor is most grateful to the various authors who have willingly given their consent to the use of their respective poems in the compilation of this volume. It has been a somewhat difficult problem, not only to select the more appropriate productions, but also to find the names of their authors, for in his Lincoln collection there are many hundreds of poems which have appeared from time to time in magazines, newspapers and other productions, some of which are accompanied by more than one name as author of the same poem. In a number of instances it has been difficult to ascertain the name of the actual owner of the copyright, the poems having been printed in so many forms without the copyright mark attached.

The Editor in particular extends his grateful acknowledgment to the Houghton Mifflin Company for permission to reprint the "Emancipation Group" by John G. Whittier; the "Life Mask" by Richard Watson Gilder; "The Hand of Lincoln" by Clarence Stedman; "Commemoration Ode" by James Russell Lowell, and the "Gettysburg Address" by Bayard Taylor; to Charles Scribner's Sons for two "Lincoln" poems by Richard Henry Stoddard; and to the J. B. Lippincott Company for the poem "Lincoln" by George Henry Boker.

The Editor is also grateful to Dr. Marion Mills Miller for his contribution of the introduction and a poem specially written for the collection, and also for assistance in the editorial work.


top[2]



[3]

FOREWORD


No great man has ever been spoken of with such tender expressions of high regard as has been Abraham Lincoln. Especially is this true of the tributes of esteem made by the poets to his memory. It is therefore desirable that these should be preserved for future generations, and at this time, the fiftieth anniversary of his untimely death, it is peculiarly proper that they should be presented to the public.

Although they are chiefly the productions of American authors, quite a number are from the pens of appreciative citizens of other countries. From the thousand of meritorious poems which have been written about Lincoln, the compiler, after serious consideration, has selected those within as appearing to be gems; although there were others which he would have been glad to include if space permitted.

The poems and illustrations are arranged largely in the chronological order of their application to the events in the life of Lincoln. The intense sympathy and warm appreciation portrayed therein for our Martyred President, as well as their artistic merit assure the poems a sacred place in the heart of every patriotic American.

The large number of selected portraits and illustrations of events connected with his life, service, death and burial, with brief sketches of authors of the following poems, also forms a compilation of rich material for all readers of Lincoln literature.

The object in publishing this compilation is to assist in preserving the collection of memorials now contained in the house in which Lincoln died, 516 Tenth Street, Washington, D. C.

The volume will be sent postpaid by the Editor at the above address, upon receipt of its price, $1.00.

Osborn H. Oldroyd.

Washington, D. C., September twelve,

Nineteen hundred and fifteen.


top[4]



[5]

CONTENTS


PAGE

Introduction—The Poetic Spirit of Lincoln, by Marion Mills Miller

v

My Childhood's Home I See Again, by Abraham Lincoln

vi

But Here's an Object More of Dread, by Abraham Lincoln

viii

Oh, Why Should the Spirit of Mortal Be Proud? By William Knox

ix

Speech at Gettysburg (in verse form), by Abraham Lincoln

xiii

Soliloquy of King Claudius, by William Shakespeare

xvii

Lincoln, by Julia Ward Howe

14

The Great Oak, by Bennett Chapple

15

Lincoln, by Noah Davis

17

The Birth of Lincoln, by George W. Crofts

19

Mendelssohn, Darwin, Lincoln, by Clarence E. Carr

20

The Natal Day of Lincoln, by James Phinney Baxter

22

Nancy Hanks, by Harriet Monroe

25

Lincoln the Laborer, by Richard Henry Stoddard

29

A Peaceful Life, by James Whitcomb Riley

31

Leader of His People, by William Wilberforce Newton

32

Lincoln, by Wilbur Hazelton Smith

35

Lincoln in His Office Chair, by James Riley

37

The Voice of Lincoln, by Elizabeth Porter Gould

41

The Thoughts of Lincoln, by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps

43

On the Life-mask of Abraham Lincoln, by Richard Watson Gilder

45

The Hand of Lincoln, by Edmund Clarence Stedman

47

Honest Abe of the West, by Edmund Clarence Stedman

51

Presidential Campaign, 1860, by William Henry Burleigh

53

Lincoln, 1809—February 12, 1909, by Madison Cawein

56

The Matchless Lincoln, by Isaac Bassett Choate

59

Lincoln, by Charlotte Becker

61

Lincoln at Springfield, 1861, by Anna Bache

65

Lincoln Called To the Presidency, by Henry Wilson Clendenin

70

Lincoln the Man of the People, by Edwin Markham

74

Lincoln, by John Vance Cheney

76

Lincoln's Church in Washington, by Lyman Whitney Allen

80

Sonnet in 1862, by John James Piatt

83

Lincoln, Soldier of Christ, in Macmillan's Magazine

85

A Characterization of Lincoln, by Hamilton Schuyler

87

The Emancipation Group, by John Greenleaf Whittier

91

The Liberator, by Theron Brown

94

To President Lincoln, by Edmund Ollier

96

On Freedom's Summit, by Charles G. Foltz

98top[6]

Address Delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg, by Abraham Lincoln

100

Gettysburg Ode, by Bayard Taylor

102

Lincoln's Second Inaugural, by Benjamin Franklin Taylor

104

Oh, Patient Eyes! by Herman Hagedorn

107

Abraham Lincoln, by Margaret Elizabeth Sangster

109

The Man Lincoln, by Wilbur Dick Nesbit

113

The Master, by Edwin Arlington Robinson

116

Lincoln, by Harriet Monroe

119

The Eyes of Lincoln, by Walt Mason

121

He Leads Us Still, by Arthur Guiterman

123

Lincoln, by S. Weir Mitchell

125

Abraham Lincoln, by George Alfred Townsend

126

Lincoln, by Paul Lawrence Dunbar

128

Abraham Lincoln, by Alice Cary

130

Abraham Lincoln, by Rose Terry Cooke

132

Lincoln, by Frederick Lucian Hosmer

134

Abraham Lincoln, by Charles Monroe Dickinson

136

Sic Semper Tyrannis! by Robert Leighton

139

Abraham Lincoln Foully Assassinated, by Tom Taylor

140

The Deathbed

144

Lincoln and Stanton, by Marion Mills Miller

146

The House Where Lincoln Died, by Robert Mackay

151

In Token of Respect, Translation of Latin Verses

152

England's Sorrow, from London Fun

153

The Funeral Hymn of Lincoln, by Phineas Densmore Gurley

155

Rest, Rest for Him, by Harriet McEwen Kimball

157

The Funeral Car of Lincoln, by Richard Henry Stoddard

159

The Death of Lincoln, by William Cullen Bryant

161

Ode, by Henry T. Tuckerman

163

Tolling, by Lucy Larcom

164

Requiem of Lincoln, by Richard Storrs Willis

167

Requiem, by James Nicoll Johnston

168

Services in Memory of Abraham Lincoln, by Oliver Wendell Holmes

170

Springfield's Welcome To Lincoln, by William Allen

173

Lincoln, by Lucy Hamilton Hooper

175

Let the President Sleep, by James M. Stewart

179

The Cenotaph of Lincoln, by James Mackay

181

Dedication Poem, by James Judson Lord

183

The Grave of Lincoln, by Edna Dean Proctor

186

Commemoration Ode, by James Russell Lowell

189

An Horatian Ode, by Richard Henry Stoddard

193

O Captain! My Captain! by Walt Whitman

197

On the Assassination of Lincoln, by Henry De Garrs

200

Poetical Tribute To the Memory of Abraham Lincoln, by Emily J. Bugbee

201

Lincoln, 1865, by John Nichol

204

Lincoln, by Christopher Pearse Cranch

206

Lincoln, by George Henry Boker

208top[7]

Abraham Lincoln, by Phoebe Cary

210

Lincoln, by Charles Graham Halpin ("Miles O'Reilly")

215

The Martyr President

219

Abraham Lincoln, by Eugene J. Hall

220

The Tomb of Lincoln, by Samuel Francis Smith

222

Lincoln, by John Townsend Trowbridge

227

Homage Due to Lincoln, by Kinahan Cornwallis

229

The Scotland Statue, by David K. Watson

231

The Unfinished Work, by Joseph Fulford Folsom

234

One of Our Presidents, by Wendell Philips Stafford

236

On a Bronze Medal of Lincoln, by Frank Dempster Sherman

239

The Glory that Slumbered in the Granite Rock, by Ella Wheeler Wilcox

241

The Lincoln Boulder, by Louis Bradford Couch

243

When Lincoln Died, by James Arthur Edgerton

247

Had Lincoln Lived, by Amos Russell Wells

250

Let His Monument Rise, by Samuel Green Wheeler Benjamin

253

top[8]



[9]

ILLUSTRATIONS


PAGE

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1864

Frontispiece

Lincoln, from a Bust by Johannes Gelert

iv

The Log Cabin, Birthplace of Lincoln

13

Lincoln by the Cabin Fire

16

Mendelssohn, Darwin, Lincoln

20

Monument To the Mother of Lincoln

25

The Rail Splitter

28

The Boy Lincoln, by Eastman Johnson

30

Lincoln the Lawyer, from an Ambrotype, 1856

34

Lincoln's Office Chair

36

Lincoln as a Candidate for United States Senator, from an Ambrotype by Gilmer, 1858

40

Lincoln at the Time of Debate with Douglas, from an Ambrotype, 1858

42

The Lincoln Life-Mask, by Leonard W. Volk

44

The Hand of Lincoln, a Cast by Leonard W. Volk

46

Hon. Abraham Lincoln, Republican Candidate for the Presidency, 1860, painted by Hicks

49

The "Wigwam," Convention Hall in Chicago, 1860

50

Lincoln as Candidate for President, from an Ambrotype, 1860

52

"Honest Abe," Campaign Cartoon of 1860

55

Lincoln as Candidate for President, Photograph by Hesler, Chicago, 1860

58

Lincoln as Candidate for President, Photograph at Springfield, Ill., 1860

60

Cabin of Lincoln's Parents, on Goose-Nest Prairie, Ill.

62

Lincoln Homestead, Springfield, Ill., 1861

64

President Lincoln and His Secretaries, John G. Nicolay and John Hay, Photograph at Springfield, Ill., 1861

67

Independence Hall, Philadelphia

69

Lincoln in 1858, Photograph by S. M. Fassett, Chicago,

71

The Capitol, at Second Inauguration of Lincoln

73

The White House

76

Where Lincoln Worshipped, New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, Washington, D. C.

79

Lincoln in 1858, Photograph Owned by Stuart Brown, Springfield, Ill.

82

President Lincoln, Photograph Autographed for Miss Speed

84

Lincoln in February, 1860, Photograph by Brady

86

President Lincoln, Photograph by Gardner

88

Emancipation Group, in Park Square, Boston

90

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1863

93

President Lincoln, Photograph by Gardner, 1863

95

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady

97

Lincoln at Gettysburg

100

President Lincoln and His Son Thomas ("Tad")

103

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady

106top[10]

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady

108

President Lincoln, Photograph by Gardner, 1864

112

President Lincoln at Antietam

115

President Lincoln, Photograph by Gardner, 1864

118

President-Elect Lincoln, Photograph at Springfield, Ill., 1861

120

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1862

122

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1864

124

Statue of Lincoln in Hodgenville, Ky.; Adolph A. Weinman, sculptor

126

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1864

128

President Lincoln, Photograph by Gardner, 1865

130

President Lincoln, Photograph by Gardner, 1865

132

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1865

134

Ford's Theatre, Washington, D. C.

138

Abraham Lincoln, Foully Assassinated, Cartoon in London Punch

140

Deathbed of Lincoln

144

Abraham Lincoln and Edwin M. Stanton

146

Death of Lincoln

149

House in Which Lincoln Died

150

Josephine Oldroyd Tiefenthaler

150

The Funeral of Lincoln, in East Room of White House

154

The Funeral Car

158

City Hall, New York, N. Y.

162

Rotunda, City Hall

166

St. James Hall, Buffalo, N. Y.

168

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1863

170

Lincoln Homestead, May 4, 1865

172

State Capitol, Illinois, 1865

175

Public Vault, Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill.

178

Facade of Public Vault

180

Lincoln Monument, in Springfield, Ill., Larken G. Mead, Architect

182

Statue of Lincoln, Lincoln Park, Washington, D. C., Thomas Ball, sculptor

188

Statue of Lincoln, by Leonard W. Volk

192

"The Good Gray Poet" (Walt Whitman)

196

Statue of Lincoln, in Washington, D. C.; Lott Flannery, sculptor

199

Statue of Lincoln, in Muskegon, Mich.; Charles Niehaus, sculptor

203

Lincoln and Cabinet ("First Reading of Emancipation Proclamation"), Painted by Frank B. Carpenter

206

Statue of Lincoln, in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Randolph Rogers, sculptor

208

President Lincoln, Photograph by Brady, 1864

210

Statue of Lincoln, in Lincoln Park, Chicago; Augustus Saint Gaudens, sculptor

214

Tablet at Philadelphia

218

Statue of Lincoln, in Rotunda of Capitol; Vinnie Ream, sculptor

222

Statue of Lincoln, in Lincoln, Neb.; Daniel Chester French, sculptor

226top[11]

Statue of Lincoln, in Burlington, Wis.; George E. Ganiere, sculptor

228

Statue of Lincoln, in Edinburgh, Scotland; George E. Bissell, sculptor

231

Statue of Lincoln, in Newark, N. J.; Gutzon Borglum, sculptor

234

Children on the Borglum Statue

236

Head of Lincoln, Bronze Medallion in Commemoration of Lincoln Centenary, Struck for the Grand Army of the Republic

238

Marble Head of Lincoln, in Statuary Hall, Capitol; Gutzon Borglum, sculptor

240

The Lincoln Boulder, at Nyack, N. Y.

243

Bas-Relief Head of Lincoln, James W. Tuft, sculptor

246

A Study of Lincoln, Painting by Blendon Campbell

249

The Lincoln Memorial, at Washington, D. C., Henry Bacon, architect

252

top[iv]



LINCOLN
From a bust by Johannes Gelert




top[v]



INTRODUCTION

THE POETIC SPIRIT OF LINCOLN

By Marion Mills Miller

(See biographical sketch on page 146)


Some years ago, while editing Henry C. Whitney's "Life of Lincoln" I showed a photograph of the bust of Lincoln by Johannes Gelert, the most intellectual to my mind of all the studies of his face, to a little Italian shoeblack, and asked him if he knew who it was. The boy, evidently prompted by a recent lesson at school, said questioningly, "Whittier?—Longfellow?" I replied, "No, it is Lincoln, the great President." He answered, "Well, he looks like a poet, anyway."

This verified a conclusion to which I had already come: Lincoln, had he lived in a region of greater culture, such as New England, might not have adopted the engrossing pursuits of law and politics, but, as did Whittier, have remained longer on the farm and gradually taken up the calling of letters, composing verse of much the same order as our Yankee bards', and poetry of even higher merit than some produced.

It is not generally known that Lincoln, shortly before he went to Congress, wrote verse of a kind to compare favorably with the early attempts of American poets such as those named. Thus the two poems of his which have been preserved, for his early lampoons on his neighbors have happily been lost, are equal in poetic spirit and metrical art to Whittier's "The Prisoner for Debt," to which they are strikingly similar in melancholic mood.

In 1846, at the age of 37, Lincoln conducted a literary correspondence with a friend, William Johnson by name, of like poetic tastes. In April of this year he wrote the following letter to Johnson:

top[vi]


Tremont, April 18, 1846.

FRIEND JOHNSTON: Your letter, written some six weeks since, was received in due course, and also the paper with the parody. It is true, as suggested it might be, that I have never seen Poe's "Raven"; and I very well know that a parody is almost entirely dependent for its interest upon the reader's acquaintance with the original. Still there is enough in the polecat, self-considered, to afford one several hearty laughs. I think four or five of the last stanzas are decidedly funny, particularly where Jeremiah "scrubbed and washed, and prayed and fasted."

I have not your letter now before me; but, from memory, I think you ask me who is the author of the piece I sent you, and that you do so ask as to indicate a slight suspicion that I myself am the author. Beyond all question, I am not the author. I would give all I am worth, and go in debt, to be able to write so fine a piece as I think that is. Neither do I know who is the author. I met it in a straggling form in a newspaper last summer, and I remember to have seen it once before, about fifteen years ago, and this is all I know about it.

The piece of poetry of my own which I alluded to, I was led to write under the following circumstances. In the fall of 1844, thinking I might aid some to carry the State of Indiana for Mr. Clay, I went into the neighborhood in that State in which I was raised, where my mother and only sister were buried, and from which I had been absent about fifteen years.

That part of the country is, within itself, as unpoetical as any spot of the earth; but still, seeing it and its objects and inhabitants aroused feelings in me which were certainly poetry; though whether my expression of those feelings is poetry is quite another question. When I got to writing, the change of subject divided the thing into four little divisions or cantos, the first only of which I send you now, and may send the others hereafter.

Yours truly,

A. LINCOLN.


My childhood's home I see again,

And sadden with the view;

And still, as memory crowds my brain,

There's pleasure in it too.

O Memory! thou midway world

'Twixt earth and paradise,

Where things decayed and loved ones lost

In dreamy shadows rise,

top[vii]

And, freed from all that's earthly vile,

Seem hallowed, pure and bright,

Like scenes in some enchanted isle

All bathed in liquid light.

As dusky mountains please the eye

When twilight chases day;

As bugle-notes that, passing by,

In distance die away;

As leaving some grand waterfall,

We, lingering, list its roar—

So memory will hallow all

We've known but know no more.

Near twenty years have passed away

Since here I bid farewell

To woods and fields, and scenes of play,

And playmates loved so well.

Where many were, but few remain

Of old familiar things;

But seeing them to mind again

The lost and absent brings.

The friends I left that parting day,

How changed, as time has sped!

Young childhood grown, strong manhood gray;

And half of all are dead.

I hear the loved survivors tell

How nought from death could save,

Till every sound appears a knell,

And every spot a grave.

I range the fields with pensive tread,

And pace the hollow rooms,

And feel (companion of the dead)

I'm living in the tombs.


In September he wrote the following letter:


Springfield, September 6, 1846.

FRIEND JOHNSTON: You remember when I wrote you from Tremont last spring, sending you a little canto of what I called poetry, I promised to bore you with another some time. I now fulfil the promise. The subject of the present one is an insane man; his name is Matthew Gentry. He is three years older than I, and when we were boys we went to school together. He was rather a bright lad, and the son of the rich man of a very top[viii] poor neighborhood. At the age of nineteen he unaccountably became furiously mad, from which condition he gradually settled down into harmless insanity. When, as I told you in my other letter, I visited my old home in the fall of 1844, I found him still lingering in this wretched condition. In my poetizing mood, I could not forget the impression his case made upon me. Here is the result:


But here's an object more of dread

Than aught the grave contains—

A human form with reason fled,

While wretched life remains.

When terror spread, and neighbors ran

Your dangerous strength to bind,

And soon, a howling, crazy man,

Your limbs were fast confined;

How then you strove and shrieked aloud,

Your bones and sinews bared;

And fiendish on the gazing crowd

With burning eyeballs glared;

And begged and swore, and wept and prayed,

With maniac laughter joined;

How fearful were these signs displayed

By pangs that killed the mind!

And when at length the drear and long

Time soothed thy fiercer woes,

How plaintively thy mournful song

Upon the still night rose!

I've heard it oft as if I dreamed,

Far distant, sweet and lone,

The funeral dirge it ever seemed

Of reason dead and gone.

To drink its strains I've stole away,

All stealthily and still,

Ere yet the rising god of day

Had streaked the eastern hill.

Air held her breath; trees with the spell

Seemed sorrowing angels round,

Whose swelling tears in dewdrops fell

Upon the listening ground.

But this is past, and naught remains

That raised thee o'er the brute:

Thy piercing shrieks and soothing strains

Are like, forever mute.

top[ix]

Now fare thee well! More thou the cause

Than subject now of woe.

All mental pangs by time's kind laws

Hast lost the power to know.

O death! thou awe-inspiring prince

That keepst the world in fear,

Why dost thou tear more blest ones hence,

And leave him lingering here?


If I should ever send another, the subject will be a "Bear Hunt."

Yours as ever,

A. LINCOLN.


The poem alluded to in the first letter is undoubtedly "Oh, Why Should the Spirit of Mortal Be Proud?", by William Knox, a Scottish poet, known to fame only by its authorship. It remained the favorite of Lincoln until his death, being frequently alluded to by him in conversation with his friends. Because it so aptly presents Lincoln's own spirit it is here presented in full. During his Presidency he said:


"There is a poem which has been a great favorite with me for years, which was first shown me when a young man by a friend, and which I afterwards saw and cut from a newspaper and learned by heart. I would give a good deal to know who wrote it, but I have never been able to ascertain."


Then, half closing his eyes, he repeated the verses:


OH, WHY SHOULD THE SPIRIT OF MORTAL BE PROUD?

By William Knox.


William Knox was born at Firth, in the parish of Lilliesleaf, in the county of Roxburghshire, on the 17th of August, 1789. From his early youth he composed verses. He merited the attention of Sir Walter Scott, who afforded him pecuniary assistance. He died November 12, 1825, at the age of thirty-six.


Oh! why should the spirit of mortal be proud?

Like a swift-flitting meteor, a fast-flying cloud,

The flash of the lightning, a break of the wave,

He passes from life to his rest in the grave.

The leaves of the oak and the willow shall fade,

Be scattered around and together be laid;

And the young and the old, and the low and the high

Shall molder to dust and together shall lie.

top[x]

The infant a mother attended and loved,

The mother that infant's affection who proved,

The husband that mother and infant who blest,

Each, all, are away to their dwellings of rest.

The maid on whose cheek, on whose brow, in whose eye,

Shone beauty and pleasure, her triumphs are by;

And the mem'ry of those who loved her and praised

Are alike from the minds of the living erased.

The hand of the king that the scepter hath borne,

The brow of the priest that the miter hath worn,

The eye of the sage and the heart of the brave

Are hidden and lost in the depths of the grave.

The peasant whose lot was to sow and to reap,

The herdsman who climbed with his goats up the steep,

The beggar who wandered in search of his bread,

Have faded away like the grass that we tread.

The saint who enjoyed the communion of heaven,

The sinner who dared to remain unforgiven,

The wise and the foolish, the guilty and just,

Have quietly mingled their bones in the dust.

So the multitude goes like the flower or the weed

That withers away to let others succeed,

So the multitude comes, even those we behold,

To repeat every tale that has often been told.

For we are the same that our fathers have been;

We see the same sights our fathers have seen;

We drink the same streams, and view the same sun,

And run the same course our fathers have run.

The thoughts we are thinking our fathers would think,

From the death we are shrinking our fathers would shrink;

To the life we are clinging they also would cling,

But it speeds from us all like a bird on the wing.

They loved, but the story we cannot unfold;

They scorned, but the heart of the haughty is cold;

They grieved, but no wail from their slumber will come;

They joyed, but the tongue of their gladness is dumb.

They died, ay, they died. We things that are now,

That walk on the turf that lies over their brow,

And make in their dwellings a transient abode,

Meet the things that they met on their pilgrimage road.

Yea, hope and despondency, pleasure and pain,

Are mingled together in sunshine and rain:

And the smile and the tear, the song and the dirge,

Still follow each other like surge upon surge.

top[xi]

'Tis the wink of an eye, 'tis the draught of a breath,

From the blossom of health to the paleness of death,

From the gilded salon to the bier and the shroud,—

Oh, why should the spirit of mortal be proud?


"The Last Leaf," by Oliver Wendell Holmes, was also a favorite poem of Lincoln, says Henry C. Whitney, his friend and biographer (in his "Life of Lincoln," Vol. I, page 238):

"Over and over again I have heard him repeat:


The mossy marbles rest

On the lips that he has prest

In their bloom;

And the names he loved to hear

Have been carved for many a year

On the tomb.


and tears would come unbidden to his eyes, probably at thought of the grave (his mother's) at Gentryville, or that in the bend of the Sangamo" (of Ann Rutledge, his first love, who died shortly before the time set for their wedding, and whose memory Lincoln ever kept sacred).

While Lincoln, so far as can be ascertained, wrote nothing in verse after 1846, he developed in his speeches a literary style which is poetical in the highest sense of that term. More than all American statesmen his utterances and writings possess that classic quality whose supreme expression is found in Greek literature. This is because Lincoln had an essentially Hellenic mind. First of all the architecture of his thought was that of the Greek masters, who, whether as Phidias they built the Parthenon to crown with harmonious beauty the Acropolis, or as Homer they recorded in swelling narrative from its dramatic beginning the strife of the Achaeans before Troy, or even as Euclid, they developed from postulates the relations of space, had a deep insight into the order in which mother nature was striving to express herself, and a reverent impulse to aid her in bodying forth according to her methods the ideal forms of the cosmos, the world of beauty, no less within the soul of man than without it, which was intended by such help to be realized as a whole in the infinity of time, and in part in the vision top[xii] of every true workman. In short, Lincoln had a profound sense of the fitness of things, that which Aristotle, the scientific analyst of human thought and the philosopher of its proper expression, called "poetic justice." He strove to make his reasoning processes strictly logical, and to this end carried with him as he rode the legal circuit not law-books, but a copy of Euclid's geometry, and passed his time on the way demonstrating to his drivers the theorems therein proposed. "Demonstrate" he said he considered to be the greatest word in the English language. He constructed every one of his later speeches on the plan of a Euclidean solution. His Cooper Union speech on "Slavery as the Fathers Viewed It," which contributed so largely to his Presidential nomination, was such a demonstration, settling what was thereafter never attempted to be controverted: his contention that the makers of the Constitution merely tolerated property in human flesh and blood as a primitive and passing phase of civilization, and never intended that it should be perpetuated by the charter of the Republic.

So, too, the Gettysburg speech, brief as it is, is the statement of a thesis, the principles upon which the Fathers founded the nation, and of the heroic demonstration of the same by the soldiers fallen on the field, and the addition of a moral corollary of this, the high resolve of the living to prosecute the work until the vision of the Fathers was realized.

In substance of thought and in form of its presentation the speech is as perfect a poem as ever was written, and even in the minor qualities of artistic language—rhythm and cadence, phonetic euphony, rhetorical symbolism, and that subtle reminiscence of a great literary and spiritual inheritance, the Bible, which stands to us as Homer did to the ancients—it excels the finest gem to be found in poetic cabinets from the Greek Anthology downward. Only because it was not written in the typography of verse, with capitalized and paragraphed initial words at the beginning of each thought-group of words, has it failed of recognition as a poem by academic minds. Had Walt Whitman composed the address, and printed it in the above manner, it would now appear in every anthology of poetry published top[xiii] since its date. To convince of this those conventional people who must have an ocular demonstration of form in order to compare the address with accepted examples of poetry, I will dare to incur the condemnation of those who rightly look upon such a departure from Lincoln's own manner of writing the speech as profanation, and present it in the shape of vers libre. For the latter class of readers this, the greatest poem by Lincoln, the greatest, indeed, yet produced in America, may be preferably read in the original form on page 100 of this collection. I trust that these, especially if they are teachers of literature, will pardon, for the sake of others less cultivated in poetic taste, what may appear a duplication here, unnecessary to themselves, of the address.


SPEECH AT GETTYSBURG

By Abraham Lincoln

Four score and seven years ago

Our fathers brought forth on this continent

A new nation,

Conceived in liberty,

And dedicated to the proposition

That all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war,

Testing whether that nation,

Or any nation so conceived and so dedicated,

Can long endure.

We are met on a great battle-field of that war.

We have come to dedicate a portion of that field

As a final resting-place

For those who here gave their lives

That that nation might live.

It is altogether fitting and proper

That we should do this.

But, in a larger sense,

We cannot dedicate—

We cannot consecrate—

We cannot hallow—

This ground.

The brave men, living and dead,

Who struggled here,

Have consecrated it far above our poor power

To add or detract.

The world will little note nor long remember

What we say here,

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But it can never forget

What they did here.

It is for us, the living, rather,

To be dedicated here to the unfinished work

Which they who fought here have so nobly advanced.

It is rather for us to be here dedicated

To the great task remaining before us—

That from these honored dead

We take increased devotion to that cause

For which they gave the last full measure of devotion;

That we here highly resolve

That these dead shall not have died in vain;

That this nation, under God,

Shall have a new birth of freedom;

And that government of the people,

By the people, and for the people

Shall not perish from the earth.


Lincoln attained this classic perfection of ordered thought, and with it, as an inevitable accompaniment this classic beauty of expression, only by great struggle. He became a poet of the first rank only by virtue of his moral spirit. He was continually correcting deficiencies in his character, which were far greater than is generally received, owing to the tendency of American historians of the tribe of Parson Weems to find by force illustrations of moral heroism in the youth of our great men. Thus Lincoln is represented as a noble lad, who, having allowed a borrowed book to be ruined by rain, went to the owner and offered to "pull fodder" to repay him, which the man ungenerously permitted him to do. The truth is, that the neighbor, to whom the book was a cherished possession, required him to do the work in repayment, and that Lincoln not only did it grudgingly, but afterwards lampooned the man so severely in satiric verse that he was ashamed to show himself at neighborhood gatherings. All the people about Gentryville feared Lincoln's caustic wit, and disliked him for it, although they were greatly impressed with his ability exhibited thereby. Lincoln recognized his moral obliquity, and curbed his propensity for satire, which was a case of that "exercise of natural faculty" which affects all gifted persons. And when he left that region he visited all the neighbors, and asked pardon of those whom he had ridiculed. The true Lincoln is a far better example to boys than the top[xv] fictitious one, in that he had more unlovely traits at first than the average lad, yet he reformed, with the result that, when he went to new scenes, he speedily became the most popular young man in the neighborhood. He was one of those who


"rise on stepping stones

Of their dead selves to higher things."


The reformation of his character by self examination and determination not to make the same mistake again seems to have induced similar effects and methods for their attainment in the case of his intellectual development. Whatever the connection, both regenerations proceeded apace. Lincoln at first was a shallow thinker, accepting without examination the views of others, especially popular statesmen, such as Henry Clay, whose magnetic personality was drawing to himself the high-spirited young men of the West. Some of the political doctrines which Lincoln then adopted he retained to the end, these being on subjects such as taxation and finance whose moral bearing was not apparent, and therefore into which he never inquired closely, for Lincoln's mind could not be profoundly interested in any save a moral question. When he found that a revered statesman was weak upon a crucial moral issue, he repressed his innate tendency to loyalty and rejected him. Thus, after a visit to Henry Clay in Kentucky, when the slavery question was arising to vex the country despite the efforts the aged statesman had made to settle it by the compromise of 1850, Lincoln returned disillusioned, having found that the light he himself possessed on the subject was clearer than that of his old leader. The eulogy which he delivered on the death of Clay, which occurred shortly afterward (in 1852), is the most perfunctory of all his addresses.

Indeed, not till the time of the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise of 1854, which brought Lincoln back into politics by its overthrow of what he regarded as the constitutional exclusion of slavery from the Territories, did he rise to his highest powers as a thinker and speaker. Lincoln had been defeated for reelection to top[xvi] Congress because of his opposition, though not highly moral in character, to the popular Mexican war, and, regarding himself as a political failure, he had devoted himself to law. His most notable speech in the House of Representatives, a well composed satirical arraignment of President Polk for throwing the country into war, had failed utterly of its intended effect, probably because of its trimming partisan tone. In 1854 he was relieved of the trammels of party, the Whigs having gone to smash. Anti-slavery had become a great moral movement, and he was drawn into its current. Almost at once he became its Western leader. His speech against the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise which had been effected by his inveterate antagonist, Senator Stephen A. Douglas, was his first classic achievement in argumentative oratory. While in the greater aspect of artistic composition, the form of the address as a whole, his master was Euclid, in minor points the influence of Shakespeare, of whom Lincoln had become a great reader, was apparent, as indicated by a quotation from the dramatist, and an application to Senator Douglas of the scene of Lady Macbeth trying to wash out the indelible stain upon her hand. Also the Bible was the source of strong and telling phrases and figures of speech. Thus he denominated slavery as "the great Behemoth of danger," and asked, "shall the strong grip of the nation be loosened upon him, to intrust him to the hands of his feeble keepers?"

And, in the following passage, characteristic of the new Lincoln, I think that either Shakespeare and the Bible had combined to inspire him with graphic description of character and moral indignation, or they enforced these native powers.

"Again, you have among you a sneaking individual of the class of native tyrants known as the 'Slave-Dealer'. He watches your necessities, and crawls up to buy your slave at a speculative price. If you cannot help it, you sell to him; but if you can help it, you drive him from your door. You despise him utterly. You do not recognize him as a friend, or even as an honest man. Your children must not play with his; they may rollick freely with the little negroes, but not top[xvii] with the slave-dealer's children. If you are obliged to deal with him you try to get through the job without so much as touching him. It is common with you to join hands with the men you meet, but with the slave-dealer you avoid the ceremony—instinctively shrinking from the snaky contact."

Of Lincoln's critical appreciation of Shakespeare Frank B. Carpenter, the artist of the "First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation" (see illustration on page 206), writes in his "Six Months at the White House with Abraham Lincoln" as follows:

"Presently the conversation turned upon Shakspeare, of whom it is well known Mr. Lincoln was very fond. He once remarked, 'It matters not to me whether Shakspeare be well or ill acted; with him the thought suffices.' Edwin Booth was playing an engagement at this time at Grover's Theatre. He had been announced for the coming evening in his famous part of Hamlet. The President had never witnessed his representation of this character, and he proposed being present. The mention of this play, which I afterward learned had at all times a peculiar charm for Mr. Lincoln's mind, waked up a train of thought I was not prepared for. Said he,—and his words have often returned to me with a sad interest since his own assassination,—'There is one passage of the play of "Hamlet" which is very apt to be slurred over by the actor, or omitted altogether, which seems to me the choicest part of the play. It is the soliloquy of the King, after the murder. It always struck me as one of the finest touches of nature in the world.'

"Then, throwing himself into the very spirit of the scene, he took up the words:—


"'O my offence is rank, it smells to heaven;

It hath the primal eldest curse upon't,

A brother's murder!—Pray can I not,

Though inclination be as sharp as will;

My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent;

And, like a man to double business bound,

I stand in pause where I shall first begin,

And both neglect. What if this cursed hand

Were thicker than itself with brother's blood?

Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens

To wash it white as snow? Whereto serves mercy

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But to confront the visage of offence;

And what's in prayer but this twofold force—

To be forestalled ere we come to fall,

Or pardoned, being down? Then I'll look up;

My fault is past. But O what form of prayer

Can serve my turn? Forgive me my foul murder?—

That cannot be; since I am still possessed

Of those effects for which I did the murder,—

My crown, my own ambition, and my queen.

May one be pardoned and retain the offence?

In the corrupted currents of this world,

Offence's gilded hand may shove by justice,

And oft 'tis seen the wicked prize itself

Buys out the law; but 'tis not so above.

There is no shuffling; there the action lies

In its true nature; and we ourselves compelled,

Even to the teeth and forehead of our faults,

To give in evidence. What then? What rests?

Try what repentance can; what can it not?

Yet what can it when one cannot repent?

O wretched state! O bosom black as death!

O bruised soul that, struggling to be free,

Art more engaged! Help, angels, make assay!

Bow, stubborn knees! And heart with strings of steel,

Be soft as sinews of the new-born babe;

All may be well!'


"He repeated this entire passage from memory, with a feeling and appreciation unsurpassed by anything I ever witnessed upon the stage. Remaining in thought for a few moments, he continued:—

"'The opening of the play of "King Richard the Third" seems to me often entirely misapprehended. It is quite common for an actor to come upon the stage, and, in a sophomoric style, to begin with a flourish:—


"'Now is the winter of our discontent

Made glorious summer by this sun of York,

And all the clouds that lowered upon our house,

In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.'


"'Now,' said he, 'this is all wrong. Richard, you remember, had been, and was then plotting the destruction of his brothers, to make room for himself. Outwardly, the most loyal to the newly crowned king, secretly he could scarcely contain his impatience at the obstacles still in the way of his own elevation. He appears upon the stage, just after the crowning of top[xix] Edward, burning with repressed hate and jealousy. The prologue is the utterance of the most intense bitterness and satire.' Then, unconsciously assuming the character, Mr. Lincoln repeated, also from memory, Richard's soliloquy, rendering it with a degree of force and power that made it seem like a new creation to me. Though familiar with the passage from boyhood, I can truly say that never till that moment had I fully appreciated its spirit. I could not refrain from laying down my palette and brushes, and applauding heartily upon his conclusion, saying, at the same time, half in earnest, that I was not sure but that he had made a mistake in the choice of a profession, considerably, as may be imagined, to his amusement. Mr. Sinclair has since repeatedly said to me that he never heard these choice passages of Shakspeare rendered with more effect by the most famous of modern actors."

Lincoln's sense of the classic phrase seems to have been native with him, for we find it in his earliest utterances. Such a phrase appears in homely proverbial form in his first speech: "My politics are short and sweet, like the old woman's dance." Impaired in rhythm of thought and sound by an awkward, though logical, parenthetical expression, another phrase stands out in a "spread-eagle" passage from his first formal address, that on "The Perpetuation of Our Political Institutions."

"All the armies of Europe, Asia, and Africa combined, with all the treasure of earth (our own excepted) in its military chest, with a Bonaparte for a commander, could not by force take a drink from the Ohio or make a track on the Blue Ridge in a trial of a thousand years."

And in a eulogy on Washington, Lincoln early achieved a line which in phonetic quality, rhetorical figure and rhythmic cadence is pure poetry, though not of an exceptional order.

"In solemn awe we pronounce the name, and in its naked deathless splendor leave it shining on."

In an article entitled "Lincoln's Literary Experiments," by John G. Nicolay, one of Lincoln's two private secretaries, which was published in the Century Magazine for April, 1894, are reproduced Lincoln's notes of one lyceum lecture on "Niagara Falls," and top[xx] the text of another on "Discoveries, Inventions and Improvements." These, however, detract, if anything, from Lincoln's reputation as a writer, for in choice of subjects and in style of treatment there is seen an almost discreditable stooping of a man of genius, even in his function of teacher, to the low popular taste of the West at the time. In the first lecture Lincoln presented the statistics of the water power of Niagara Falls for each minute, and led his hearers from this base to the "contemplation of the vast power the sun is constantly exerting in the quiet noiseless operation of lifting water up to be rained down again." Yet at this point he stopped short of his duty as an educator, for he made no suggestion as to the utilization of this power. He was satisfied with giving the people what they had come for—the pleasant excitation of a mental faculty, that of the imagination in its primary form of wonder at the grandeur of the material universe. In short, he was acting as a mere entertainer—as so many of our public men do now at "Chautauquas."

In the second lecture he performed this function in a still more discreditable manner, by catering to the unworthy demand of his hearers for obvious and familiar humorous conceptions to grasp which would cause them no mental exertion. Thus, in speaking of the inventions of the locomotive and telegraph, already old enough for the first inevitable similitudes and jocose remarks about them to be current, he said:

"The iron horse is panting and impatient to carry him (man) everywhere in no time; and the lightning stands ready harnessed to take and bring his tidings in a trifle less than no time."

This reveals Lincoln's taste for the characteristic American humor of exaggeration, which was later to afford him relief from the stress and strain of his duties as President in the works of "Petroleum V. Nasby" and "Artemus Ward," writers, however, with a quaint originality which lifted them and their admirers above the plane of humorous composition and appreciation of the preceding decade. Indeed, Lincoln developed his own power of witty expression to a degree excelling that of the writers he admired, and in quality of product, if not in quantity (for the greater part of the top[xxi] "funny stories" attributed to him, thank heaven, are apocryphal) he stands in the front rank of the American humorists of his generation.

And as the poet and the wit are near akin through this common appeal to the imagination, Lincoln, had he overcome the obsession of melancholy in his nature which was the mood in which he resorted to poetry, and which early limited his taste for it to verse of a sad and reflective kind, might have become a literary craftsman of the order of Holmes, whose poetry in the main was bright and joyous, and, even when he occasionally touched upon such subjects as death, was, as we have seen, informed with inspiring Hellenic beauty rather than depressing Hebraic moralization. It was in his sad moments, says Henry C. Whitney, that the mind of Lincoln "gravitated toward the weird, sombre and mystical. In his normal and tranquil state of mind, 'The Last Leaf,' by Oliver Wendell Holmes, was his favorite" (poem). It was Lincoln's happy lot to rise in the realm of oratory by the power of his poetic spirit higher than any American, save probably Emerson, has done in other fields of literature. On the theme of slavery, where his unerring moral sense had free sway, he became our supreme orator, transcending even Webster in grandeur of thought and beauty of its expression. His periods are not as sonorous as the Olympian New England orator's, but their accents will reach as far and resound even longer by the carrying and sustaining power of the ideas which they express. Indeed, it is on the wings supplied by Lincoln that Webster's most significant conception, that of the nature of the Constitution, is even now borne along, because of the uplifting ideality which Lincoln gave it by more broadly applying it to the nation itself as an examplar and preserver to the world of ideal government.

Webster said: "It is, sir, the people's Constitution, the people's Government; made for the people; made by the people; and answerable to the people."

This he made the thesis for an argument which was to be followed by a magnificent peroration ending with a sentiment, calculated for use as a toast at political banquets, and as a patriotic slogan: "Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!" top[xxii]

Lincoln with purer taste, the expression of which, be it said to Webster's credit, had been made possible by the acceptance of the earlier statesman's contention, assumed the thesis as placed beyond all controversy, and, making it the exhortation of his speech, gave to it the character of a sacred adjuration: "That we here highly resolve … that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

Another example of Lincoln's ability to improve the composition of another writer is the closing paragraph of his first inaugural address. The President-elect had submitted the manuscript of this most important speech, which would be universally scrutinized to find what policy he would adopt toward the seceded States, to Seward, his chosen Secretary of State, for criticism and suggestion. Mr. Seward approved the argument, but advised the addition of a closing paragraph "to meet and remove prejudice and passion in the South; and despondency in the East." He submitted two paragraphs of his own as alternative models. The second was in that poetic vein which occasionally cropped out in Seward's speeches, and over which Lincoln on better acquaintance was wont good-naturedly to rally him. It is evidence of Lincoln's predilection for poetic language, at least at the close of a speech, that he adopted the latter paragraph. It ran:

"I close. We are not, we must not be, aliens or enemies, but fellow-countrymen and brethren. Although passion has strained our bonds of affection too hardly, they must not, I am sure they will not, be broken. The mystic chords which, proceeding from so many battlefields and so many patriot graves, pass through all the hearts and all hearths in this broad continent of ours, will yet again harmonize in their ancient music when breathed upon by the guardian angel of the nation."

Lincoln, by deft touches which reveal a literary taste beyond that of any statesman of his time, indeed beyond that which he himself had yet exhibited, transformed this passage into his peroration. His emendations were largely in the way of excision of unnecessary phrases, resolution of sentences broken in construction top[xxiii] into several shorter, more direct ones, and change of general and vague terms in rhetorical figure to concrete and picturesque words. He wrote:

"I am loth to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field and patriot grave to every living heart and hearth-stone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature."

More than the persuasive argument and gentle yet determined spirit of the address, it was the chaste beauty and tender feeling of these closing words which convinced the people that Lincoln measured up to the high mental and moral stature demanded of one who was to be their leader through the most critical period that had arisen in the life of the nation.

The second inaugural address, coming so shortly before the President's death, formed unintentionally his farewell address. It has the spirit and tone of prophecy. The Bible, in thought and expression, was its inspiration. The first two of its three paragraphs ring like a chapter from Isaiah, chief of the poet seers of old. The concluding paragraph is an apostolic benediction such as Paul or John might have delivered.

"With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan—to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves, and with all nations."




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THE POETS' LINCOLN




top[13]



THE LOG CABIN
Birthplace of Lincoln, near Hodgensville, Kentucky


Abraham Lincoln was born on the 12th day of February, 1809, on the Big South Fork of Nolin Creek, in what was then known as Hardin, but is now known as La Rue County, Kentucky, about three miles from Hodgensville.

The above illustration represents the cabin in which he was born, as described by his former neighbors.

Out of that old hut came the mighty man of destiny, the matchless man of the Nineteenth Century. The world has no parallel for that transition from the cabin to the White House.

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Julia Ward [Howe] was born in New York City, May 27, 1819. At an early age she wrote plays and poems. In 1843 Miss Ward married Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe. In 1861, while on a visit to the camp near Washington, with Governor John A. Andrew and other friends, Mrs. Howe wrote to the air of "John Brown's Body" the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" which has become so popular. She also published several books of poems. She espoused the Woman-Suffrage movement in 1869, and devoted much of her time to the cause. She died in 1910.

This poem was written by Mrs. Howe in her ninetieth year and read by her in Symphony Hall, Boston, on the centenary of the martyred President's birthday, February 12, 1909.


LINCOLN

Through the dim pageant of the years

A wondrous tracery appears:     

A cabin of the western wild

Shelters in sleep a new born child.

Nor nurse nor parent dear can know

The way those infant feet must go,

And yet a nation's help and hope

Are sealed within that horoscope.

Beyond is toil for daily bread,

And thought to noble issues led.

And courage, arming for the morn

For whose behest this man was born.

A man of homely, rustic ways,

Yet he achieves the forum's praise

And soon earth's highest meed has won,

The seat and sway of Washington.

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No throne of honors and delights,

Distrustful days and sleepless nights,

To struggle, suffer and aspire,

Like Israel, led by cloud and fire.

A treacherous shot, a sob of rest,

A martyr's palm upon his breast,

A welcome from the glorious seat

Where blameless souls of heroes meet.

And thrilling, through unmeasured days,

A song of gratitude and praise,

A cry that all the earth shall heed,

To God, who gave him for our need.



THE GREAT OAK

Some men are born, while others seem to grow

From out the soil, like towering trees that spread 

Their strong, broad limbs in shelter overhead

When tempest storms, protecting all below.

Lincoln, Great Oak of a Nation's life,

Rose from the soil, with all its virgin power

Emplanted in him for the fateful hour,

When he might save a Nation in its strife.

—Bennett Chapple.

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LINCOLN BY THE CABIN FIRE
"Lying down was Lincoln's favorite attitude while reading or studying. This remained a habit with him throughout life."—Henry C. Whitney in his "Life of Lincoln."

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Noah Davis, born in Haverhill, New Hampshire, September 10, 1818. He was educated at Albion, New York, and in the Seminary at Lima, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1841. Appointed in March, 1857, a justice of the New York Supreme Court. He served in Congress from March 4, 1869, till July 20, 1870, when he resigned, having been appointed by President Grant, U. S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York. He resigned that office on Dec. 31, 1872, being elected justice of the New York State Supreme Court. In 1874, he became presiding justice. In January, 1887, he was retired from the bench and resumed practice. He died in New York in 1902.


LINCOLN

Almost a hundred years ago, in a lonely hut,

Of the dark and bloody ground of wild Kentucky,

A child was born to poverty and toil,

Save in the sweet prophecy of mother's love

None dreamed of future fame for him!

'Mid deep privation and in rugged toil,

He grew unschooled to vigorous youth,

His teaching was an ancient spelling book,

The Holy Writ, "The Pilgrim's Progress,"

Old "Æsop's Fables" and the "Life of Washington";

And out of these, stretched by the hearthstone flame

For lack of other light, he garnered lore

That filled his soul with faith in God.

The prophet's fire, the psalmist's music deep,

The pilgrims' zeal throughout his steadfast march,

The love of fellow man as taught by Christ,

And all the patriot faith and truth

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Marked the Father of our Land!

And there, in all his after life, in thought

And speech and act, resonant concords were in his great soul.

And, God's elect, he calmly rose to awful power,

Restored his mighty land to smiling peace,

Then, with the martyr blood of his own life,

Baptized the millions of the free.

Henceforth, the ages hold his name high writ

And deep on their eternal rolls.

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Rev. George W. Crofts was born at Leroy, Illinois, April 9, 1842. He was educated at the Illinois State University at Springfield, graduating in the class of 1864. He was ordained to the ministry in 1865. He preached at Sandwich, Illinois; Council Bluffs, Iowa; Beatrice, Nebraska, and West Point. He died at West Point, May 16, 1909.


THE BIRTH OF LINCOLN

No choir celestial sang at Lincoln's birth,

No transient star illumined the midnight sky

In honor of some ancient prophecy,

No augury was given from heaven or earth.

He blossomed like a flower of wondrous worth,

A rare, sweet flower of heaven that ne'er should die,

Altho' the vase in which it grew should lie

Most rudely rent amid the darkling dearth.

There, in that humble cabin, separate

From everything the world regarded great,

Where wealth had never pressed its greedy feet,

Where honor, pomp or fame found no retreat;

E'en there was born beneath the eye of God

The noblest man His footstool ever trod.

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Mendelssohn

Darwin

Lincoln


MENDELSSOHN
DARWIN
LINCOLN

February 12, 1809


Clarence E. Carr, born in Enfield, New Hampshire, January 31, 1853. Received his early education from the common schools and academies of the State, later from Dartmouth College, from which he graduated in 1875.

Practiced law, was also a manufacturer and farmer. Was president of the New Hampshire Unitarian Conference, director and vice-president of the American Unitarian Association, bank trustee, president of the United Life and Accident Insurance Company of Concord, New Hampshire, and occasionally a wanderer in the Elysian Fields of the Muses.

The Three Birthday Anniversaries is the subject of a highly appreciative article on the subject of Mendelssohn, Darwin and Lincoln, by President Samuel A. Eliot of the American Unitarian Association, in the Christian Register of February 4, 1909. The central thought therein is thus expressed very beautifully by Mr. Carr.

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Three lives this day unto the world were given

Into whose souls God breathed the air of heaven,—

The first He taught the music of the spheres,

The next, of worlds, the story of the years;

And, loving, wise, and just beyond our dream,

The third a pilot made upon the New World's stream.

Their work is done, but ere they crossed "the portal,"

One, Song; One, Truth; One, Freedom; Made Immortal!

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James Phinney Baxter, born at Gorham Maine, March 23, 1831. Academic education; President of Savings Bank; Mayor of Portland, six terms, 1893-97—1904-5. Organized Associated Charities and was its first President; built and donated to the City of Portland its public library in 1888, and to Gorham in 1907; also conveyed to Gorham his family mansion for use as a Museum. President Portland Public Library, Baxter Library (Gorham), Portland Benevolent Society, Overseer of Bowdoin College, President Maine Historical Society since 1890, Northeast Historical Society since 1899. Author: The Trelawney Papers, 1884; The British Invasion From the North, 1887; Sir Ferdinando Gorges and His Province of Maine, 1890; The Pioneers of New France in New England, 1894; edited ten volumes of Documentary History of Maine, etc.


THE NATAL DAY OF LINCOLN

Son of the Western World! whose heritage

Was the vast prairie and the boundless sky;

Whose callow thoughts with wings untrammeled sought

Free scope for growth denied to Ease and Power,

Naught couldst thou know of place or precedent,

For Freedom's ichor with thy mother's milk

Coursing thy veins, would render thee immune

To Fashion's dictate, or prescriptive creed,

Leaving thy soul unhindered to expand

Like Samuel's in Jehovah's tutelage.

Hail to thy Natal day!

Like all great souls with vision unobscured

Thou wert by Pride unswayed, and so didst tread

The gray and sombre way by Duty marked;

Seeking the springs of Wisdom, unallured

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By shallower sources which the witless tempt.

Afar o'er arid plains didst thou behold

An empty sky, and mountains desolate

Barring thy way to fairer scenes beyond;

But faith was thine, and patience measureless,

Making thee equal to thy destiny.

Hail to thy Natal day!

It summons to our vision all thy life,

Of strenuous toil; the cabin low and rude;

The meagre fare; the blazing logs whose glow

Illumed the pages of inspired bards,

Shakespeare and Bunyan; prophets, priests and seers;

The darkling forest where thy ringing axe

Chimed with the music of the waterfall;

The eager flood bearing thy rugged raft

Swift footed through an ever changing world

Unknown to thee save in remembered dreams.

Hail to thy Natal day!

We see thee in the mart where Selfishness

For Fame ephemeral strives, and sordid gain;

Thy ill-requited toil till thou hadst earned

The right to raise thy potent voice within

A nation's forum, facing all the world;

And then, achievement such as few have known,

A mighty people placing in thy hand

A sceptre swaying half a continent,

Making thee peer of kings and potentates;

Aye, greater than them all, whate'er their power.

Hail to thy Natal day!

But, lo! the martial camp; the bivouac;

The rude entrenchment;—the grim fortalice;

The tented field;—the flaming battle line,

And thy great soul amidst it all unmoved

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By petty aims, leading with flawless faith

Thy people to a promised land of peace;

And, then, when thou hadst reached the goal of hope,

And the world stood amazed, the heavy crown

Of martyrdom was pressed upon thy brow

And thy immortal course was consummate.

Hail to thy Natal day!

In all great souls God sows with generous hand

The seed of martyrdom, for 'twas decreed

In Eden, that alone by sacrifice

Should sons of men the crown immortal win;

And thou, who didst the shining heights attain

Of unsurpassed achievement, didst but pay

The impartial toll of souls like thine required.

And we, who on the narrow marge of Time

Standing wondering, shed no tears, but raise to thee

The pćans to a martyred hero due,

Hail to thy Natal day.

top[25]



MONUMENT TO THE MOTHER OF LINCOLN


Nancy Hanks Lincoln died October 5, 1818, aged thirty-five years. The design of this monument is by Thompson Stickle, and it was constructed by J. S. Culver of Springfield, Illinois, and dedicated October 2, 1902.

In the construction of the monument in Spencer County, Indiana, Mr. Culver used as much of the granite as possible from the National Lincoln Monument before it was reconstructed.

The face of this block is handsomely hand-carved. As the Scroll of Time unrolls, it reveals the name of "Nancy Hanks Lincoln." The ivy represents affection and the branch of oak nobility.

The public celebration of the centenary of Lincoln's birth was held in the town of North Adams, Massachusetts, February 12, 1909.

Ex-Senator Thomas F. Cassidy, in his address, said: "One hundred years ago today, in Hardin County, Kentucky, there was ushered into being the child, Abraham Lincoln.

"As God selected Mary, the humble girl of Judea, to be the mother of the Saviour of mankind and she gave birth to Him in the stable at Bethlehem, so it top[26] was ordained that in the lowly log cabin of the Kentucky wilderness, Nancy Hanks should receive into the protection of her sheltering arms the child who was destined to be the Saviour of the Republic."


Harriet Monroe, born at Chicago, Illinois, December, 23, 1860. Graduated Visitation Academy, Georgetown, District Columbia, 1879. In December, 1889, was appointed to write text for cantata for opening of Chicago Auditorium in March, 1891. Was requested by Committee on Ceremonies of Chicago Exposition to write a poem for the dedication; her Columbia Ode was read and sung at the dedicatory ceremonies on the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America, October 21, 1892. Author of Valerie, and other poems, 1892; The Columbia Ode, 1893; John Wellborn, Poet, A Memoir, 1896; The Passing Show—Modern Plays in Verse, 1903, etc.


NANCY HANKS

Prairie Child,

Brief as dew,

What winds of wonder

Nourished you?

Rolling plain

Of billowy green,

Fair horizons,

Blue, serene.

Lofty skies

The slow clouds climb,

Where burning stars

Beat out the time.

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These, and the dreams

Of fathers bold,

Baffled longings

Hopes untold.

Gave to you

A heart of fire,

Love like waters,

Brave desire.

Ah, when youth's rapture

Went out in pain,

And all seemed over,

Was all in vain?

O soul obscure,

Whose wings life bound,

And soft death folded

Under the ground.

Wilding lady,

Still and true,

Who gave us Lincoln

And never knew:

To you at last

Our praise, our tears,

Love and a song

Through the nation's years.

Mother of Lincoln,

Our tears, our praise;

A battle-flag

And the victor's bays!

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THE RAIL SPLITTER
From the "Footprints of Abraham Lincoln"

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LINCOLN THE LABORER

From an Horatian Ode by Richard Henry Stoddard


A laboring man with horny hands,

Who swung the axe, who tilled the lands,  

Who shrank from nothing new,

But did as poor men do.

One of the people. Born to be

Their curious epitome,

To share, yet rise above,

Their shifting hate and love.

Common his mind, it seemed so then,

His thoughts the thoughts of other men,

Plain were his words, and poor—

But now they will endure.

No hasty fool of stubborn will,

But prudent, cautious, still—

Who, since his work was good,

Would do it as he could.

No hero, this, of Roman mold—

Nor like our stately sires of old.

Perhaps he was not great—

But he preserved the state.

O, honest face, which all men knew,

O, tender heart, but known to few—

O, wonder of the age,

Cut off by tragic rage.

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"THE BOY LINCOLN"
By Eastman Johnson

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James Whitcomb Riley was born in Greenfield, Indiana, about 1852. He was engaged in various pursuits until 1875, when he began to contribute verses of poetry to local papers in the Western district which gained wide popularity for him. His published works in dialect and his serious poems have also proved very popular.


A PEACEFUL LIFE

(LINCOLN)

A peaceful life;—just toil and rest—

All his desire;—

To read the books he liked the best

Beside the cabin fire.

God's word and man's;—to peer sometimes

Above the page, in smoldering gleams,

And catch, like far heroic rhymes,

The onmarch of his dreams.

A peaceful life;—to hear the low

Of pastured herds,

Or woodman's axe that, blow on blow,

Fell sweet as rhythmic words.

And yet there stirred within his breast

A faithful pulse, that, like a roll

Of drums, made high above his rest

A tumult in his soul.

A peaceful life!—They hailed him even

As One was hailed

Whose open palms were nailed toward Heaven

When prayers nor aught availed.

And lo, he paid the selfsame price

To lull a nation's awful strife

And will us, through the sacrifice

Of self, his peaceful life.

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William Wilberforce Newton, born in Alleghany, Pennsylvania, March, 1836. Was graduated at Franklin and Marshall College in 1853. Studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1867. He served as Captain and Assistant Adjutant General of U. S. Volunteers in 1861-5; was Editor of the Philadelphia Press and President of the "Press" Publishing Co., from 1867 till 1878. He is the author of Vignettes of Travel and has been largely engaged in railway building in Mexico.


LEADER OF HIS PEOPLE

Saw you in his boyhood days

O'er Kentucky's prairies;

Bending to the settler's ways

Yon poor youth whom now we praise—

Romance like the fairies?

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

Saw you in the days of youth

By the candle's flaring:

Lincoln searching for the truth,

Splitting rails to gain, forsooth,

Knowledge for the daring?

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

Saw you in his manhood's prime

Like a star resplendent,

Him we praise with measured rhyme

Waiting for the coming time

With a faith transcendent?

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

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Saw you in the hour of strife

When fierce war was raging,

Him who gave the slaves a life

Full and rich with freedom rife,

All his powers engaging?

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

Saw you when the war was done

(Such is Lincoln's story)

Him whose strength the strife had won

Sinking like the setting sun

Crowned with human glory?

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

Saw you in our country's roll

Midst her saints and sages,

Lincoln's name upon the scroll—

Standing at the topmost goal

On the nation's pages?

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

Hero! Yes! We know thy fame;

It will live forever!

Thou to us art still the same;

Great the glory of thy name,

Great thy strong endeavor!

Hero! Hero! Sent from God!

Leader of his people.

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LINCOLN THE LAWYER
From an Ambrotype, taken in 1856


“The charm which invested the life on the Eighth Circuit in the mind and fancy of Mr. Lincoln yet lingered there, even in the most responsible and glorious days of his administration; over and over again has the great President stolen an hour … from his life of anxious care to live over again those bygone exhilarating and halcyon days … with Sweet or me."—Henry C. Whitney in his Life of Lincoln.

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Wilbur Hazelton Smith was born in the town of Mansfield, New York, March 28, 1860. His early education was obtained from the district school and he began teaching at the age of sixteen. After completing an academic course he went to Cornell University from which he was graduated with the degree of A.B. in 1885.

He at once became a teacher and after a few years started the first Current Topic paper in the state, The Educator. Later he edited a teachers' paper, The World's Review. Perhaps he is best known as publisher of the Regents' Review Books used in nearly every school in the United States. His death occurred October 19, 1913.


LINCOLN

Unlearned in the cant and quip of schools,

Uncouth, if only city ways refine;

Ungodly, if 'tis creeds that make divine;

In station poor, as judged by human rules,

And yet a giant towering o'er them all;

Clean, strong in mind, just, merciful, sublime;

The noblest product of the age and time,

Invoked of God in answer to men's call.

O simple world, and will you ever learn,

Schools can but guide, they cannot mind create?

'Neath roughest rock the choicest treasures wait;

In meanest forms we priceless gems discern;

Nor time, nor age, condition, rank nor birth,

Can hide the truly noble of the earth.

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LINCOLN'S OFFICE CHAIR


This chair was used by Mr. Lincoln in his law office at Springfield, Illinois, where, before leaving for the City of Washington after his election as President, he wrote his Inaugural Address and formed his Cabinet, frequently conferring with his twenty-year law partner, William H. Herndon, on such matters, and adopting changes as suggested if he considered them advisable. It was presented to O. H. Oldroyd while living in the Lincoln Homestead, Springfield, by Mr. Herndon, March 18, 1886.

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James Riley was born in the hamlet of Tang, one mile from the town of Ballymahon, County Longford, Ireland, and two miles from Lissoy, County Westmeath, the home of Oliver Goldsmith—on the road between the two—August 15, 1848. Published Poems, 1888; Songs of Two Peoples, 1898, and Christy of Rathglin, a novel, in 1907. His poem The American Flag, has been rated often as the best poem written to our banner. Four lines on the loss of the Titanic brought from Captain Rostron words in which he said: "With such praise one feels on a higher plane, and must keep so, to be worthy of continuance."


LINCOLN IN HIS OFFICE CHAIR

High-browed, rugged, and swarthy;

A picture of pain and care;

A lawyer sat with his greatest brief,

High in his office chair.

His Country was to him client!

Futurity his ward!

And he must plead 'fore Fate's high court,

With prayer, and pen, and sword.

Elected, by his people!

His heart and theirs, one beat!

He sees the storm-clouds gather;

The waves dash at his feet!

Gloom upon land and water!

The Flag no more in the sun!

Lights from the South-line flickering,

And—dying—one—by one!

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November's winds wild shrieking!

Night—closed, on a Union rent!

And still the lawyer sat dreaming

Of its once bright firmament.

Then, '61! Dark! Silent!

Only the calling word

Of Anderson at Sumter

The lawyer, writing, heard.

Writing the Message that ever

Shall live in the hearts of men;

With cannon to cannon fronting,

The lawyer held the pen.

Only thinking of Country

And the work that must be done;

Nature made in roughest mold

Her favored, fated son.

He wrote while the world was waiting

Great Freedom's final test.

Should, or should not Democracy

Be planted in the West?

Should Liberty at last survive

And man look straight on man?

Law, in its round, its strength and might

Be timed unto sense and plan?

He, in his chair there sitting,

Had all these things for thought.

Now, the Vote unrecognized,

Must battles wild be fought?

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Alone the Chair is standing,

To remind the Land of the time

When the Slaver's heart, all passion,

He planned, and pursued his crime!

As he rushed Disunion's order,

On, on from State to State!

And the Pen talked loud down the Message,

And bided the Land to wait.

top[40]



LINCOLN AS CANDIDATE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR
Photograph from an Ambrotype, by Gilmer, Illinois, 1858

top[41]



Elizabeth Porter Gould, born June 8, 1848, died July 28, 1906. Essayist, lecturer and author; an early inspirer of woman's clubs and the pioneer of the Current Events and Topics classes in Boston and vicinity; an officer in several educational societies and honorary member of the Webster Historical Society, Castilian Club and other clubs where she had read many historical papers of great research and given many practical suggestions. Among her published works are Gems From Walt Whitman, Anne Gilchrist and Walt Whitman, Ezekial Cheever, Schoolmaster, John Adams and Daniel Webster as Schoolmasters, A Pioneer Doctor, One's Self I Sing and The Brownings and America. She had great energy and force of character, and a capacity for friendship which was a source of great happiness to her and endeared her to all.


THE VOICE OF LINCOLN

In life's great symphony,

Above the seeming discord and the pain,

A master-voice is ever singing, singing,

The plan of God to men.

In young America's song,

As threatening tumult pierced the tensioned air,

The voice of Lincoln over all was singing

The love of brother-man.

And still his voice is heard;

'Twill pierce the din of strife and mystery,

Till master-voices cease their singing, singing,

In life's great symphony.

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LINCOLN AT THE TIME OF DEBATE WITH DOUGLAS
From an Ambrotype taken at Beardstown, Ill., 1858


His friends advised Lincoln to press his opponent on the Dred Scott decision (of the United States Supreme Court permitting slavery in the Territories), as Douglas would accept it, but argue for nullifying it by anti-slavery legislation in the territorial assemblies, and this would satisfy the people of Illinois, and elect him Senator. "All right," said Lincoln, "then that kills him in 1860. I am gunning for larger game."

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Elizabeth Stuart Phelps was born in Andover, Massachusetts, on August 13, 1844. Educated at Andover. Her literary career began at the age of thirteen with contributions to the newspapers. The earlier years of her life were devoted to Christian labors among the poor families in Andover, but failing health finally prevented her from carrying on her labors along that line, and kept her within her study, but her sympathy was always enlisted in the reformatory questions of the day. The Gates Ajar proved very popular, as did also her many juvenile books. She wrote this poem for the Lincoln Memorial Album in 1882. She died January 29, 1911.


THE THOUGHTS OF LINCOLN

The angels of your thoughts are climbing still

The shining ladder of his fame,

And have not reached the top, nor ever will, 

While this low life pronounces his high name.

But yonder, where they dream, or dare, or do,

The "good" or "great" beyond our reach,

To talk of him must make old language new

In heavenly, as it did in human, speech.

top[44]



THE LINCOLN LIFE-MASK
By Leonard W. Volk


Mr. Lincoln was engaged in trying a case in the United States Court at Chicago, Illinois, in April, 1860, and Leonard W. Volk, the sculptor, called upon him and said: "I would like to have you sit to me for your bust." "I will, Mr. Volk," replied Lincoln. This was the first time that Lincoln sat to an artist for the reproduction of his physique in this manner. Previous to this he had posed only for daguerreotypes or for photographs.

top[45]


Richard Watson Gilder was born in Bordentown, New Jersey, February 8, 1844, and was educated at his father's school. He enlisted in Landis' Philadelphia Battery for the emergency call in the campaign of 1863, when the Confederate forces invaded Pennsylvania. Later he was editor of a number of magazines and upon the death of J. G. Holland he was made associate editor of the Century. At the age of twenty-six he had attained high literary standing. His poems are published in five volumes. He rendered valuable service in tenement-house reform over the country. He died on the 18th day of November, 1909.


ON THE LIFE-MASK OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

This bronze doth keep the very form and mold

Of our great martyr's face. Yes, this is he:

That brow all wisdom, all benignity;

That human, humorous mouth; those cheeks that hold

Like some harsh landscape all the summer's gold;

That spirit fit for sorrow, as the sea

For storms to beat on; the lone agony

Those silent, patient lips too well foretold.

Yes, this is he who ruled a world of men

As might some prophet of the elder day—

Brooding above the tempest and the fray

With deep-eyed thought and more than mortal ken.

A power was his beyond the touch of art

Or armed strength—his pure and mighty heart.

top[46]



THE HAND OF LINCOLN


The Saturday after the nomination of Mr. Lincoln for President of the United States, the Committee appointed to inform him of the said nomination arrived in Springfield and performed this duty in the evening at his home.

The cast of his hand was made the next morning by Mr. Leonard W. Volk. While the sculptor was making the cast of his left hand, Lincoln called his attention to a scar on his thumb. "You have heard me called the 'rail-splitter' haven't you?" he said, "Well, I used to split rails when I was a young man, and one day, while sharpening a wedge on a log, the axe glanced and nearly took off my thumb."

top[47]


Edmund Clarence Stedman was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on the 8th of October, 1833. He entered Yale College at the age of sixteen and distinguished himself in Greek and English Composition. He was the editor of several papers in Connecticut and in 1856 removed to New York City—a larger field for his literary abilities. He was a contributor to Vanity Fair, Putnam's Monthly, Harper's Magazine and other periodicals. His poems: The Diamond Wedding, How Old John Brown Took Harper's Ferry, The Ballad of Lager-Bier, gave him some reputation. He was war-correspondent for the World during the early campaigns of the Army of the Potomac from the Headquarters of General Irwin McDowell and General B. McClellan. He died in 1908.


THE HAND OF LINCOLN

Look on this cast, and know the hand

That bore a nation in its hold;

From this mute witness understand

What Lincoln was—how large of mold.

The man who sped the woodman's team,

And deepest sunk the plowman's share,

And pushed the laden raft astream,

Of fate before him unaware.

This was the hand that knew to swing

The axe—since thus would Freedom train

Her son—and made the forest ring,

And drove the wedge and toiled amain.

Firm hand that loftier office took,

A conscious leader's will obeyed,

And, when men sought his word and look,

With steadfast might the gathering swayed.

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No courtier's, toying with a sword,

Nor minstrel's, laid across a lute;

Chiefs, uplifted to the Lord

When all the kings of earth are mute!

The hand of Anak, sinewed strong,

The fingers that on greatness clutch,

Yet lo! the marks their lines along

Of one who strove and suffered much.

For here in mottled cord and vein

I trace the varying chart of years,

I know the troubled heart, the strain,

The weight of Atlas—and the tears.

Again I see the patient brow

That palm erewhile was wont to press;

And now 'tis furrowed deep, and now

Made smooth with hope and tenderness.

For something of a formless grace

This molded outline plays about;

A pitying flame, beyond our trace,

Breathes like a spirit, in and out—

The love that casts an aureole

Round one who, longer to endure,

Called mirth to cease his ceaseless dole,

Yet kept his nobler purpose sure.

Lo, as I gaze, the statured man,

Built up from yon large hand, appears;

A type that nature wills to plan

But once in all a people's years.

What better than this voiceless cast

To tell of such a one as he,

Since through its living semblance passed

The thought that bade a race be free?

top[49]



HON. ABRAHAM LINCOLN, REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE FOR THE PRESIDENCY, 1860
Painted by Hicks; lithograph by L. Grozelier; published by W. Schaus, New York, 1860; printed by J. H. Bufford, Boston

top[50]



THE "WIGWAM"
Convention Hall, at Chicago, 1860, in which Lincoln was nominated


The Republicans of Chicago had erected a huge temporary building for the use of the Convention. The "Wigwam," as it was called, covered a space of 600 feet by 180, and the height was between 50 and 60 feet. The building would hold about 10,000 persons, and was divided into platform, ground-floor and gallery. The stage upon which the delegates and members of the press were seated, held about 1,800 persons; the ground-floor and galleries, about 8,000. A large gallery was reserved for ladies, which was filled every day to overflowing. The Convention met on June 16, 1860.

top[51]



Edmund Clarence Stedman is the author of this poem, and it was published in the Press and Tribune of Chicago, and in Weekly Illinois State Journal, June 13, 1860. It was sung to the air of the "Star Spangled Banner" throughout the campaign.


HONEST ABE OF THE WEST

O Hark! from the pine-crested hills of old Maine,

Where the splendor first falls from the wings of the morning,

And away in the West, over river and plain,

Rings out the grand anthem of Liberty's warning!

From green-rolling prairie it swells to the sea,

For the people have risen, victorious and free,

They have chosen their leaders, and bravest and best

Of them all is Old Abe, Honest Abe of the West!

The spirit that fought for the patriots of old

Has swept through the land and aroused us forever;

In the pure air of heaven a standard unfold

Fit to marshal us on to the sacred endeavor!

Proudly the banner of freemen we bear;

Noble the hopes that encircle it there!

And where battle is thickest we follow the crest

Of gallant Old Abe, Honest Abe of the West!

There's a triumph in urging a glorious cause,

Though the hosts of the foe for a while may be stronger,

Pushing on for just rules and holier laws,

Till their lessening columns oppose us no longer.

But ours the loud pćan of men who have passed

Through the struggles of years, and are victors at last;

So forward the flag! Leave to Heaven the rest,

And trust in Old Abe, Honest Abe of the West!

top[52]



LINCOLN AS CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT
From an Ambrotype taken at Springfield, Illinois, August 13, 1860

top[53]



William Henry Burleigh, born at Woodstock, Connecticut, February 2, 1812. In early manhood became an advocate of reforms then unpopular, and an acceptable lecturer on behalf of temperance and the anti-slavery cause. He removed to Pittsburgh in 1837, where he published the Christian Witness, and afterwards the Temperance Banner. As a writer, speaker, editor, poet, reformer, friend and associate, it was the universal testimony of those who knew him best and esteemed him most truly, that he stood in the forefront of his generation. His poetry, animated by deep love of nature and a profound desire to uphold truth and justice, gives him a place with our first minor poets.


PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN, 1860

Up again for the conflict! Our banner fling out,

And rally around it with song and with shout!

Stout of heart, firm of hand, should the gallant boys be,

Who bear to the battle the Flag of the Free!

Like our fathers, when Liberty called to the strife,

They should pledge to her cause fortune, honor, and life!

And follow wherever she beckons them on,

Till Freedom results in a victory won!

They came from the hillside, they came from the glen—

From the streets thronged with traffic and surging with men,

From loom and from ledger, from workshop and farm,

The fearless of heart, and the mighty of arm.

As the mountain-born torrents exultingly leap

When their ice-fetters melt, to the breast of the deep;

As the winds of the prairie, the waves of the sea,

They are coming—are coming—the Sons of the Free!

top[54]

Our Leader is one who, with conquerless will,

Has climbed from the base to the brow of the hill;

Undaunted in peril, unwavering in strife,

He has fought a good fight in the Battle of Life,

And we trust as one who—come woe or come weal,

Is as firm as the rock and as true as the steel.

Right loyal and brave, with no stain on his breast,

Then, hurrah, boys, for honest "Old Abe of the West!"

top[55]



"HONEST ABE"
A Campaign Cartoon of 1860

top[56]



Madison Cawein was born at Louisville, Kentucky, on the 23rd of March, 1865. Was educated in the city and country schools about Louisville and New Albany, Indiana. Graduated from the Male High School, Louisville, in 1886, and the following year published his first volume, called Blooms of the Berry. Since then he published some thirty-odd volumes of prose and poetry, both in the United States and England. He died in 1915.


LINCOLN, 1809—FEBRUARY 12, 1909

Read for the first time at the Lincoln centenary celebration, Temple Adath Israel, Louisville, Ky.

Yea, this is he, whose name is synonym

Of all that's noble, though but lowly born;

Who took command upon a stormy morn

When few had hope. Although uncouth of limb,

Homely of face and gaunt, but never grim,

Beautiful he was with that which none may scorn—

With love of God and man and things forlorn,

And freedom mighty as the soul in him.

Large at the helm of state he leans and looms

With the grave, kindly look of those who die

Doing their duty. Stanch, unswervingly

Onward he steers beneath portentous glooms,

And overwhelming thunders of the sky,

Till, safe in port, he sees a people free.

Safe from the storm; the harbor-lights of Peace

Before his eyes; the burden of dark fears

Cast from him like a cloak; and in his ears

The heart-beat music of a great release;

Captain and pilot, back upon the seas,

Whose wrath he'd weathered, back he looks with tears,

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Seeing no shadow of the Death that nears,

Stealthy and sure, with sudden agonies.

So let him stand, brother to every man,

Ready for toil or battle; he who held

A Nation's destinies within his hand;

Type of our greatness; first American,

By whom the hearts of all men are compelled,

And with whose name Freedom unites our land.

He needs no praise of us, who wrought so well,

Who has the Master's praise; who at his post

Stood to the last. Yet, now, from coast to coast,

Let memory of him peal like some great bell,

Of him as woodsman, workman, let it tell!

Of him as lawyer, statesman, without boast!

And for what qualities we love him most,

And recollections that no time can quell.

He needs no praise of us, yet let us praise,

Albeit his simple soul we may offend,

That liked not praise, being most diffident;

Still let us praise him, praise him in such ways

As his were, and in words that shall transcend

Marble, and outlast any monument.

top[58]



LINCOLN AS CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT
Photograph by Hesler, Chicago, Illinois, 1860

top[59]



Isaac Bassett Choate, born at South Otis Field, Maine, July 12, 1833. Bachelor of Arts, Bowdoin College, 1862. Author of Wild Birds and Flowers, 1895; Wells of English, 1892; Obeyed the Camel Driver, 1899; Apollo's Guest, 1907.

By special invitation from the faculty of the Alumni Association of said College he read the following poem at their annual banquet held on the centenary of Lincoln's birth, 1909:


THE MATCHLESS LINCOLN

From out the ranks of common men he rose—

Himself of common elements, yet fine—

As in a wood of different species grows

Above all other trees the lordly pine,

Upon whose branches rest the winter snows,

Upon whose head warm beams of summer shine;

His was the heart to feel the people's woes

And his the hand to hold the builder's line;

Strong, patient, wise and great,

Born ruler of the State.

Among a mountain group one sovereign peak

Will tower aloft unto commanding height

As if more distant view abroad to seek—

First one to hail, last one to speed the light;

Those granite sides will snows of winter streak

E'en in the summer with their purest white;—

Silent, serene, that summit yet will speak

Of loftiest grandeur to the enraptured sight;

So Lincoln's greatness shone

Supreme, unmatched, alone.

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LINCOLN AS CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT
Photograph, Springfield, Ill., 1860

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Charlotte Becker was born and has always lived in Buffalo, New York. She was educated in private schools and in Europe, and has written poems for Harper's Magazine, The Metropolitan, The American, Life, etc., besides a number of songs which have been set to music by Amy Woodfords-Finden, C. B. Hawley, Whitney Coombs and others.


LINCOLN

Gaunt, rough-hewn face, that bore the furrowed signs

Of days of conflict, nights of agony,

And still could soften to the gentler lines

Of one whose tenderness and truth went free

Beyond the pale of any small confines

To understand and help humanity.

Wise, steadfast mind, that grasped a people's need,   

Counting nor pain nor sacrifice too great

To keep the noble purpose of his creed

Strong against all buffeting of Fate,

Though no least solace sprang of work or deed

For him, since triumph came at last—too late.

Brave, weary heart, that beat uncomforted

Beneath its heavy load of grief and care;

That tears of blood for every battle shed,

Yet called on mirth to help his comrades bear

The waiting hours of anguish, and that sped

With loyal haste each breath of balm to share.

Only his people's griefs were his; no part

Had he within their joy; nor his the toll

To know the love that made rebellion start,

Spurred hosts unnumbered to a higher goal;

That his great soul should cleanse a nation's heart,

His martyred heart awake a nation's soul.

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CABIN OF LINCOLN'S PARENTS
on Goose-Nest Prairie, Illinois

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The last home of the parents of Lincoln. Built by his father, Thomas, in 1831, near Farmington, Coles Co., Ill. The father died here in 1851 and the step-mother, Sarah Bush Lincoln, in 1869. After Lincoln was elected President in 1860, and before leaving for Washington to be inaugurated, he visited his mother in this cabin for the last time. As he was leaving her, she made a prediction of his tragic death. With arms about his neck, with tears streaming down her cheeks, she declared it was the last time she would ever see him alive, and it proved to be so.

Lincoln once said, "I was told that I never would make a lawyer if I did not understand what 'demonstrate' means. I left my situation in Springfield, went to my father's house, and stayed there till I could give any proposition in the six books of Euclid at sight. I there found out what demonstrate means."

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LINCOLN HOMESTEAD, SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS

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On Monday, February 11, 1861, Mr. Lincoln and family in company with a party left Springfield, Illinois, for Washington, D. C. A light rain mixed with snow was falling at the time which made the occasion a somewhat gloomy one. Mr. Lincoln appeared on the rear platform of the car where he bade farewell to his neighbors in the following address:

"My friends, no one not in my position can appreciate the sadness I feel at this parting. To this people I owe all that I am. Here I have lived more than a quarter of a century. Here my children were born, and here one of them lies buried.

"I know not how soon I shall see you again. A duty devolves upon me which is greater, perhaps, than that which has devolved upon any other man since the days of Washington. He never would have succeeded except for the aid of divine Providence, upon which he at all times relied.

"I feel that I cannot succeed without the same divine aid which sustained him; and on the same Almighty Being I place my reliance for support, and I hope you, my friends, will pray that I may receive the divine assistance, without which I cannot succeed, but with which success is certain. Again, I bid you an affectionate farewell."

Mr. Lincoln thought that there is a time to joke and pray; and if, as his detractors affirm, he joked all the way to Washington, if he did not pray also (as we believe he did, and fervently, too) he at least desired the prayers of others, as the circumstances recorded in the following poem will show. It is from the pen of a lady of Philadelphia, Mrs. Anna Bache.

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LINCOLN AT SPRINGFIELD, 1861

“My friends,—elected by your choice,

From the long-cherished home I go,

Endeared by Heaven-permitted joys,

Sacred by Heaven-permitted woe,

I go, to take the helm of State,

While loud the waves of faction roar,

And by His aid, supremely great,

Upon whose will all tempests wait,

I hope to steer the bark to shore.

Not since the days when Washington

To battle led our patriots on,

Have clouds so dark above us met,

Have dangers dire so close beset.

And he had never saved the land

By deeds in human wisdom planned,

But that with Christian faith he sought

Guidance and blessing, where he ought.

Like him, I seek for aid divine,

His faith, his hope, his trust, are mine.

Pray for me, friends, that God may make

My judgment clear, my duty plain;

For if the Lord no wardship take,

The watchmen mount the towers in vain."

He ceased; and many a manly breast

Panted with strong emotion's swell,

And many a lip the sob suppressed,

And tears from manly eyelids fell.

And hats came off, and heads were bowed,

As Lincoln slowly moved away;

And then, heart-spoken, from the crowd,

In accents earnest, clear, and loud,

Came one brief sentence, "We will pray!"

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PRESIDENT LINCOLN AND HIS SECRETARIES, JOHN G. NICOLAY AND JOHN HAY
Photographed at Springfield, Illinois, in 1861

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On the 22nd of February, 1861, Washington's birthday, on his journey to Washington, to assume the Presidency, Mr. Lincoln raised a new flag over Independence Hall, then went inside and spoke as follows:—

"I am filled with deep emotion at finding myself standing in this place, where were collected together the wisdom, the patriotism, the devotion to principle from which sprang the institutions under which we live. You have kindly suggested to me that in my hands is the task of restoring peace to our distracted country. I can say in return, sirs, that all the political sentiments I entertain have been drawn, so far as I have been able to draw them, from the sentiments which originated in and were given to the world from this hall. I have never had a feeling, politically, that did not spring from the sentiments embodied in the Declaration of Independence. I have often pondered over the dangers which were incurred by the men who assembled here and framed and adopted that Declaration. I have pondered over the toils that were endured by the officers and soldiers of the army who achieved that independence. I have often inquired of myself what great principle or idea it was that kept this Confederacy so long together. It was not the mere matter of separation of the colonies from the motherland, but that sentiment in the Declaration of Independence which gave liberty, not alone to the people of this country, but hope to all the world, for all future time. It was that which gave promise that in due time the weight would be lifted from the shoulders of all men and that all should have an equal chance. This is the sentiment embodied in the Declaration of Independence.

"Now, my friends, can this country be saved on that basis? If it can, I will consider myself one of the happiest men in the world if I can help to save it. But if this country cannot be saved without giving up that principle, I was about to say I would rather be assassinated on this spot than surrender it."

Four years and two months later, April 22, 1865, his body lay, assassinated, on the very spot where he had made the above remarks, then being taken to Springfield, Illinois, for burial.

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INDEPENDENCE HALL, PHILADELPHIA

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Henry Wilson Clendenin, born at Schellsburg, Pennsylvania, August 1, 1837; educated in private schools and by tutors. Married Mary E. Morey of Monmouth, Illinois, October 23, 1877; to them were born five children, four of whom survive: George M., manager Illinois State Register; Clarence R., Deputy Internal Revenue Collector, Springfield, Illinois; Harry F., proofreader, Illinois State Register, and Marie, Assistant Instructor Physical Education, State Normal University, Normal, Illinois. He was a private of Company I, Twentieth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil War. Began newspaper work on Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeye. Afterwards telegraph editor Peoria Transcript, 1858; telegraph editor Burlington Gazette, 1863, and editor and proprietor, Keokuk Daily Constitution, 1876-1881; since that year was editor and president of the Illinois State Register. Postmaster, Springfield 1886-90. Member Illinois State Historical Society, The Jefferson Association, Grand Army of the Republic and Sons of the American Revolution. Director of Lincoln Library at Springfield, Illinois, for ten years. Member of the First Congregational Church of that city.

This sonnet was written by Mr. Clendenin, in Philadelphia, February 22, 1861, after witnessing Lincoln hoist the flag over Independence Hall.


LINCOLN CALLED TO THE PRESIDENCY

Hark to the sound that speedeth o'er the land!

Behold the sword in fratricidal hand!

'Tis duty calls thee, Lincoln, and thy trust

Demands that all thy acts be wise and just.   

No idle task to thee has been assigned,

But work that's worthy of a giant mind—

And on the issue hangs the nation's fame

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As a free people who deserve the name.

So, walk thou in the way the fathers trod;

Be true to freedom, country, and to God;

Then truth will triumph, treason be undone,

And thou be hailed the second Washington.

The first, the Father of his country—thou,

Its Saviour. Bind the laurel on thy brow.



LINCOLN IN 1858
From a photograph by S. M. Fassett of Chicago

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An act of Congress July 9, 1790, established the District of Columbia as the National Capital, and provided that prior to the first Monday of December, 1800, the Commissioners should have finished a suitable building for the sessions of Congress. The site of the Capitol was included in L'Enfant's plan for the city. The cornerstone was laid September 18, 1793, with Masonic rites, George Washington officiating. The wings of the central building were completed in 1811, and were partially burned by the British, in 1814. The entire central building was finished in 1827. The cornerstone of the extension was laid by President Fillmore, July 4, 1851. The extensions were first occupied by Congress 1857 and 1859. Up to that time the Senate Chamber was the present Supreme Court Room, and the Hall of Representatives was the present National Statuary Hall. The dome was finished during the administration of President Lincoln. The total cost of the Capitol building and grounds was about thirty million dollars. The remains of President Lincoln were escorted from the White House to the Capitol at three o'clock P.M., on the 19th of April, 1865. The number in the procession was estimated at forty thousand, and that many more were spectators along the route. The burial service was conducted by Dr. Gurley. The special train bearing the remains left at 8 A.M., Friday, April 21, for Springfield, Illinois, stopping at Baltimore, Maryland; Harrisburg and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Albany and Buffalo, New York; Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio; Indianapolis, Indiana; Chicago, Illinois, reaching Springfield, Illinois, the 3d of May, and was buried the following day. The body lay in state in all of the above cities.

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THE CAPITOL
The Second Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, in front of the Capitol, Washington, March 4, 1865

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Edwin Markham, born at Oregon City, Oregon, April 23, 1852; settled in California in 1857, and worked there during his boyhood, principally as a blacksmith. Worked his way through the San Jose Normal School and Santa Rosa College. Became a writer of stories and verse for papers and magazines, and principal and superintendent of California schools. Was the author of The Man With the Hoe, and Other Poems (1899); The Man With the Hoe, with Notes by the Author (1900); The End of the Century (1899); Lincoln, the Great Commoner (1900); The Mighty Hundred Years; Lincoln and Other Poems (1901); The Shoes of Happiness (1915). His Man With the Hoe was extensively republished and gave him wide fame.


LINCOLN THE MAN OF THE PEOPLE

When the Norn-Mother saw the Whirlwind Hour,

Greatening and darkening as it hurried on,

She bent the strenuous Heavens and came down

To make a man to meet the mortal need.

She took the tried clay of the common road—

Clay warm yet with the genial heat of Earth,

Dashed through it all a strain of prophecy;

Then mixed a laughter with the serious stuff.

It was a stuff to wear for centuries,

A man that matched the mountains, and compelled  

The stars to look our way and honor us.

The color of the ground was in him, the red earth;

The tang and odor of the primal things—

The rectitude and patience of the rocks;

The gladness of the wind that shakes the corn;

The courage of the bird that dares the sea;

The justice of the rain that loves all leaves;

The pity of snow that hides all scars;

The loving-kindness of the wayside well;top[75]

The tolerance and equity of light

That gives as freely to the shrinking weed

As to the great oak flaring to the wind—

To the grave's low hill as to the Matterhorn

That shoulders out the sky.

And so he came.

From prairie cabin up to Capitol,

One fair ideal led our chieftain on.

Forevermore he burned to do his deed

With the fine stroke and gesture of a king.

He built the rail pile as he built the State,

Pouring his splendid strength through every blow,

The conscience of him testing every stroke,

To make his deed the measure of a man.

So came the Captain with the mighty heart;

And when the step of earthquake shook the house,

Wresting the rafters from their ancient hold,

He held the ridge-pole up and spiked again

The rafters of the Home. He held his place—

Held the long purpose like a growing tree—

Held on through blame and faltered not at praise,

And when he fell, in whirlwind, he went down

As when a kingly cedar, green with boughs,

Goes down with a great shout upon the hills,

And leaves a lonesome place against the sky.

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THE WHITE HOUSE

The corner-stone was laid by George Washington on the 13th of October, 1792. The mansion was first occupied by President John Adams in the year 1800, also by every succeeding President. British troops burned it in 1814, in President Madison's term. It was the first public building erected in Washington. It is constructed of Virginia freestone, and is 170 feet in length, 80 feet in depth, and consists of a rustic basement, two stories and an attic.



John Vance Cheney, born Groveland, New York, December 29, 1848. Graduated Temple Hill Academy, Genesee, New York, at seventeen. Assistant principal there two years later. Practiced law, New York, 1875-6; librarian Free Public Library, San Francisco, 1887-94; Newberry Library, Chicago, 1894-1909; author, The Old Doctor, 1881; and a number of poems, 1887-1911.

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LINCOLN

The hour was on us; where the man?

The fateful sands unfaltering ran,   

And up the way of tears

He came into the years.

Our pastoral captain. Forth he came,

As one that answers to his name;

Nor dreamed how high his charge,

His work how fair and large,

To set the stones back in the wall

Lest the divided house should fall,

And peace from men depart,

Hope and the childlike heart.

We looked on him; "'Tis he," we said,

"Come crownless and unheralded,

The shepherd who will keep

The flocks, will fold the sheep."

Unknightly, yes: yet 'twas the mien

Presaging the immortal scene,

Some battles of His wars

Who sealeth up the stars.

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Not he would take the past between

His hands, wipe valor's tablets clean,

Commanding greatness wait

Till he stands at the gate;

Not he would cramp to one small head

The awful laurels of the dead,

Time's mighty vintage cup,

And drink all honor up.

No flutter of the banners bold

Borne by the lusty sons of old,

The haughty conquerors

Set forward to their wars;

Not his their blare, their pageantries,

Their goal, their glory, was not his;

Humbly he came to keep

The flocks, to fold the sheep.

The need comes not without the man;

The prescient hours unceasing ran,

And up the way of tears

He came into the years.

Our pastoral captain, skilled to crook

The spear into the pruning hook,

The simple, kindly man,

Lincoln, American.

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WHERE LINCOLN WORSHIPPED
New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, Washington, D. C.


President Lincoln and family attended this church during his Administration. The pew that they occupied is still preserved in its black walnut trimmings, though the rest of the sanctuary has been refurnished.

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Lyman Whitney Allen, born at St. Louis, November 19, 1854. Bachelor of Arts, Washington University, St. Louis, 1878; later Master of Arts, Princeton Theological, 1878-80; Post-graduate studies at Princeton University; (D.D., University of Wooster, 1897). Ordained Presbyterian Minister, 1882; stated supply Kimmswick, Missouri, 1881-3; DeSoto, Missouri, 1883-5; Pastor-elect Carondelet Church, St. Louis, Missouri, 1885-9; Pastor South Park Church, Newark, New Jersey, since 1889. Director Board of Home Missions, Presbyterian; Chaplain New Jersey Society D. A. R.; Member Society American Authors; New Jersey Society S. A. R. Club, Princeton (New York). Has written many poems and articles, including the New York Herald's $1,000 prize poem which was published in 1895.

Rev. Dr. Lyman Whitney Allen of Newark, New Jersey, had for his guest Chief Justice Wendell Phillips Stafford of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Judge Stafford addressed the Men's Club of Dr. Allen's church one evening, and next day, in company with his host, visited the Lincoln statue on the court-house plaza. On the train that bore him back to Washington that day, Judge Stafford wrote the poem on the Statue. (See page 236).

A few weeks thereafter Dr. Allen visited his friend, the judge, in Washington, and they made a little pilgrimage to the New York Avenue Presbyterian church. In the Lincoln pew Dr. Allen sat and meditated, and on his way back he wrote the verses.

"I had seen the Lincoln statue many times," says Dr. Allen, "but, somehow, I could not get started on the poem I knew could be written around it." And Judge Stafford wrote to his friend in Newark: "I had seen the Lincoln pew a score of times without poetic result, yet you come on a one-day visit and carry away the inspiration needed."

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LINCOLN'S CHURCH IN WASHINGTON

Within the historic church both eye and soul

Perceived it. 'Twas the pew where Lincoln sat—

The only Lincoln God hath given to men—

Olden among the modern seats of prayer,

Dark like the 'sixties, place and past akin.

All else has changed, but this remains the same,

A sanctuary in a sanctuary.

Where Lincoln prayed! What passion had his soul—

Mixt faith and anguish melting into prayer

Upon the burning altar of God's fane,

A nation's altar even as his own.

Where Lincoln prayed! Such worshipers as he

Make thin ranks down the ages. Wouldst thou know

His spirit suppliant? Then must thou feel

War's fiery baptism, taste hate's bitter cup,

Spend similar sweat of blood vicarious,

And sound the cry, "If it be possible!"

From stricken heart in new Gethsemane.

Who saw him there are gone, as he is gone;

The pew remains, with what God gave him there,

And all the world through him. So let it be—

One of the people's shrines.

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LINCOLN IN 1858
From a photograph in possession of Mr. Stuart Brown of Springfield, Illinois

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John James Piatt was born in Indiana, March 1, 1835. His earliest schooling was received at Rising Sun, in Indiana. At the age of fourteen he was set to learn the printing business in the office of the Ohio State Journal at Columbus, Ohio, for a brief period, and at the age of eighteen years first began to write verses. His poems were chiefly on themes connected with his native West.


SONNET IN 1862

Stern be the Pilot in the dreadful hour

When a great nation, like a ship at sea

With the wroth breakers whitening at her lee,

Feels her last shudder if her helmsman cower;

A godlike manhood be his mighty dower!

Such and so gifted, Lincoln, may'st thou be

With thy high wisdom's low simplicity

And awful tenderness of voted power.

From our hot records then thy name shall stand

On Time's calm ledger out of passionate days—

With the pure debt of gratitude begun,

And only paid in never-ending praise—

One of the many of a mighty land,

Made by God's providence the Anointed One.

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Photo is signed:
For Mrs. Lucy G. Speed, from whose pious hand I
accepted the present of an Oxford Bible twenty years ago.
Washington, D. C. October 3, 1861
A. Lincoln.

PRESIDENT LINCOLN



Lincoln once said: "When any church will inscribe over its altar, as its sole qualification for membership, the Saviour's condensed statement of the substance of both law and gospel, 'Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy mind, and thy neighbor as thyself', that church will I join with all my heart and all my soul."

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LINCOLN, SOLDIER OF CHRIST

From Macmillan's Magazine, England

Lincoln! When men would name a man

Just, unperturbed, magnanimous,

Tried in the lowest seat of all,

Tried in the chief seat of the house—

Lincoln! When men would name a man

Who wrought the great work of his age,  

Who fought, and fought the noblest fight,

And marshalled it from stage to stage.

Victorious, out of dusk and dark,

And into dawn and on till day,

Most humble when the pćans rang,

Least rigid when the enemy lay

Prostrated for his feet to tread—

This name of Lincoln will they name,

A name revered, a name of scorn,

Of scorn to sundry, not to fame.

Lincoln; the man who freed the slave;

Lincoln, whom never self enticed;

Slain Lincoln, worthy found to die

A soldier of the captain Christ.

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LINCOLN IN 1860
Photographed by Brady at the time of the "Cooper Institute Speech," February, 1860

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Rev. Hamilton Schuyler was born in Oswego, New York, 1862, and is a son of the late Anthony Schuyler, who was for many years rector of Grace Church, Orange, New Jersey. He belongs to the well-known family of that name, being seventh in descent from Philip Peterse Schuyler, founder of the family, who came to this country from Holland and settled in Albany in 1650. He studied at Oxford University, England, and the General Theological Seminary of New York. Has held positions in Calvary Church, New York; Trinity Church, Newport, Rhode Island, and was for several years dean of the Cathedral at Davenport, Iowa, under the late Bishop Perry. He began his rectorship at Trenton in February, 1900. Has written extensively for journals and periodicals. Among the bound publications which bear his name as author are A Fisher of Men, a biography of the late Churchill Satterlee, priest and missionary, son of the first Bishop of Washington; Studies in English Church History; The Intellectual Crisis Confronting Christianity; and A History of Trinity Church, Trenton. In 1900 his poem, The Incapable, won a prize of two hundred dollars offered by the late Collis P. Huntington through the New York Sun, for the best poems antithetical to Edwin Markham's Man With the Hoe. A volume of Mr. Schuyler's verses, under the title Within the Cloister's Shadow, was published in 1914.



A CHARACTERIZATION OF LINCOLN

From Lincoln Centenary Ode

Tall, ungainly, gaunt of limb,

Rudely Nature molded him.

Awkward form and homely face,

Owing naught to outward grace;

Yet, behind the rugged mien

Were a mind and soul serene,

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PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Gardner, Washington

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And in deep-set eyes there shone

Genius that was all his own.

Humor quaint with pathos blent

To his speech attraction lent;

Telling phrase and homely quip

Falling lightly from his lip.

Eloquent of tongue, and clear,

Logical, devoid of fear,

Making plain whate'er was dense

By the light of common sense.

Tender as the bravest be,

Pitiful in high degree,

Wrathful only where offence

Led to grievous consequence;

Hating sham and empty show;

Chivalrous to beaten foe;

Ever patient in his ways;

Cheerful in the darkest days;

Not a demi-god or saint

Such as fancy loves to paint,

But a truly human man

Built on the heroic plan.

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EMANCIPATION GROUP


Moses Kimball, a citizen of Boston, presented to the city a duplicate of the Freedman's Memorial Statue erected in Lincoln Park, Washington, D. C., after a design by Thomas Ball. The group, which stands in Park Square, represents the figure of a slave from whose limbs the broken fetters have fallen, kneeling in gratitude at the feet of Lincoln. The verses which follow were written for the unveiling of the statue, December 9, 1879.

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John Greenleaf Whittier, born December 17, 1807, in Haverhill, Massachusetts. He lived on a farm until he reached the age of eighteen, working a little at shoemaking and also writing poetry for the Haverhill Gazette. Later he became editor of a number of papers, and his poems in after life were full of patriotism and the love of human freedom, all of which attained a strong hold on the hearts of the people. He would have prevented war, if possible, with honor, but when war came he wrote in support of the Union cause, displaying no bitterness, and when the conflict was over he was most liberal and conciliatory. He was one of the most popular of poets. He died September 7, 1892.


THE EMANCIPATION GROUP

Amidst thy sacred effigies

Of old renown give place,

O city. Freedom-loved! to his

Whose hand unchained a race.

Take the worn frame, that rested not

Save in a martyr's grave;

The care-lined face, that none forgot,

Bent to the kneeling slave.

Let man be free! The mighty word

He spoke was not his own;

An impulse from the Highest stirred

These chiseled lips alone.

The cloudy sign, the fiery guide,

Along his pathway ran,

And Nature, through his voice, denied

The ownership of man.

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We rest in peace where these sad eyes

Saw peril, strife, and pain;

His was the Nation's sacrifice,

And ours the priceless gain.

O symbol of God's will on earth

As it is done above

Bear witness to the cost and worth

Of justice and of love!

Stand in thy place and testify

To coming ages long,

That truth is stronger than a lie,

And righteousness than wrong.

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PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady, Washington, D. C., 1863

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Theron Brown, born at Willimantic, Connecticut, April 29, 1832. Graduated at Hartford Theological Seminary in 1858; Newton Theological Institution, 1859. Ordained in Baptist Ministry, 1859; Pastor South Framingham, Massachusetts, 1859-62; Canton, Massachusetts, 1863-70; on staff Youth's Companion since 1870. Author various juvenile stories; Life Songs (poems), 1894; Nameless Women of the Bible, 1904; The Story of the Hymns and Tunes, 1907; Under the Mulberry Tree (a novel), 1909; The Birds of God, 1911. He died February 14, 1914.


THE LIBERATOR

When, scornful of a nation's rest,

The angry horns of Discord blew

There came a giant from the West,

And found a giant's work to do.

He saw, in sorrow—and in wrath—

A mighty empire in its strait,

Torn like a planet in its path

To warring hemisphere of hate.

Between the thunder-clouds he stood;

He harked to Ruin's battle-drum,

And cried in patriot hardihood,

"Why do I wait? My hour has come!

"Was it my fate, my lot, my woe

To be the Ruler of the land,

Nor own my oath that long ago

I swore upon this heart and hand?

"That vow, like barb from bowman's string,

Shall pierce sedition's secret plea:

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God grant the bloodless blow shall sting

Till brother's quarrels cease to be!

"Should once the sudden wound provoke

New strife in anger's zone

The clash may be the penal stroke

That makes a new Republic one."

He wrote his Message—clear as light,

And bolder than a king's command—

And when war's whirlwinds spent their might

There was no bondman in the land.



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Alexander Gardner, Washington, D. C., January 24, 1863

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TO PRESIDENT LINCOLN

January 1, 1863

Lincoln, that with thy steadfast truth the sand

Of men and time and circumstance dost sway!

The slave-cloud dwindles on this golden day,

And over all the pestilent southern land,

Breathless, the dark expectant millions stand,

To watch the northern sun rise on its way,

Cleaving the stormy distance—every ray

Sword-bright, sword-sharp, in God's invisible hand.

Better with this great end, partial defeat,

And jibings of the ignorant worldly-wise,

Than laud and triumph won with shameful blows.

The dead Past lies in its dead winding-sheet;

The living Present droops with tearful eyes;

But far beyond the awaiting Future glows.

Edmund Ollier, in London (Eng.) Morning Star.

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PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady, Washington, D. C.

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Charles G. Foltz was born at West Winfield, Herkimer County, New York, September 9, 1837. His parents were Benjamin Foltz, a Presbyterian clergyman, and Jane Harwood Foltz. In 1846 the family moved to Cuyahoga County, Ohio. In 1849 to Wisconsin, first to Rock County, then to Walworth County, and in 1854 to Burlington, Racine County, where he has since resided.


ON FREEDOM'S SUMMIT

On freedom's summit, Oh, how grand

Stood Lincoln ruler of our land,

As he issued the sublime command

Let the enslaved be free.

Ere long he saw the Bondmen rise;

Ere long as Freedmen seize the prize,

The precious boon of liberty.

A backward glance he cast

Into the valley of the past,

Amid the shade and gloom

Discerning slavery's tomb.

Out from the depths his upturned eyes

Beheld the fleeing clouds the brighter skies.

Upon him shone a glory like the sun,

Reflecting "peace toward all, malice toward none."

As thus he filled his high exalted place,

The brave emancipator of a race,

He thought of the fierce struggle and the victory

And humbly deemed himself to be

Only the instrument of a Divine decree.

Rejoicing in the faith of brighter coming days

His "fervent prayers" were merged in those of praise.

top[99]

Like unto psalmists of the olden time

His uttered thoughts inspired the nation's song,

Throughout the land the chorus rose sublime,

The exultant triumph of the right o'er wrong.

"Behold, what God the Lord hath wrought,"

More than we asked, or hoped, or thought.

Through the "Red sea" of blood and carnage

He brought our nation free of bondage.

With Moses sing, yea shout O North;

With Miriam answer back O South:

That "He hath triumphed gloriously."

.....

Oh why the sudden blotting out of light?

The cloud of sorrow, dark as Plutonian night,

That cast its lengthening shadow o'er the land;

Changing to funeral dirge the choral grand.

Swift as the typhoon's breath—

The harbinger of death—

The cruel deed of hate

Swept the grand chief away.

Unto this day, and ever aye,

The nation mourns her martyr's fate.

top[100]




ADDRESS DELIVERED AT THE DEDICATION
OF THE CEMETERY AT GETTYSBURG


Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate top[101] a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us,—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave their last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

November 19, 1863.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.


"Undoubtedly there were many in the audience who fully appreciated the beauty of the President's address, and many of those who read it on the following day perceived its wondrous character; but it is apparent that its full force and grandeur were not generally recognized then, either by its auditors or its readers. Not until the war had ended and the great leader had fallen did the nation realize that this speech had given to Gettysburg another claim to immortality and to American eloquence its highest glory."—From the monograph on the Gettysburg Address, by Maj. William H. Lambert.

top[102]



Bayard Taylor, born in Kennett Square, Chester County, Pennsylvania, on the 11th of January, 1825. Died in Berlin, Germany, on the 19th of December, 1878. His boyhood was passed on a farm near Kennett. He learned to read at four, began to write at an early age, and from his twelfth year wrote poems, novels and historical essays, but mostly poems. In 1837 the family moved to Westchester, and there and at Unionville he had five years of high-school training. His first poem printed was contributed to the Saturday Evening Post, in 1841, and those to the New York Tribune from abroad, written in 1844, were widely read and shortly after his return were collected and published in Views Afoot, or Europe Seen With Knapsack and Staff. With a friend he bought a printing office in 1846, and began to publish the Phoenixville Pioneer, but it was as a poet that he excelled above most other vocations.


GETTYSBURG ODE

After the eyes that looked, the lips that spake

Here, from the shadows of impending death,

Those words of solemn breath,

What voice may fitly break

The silence, doubly hallowed, left by him?

We can but bow the head, with eyes grown dim,

And, as a Nation's litany, repeat

The phrase his martyrdom hath made complete,

Noble as then, but now more sadly sweet:

"Let us, the Living, rather dedicate

Ourselves to the unfinished work, which they

Thus far advanced so nobly on its way,

And saved the periled State!

Let us, upon this field where they, the brave,

Their last full measure of devotion gave,

Highly resolve they have not died in vain!—

That, under God, the Nation's later birth

top[103]

Of freedom, and the people's gain

Of their own Sovereignty, shall never wane

And perish from the circle of the earth!"

From such a perfect text, shall Song aspire

To light her faded fire,

And into wandering music turn

Its virtue, simple, sorrowful, and stern?

His voice all elegies anticipated;

For, whatsoe'er the strain,

We hear that one refrain:

"We consecrate ourselves to them, the Consecrated!"



PRESIDENT LINCOLN AND HIS SON THOMAS ("TAD")

top[104]



Benjamin Franklin Taylor, born at Lowville, New York, July 19, 1819. He was for several years connected with the Chicago Evening Journal. He wrote Pictures of Life in Camp and Field (1871); The World on Wheels, etc. (1874); Songs of Yesterday (1877); Between the Gates (1878); Summer Savory, etc. (1879); Dulce Domum (1884); Theophilus Trent, a novel (1887); etc. Among his best known poems are: Isle of the Long Ago, Rhymes of the River, and The Old Village Choir.


LINCOLN'S SECOND INAUGURAL

The following is an excerpt from a Centennial Poem read by B. F. Taylor on Decoration Day (May 30, 1876), on the occasion of the centennial celebration by the Department of the Potomac, Grand Army of the Republic, at Arlington Cemetery, Washington, D. C.

They see the pilgrims to the Springfield tomb—

Be proud today, oh, portico of gloom!—

Where lies the man in solitary state

Who never caused a tear but when he died

And set the flags around the world half-mast—

The gentle Tribune and so grandly great

That e'en the utter avarice of Death

That claims the world, and will not be denied,

Could only rob him of his mortal breath.

How strange the splendor, though the man be past!

His noblest inspiration was his last.

The statues of the Capitol are there.

As when he stood upon the marble stair

And said those words so tender, true and just,

A royal psalm that took mankind on trust—

Those words that will endure and he in them,

While May wears flowers upon her broidered hem,

And all that marble snows and drifts to dust:

"Fondly do we hope, fervently we pray[105]

That this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away:

With charity for all, with malice toward none,

With firmness in the right

As God shall give us light,

Let us finish the work already begun,

Care for the battle sons, the Nation's wounds to bind,

Care for the helpless ones that they will leave behind,

Cherish it we will, achieve it if we can,

A just and lasting peace, forever unto man!"

Amid old Europe's rude and thundering years,

When people strove as battle-clouds are driven,

One calm white angel of a day appears

In every year a gift direct from Heaven,

Wherein, from setting sun to setting sun

No thought of deed of bitterness was done.

"Day of the Truce of God!" Be this day ours,

Until perpetual peace flows like a river

And hopes as fragrant as these tribute flowers

Fill all the land forever and forever!

top[106]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady, Washington, D. C.

top[107]



Hermann Hagedorn, born in New York, July 18, 1882. Instructor in English at Harvard in 1909-1911. Wrote several one-act plays which were produced by the Harvard Dramatic Club, and by clubs of other colleges. Author of The Silver Blade (a play in verse), The Woman of Corinth, A Troop of the Guard and other poems.


OH, PATIENT EYES!

Oh, patient eyes! oh, bleeding, mangled heart!

Oh, hero, whose wide soul, defying chains,

Swept at each army's head,

Swept to the charge and bled,

Gathering in one too sorrow-laden heart

All woes, all pains;

The anguish of the trusted hope that wanes,

The soldier's wound, the lonely mourner's smart.

He knew the noisy horror of the fight,

From dawn to dusk and through the hideous night

He heard the hiss of bullets, the shrill scream

Of the wide-arching shell,

Scattering at Gettysburg or by Potomac's stream,

Like summer flowers, the pattering rain of death;

With every breath,

He tasted battle and in every dream,

Trailing like mists from gaping walls of hell,

He heard the thud of heroes as they fell.

top[108]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady

top[109]



Margaret Elizabeth Sangster, born at New Rochelle, New York, February 22, 1838. Educated privately, chiefly in New York. Became contributor to leading periodicals; also editor of Hearth and Home, 1871-73; Christian at Work, 1873-79; The Christian Intelligencer since 1879; postmistress Harper's Young People, 1882-89; editor Harper's Bazar, 1889-99; staff contributor Christian Herald since 1894; Ladies' Home Journal, 1899-1905; Woman's Home Companion since 1905. Author Poems of the Household; Home Fairies and Heart Flowers; On the Road Home; Easter Bells; Winsome Womanhood; Little Knights and Ladies; Lyrics of Love; When Angels Come to Men; Good Manners for All Occasions; The Story Bible; Fairest Girlhood; From My Youth Up; Happy School Days. She died June 4, 1912.


ABRAHAM LINCOLN

(February 12, 1809-1909)

Child of the boundless prairie, son of the virgin soil,

Heir to the bearing of burdens, brother to them that toil;

God and Nature together shaped him to lead in the van,

In the stress of her wildest weather when the Nation needed a Man.

Eyes of a smoldering fire, heart of a lion at bay,

Patience to plan for tomorrow, valor to serve for today,

Mournful and mirthful and tender, quick as a flash with a jest,

Hiding with gibe and great laughter the ache that was dull in his breast.

top[110]

Met were the Man and the Hour—Man who was strong for the shock—

Fierce were the lightnings unleashed; in the midst, he stood fast as a rock.

Comrade he was and commander, he who was meant for the time,

Iron in council and action, simple, aloof, and sublime.

Swift slip the years from their tether, centuries pass like a breath,

Only some lives are immortal, challenging darkness and death.

Hewn from the stuff of the martyrs, write on the stardust his name,

Glowing, untarnished, transcendent, high on the records of Fame.

Oh, man of many sorrows, 'twas your blood

That flowed at Chickamauga, at Bull Run,

Vicksburg, Antietam, and the gory wood

And Wilderness of ravenous Deaths that stood

Round Richmond like a ghostly garrison:

Your blood for those who won,

For those who lost, your tears!

For you the strife, the fears,

For us, the sun!

For you the lashing winds and the beating rain in your eyes,

For us the ascending stars and the wide, unbounded skies.

Oh, man of storms! Patient and kingly soul!

Oh, wise physician of a wasted land!

A nation felt upon its heart your hand,

And lo, your hand hath made the shattered, whole,

top[111]

With iron clasp your hand hath held the wheel

Of the lurching ship, on tempest waves no keel

Hath ever sailed.

A grim smile held your lips when strong men quailed.

You strove alone with chaos and prevailed;

You felt the grinding shock and did not reel,

And, ah, your hand that cut the battle's path

Wide with the devastating plague of wrath,

Your bleeding hand, gentle with pity yet,

Did not forget

To bless, to succor, and to heal.

top[112]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Alexander Gardner, Washington, D. C., 1864

top[113]



Wilbur Dick Nesbit was born at Xenia, Ohio, September 16, 1871. Educated in the public schools at Cedarville, Ohio. Was printer and reporter on various Ohio and Indiana papers until 1898; verse writer and paragrapher Baltimore American, 1899-1902; since that year writer of verse and humor Chicago Evening Post and other newspapers, contributor of stories and poems to magazines and periodicals. Author of Little Henry's Slate, 1903; The Trail to Boyland and Other Poems, 1904; An Alphabet of History, 1905; The Gentleman Ragman, 1906; A Book of Poems, 1906; The Land of Make-Believe and Other Christmas Poems, 1907; A Friend or Two, 1908; The Loving Cup (compilation), 1909; The Old, Old Wish, 1911; My Company of Friends, 1911; If the Heart be Glad, 1911; co-author with Otto Hauerbach of The Girl of My Dreams, a musical comedy, 1910.


THE MAN LINCOLN

Not as the great who grow more great

Until from us they are apart—

He walks with us in man's estate;

We know his was a brother heart.

The marching years may render dim

The humanness of other men;

Today we are akin to him

As they who knew him best were then.

Wars have been won by mail-clad hands,

Realms have been ruled by sword-hedged kings,

But he above these others stands

As one who loved the common things;

The common faith of man was his,

The common faith of man he had—

For this today his grave face is

A face half joyous and half sad.

top[114]

A man of earth! Of earthy stuff,

As honest as the fruitful soil,

Gnarled as the friendly trees, and rough

As hillsides that had known his toil;

Of earthy stuff—let it be told,

For earth-born men rise and reveal

A courage fair as beaten gold

And the enduring strength of steel.

So now he dominates our thought.

This humble great man holds us thus

Because of all he dreamed and wrought;

Because he is akin to us.

He held his patient trust in truth

While God was working out His plan,

And they that were his foes, forsooth,

Came to pay tribute to the Man.

Not as the great who grow more great

Until they have a mystic fame—

No stroke of fortune nor of fate

Gave Lincoln his undying name.

A common man, earth-bred, earth-born,

One of the breed who work and wait—

His was a soul above all scorn.

His was a heart above all hate.

top[115]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN AT ANTIETAM
Photograph taken on the battlefield, September, 1862, with General McClellan and Allen Pinkerton

top[116]



Edwin Arlington Robinson, born at Head Tide, Maine, December 22, 1869. Educated at Gardiner, Maine, and Harvard University, 1891-3. Member National Institute Arts and Letters. Author: The Torrent and The Night Before, 1896; The Children of the Night, 1897, 1905; Captain Craig (poems), The Town Down the River, 1910.


THE MASTER

(LINCOLN)

A flying word from here and there

Had sown the name at which we sneered,

But soon the name was everywhere,

To be reviled and then revered:

A presence to be loved and feared,

We cannot hide it, or deny

That we, the gentlemen who jeered,

May be forgotten by and by.

He came when days were perilous

And hearts of men were sore beguiled;

And having made his note of us,

He pondered and was reconciled.

Was ever master yet so mild

As he, and so untamable?

We doubted, even when he smiled,

Not knowing what he knew so well.

He knew that undeceiving fate

Would shame us whom he served unsought;

He knew that he must wince and wait—

The jest of those for whom he fought;

He knew devoutly what he thought

Of us and of our ridicule;

He knew that we must all be taught

Like little children in a school.top[117]

We gave a glamour to the task

That he encountered and saw through,

But little of us did he ask,

And little did we ever do.

And what appears if we review

The season when we railed and chaffed?

It is the face of one who knew

That we were learning while we laughed.

The face that in our vision feels

Again the venom that we flung,

Transfigured to the world reveals

The vigilance to which we clung.

Shrewd, hallowed, harassed, and among

The mysteries that are untold,

The face we see was never young

Nor could it ever have been old.

For he, to whom we had applied

Our shopman's test of age and worth,

Was elemental when he died,

As he was ancient at his birth:

The saddest among kings of earth,

Bowed with a galling crown, this man

Met rancor with a cryptic mirth,

Laconic—and Olympian.

The love, the grandeur, and the fame

Are bounded by the world alone;

The calm, the smouldering, and the flame

Of awful patience were his own;

With him they are forever flown

Past all our fond self-shadowings,

Wherewith we cumber the Unknown

As with inept, Icarian wings.top[118]

For we were not as other men:

'Twas ours to soar and his to see.

But we are coming down again,

And we shall come down pleasantly;

Nor shall we longer disagree

On what it is to be sublime,

But flourish in our perigee

And have one Titan at a time.



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Gardner, Washington, D. C. Taken when Lincoln appointed General U. S. Grant Commander-in-chief of the Army, in 1864

top[119]



LINCOLN

By Harriet Monroe

And, lo! leading a blessed host comes one

Who held a warring nation in his heart;

Who knew love's agony, but had no part

In love's delight; whose mighty task was done

Through blood and tears that we might walk in joy,

And this day's rapture own no sad alloy.

Around him heirs of bliss, whose bright brows wear

Palm leaves amid their laurels ever fair.

Gaily they come, as though the drum

Beat out the call their glad hearts knew so well;

Brothers once more, dear as of yore,

Who in a noble conflict nobly fell.

Their blood washed pure yon banner in the sky,

And quenched the brands laid 'neath these arches high—

The brave who, having fought, can never die.

top[120]



PRESIDENT-ELECT LINCOLN
From a photograph taken with his Secretaries, John G. Nicolay and John Hay, Springfield, Illinois, 186

top[121]



Walt Mason, born at Columbus, Ontario, May 4, 1862. Self educated. Came to the United States 1880. Connected with the Atchinson Globe 1885-7, later with Lincoln (Nebraska) State Journal and other papers; editorial paragrapher Evening News, Washington, D. C., 1893; associated with William Allen White on Emporia (Kansas) Gazette since 1907. His rhymes and prose poems are widely copied in America.


THE EYES OF LINCOLN

Sad eyes that were patient and tender,

Sad eyes that were steadfast and true,

And warm with the unchanging splendor

Of courage no ills could subdue!

Eyes dark with the dread of the morrow,

And woe for the day that was gone,

The sleepless companions of sorrow,

The watchers that witnessed the dawn.

Eyes tired from the clamor and goading

And dim from the stress of the years,

And hallowed by pain and foreboding

And strained by repression of tears.

Sad eyes that were wearied and blighted

By visions of sieges and wars

Now watch o'er a country united

From the luminous slopes of the stars!

top[122]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN IN 1862
Photograph by Matthew Brady, Washington, D. C.

top[123]



Arthur Guiterman, author, born of American parentage, at Vienna, Austria, November 20, 1871. Editorial work on Woman's Home Companion, Literary Digest and other magazines since 1891. Author of Betel Nuts, 1907; Guest Book, 1908; Rubiayat, including the Literary Omar, 1909, and Orestes (with Andre Tridon), 1909. Contributor chiefly of ballad, lyric verse and short stories to magazines and newspapers.


HE LEADS US STILL

Dare we despair? Through all the nights and days

Of lagging war he kept his courage true.

Shall Doubt befog our eyes? A darker haze

But proved the faith of him who ever knew

That Right must conquer. May we cherish hate

For our poor griefs, when never word nor deed  

Of rancor, malice, spite, of low or great,

In his large soul one poison-drop could breed?

He leads us still. O'er chasms yet unspanned

Our pathway lies; the work is but begun;

But we shall do our part and leave our land

The mightier for noble battles won.

Here Truth must triumph, Honor must prevail;

The nation Lincoln died for cannot fail!

top[124]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady, Washington, D. C., 1864

top[125]



S. Weir Mitchell, born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 15, 1829. Educated in grammar school, and University of Pennsylvania, but was not graduated because of illness during senior year; Doctor of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, 1850; LL.D., Harvard, 1886; Edinburgh, 1895; Princeton, 1896; Toronto, 1896; Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1910. Established practice in Philadelphia. Author of many works on treatment of diseases. Collected Poems, 1896-1909; Youth of Washington, 1904; A Diplomatic Adventure, 1905; The Mind Reader, 1907; A Christmas Venture, 1907; John Sherwood, Ironmaster, 1911.


LINCOLN

Chained by stern duty to the rock of State,

His spirit armed in mail of rugged mirth,

Ever above, though ever near to earth,

Yet felt his heart the cruel tongues that sate

Base appetites and, foul with slander, wait

Till the keen lightnings bring the awful hour

When wounds and suffering shall give them power.

Most was he like to Luther, gay and great,

Solemn and mirthful, strong of heart and limb.

Tender and simple, too; he was so near

To all things human that he cast out fear,

And, ever simpler, like a little child,

Lived in unconscious nearness unto Him

Who always on earth's little ones hath smiled.

top[126]



STATUE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
In the Public Square, Hodgenville, Kentucky. Adolph A. Weinman, Sculptor



George Alfred Townsend was born in Georgetown, Delaware, January 30, 1841. In 1860 he began writing for the press and speaking in public, and in 1860 adopted the profession of journalism. In 1862 he became a war correspondent for the New York World, the Chicago Tribune and other papers, and made an enviable reputation as a descriptive writer. He also published a number of books both of prose and poetry.

top[127]


ABRAHAM LINCOLN

The peaceful valley reaching wide,

The wild war stilled on every hand;

On Pisgah's top our prophet died,

In sight of promised land.

Low knelt the foeman's serried fronts,

His cannon closed their lips of brass,—

The din of arms hushed all at once

To let this good man pass.

A cheerful heart he wore alway,

Though tragic years clashed on the while;

Death sat behind him at the play—

His last look was a smile.

No battle-pike his march imbrued,

Unarmed he went midst martial mails,

The footsore felt their hopes renewed

To hear his homely tales.

His single arm crushed wrong and thrall

That grand good will we only dreamed,

Two races wept around his pall,

One saved and one redeemed.

The trampled flag he raised again,

And healed our eagle's broken wing;

The night that scattered armed men

Saw scorpions rise to sting.

top[128]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady, Washington, D. C., 1864



Paul Lawrence Dunbar, born of negro parents at Dayton, Ohio, June 27, 1872. Was graduated at the Dayton High School in 1891, and since then has devoted himself to literature and journalism. He has written Oak and Ivy (poems); Lyrics of Lowly Life (poems), and The Uncalled (a novel). Since 1898 he has been on the staff of the Librarian of Congress.

top[129]


LINCOLN

Hurt was the Nation with a mighty wound,

And all her ways were filled with clam'rous sound.

Wailed loud the South with unremitting grief,

And wept the North that could not find relief.

Then madness joined its harshest tone to strife:

A minor note swelled in the song of life

Till, stirring with the love that filled his breast,

But still, unflinching at the Right's behest

Grave Lincoln came, strong-handed, from afar,—

The mighty Homer of the lyre of war!

'Twas he who bade the raging tempest cease,

Wrenched from his strings the harmony of peace,

Muted the strings that made the discord,—Wrong,

And gave his spirit up in thund'rous song.

Oh, mighty Master of the mighty lyre!

Earth heard and trembled at thy strains of fire:

Earth learned of thee what Heaven already knew,

And wrote thee down among her treasured few!

top[130]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Gardner, Washington, D. C., 1865



Alice Cary was born in Mount Healthy, near Cincinnati, Ohio, April 20, 1820. Her first book of poems, with her sister Phoebe, was published in 1850. Her poems and prose writings were pictures from life and nature, among which were Pictures of Memory, Mulberry Hill, Coming Home and Nobility. She died at her home in New York City, February 12, 1871. This poem is inscribed to the London Punch.

top[131]


ABRAHAM LINCOLN

No glittering chaplet brought from other lands!

As in his life, this man, in death, is ours;

His own loved prairies o'er his "gaunt, gnarled hands,"

Have fitly drawn their sheet of summer flowers!

What need hath he now of a tardy crown,

His name from mocking jest and sneer to save

When every plowman turns his furrow down

As soft as though it fell upon his grave?

He was a man whose like the world again

Shall never see, to vex with blame or praise;

The landmarks that attest his bright, brief reign,

Are battles, not the pomps of gala days!

The grandest leader of the grandest war

That ever time in history gave a place,—

What were the tinsel flattery of a star

To such a breast! or what a ribbon's grace!

'Tis to th' man, and th' man's honest worth,

The Nation's loyalty in tears upsprings;

Through him the soil of labor shines henceforth,

High o'er the silken broideries of kings.

The mechanism of eternal forms—

The shifts that courtiers put their bodies through—

Were alien ways to him: his brawny arms

Had other work than posturing to do!

top[132]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Alexander Gardner, Washington, D. C., 1865



Rose Terry Cooke was born in West Hartford, Connecticut, February 17, 1827. Graduated at Hartford Female Seminary in 1843. She has written many short stories and a number of books of poems.

top[133]


ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Hundreds there have been, loftier than their kind,

Heroes and victors in the world's great wars:

Hundreds, exalted as the eternal stars,

By the great heart, or keen and mighty mind;

There have been sufferers, maimed and halt and blind,

Who bore their woes in such triumphant calm

That God hath crowned them with the martyr's palm;

And there were those who fought through fire to find

Their Master's face, and were by fire refined.

But who like thee, oh Sire! hath ever stood

Steadfast for truth and right, when lies and wrong

Rolled their dark waters, turbulent and strong;

Who bore reviling, baseness, tears and blood

Poured out like water, till thine own was spent,

Then reaped Earth's sole reward—a grave and monument!

top[134]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph by Brady, Washington, D. C., 1865



Frederick Lucian Hosmer, born at Framingham, Massachusetts, October 16, 1840. Graduated at Harvard in 1869. Ordained in Unitarian Ministry at Northboro, Massachusetts, in 1869. Author of The Way of Life, The Thought of God, in Hymns and Poems.

top[135]


LINCOLN

The prairies to the mountains call,

The mountains to the sea;

From shore to shore a nation keeps

Her martyr's memory.

Though lowly born, the seal of God

Was in that rugged face;

Still from the humble Nazareths come

The Saviours of the race.

With patient heart and vision clear

He wrought through trying days—

"Malice toward none, with Charity for all,"

Unswerved by blame or praise.

And when the morn of peace broke through

The battle's cloud and din,

He hailed with joy the promised land,

He might now enter in.

He seemed as set by God apart,

The winepress trod alone;

He stands forth an uncrowned king,

A people's heart his throne.

Land of our loyal love and hope,

O Land he died to save,

Bow down, renew today thy vows

Beside his martyr grave!

top[136]



Charles Monroe Dickinson, born at Lowville, New York, November 15, 1842. Educated at Fairfield (New York), Seminary and Lowville Academy. Admitted to the bar in 1865; practiced law in the State of Pennsylvania, at Binghamton, New York, and in New York City 1865-77, when he abandoned the profession because of broken health. Editor and proprietor of Binghamton Republican, 1878-1911. In 1892, upon his suggestion and initiative the various news organizations were combined into the present Associated Press. Presidential elector, 1896; United States Consul-General to Turkey, 1897-1906; Diplomatic agent to Bulgaria, 1901-1903. While acting in this capacity the American missionary, Ellen M. Stone, was carried off by brigands, but released through his settlement and efforts. Member board to draft regulations for government of American consular service 1906; American Consul-General at-large, 1906-October 1, 1908. Author of History of Dickinson Family, 1885; The Children and Other Verses, 1889; part of political history of State of New York, 1911.


ABRAHAM LINCOLN

If any one hath doubt or fear

That this is Freedom's chosen clime—

That God hath sown and planted here

The richest harvest field of Time—

Let him take heart, throw off his fears,

As he looks back a hundred years.

Cities and fields and wealth untold,

With equal rights before the law;

And, better than all lands and gold—

Such as the old world never saw—

Freedom and peace, the right to be,

And honor to those who made us free.

top[137]

Our greatness did not happen so,

We owe it not to chance or fate;

In furnace heat, by blow on blow,

Were forged the things that make us great;

And men still live who bore that heat,

And felt those deadly hammers beat.

Not in the pampered courts of kings,

Not in the homes that rich men keep,

God calls His Davids with their slings,

Or wakes His Samuels from their sleep;

But from the homes of toil and need

Calls those who serve as well as lead.

Such was the hero of our race;

Skilled in the school of common things,

He felt the sweat on Labor's face,

He knew the pinch of want, the sting

The bondman felt, and all the wrong

The weak had suffered from the strong.

God passed the waiting centuries by,

And kept him for our time of need—

To lead us with his courage high—

To make our country free indeed;

Then, that he be by none surpassed,

God crowned him martyr at the last.

Let speech and pen and song proclaim

Our grateful praise this natal morn;

Time hath preserved no nobler name,

And generations yet unborn

Shall swell the pride of those who can

Claim Lincoln as their countryman.

top[138]



FORD'S THEATRE


The building is a plain brick structure, three stories high, seventy-one feet front and one hundred feet deep. It was originally constructed and occupied as a Baptist Church, but at the beginning of the war was converted into a theatre, though never used for that purpose after the assassination of Lincoln. The government purchased it for one hundred thousand dollars, and it is now used as a branch of the Record and Pension Division of the War Department. President Lincoln was shot by J. Wilkes Booth at 10.20 o'clock P.M. on the evening of April 14, 1865, while seated in his private box in the theatre.

top[139]


SIC SEMPER TYRANNIS!

By Robert Leighton

“Sic semper tyrannis!" the assassin cried,

As Lincoln fell. O villain! who than he

More lived to set both slave and tyrant free?

Or so enrapt with plans of freedom died,

That even thy treacherous deed shall glance aside

And do the dead man's will by land and sea;

Win bloodless battles, and make that to be

Which to his living mandate was denied!

Peace to that gentle heart! The peace he sought

For all mankind, nor for it dies in vain.

Rest to the uncrowned king, who, toiling, brought

His bleeding country through that dreadful reign;

Who, living, earned a world's revering thought,

And, dying, leaves his name without a stain.

Liverpool, England,

May 5, 1865

top[140]



ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Foully assassinated, April 14, 1865


Tom Taylor wrote the following poem, which appeared in the London Punch, May 6, 1865. The engraving is a facsimile of the one published in the paper at the head of the poem.

top[141]


ABRAHAM LINCOLN, FOULLY ASSASSINATED

You lay a wreath on murdered Lincoln's bier,

You, who with mocking pencil wont to trace,

Broad for self-complacent British sneer,

His length of shambling limb, his furrowed face,

His gaunt, gnarled hands, his unkempt, bristling hair,

His garb uncouth, his bearing ill at ease,

His lack of all we prize as debonair,

Of power or will to shine, of art to please,

You, whose smart pen backed up the pencil's laugh,

Judging each step, as though the way were plain:

Reckless, so it could point its paragraph,

Of chief's perplexity, or people's pain.

Beside this corpse, that bears for winding sheet

The Stars and Stripes, he lived to rear anew,

Between the mourners at his head and feet,

Say, scurrile-jester, is there room for you?

Yes, he had lived to shame me from my sneer,

To lame my pencil, and confute my pen—

To make me own this hind of princes peer,

This rail-splitter a true-born king of men.

My shallow judgment I had learnt to rue,

Noting how to occasion's height he rose,

How his quaint wit made home-truth seem more true,

How, iron-like, his temper grew by blows.

top[142]

How humble, yet how hopeful he could be;

How in good fortune and in ill the same;

Nor bitter in success, nor boastful he,

Thirsty for gold, nor feverish for fame.

He went about his work—such work as few

Ever had laid on head and heart and hand—

As one who knows, where there's a task to do,

Man's honest will must Heaven's good grace command.

Who trusts the strength will with the burden grow,

That God makes instruments to work His will,

If but that will we can arrive to know,

Nor tamper with the weights of good and ill.

So he went forth to battle, on the side

That he felt clear was Liberty's and Right's,

As in his peasant boyhood he had plied

His warfare with rude Nature's thwarting mights—

The uncleared forest, the unbroken soil,

The iron-bark that turned the lumberer's axe,

The rapid, that o'erbears the boatmen's toil,

The prairie, hiding the mazed wanderer's tracks,

The ambushed Indian, and the prowling bear—

Such were the needs that helped his youth to train;

Rough culture—but such trees large fruit may bear,

If but their stocks be of right girth and grain.

So he grew up, a destined work to do,

And lived to do it—four long-suffering years;

Ill-fate, ill-feeling, ill-report, lived through,

And then he heard the hisses change to cheers,

top[143]

The taunts to tribute, the abuse to praise,

And took both with the same unwavering mood;

Till, as he came on light from darking days,

And seemed to touch the goal from where he stood,

A felon hand, between the goal and him,

Reached from behind his back, a trigger prest,—

And those perplexed and patient eyes were dim,

Those gaunt, long-laboring limbs were laid to rest!

The words of mercy were upon his lips,

Forgiveness in his heart and on his pen,

When this vile murderer brought swift eclipse

To thoughts of peace on earth, good will to men.

The Old World and the New, from sea to sea,

Utter one voice of sympathy and shame!

Sore heart, so stopped when it at last beat high,

Sad life, cut short just as its triumph came.

A deed accurst! Strokes have been struck before

By the assassin's hand, whereof men doubt

If more of horror or disgrace they bore;

But thy foul crime, like CAIN'S stands darkly out.

Vile hand, that brandest murder on a strife,

Whate'er its grounds, stoutly and nobly striven;

And with the martyr's crown crownest a life

With much to praise, little to be forgiven!

top[144]



DEATHBED OF LINCOLN

Immediately after the President was shot in Ford's Theatre he was carried across the street to the house of William Petersen and placed on a single bed in a room at the end of the hall. All through that weary night the watchers stood by the bedside. He was unconscious every moment from the time the bullet entered his head until Dr. Robert King Stone, the family physician, announced at twenty-two minutes after seven on the following morning that he had breathed his last (April 15, 1865). Upon this Secretary Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, in a low voice said: "Now He Belongs to the Ages."

top[145]


THE DEATHBED

Silence falls, unbroken save by sobs of strong men

In that room, where Lincoln, at the morning hour's chime

Passed out into the unknown from the world of human ken.

Gone his body and his life work from the world inclosed by time;

But in the silence that was falling after breath of broken prayer,

Words eternal broke the quiet like a bell toll on the air;

Never in the world's wide story, wiser spoke nor Prophet, spoke nor Sages,

Than these words that broke the silence: "He belongs now to the Ages!"

"To the Ages!" well you spoke it, Stanton of the massive mind!

He belongs, the years have shown it, to the world of human kind!

Heard his story, where'er hearts throb o'er the world's far spreading way;

Heard his story, children listen at the closing of the day;

Heard his story, lovers speak it in their hushed and saddened tones

As they wander in the twilight, dreaming of their coming homes;

Heard his story, statesmen tell it, with a thrill of pride and truth;

Heard his story, old men speak it to the country's growing youth.

And the years have shown the Prophets, and the years have shown the Sages;

Writ in fire these words of wisdom, "He belongs now to the Ages!"

top[146]



ABRAHAM LINCOLN
President

EDWIN M. STANTON
Secretary of War


Marion Mills Miller was born at Eaton, Ohio, February 27, 1864. He was graduated from Princeton in 1886, and for several years thereafter was an instructor there in the English department. In 1889 he received the degree of Doctor of Literature from his Alma Mater. Since 1893 he has been engaged in literary and social reform work in New York City. He has published some verse and fiction, but his most notable work has been in the fields of translation and history. He has edited The Classics—Greek and Latin (15 volumes), published in 1909, and Great Debates in American History (14 volumes), published in 1913.

In 1907 he edited the Centenary Edition of The Life and Works of Abraham Lincoln in 10 volumes, logically arranged for ready reference. The Life of Lincoln was published separately in 1908 in two volumes. It is based on a manuscript by Henry C. Whitney, whose name it bears as author, although the second volume, Lincoln, the President, was largely written by Dr. Miller. The late Major William H. Lambert, president top[147] of the Lincoln Fellowship, called it "the best of the shorter biographies of Lincoln." Dr. Miller has also edited The Wisdom of Lincoln (1908), a small book of extracts from Lincoln's speeches and writings. He wrote the following poem, "Lincoln and Stanton," especially for The Poets' Lincoln.

The first reference in it is to the Manny-McCormick case over the patent rights of the reaping machine, in which Lincoln had been at first selected as principal pleader, but was superseded by Edwin M. Stanton. Having thoroughly prepared himself, he offered his assistance to Stanton, but was brusquely repulsed. He was so hurt that he felt like leaving the court room, but decided, in loyalty to his client, to remain, and, leaving his place among counsel, took a seat in the audience. Despite his injured feelings he was filled with admiration for Stanton's able and successful conduct of the case. Lincoln, probably referring to a slur of Stanton reported to him, said that he would have to go back to Illinois and "study more law," since the "college-bred" lawyers were pushing hard the "cornfield" ones.

The second reference is to Stanton's criticism of Lincoln's conservative course during the first months of his Presidency; "that imbecile at the White House," he called him. Stanton as Attorney-General at the close of Buchanan's administration had done effective work in foiling the plans of the Confederacy, and he believed in forceful measures to put down the rebellion in its incipiency.

The third reference is to the virtually enforced resignation of Simon Cameron, Lincoln's first Secretary of War, and Lincoln's choice to succeed him of Stanton, whom he realized to be the best equipped man in the country for the place.

The fourth reference is to Stanton's remark by the bedside of Lincoln as the stricken President ceased breathing: "There lies the greatest leader of men the world ever saw."

top[148]


LINCOLN AND STANTON

Lincoln had cause one man alone to hate:

A fellow-lawyer, lacking in all grace,

Who cast uncalled-for insult in his face

When Lincoln as his colleague, with innate

Courtesy, proffered aid. With pride inflate

The scornful Stanton waved him to his place,

Snapping, "I need no help to try this case";

And "cornfield lawyer" muttered of his mate.

And when, as captain of the Union ship,

Lincoln drew sail before the gathering storm

Till favoring winds the shrouds unfurled should fill,

Stanton again curled his contemptuous lip

And, with the impatience of a patriot warm,

Sneered at the helmsman, "craven imbecile."

Laid was the course at length; the sails untried

Were spread; the raw crew set at spar and coil.

Now round the prow Charybdean waters boil

And ever higher surges war's red tide.

The mate who should the captain's care divide

Has strengthless proved. Where shall, the foe to foil,

A man be found able to bear the toil

And stand, to steer the ship, by Lincoln's side?

Stanton he called! The bitter choice he made

For country, not himself. The ship was driven

By the great twain through war's abyss, again

Into calm seas. Then Lincoln low was laid,

And Stanton paid him highest tribute given

To mortal: "Mightiest leader among men!"

top[149]



THE DEATH OF LINCOLN

1 President Lincoln. 2 Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy. 3 John Hay, Esq., President's Private Secretary. 4 Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War. 5 Rev. Dr. Gurley. 6 Gen. Farnsworth, M. C. from Illinois. 7 Governor Ogilsby of Illinois. 8 General Todd. 9 Rufus Andrews, Esq. 10 Hon. W. T. Otto, Assistant Secretary of the Interior. 11 Hon. W. Denison, Postmaster-General. 12 Judge D. K. Carter. 13 Major-General Halleck. 14 Captain Robert Lincoln. 15 Dr. Leale. 16 Hon. Charles Sumner. 17 Dr. Crane, Assistant Surgeon-General. 18 Governor Farwell, of Wisconsin. 19 Hon. J. P. Usher, Secretary of the Interior. 20 Major-General Augur. 21 Major-General Meigs. 22 Maunsel B. Field, Esq. 23 Hon. Schuyler Colfax. 24 Hon. James Speed, Attorney-General. 25 Hon. H. McCullough, Secretary of the Treasury 26 Dr. R. K. Stone. 27 Surgeon-General Barnes.

top[150]



HOUSE IN WHICH
LINCOLN DIED
Washington, D. C.

JOSEPHINE OLDROYD TIEFENTHALER
Born July 17, 1896.
Died February 20, 1908

top[151]


Robert Mackay and his wife visited this historic house in 1902. They were met at the door and escorted through the various rooms containing the Collection by Little Josephine, and were deeply impressed at the knowledge she exhibited of Lincoln and the Collection, although she was but six years of age. Mr. Mackay was born at Virginia City, Nevada, April 22, 1871. Reporter San Francisco Chronicle, 1886. Worked on newspapers as printer, reporter and editor until 1895, when he traveled extensively over the world for the International News Syndicate; joined staff of the New York World in 1899; managing editor of Success Magazine, 1900-1908. Editor the Delineator, 1908. Joined editorial department of the Frank A. Munsey Company in 1909, contributor of short stories, also other prose and verse.


THE HOUSE WHERE LINCOLN DIED

Above Judea's purple-mantled plain,

There hovers still, among the ruins lone,

The spirit of the Christ whose dying moan

Was heard in heaven, and paid our debt in pain.

As subtle perfume lingers with the rose,

Even when its petals flutter to the earth,

So clings the potent mystery of the birth

Of that deep love from which all mercy flows.

 . . . .

Within this house,—this room,—a martyr died,

A prophet of a larger liberty,—

A liberator setting bondmen free,

A full-orbed MAN, above mere mortal pride.

top[152]

The cloud-rifts opening to celestial glades,

Oft glimpse him, and his spirit lingers still,

As Christ's sweet influence broods upon the hill

Where the red lily with the sunset fades.

 . . . .

A little girl with eyes of heavenly blue,

Sings through the old place, ignorant of all;

Her angel face, her cheerful, birdlike call

Thrilling the heart to life more full, more true.



IN TOKEN OF RESPECT

Translation from Latin verses

From humble parentage and low degree

Lincoln ascended to the highest rank;

None ever had a harder task than he,

It was perfected—him alone we thank. 

Did the assassin think to kill a name,

Or hand his own down to posterity?

One will wear the laurel wreath of fame,

The other be condemned to infamy.

Caesar was killed by Brutus,

Yet Rome did not cease to be;

Lincoln by Booth, and yet the slaves

In all America are free!

Rieti, France, May, 1865

top[153]



ENGLAND'S SORROW

From London Fun

The hand of an Assassin, glowing red,

Shot like a firebrand through the western sky;

And stalwart Abraham Lincoln now is dead!

O! felon heart that thus could basely dye

The name of southerner with murderous gore!

Could such a spirit come from mortal womb?

And what possessed it that not heretofore

It linked its coward mission with the tomb?

Lincoln! thy fame shall sound through many an age,

To prove that genius lives in humble birth;

Thy name shall sound upon historic page,

For 'midst thy faults we all esteemed thy worth.

Gone art thou now! no more 'midst angry heat

Shall thy calm spirit rule the surging tide,

Which rolls where two contending nations meet,

To still the passion and to curb the pride.

Nations have looked and seen the fate of kings,

Protectors, emperors, and such like men;

Behold the man whose dirge all Europe sings,

Now past the eulogy of mortal pen!

He, like a lighthouse, fell athwart the strand;

Let curses rest upon the assassin's hand.

top[154]



THE FUNERAL OF LINCOLN
Ceremonies in the East Room of the White House, April 19, 1865


At ten minutes after twelve o'clock Rev. Charles H. Hall, of the Church of the Epiphany, opened the service by reading from the Episcopal Burial Service for the Dead. Bishop Matthew Simpson of the Methodist Church then offered prayer, and the Rev. Dr. Phineas D. Gurley, pastor of the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, at which Mr. Lincoln and his family attended, delivered a sermon. The Rev. E. H. Gray, D.D., of the E Street Baptist Church, closed the solemn service with prayer.

top[155]


Phineas Densmore Gurley, born at Hamilton, New York, 1816. Educated at Union College, Schenectady, New York. Taught during vacation, graduated 1837. Studied theology at the Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey. Was licensed to preach in 1840. In 1840 he went to Indianapolis, Indiana, and took charge of a church. In 1849 he removed to Dayton, Ohio, taking charge of a church, and in 1853 moved to Washington, D. C., and took charge of a Presbyterian Church on F Street, afterwards Willard Hall. In 1858 was elected Chaplain of the United States Senate. In July, 1859, the Second Presbyterian Church and the F Street Church united, and were known as the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, Dr. Gurley becoming its pastor from March, 1861, until his death. President Lincoln was a pew holder and a regular attendant, but was not a member. On one occasion the President remarked, "I like Dr. Gurley, he doesn't preach politics. I get enough of that during the week, and when I go to church I like to hear gospel."

When the President was assassinated Dr. Gurley was sent for and remained with the President until he breathed his last.

As soon as the spirit took its flight, Secretary Stanton turned to Dr. Gurley and said, "Doctor, will you say something?" After a brief pause, Dr. Gurley said, "Let us talk with God," and offered a touching prayer. Dr. Gurley died September 30, 1868.


THE FUNERAL HYMN OF LINCOLN

Rest, noble martyr! rest in peace;

Rest with the true and brave,

Who, like thee, fell in freedom's cause,

The nation's life to save.

Thy name shall live while time endures,

And men shall say of thee,

"He saved his country from its foes,

And bade the slave be free."

top[156]

These deeds shall be thy monument,

Better than brass or stone;

They leave thy fame in glory's light,

Unrival'd and alone.

This consecrated spot shall be

To freedom ever dear;

And freedom's sons of every race

Shall weep and worship here.

O God! before whom we, in tears,

Our fallen chief deplore,

Grant that the cause for which he died

May live forevermore.

top[157]



Harriet McEwen Kimball, born at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, November, 1834. Educated there; specially known as a religious poet, although she has written much secular verse; chief founder of the Portsmouth Cottage Hospital. Author hymns, Swallow Flights; Blessed Company of All Faithful People; Poems (complete edition), 1889.


REST, REST FOR HIM

Rest, rest for him whose noble work is done;

For him who led us gently, unaware,

Till we were readier to do and dare

For Freedom, and her hundred fields were won.

His march is ended where his march began;

More sweet his sleep for toil and sacrifice,

And that rare wisdom whose beginning lies

In fear of God, and charity for man;

And sweetest for the tender faith that grew

More strong in trial, and through doubt more clear,

Seeing in clouds and darkness One appear

In whose dread name the Nation's sword he drew.

Rest, rest for him; and rest for us today

Whose sorrow shook the land from east to west

When slain by treason on the Nation's breast

Her martyr breathed his steadfast soul away.

top[158]



THE FUNERAL CAR


This car bore the remains of the Martyr President to his home in Springfield, Illinois, where they were laid to rest. The funeral train left Washington, D. C., on the 21st of April, 1865, proceeded from that city to Baltimore, Maryland; Harrisburg and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York City, Albany and Buffalo, New York; Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio; Indianapolis, Indiana; Chicago, Illinois; and finally to Springfield, reaching the latter place May 3, where the last sad rites were performed on the succeeding day. The body lay in state in all the above cities, brief stops being also made in many smaller places.

top[159]


Richard Henry Stoddard in the following Horatian Ode made a beautiful analysis of the Martyr President's character, with a magnificent picture of the nation's tribute of mourning for its dead chief:


THE FUNERAL CAR OF LINCOLN

Peace! Let the long procession come,

For, hark!—the mournful, muffled drum—

The trumpet's wail afar—

And, see! the awful car!

Peace! let the sad procession go,

While cannon boom, and bells toll slow:

And go, thou sacred car,

Bearing our Woe afar!

Go, darkly borne, from State to State,

Whose loyal, sorrowing cities wait

To honor all they can

The dust of that good man!

Go, grandly borne, with such a train

As greatest kings might die to gain;

The Just, the Wise, the Brave

Attend thee to the grave!

And you the soldiers of our wars,

Bronzed veterans, grim with noble scars,

Salute him once again,

Your late Commander—slain!

Yes, let your tears, indignant, fall,

And leave your muskets on the wall;

Your country needs you now

Beside the forge, the plow!

top[160]

(When Justice shall unsheathe her brand—

If Mercy may not stay her hand,

Nor would we have it so—

She must direct the blow!)

So, sweetly, sadly, sternly goes

The Fallen to his last repose;

Beneath no mighty dome,

But in his modest Home!

The churchyard where his children rest,

The quiet spot that suits him best;

There shall his grave be made,

And there his bones be laid!

And there his countrymen shall come,

With memory proud, with pity dumb,

And strangers far and near,

For many and many a year!

For many a year, and many an age,

With History on her ample page

The virtues shall enroll

Of that Paternal Soul.

top[161]



William Cullen Bryant, born in Cummington, Massachusetts, November 3, 1794. Died in New York, June 12, 1878. He wrote verses in his twelfth year to be recited at school. Spent two years at Williams College and at the age of eighteen began the study of law. He depended upon his profession for a number of years, although it was not to his liking. His contributions to the North American Review and his poems published therein gained him an enviable reputation, and reflected great credit upon him.


THE DEATH OF LINCOLN

Oh, slow to smite and swift to spare,

Gentle and merciful and just!

Who, in the fear of God didst bear

The sword of power, a nation's trust.

In sorrow by thy bier we stand,

Amid the awe that hushes all,

And speak the anguish of a land

That shook with horror at thy fall.

Thy task is done; the bond is free—

We bear thee to an honored grave,

Whose noblest monument shall be

The broken fetters of the slave.

Pure was thy life; its bloody close

Hath placed thee with the sons of light

Among the noble host of those

Who perished in the cause of right.

top[162]



CITY HALL, NEW YORK, N. Y.


At the time of the appearance of the procession at the City Hall at least twenty thousand persons were assembled in the immediate neighborhood. While awaiting the arrival of the procession a number of German singing bands were marched into the open space before the Hall, and arranged on either side of the entrance, preparatory to the singing of a requiem to the dead. The procession entered the Park at about half-past eleven o'clock, and the hearse stopped before the entrance to the Hall. Here the coffin was immediately taken from the hearse and carried up the stairs to the catafalque which had been prepared for its reception, while the singing societies rendered two very appropriate dirges.

The interior of the City Hall had been decorated with much taste. Across the dome a black curtain was drawn, and the rays of light thus conducted fell subdued upon the sad but imposing spectacle.

top[163]



Henry T. Tuckerman, a member of the Committee on Resolutions, wrote the following ode for the funeral obsequies, on the 25th day of April, 1865, at New York City. The Athenaeum Club participated, bearing an appropriate banner, the members wearing distinctive badges of mourning and under the leadership of their Vice-President, Henry E. Pierpont; the President, William T. Blodgett, being at that time absent acting as Chairman of the Citizens Committee:


ODE

Shroud the banner! rear the cross!

Consecrate a nation's loss;

Gaze on that majestic sleep;

Stand beside the bier to weep;

Lay the gentle son of toil

Proudly in his native soil;

Crowned with honor, to his rest

Bear the prophet of the West.

How cold the brow that yet doth wear

The impress of a nation's care;

How still the heart, whose every beat

Glowed with compassion's sacred heat;

Rigid the lips, whose patient smile

Duty's stern task would oft beguile;

Blood-quenched the pensive eye's soft light;

Nerveless the hand so loth to smite;

So meek in rule, it leads, though dead,

The people as in life it led.

O let his wise and guileless sway

Win every recreant today,

And sorrow's vast and holy wave

Blend all our hearts around his grave!

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Let the faithful bondmen's tears,

Let the traitor's craven fears,

And the people's grief and pride,

Plead against the parricide!

Let us throng to pledge and pray

O'er the patriot martyr's clay;

Then, with solemn faith in right,

That made him victor in the fight,

Cling to the path he fearless trod,

Still radiant with the smile of God.

Shroud the banner! rear the cross!

Consecrate a nation's loss;

Gaze on that majestic sleep;

Stand beside the bier to weep;

Lay the gentle son of toil

Proudly in his native soil;

Crowned with honor, to his rest

Bear the prophet of the West.



Lucy Larcom was born in Beverly, Mass., in 1826. At the age of seven years she wrote stories and poems. She spent three years in school, then worked in the cotton mills. Some of her writings attracted the attention of Whittier, from whom she received encouragement. At the age of twenty she went to Illinois and there taught school for some time, and for three years studied in Monticello Female Seminary. She returned to Massachusetts and during the war wrote many patriotic poems.

top[165]


TOLLING

Tolling, tolling, tolling!

All the bells of the land!

Lo, the patriot martyr

Taketh his journey grand!

Travels into the ages,

Bearing a hope how dear!

Into life's unknown vistas,

Liberty's great pioneer.

Tolling, tolling, tolling!

See, they come as a cloud,

Hearts of a mighty people,

Bearing his pall and shroud;

Lifting up, like a banner,

Signals of loss and woe;

Wonder of breathless nations,

Moveth the solemn show.

Tolling, tolling, tolling!

Was it, O man beloved,

Was it thy funeral only

Over the land that moved?

top[166]



ROTUNDA, CITY HALL, NEW YORK, N. Y.


The remains of President Lincoln lay in state in the City Hall, New York, from noon April 24 to noon April 25, 1865. Visitors were admitted to view the remains, passing through the Hall two abreast. Singing societies sang dirges in the rotunda the night through.

top[167]



Richard Storrs Willis was born in Boston, Massachusetts, February 10, 1819, was graduated at Yale in 1841, and adopted literature as his profession. He has published musical and other poems; has edited the New York Musical World and Once a Week, and contributed also to current literature. He wrote the following:


REQUIEM OF LINCOLN

Now wake the requiem's solemn moan,

For him whose patriot task is done!

A nation's heart stands still today

With horror, o'er his martyred clay!

O, God of Peace, repress the ire,

Which fills our souls with vengeful fire!

Vengeance is Thine—and sovereign might,

Alone, can such a crime requite!

Farewell, thou good and guileless heart!

The manliest tears for thee must start!

E'en those at times who blamed thee here,

Now deeply sorrow o'er thy bier.

O, Jesus, grant him sweet repose,

Who, like Thee, seemed to love his foes!

Those foes, like Thine, their wrath to spend,

Have slain their best, their firmest friend.

top[168]



ST. JAMES HALL, BUFFALO, N. Y.


The funeral train bearing the remains of President Lincoln reached Buffalo, New York, on Thursday morning, the 27th of April. The body was taken from the funeral car and borne by soldiers up to St. James' Hall, where it was placed under a crape canopy, extending from the ceiling to the floor. The Buffalo St. Cecilia Society sang with deep pathos the dirge "Rest, Spirit, Rest," the society then placed an elegantly formed harp, made of choice white flowers, at the head of the coffin, as a tribute from them to the honored dead. The public were admitted to view the remains, and the following day the remains reached Cleveland, Ohio.



James Nicoll Johnston was born in Ardee, County Donegal, Ireland. When two years of age the family moved to Cashelmore, Sheephaven Bay, County Donegal. In 1847 they moved to America. He was then between fifteen and sixteen years of age. top[169] In 1848 they settled at Buffalo, New York, which has been his home until the present time.

He has published two editions of Donegal Memories, also two editions of Donegal Memories and Other Poems, and a volume of Buffalo verse collected by him under the title of Poets and Poetry of Buffalo. He assisted in collections of Buffalo local literature, also devoted much time to the production of publications of a philanthropic nature.


REQUIEM

Bear him to his Western home,

Whence he came four years ago;

Not beneath some Eastern dome,

But where Freedom's airs may come,

Where the prairie grasses grow,

To the friends who loved him so,

Take him to his quiet rest;

Toll the bell and fire the gun;

He who served his Country best,

He whom millions loved and bless'd,

Now has fame immortal won;

Rack of brain and heart is done.

Shed thy tears, O April rain,

O'er the tomb wherein he sleeps!

Wash away the bloody stain!

Drape the skies in grief, O rain!

Lo! a nation with thee weeps,

Grieving o'er her martyred slain.

To the people whence he came,

Bear him gently back again,

Greater his than victor's fame:

His is now a sainted name;

Never ruler had such gain—

Never people had such pain.

top[170]



PRESIDENT LINCOLN
Photograph taken in 1863 by Brady



Oliver Wendell Holmes, born in Cambridge, Mass., August 29, 1809. To him belongs the credit of saving the frigate Constitution from destruction, by a poem—Aye, Tear the Battered Ensign Down. He died August 7, 1894.

top[171]


SERVICES IN MEMORY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

(City of Boston, June 1, 1865)

O Thou of soul and sense and breath,

The ever-present Giver,

Unto Thy mighty angel, death,

All flesh Thou didst deliver;

What most we cherish, we resign,

For life and death alike are Thine,

Who reignest Lord forever!

Our hearts lie buried in the dust

With him, so true and tender,

The patriot's stay, the people's trust,

The shield of the offender;

Yet every murmuring voice is still,

As, bowing to Thy sovereign will,

Our best loved we surrender.

Dear Lord, with pitying eye behold

This martyr generation,

Which Thou, through trials manifold,

Art showing Thy salvation!

O let the blood by murder spilt

Wash out Thy stricken children's guilt,

And sanctify our Nation!

Be Thou Thy orphaned Israel's friend,  

Forsake Thy people never,

In one our broken many blend,

That none again may sever!

Hear us, O Father, while we raise

With trembling lips our song of praise,

And bless Thy name forever!

top[172]



LINCOLN HOMESTEAD, MAY 4, 1865

Photographed by F. W. Ingmire on the day of the funeral, with the members of the National Committee appointed to accompany the remains to Springfield, Illinois.

Members on the pavement: Left (1) Hon. Schuyler Colfax, Speaker of the House; (2) Hon. R. C. Schenck, Ohio; (3) Hon. Lyman Trumbull, Illinois; (4) Hon. Charles E. Phelps, Maryland; (5) Hon. W. H. Wallace, Idaho; (6) Hon. Joseph Baily, Pennsylvania; (7) Hon. James K. Morehead, Pennsylvania; (8) Hon. Sidney Clarke, Kansas; (9) Hon. Samuel Hooper, Massachusetts; (10) Hon. E. B. Washburn, Illinois; (11) Hon. Thomas W. Ferry, Michigan; (12) Hon. Thomas B. Shannon, California; (13) S. G. Ordway, Sergeant-at-Arms of the House.

Members in the yard: Left (1) Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, Illinois; (2) Hon. John B. Henderson, Missouri; (3) Hen. Richard Yates, Illinois; (4) Hon. James W. Nye, Nevada; (5) Hon. Henry S. Lane, Indiana; (6) Hon. George H. Williams, Oregon; (7) Hon. George T. Brown, Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate; (8) Hon. William A. Newell, New Jersey.

top[173]



William Allen, D.D., born 1784, died 1868. Graduated at Harvard, 1802. President Dartmouth College, 1816-1819, Bowdoin College, 1820-1839. He was the father of American Biography, published various volumes of poems; as a philologist, he contributed many thousands of words and definitions to Webster and Worcester's dictionaries. He was leader of the American delegation to the National Peace Congress at Versailles in 1849.


SPRINGFIELD'S WELCOME TO LINCOLN

Lincoln! thy country's father, hail!

We bid thee welcome, but bewail;

Welcome unto thy chosen home—

Triumphant, glorious, dost thou come.

Before the enemy struck the blow

That laid thee in a moment low,

God gave thy wish: It was to see

Our Union safe, our country free.

A country where the gospel truth

Shall reach the hearts of age and youth,

And move unchained, in majesty,

A model land of liberty!

When Jacob's bones, from Egypt borne,

Regained their home, the people mourn;

Great mourning then at Ephron's cave,

Both Abraham's and Isaac's grave.

Far greater is the mourning now;

For our land one emblem wide of woe;

And where thy coffin car appears

Do not the people throng in tears?

top[174]

Thy triumph of a thousand miles,

Like eastern conqueror with his spoils—

A million hearts thy captives led,

All weeping for their chieftain dead.

Thy chariot, moved with eagle speed

Without the aid of prancing steed,

Has brought thee to that destined tomb;

Springfield, thy home, will give thee room.

Lincoln, the martyr, welcome home!

What lessons blossom on thy tomb!

In God's pure truth and law delight;

With firm, unwavering soul do right.

Be condescending, kind and just;

In God's wise counsels put thy trust;

Let no proud soul e'er dare rebel,

Moved by vile passions sprung from hell.

Come, sleep with us in sweet repose,

Till we, as Christ from death arose,

Still in His glorious image rise

To dwell with him beyond the skies.

top[175]



STATE CAPITOL, ILLINOIS, 1865


The body of the President lay in state in the Capitol, Springfield, Illinois—which was very richly draped—from May 3 to May 4, when it was removed to Oak Ridge Cemetery.



Lucy Hamilton Hooper, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, January 20, 1835. In conjunction with Charles G. Leland she edited Our Daily Fare, the daily chronicle of the Philadelphia Sanitary Fair in 1864. She was assistant editor of Lippincott's Magazine from its foundation until she went to Europe in 1870. In 1874 she settled in Paris and since has been correspondent for various journals in this country. She has published Poems, with Translations from the German (Philadelphia, 1864), another volume of Poems (1871); a translation of Le Nabob, by Alphonse Daudet (Boston, 1879); and Under the Tricolor, a novel (Philadelphia, 1880). She died August 31, 1893.

top[176]


LINCOLN

There is a shadow on the sunny air,

There is a darkness o'er the April day,

We bow our heads beneath this awful cloud

So sudden come, and not to pass away.

O the wild grief that sweeps across our land

From frozen Maine to Californian shore!

A people's tears, an orphaned nation's wail,

For him the good, the great, who is no more.

The noblest brain that ever toiled for man,

The kindest heart that ever thrilled a breast,

The lofty soul unstained by soil of earth,

Sent by a traitor to a martyr's rest.

And his last act (O gentle, kindly heart!)

The noble prompting of unselfish grace.

He would not disappoint the waiting crowd

Who came to gaze upon his honored face.

O God, thy ways are just, and yet we find

This dispensation hard to understand.

Why must our Prophet's weary feet be stay'd

Upon the borders of the Promised Land?

He bore the heat, the burden of the day,

The golden eventide he shall not see;

He shall not see the old flag wave again

Over a land united, saved, and free.

He loved his people, and he ever lent

To all our griefs a sympathizing ear;

Now for the first time in these four sad years

The stricken nation wails—he does not hear.

top[177]

O never wept a land a nobler Chief!

Kind heart, strong hand, true soul—yet, while we weep

Let us remember, e'en amid our tears,

'Tis God who gives to his beloved sleep.

So sleeps he now, the chosen man of God,

No more shall care or sorrow wring his breast;

The weary one and heavy laden, lies

Hushed by the voice of God to endless rest.

We need no solemn knell, no tolling bells,

No chanted dirge, no vain words sadly said.

The saddest knell that ever stirred the air

Rang in those words, "Our President is dead!"

top[178]



PUBLIC VAULT, OAK RIDGE CEMETERY, SPRINGFIELD, ILL.,
On the day of Lincoln's funeral


The remains of President Lincoln were deposited in this receiving vault of Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, on the 4th of May, 1865, where they remained until December 21, 1865, when they were removed to a temporary vault near the site of the public one. On September 19, 1871, the remains were removed to the monument which had been erected and which stands on the top of the hill in that cemetery back of the public vault. The remains of Mrs. Lincoln, Willie and Thomas (Tad), are also resting there.

top[179]



LET THE PRESIDENT SLEEP

By James M. Stewart

Let the President sleep! all his duty is done,

He has lived for our glory, the triumph is won;

At the close of the fight, like a warrior brave,

He retires from the field to the rest of the grave.

Hush the roll of the drum, hush the cannon's loud roar,

He will guide us to peace through the battle no more;

But new freedom shall dawn from the place of his rest,

Where the star has gone down in the beautiful West.

Tread lightly, breathe softly, and gratefully bring

To the sod that enfolds him the first flowers of spring;

They will tenderly treasure the tears that we weep

O'er the grave of our chief—let the President sleep.

Let the President sleep—tears will hallow the ground,

Where we raise o'er his ashes the sheltering mound,

And his spirit will sometimes return from above,

There to mingle with ours in ineffable love.

Peace to thee, noble dead, thou hast battled for right,

And hast won high reward from the Father of Light;

Peace to thee, martyr-hero, and sweet be thy rest,

Where the sunlight fades out in the beautiful West.

Tread lightly, breathe softly, and gratefully bring

To the sod that enfolds him the first flowers of spring;

They will tenderly treasure the tears that we weep

O'er the grave of our chief—let the President sleep!

top[180]



FACADE OF PUBLIC VAULT
Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois, in which the body of Lincoln was placed, May 4, 1865

top[181]



James Mackay, born in New York, April 8, 1872. Author of The Economy of Happiness, The Politics of Utility, and of various lectures on Scientific Ethics, etc.


THE CENOTAPH OF LINCOLN

And so they buried Lincoln? Strange and vain

Has any creature thought of Lincoln hid

In any vault 'neath any coffin lid,

In all the years since that wild spring of pain?

'Tis false—he never in the grave hath lain.

You could not bury him although you slid

Upon his clay the Cheops Pyramid,

Or heaped it with the Rocky Mountain chain.

They slew themselves;—they but set Lincoln free.

In all the earth his great heart beats as strong,

Shall beat while pulses throb to chivalry,

And burn with hate of tyranny and wrong.

Whoever will may find him, anywhere

Save in the tomb. Not there—he is not there.

top[182]



LINCOLN MONUMENT
Springfield, Illinois, Larken G. Mead, Architect


A movement was started shortly after the burial of Lincoln to raise funds sufficient to build a monument over his grave. Contributions were made by various States and societies, and about sixty thousand Sunday-school scholars contributed the sum of eighteen thousand dollars. Ground was broken on the 9th of September, 1869, and the monument was dedicated on the 15th of October, 1874, at a total cost of two hundred and thirty thousand dollars.

top[183]



James Judson Lord, born at Berwick, Maine, in 1821. He had the advantage of an excellent early education followed by years of research. During his preparatory studies at Cambridge he met Longfellow, who loaned him books from his own library. For a time he studied art under prominent masters, but his health failing, after a time of forced leisure he went into the mercantile business in Boston, which vocation he afterward followed. In 1851 he went to Illinois; finally, after his marriage, settling in Springfield. There he knew Mr. Lincoln, with whom he was on terms of closest friendship.

The poem submitted by Mr. Lord was selected for reading at the dedication of the National Lincoln Monument in a competition which brought contributions from many leading poets.

He was the author of several dramas, and from time to time contributed poems to leading magazines and newspapers of the country. He died January 3, 1905.


DEDICATION POEM

Read by Richard Edwards, LL.D., President Illinois State Normal University at Bloomington, Illinois

We build not here a temple or a shrine,

Nor hero-fane to demigods divine;

Nor to the clouds a superstructure rear

For man's ambition or for servile fear.

Not to the Dust, but to the Deeds alone

A grateful people raise th' historic stone;

For where a patriot lived, or hero fell,

The daisied turf would mark the spot as well.

What though the Pyramids, with apex high,

Like Alpine peaks cleave Egypt's rainless sky,

And cast grim shadows o'er a desert land

top[184]

Forever blighted by oppression's hand?

No patriot zeal their deep foundations laid—

No freeman's hand their darken'd chambers made—

No public weal inspired the heart with love,

To see their summits towering high above.

The ruling Pharaoh, proud and gory-stained,

With vain ambitions never yet attained;—

With brow enclouded as his marble throne,

And heart unyielding as the building stone;—

Sought with the scourge to make mankind his slaves,

And heaven's free sunlight darker than their graves.

His but to will, and theirs to yield and feel,

Like vermin'd dust beneath his iron heel;—

Denies all mercy, and all right offends,

Till on his head th' avenging Plague descends.

Historic justice bids the nations know

That through each land of slaves a Nile of blood shall flow:

And Vendome Columns, on a people thrust,

Are, by the people, level'd with the dust.

Nor stone, nor bronze, can fit memorials yield

For deeds of valor on the bloody field,

'Neath war's dark clouds the sturdy volunteer,

By freedom taught his country to revere,

Bids home and friends a hasty, sad adieu,

And treads where dangers all his steps pursue;

Finds cold and famine on his dauntless way,

And with mute patience brooks the long delay,

Or hears the trumpet, or the thrilling drum

Peal the long roll that calls: "They come! they come!"

Then to the front with battling hosts he flies,

And lives to triumph, or for freedom dies.

Thund'ring amain along the rocky strand,

The Ocean claims her honors with the Land.

top[185]

Loud on the gale she chimes the wild refrain,

Or with low murmur wails her heroes slain!

In gory hulks, with splinter'd mast and spar,

Rocks on her stormy breast the valiant Tar:—

Lash'd to the mast he gives the high command,

Or midst the fight, sinks with the Cumberland.

Beloved banner of the azure sky,

Thy rightful home where'er thy eagles fly;

On thy blue field the stars of heav'n descend,

And to our day a purer luster lend.

O, Righteous God! who guard'st the right alway,

And bade Thy peace to come, "and come to stay":

And while war's deluge fill'd the land with blood,

With bow of promise arch'd the crimson flood,—

From fratricidal strife our banner screen,

And let it float henceforth in skies serene.

Yet cunning art shall here her triumphs bring,

And laurel'd bards their choicest anthems sing.

Here, honor'd age shall bare its wintery brow,

And youth to freedom make a Spartan vow.

Here, ripened manhood from its walks profound,

Shall come and halt, as if on hallow'd ground.

Here shall the urn with fragrant wreaths be drest,

By tender hands the flow'ry tributes prest;

And wending westward, from oppressions far,

Shall pilgrims come, led by our freedom-star;

While bending lowly, as o'er friendly pall,

The silent tear from ebon cheeks shall fall.

Sterile and vain the tributes which we pay—

It is the Past that consecrates today

The spot where rests one of the noble few

Who saw the right, and dared the right to do.

top[186]

True to himself and to his fellow men,

With patient hand he moved the potent pen,

Whose inky stream did, like the Red Sea's flow,

Such bondage break and such a host o'erthrow!

The simple parchment on its fleeting page

Bespeaks the import of the better age,—

When man, for man, no more shall forge the chain,

Nor armies tread the shore, nor navies plow the main.

Then shall this boon to human freedom given

Be fitly deem'd a sacred gift of heaven;—

Though of the earth, it is no less divine,—

Founded on truth it will forever shine,

Reflecting rays from heaven's unchanging plan—

The law of right and brotherhood of man.



Edna Dean Proctor, born in Henniker, New Hampshire, October 10, 1838. She received her early education in Concord and subsequently removed to Brooklyn, New York. She contributed largely to magazine literature and has traveled extensively abroad. Of all her poems By the Shenandoah is probably the most popular.


THE GRAVE OF LINCOLN

Now must the storied Potomac

Laurels forever divide;

Now to the Sangamon fameless

Give of its century's pride.

Sangamon, stream of the prairies,

Placidly westward that flows,

Far in whose city of silence

Calm he has sought his repose.

Over our Washington's river

Sunrise beams rosy and fair;

top[187]

Sunset on Sangamon fairer,—

Father and martyr lies there.

Break into blossom, O prairie!

Snowy and golden and red;

Peers of the Palestine lilies

Heap for your Glorious Dead!

Roses as fair as of Sharon,

Branches as stately as palm,

Odors as rich as the spices—

Cassia and aloes and balm—

Mary the loved and Salome,

All with a gracious accord,

Ere the first glow of the morning

Brought to the tomb of the Lord.

Not for thy sheaves nor savannas

Crown we thee, proud Illinois!

Here in his grave is thy grandeur;

Born of his sorrow thy joy.

Only the tomb by Mount Zion,

Hewn for the Lord, do we hold

Dearer than his in thy prairies,

Girdled with harvests of gold!

Still for the world through the ages

Wreathing with glory his brow,

He shall be Liberty's Saviour;

Freedom's Jerusalem thou!

top[188]



STATUE OF LINCOLN
In Lincoln Park, Washington, D. C. Thomas Ball, sculptor.


The first contribution of five dollars for the statue in Lincoln Park, Washington, D. C., was made by a colored woman named Charlotte Scott, of Marietta, Ohio, the morning after the assassination of President Lincoln, and the entire cost of said monument, amounting to $17,000, was paid by subscriptions of colored people. It was unveiled April 14, 1876.

top[189]



James Russell Lowell, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, February 22, 1819. He received his degree in 1838, at Harvard, and his first production was a class poem which was delivered on that date. He was successor of Professor Longfellow in the chair of Modern Languages at Harvard College. In 1877 he was appointed by President Hayes to the Spanish Mission, from which he was transferred in 1880 to the Court of St. James. A long list of poetical works have been published to his credit. He died August 12, 1891.


COMMEMORATION ODE

Life may be given in many ways,

And loyalty to Truth be sealed

As bravely in the closet as the field,

So bountiful is Fate;

But then to stand beside her,

When craven churls deride her,

To front a lie in arms and not to yield,

This shows, methinks, God's plan

And measures of a stalwart man,

Limbed like the old heroic breeds,

Who stand self-poised on manhood's solid earth;

Not forced to frame excuses for his birth,

Fed from within with all the strength he needs.

Such was he, our Martyr-Chief,

Whom late the Nation he had led,

With ashes on her head,

Wept with the passion of an angry grief;

Forgive me, if from present things I turn

To speak what in my heart will beat and burn,

And hang my wreath on his world-honored urn.

top[190]

Nature, they say, doth dote,

And cannot make a man

Save on some worn-out plan,

Repeating us by rote:

For him her Old World molds aside she threw,

And, choosing sweet clay from the breast

Of the unexhausted West,

With stuff untainted shaped a hero new,

Wise, steadfast in the strength of God, and true.

How beautiful to see

Once more a shepherd of mankind indeed,

Who loved his charge, but never loved to lead;

One whose meek flock the people joyed to be,

Not lured by any cheat of birth,

But by his clear-grained human worth,

And brave old wisdom of sincerity!

They knew that outward grace is dust;

They could not choose but trust

In that sure-footed mind's unfaltering skill,

And supple-tempered will

That bent like perfect steel to spring again and thrust!

His was no lonely mountain-peak of mind,

Thrusting to thin air o'er our cloudy bars,

A sea-mark now, now lost in vapors blind;

Broad prairie rather, genial, level-lined,

Fruitful and friendly for all human kind,

Yet also nigh to heaven and loved of loftiest stars.

Nothing of Europe here,

Or, then, of Europe fronting mornward still,

Ere any names of Serf or Peer

Could Nature's equal scheme deface;

Here was a type of the true elder race,

And one of Plutarch's men talked with us face to face.

top[191]

I praise him not; it were too late;

And some innative weakness there must be

In him who condescends to victory

Such as the present gives, and cannot wait,

Safe in himself as in a fate.

So always firmly he;

He knew to bide his time,

And can his fame abide,

Still patient in his simple faith sublime,

Till the wise years decide.

Great captains, with their guns and drums,

Disturb our judgment for the hour,

But at last silence comes;

These are all gone, and, standing like a tower,

Our children shall behold his fame,

The kindly-earnest, brave, foreseeing man,

Sagacious, patient, dreading praise, not blame,

New birth of our new soil, the first American.

top[192]



STATUE OF LINCOLN
By Leonard W. Volk

top[193]



Richard Henry Stoddard, born in Hingham, Massachusetts, July 2, 1825. His first book, entitled Foot Prints, was published in 1849, and some three years after a more mature collection of poems was published. In later years a number of his books were published, all of which have been received with approbation by the public. Died May 12, 1903.


AN HORATIAN ODE

(To Lincoln)

Not as when some great captain falls

In battle, where his country calls,

Beyond the struggling lines

That push his dread designs

To doom, by some stray ball struck dead:

Or in the last charge, at the head

Of his determined men,

Who must be victors then!

Nor as when sink the civic great,

The safer pillars of the State,

Whose calm, mature, wise words

Suppress the need of swords!

With no such tears as e'er were shed

Above the noblest of our dead

Do we today deplore

The man that is no more.

Our sorrow hath a wider scope,

Too strange for fear, too vast for hope,—

A wonder, blind and dumb,

That waits—what is to come!

top[194]

Not more astonished had we been

If madness, that dark night, unseen,

Had in our chambers crept,

And murdered while we slept!

We woke to find a mourning earth—

Our Lares shivered on the hearth,—

To roof-tree fallen—all

That could affright, appall!

Such thunderbolts, in other lands,

Have smitten the rod from royal hands,

But spared, with us, till now,

Each laureled Caesar's brow.

No Caesar he, whom we lament,

A man without a precedent,

Sent it would seem, to do

His work—and perish too!

Not by the weary cares of state,

The endless tasks, which will not wait,

Which, often done in vain,

Must yet be done again;

Not in the dark, wild tide of war,

Which rose so high, and rolled so far,

Sweeping from sea to sea

In awful anarchy;—

Four fateful years of mortal strife,

Which slowly drained the Nation's life,

(Yet, for each drop that ran

There sprang an armed man!)

top[195]

Not then;—but when by measures meet—

By victory, and by defeat,

By courage, patience, skill,

The people's fixed "We will!"

Had pierced, had crushed rebellion dead—

Without a hand, without a head:—

At last, when all was well,

He fell—O, how he fell!

Tyrants have fallen by such as thou,

And good hath followed,—may it now!

(God lets bad instruments

Produce the best events.)

But he, the man we mourn today,

No tyrant was; so mild a sway

In one such weight who bore

Was never known before!

From "Poems of Richard Henry Stoddard"

Copyright, 1880, by Charles Scribner's Sons.

top[196]



"THE GOOD GRAY POET" (Walt Whitman)

top[197]


Walt Whitman, born in West Hills, Long Island, New York, May 31, 1819. He was educated in the public schools of Brooklyn and New York City. Learned the printing trade at which he worked during the summer and taught school in winter. He made long pedestrian tours through the United States and even extended his tramps through Canada. His chief work, Leaves of Grass, is a series of poems through which he earned the praise of some and the abuse of others. He visited the army when a brother was wounded and remained afterward as a volunteer nurse. Died 1892.


O CAPTAIN! MY CAPTAIN!

O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done;

The ship has weather'd every wrack, the prize we sought is won;

The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,

While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel firm and daring;

But O heart! heart! heart!

O the bleeding drops of red,

Where on the deck my Captain lies,

Fallen, cold and dead.

O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells;

Rise up—for you the flag is flung—for you the bugle trills;

For you bouquets and ribbon'd wreaths—for you the shores a-crowding;

For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning;

top[198]

Here, Captain! dear Father!

This arm beneath your head;

It is some dream that on the deck

You've fallen cold and dead.

My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still;

My Father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will;

The ship is anchor'd safe and sound, its voyage closed and done;

From fearful trip, the victor ship, comes in with object won;

Exult, O shores, and ring, O bells!

But I, with mournful tread,

Walk the deck where my Captain lies,

Fallen, cold and dead.

top[199]



STATUE OF LINCOLN
By Lott Flannery, in front of the Court House, Washington
Unveiled April 16, 1868

top[200]



Henry de Garrs, of Sheffield, England, wrote these lines on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in 1865. They were published in England in 1889, and later in America, in the Century.


ON THE ASSASSINATION OF LINCOLN

What dreadful rumor, hurtling o'er the sea,

Too monstrous for belief, assails our shore?

Men pause and question, Can such foul crime be?

Till lingering doubt may cling to hope no more.

Not when great Caesar weltered in his gore,

Nor since, in time, or circumstance, or place,

Hath crime so shook the World's great heart before.

O World! O World! of all thy records base,

Time wears no fouler scar on his time-smitten face.

A king of men, inured to hardy toil,

Rose truly royal up the steeps of life,

Till Europe's monarchs seemed to dwarf the while

Beneath his greatness—great when traitors rife

Pierced deep his country's heart with treason-knife;

But greatest when victorious he stood,

Crowning with mercy freedom's greatest strife.

The world saw the new light of godlike good

Ere the assassin's hand shed his most precious blood.

Lament thy loss, sad sister of the West:

Not one, but many nations with thee weep;

Cherish thy martyr on thy wounded breast,

And lay him with thy Washington to sleep.

Earth holds no fitter sepulcher to keep

His royal heart—one of thy kings to be

Who reign even from the grave; whose scepters sweep

top[201]

More potent over human destiny

Than all ambition's pride and power and majesty.

Yet, yet rejoice that thou hadst such a son;

The mother of such a man should never sigh;

Could longer life a nobler cause have won?

Could longest age more gloriously die?

Oh! lift thy heart, thy mind, thy soul on high

With deep maternal pride, that from thy womb

Came such a son to scourge hell's foulest lie

Out of life's temple. Watchers by his tomb!

He is not there, but risen: that grave is slavery's doom.



POETICAL TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

By Emily J. Bugbee

There's a burden of grief on the breezes of Spring,

And a song of regret from the bird on its wing;

There's a pall on the sunshine and over the flowers,

And a shadow of graves on these spirits of ours;

For a star hath gone out from the night of our sky,

On whose brightness we gazed as the war-cloud roll'd by;

So tranquil, and steady, and clear were its beams,

That they fell like a vision of peace on our dreams.

A heart that we knew had been true to our weal,

And a hand that was steadily guiding the wheel;

A name never tarnished by falsehood or wrong,

That had dwelt in our hearts like a soul-stirring song.

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Ah! that pure, noble spirit has gone to its rest,

And the true hand lies nerveless and cold on his breast;

But the name and the memory—these never will die,

But grow brighter and dearer as ages go by.

Yet the tears of a Nation fall over the dead,

Such tears as a Nation before never shed;

For our cherished one fell by a dastardly hand,

A martyr to truth and the cause of the land;

And a sorrow has surged, like the waves to the shore,

When the breath of the tempest is sweeping them o'er,

And the heads of the lofty and lowly have bowed,

As the shaft of the lightning sped out from the cloud.

Not gathered, like Washington, home to his rest,

When the sun of his life was far down in the West;

But stricken from earth in the midst of his years,

With the Canaan in view, of his prayers and his tears.

And the people, whose hearts in the wilderness failed,

Sometimes, when the star of their promise had paled,

Now, stand by his side on the mount of his fame,

And yield him their hearts in a grateful acclaim.

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STATUE OF LINCOLN
Muskegon, Michigan, Charles Niehaus, sculptor



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John Nichol, born at Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, September 8, 1833. He was a professor of English Literature at the University of Glasgow (1861-1889), and did much to make American books popular in England. His numerous publications include: Leaves (1854), verse; Tables of European History, 200-1876 A.D. (1876); fourth edition (1888); Byron in English Men of Letters series; American Literature, 1520-1880 (1882). He was an ardent advocate of the Northern cause during the Civil War, and visited the United States at the close of the conflict. He died at London, England, October 11, 1894.


LINCOLN, 1865

An end at last! The echoes of the war—

The weary war beyond the Western waves—

Die in the distance. Freedom's rising star

Beacons above a hundred thousand graves;

The graves of heroes who have won the fight,

Who in the storming of the stubborn town

Have rung the marriage peal of might and right,

And scaled the cliffs and cast the dragon down.

Pćans of armies thrill across the sea,

Till Europe answers—"Let the struggle cease.

The bloody page is turned; the next may be

For ways of pleasantness and paths of peace!"

A golden morn—a dawn of better things—

The olive-branch—clasping of hands again—

A noble lesson read to conquered kings—

A sky that tempests had not scoured in vain.

This from America we hoped and him

Who ruled her "in the spirit of his creed."

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Does the hope last when all our eyes are dim,

As history records her darkest deed?

The pilot of his people through the strife,

With his strong purpose turning scorn to praise,

E'en at the close of battle reft of life

And fair inheritance of quiet days.

Defeat and triumph found him calm and just,

He showed how clemency should temper power,

And, dying, left to future times in trust

The memory of his brief victorious hour.

O'ermastered by the irony of fate,

The last and greatest martyr of his cause;

Slain like Achilles at the Scćan gate,

He saw the end, and fixed "the purer laws."

May these endure and, as his work, attest

The glory of his honest heart and hand—

The simplest, and the bravest, and the best—

The Moses and the Cromwell of his land.

Too late the pioneers of modern spite,

Awe-stricken by the universal gloom,

See his name lustrous in Death's sable night,

And offer tardy tribute at his tomb.

But we who have been with him all the while,

Who knew his worth, and loved him long ago,

Rejoice that in the circuit of our isle

There is at last no room for Lincoln's foe.

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LINCOLN AND CABINET

"The First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation."
Painted by Frank B. Carpenter.

From left to right—Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War; Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury; President Lincoln; Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy; William H. Seward, Secretary of State; J. P. Usher, Secretary of the Interior; Montgomery Blair, Postmaster-General; Edward Bates, Attorney-General



Christopher Pearse Cranch, born in Alexandria, Virginia, March 8, 1813. Graduated at the school of Divinity, Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1835, but retired from the ministry in 1842 to devote himself to art. He studied in Italy in 1846-8, and lived and painted in 1853-63, and, returning to New York, was elected a member of the National Academy in 1864. He was a graceful writer of both prose and verse.

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LINCOLN

But yesterday—the exulting nation's shout

Swelled on the breeze of victory through our streets,

But yesterday—our banners flaunted out

Like flowers the south wind woos from their retreats;

Flowers of the nation, blue, and white, and red,

Waving from balcony, and spire, and mast;

Which told us that war's wintry storm had fled,

And spring was more than spring to us at last.

Today the nation's heart lies crushed and weak;

Drooping and draped in black our banners stand.

Too stunned to cry revenge, we scarce may speak

The grief that chokes all utterance through the land.

God is in all. With tears our eyes are dim,

Yet strive through darkness to look to Him!

No, not in vain he died—not all in vain,

Our good, great President! This people's hands

Are linked together in one mighty chain

Drawn tighter still in triple-woven bands

To crush the fiends in human masks, whose might

We suffer, oh, too long! No league, nor truce

Save men with men! The devils we must fight

With fire! God wills it in this deed. This use

We draw from the most impious murder done

Since Calvary. Rise then, O Countrymen!

Scatter these marsh-lights hopes of Union won

Through pardoning clemency. Strike, strike again!

Draw closer round the foe a girdling flame.

We are stabbed whene'er we spare—strike in God's name!

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STATUE OF LINCOLN
Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Randolph Rogers, sculptor. Unveiled November 26, 1869



George Henry Boker, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 6th day of October, 1823. Graduated at Princeton in 1842, and afterward studied law. In the year 1847, after his return from an extended tour in Europe, he published The Lessons of Life and Other Poems. He also produced a number of plays which were successfully produced upon the stage, both in England and America. During the War of the Rebellion he wrote a number of patriotic lyrics, collected and published in a volume under the title of Poems of the War. He has also written other poems and articles in prose which have received high praise.

In the year 1871 he was appointed by President Grant as our United States Minister to Turkey, but in 1875 was transferred to the more important Mission of Russia.

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LINCOLN

Crown we our heroes with a holier wreath

Than man e'er wore upon this side of death;

Mix with their laurels deathless asphodels,

And chime their pćans from the sacred bells!

Nor in your praises forget the martyred Chief,

Fallen for the gospel of your own belief,

Who, ere he mounted to the people's throne,

Asked for your prayers, and joined in them his own.

I knew the man. I see him, as he stands

With gifts of mercy in his outstretched hands;

A kindly light within his gentle eyes,

Sad as the toil in which his heart grew wise;

His lips half parted with the constant smile

That kindled truth, but foiled the deepest guile;

His head bent forward, and his willing ear

Divinely patient right and wrong to hear:

Great in his goodness, humble in his state,

Firm in his purpose, yet not passionate,

He led his people with a tender hand,

And won by love a sway beyond command.

Summoned by lot to mitigate a time

Frenzied with rage, unscrupulous with crime,

He bore his mission with so meek a heart

That Heaven itself took up his people's part;

And when he faltered, helped him ere he fell,

Eking his efforts out by miracle.

No king this man, by grace of God's intent;

No, something better, freeman,—President!

A nature modeled on a higher plan,

Lord of himself, an inborn gentleman!

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ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Photo by Brady, 1864



Phoebe Cary was born near Cincinnati, Ohio, September 24, 1824. Her advantages for education were somewhat better than those of her sister Alice, whose almost inseparable companion she became at an early age. They were quite different, however, in temperament, in person and in mental constitution. Phoebe began to write verse at the age of seventeen years, and one of her earliest poems, Nearer Home, beginning with "One sweetly solemn thought," won her a world-wide reputation. In the joint housekeeping in New York she took from choice (Alice being for many years an invalid) the larger share of duties upon herself, and hence found little opportunity for literary work. top[211] In society, however, she was brilliant, but at all times kindly. She wrote a touching tribute to her sister's memory, published in the Ladies' Repository a few days before her own death, which occurred at Newport, R. I., July 31, 1871. In the volume of Poems of Alice and Phoebe Cary (Philadelphia, 1850) but about one-third were written by Phoebe. Her independently published books are Poems and Parodies (1854), and Poems of Faith, Hope and Love (1868).


ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Our sun hath gone down at the noonday,

The heavens are black;

And over the morning the shadows

Of night-time are back.

Stop the proud boasting mouth of the cannon,

Hush the mirth and the shout;

God is God! and the ways of Jehovah

Are past finding out.

Lo! the beautiful feet on the mountains,

That yesterday stood;

The white feet that came with glad tidings

Are dabbled in blood.

The Nation that firmly was settling

The crown on her head,

Sits, like Rizpah, in sackcloth and ashes,

And watches her dead.

Who is dead? who, unmoved by our wailing

Is lying so low?

O, my Land, stricken dumb in your anguish,

Do you feel, do you know?

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Once this good man we mourn, overwearied,

Worn, anxious, oppressed,

Was going out from his audience chamber

For a season to rest;

Unheeding the thousands who waited

To honor and greet,

When the cry of a child smote upon him

And turned back his feet.

"Three days hath a woman been waiting,"

Said they, "patient and meek."

And he answered, "Whatever her errand,

Let me hear; let her speak!"

So she came, and stood trembling before him

And pleaded her cause;

Told him all; how her child's erring father

Had broken the laws.

Humbly spake she: "I mourn for his folly,

His weakness, his fall";

Proudly spake she: "he is not a Traitor,

And I love him through all!"

Then the great man, whose heart had been shaken

By a little babe's cry;

Answered soft, taking counsel of mercy,

"This man shall not die!"

Why, he heard from the dungeons, the rice-fields,

The dark holds of ships;

Every faint, feeble cry which oppression

Smothered down on men's lips.

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In her furnace, the centuries had welded

Their fetter and chain;

And like withes, in the hands of his purpose,

He snapped them in twain.

Who can be what he was to the people;

What he was to the State?

Shall the ages bring to us another

As good and as great?

Our hearts with their anguish are broken,

Our wet eyes are dim;

For us is the loss and the sorrow,

The triumph for him!

For, ere this, face to face with his Father

Our Martyr hath stood;

Giving into his hand the white record

With its great seal of blood!

That the hand which reached out of the darkness

Hath taken the whole?

Yea, the arm and the head of the people—

The heart and the soul!

And that heart, o'er whose dread awful silence

A nation has wept;

Was the truest, and gentlest, and sweetest

A man ever kept!

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STATUE OF LINCOLN
By Augustus Saint Gaudens, in Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois

top[215]


On the 22nd of October, 1887, this statue by Saint Gaudens was unveiled, Mr. Eli Bates donating $40,000 for that purpose. There is a vast oval of cut stone, thirty by sixty feet, the interior fashioned to form a classic bench, and the statue stands on a stone pedestal. The sculptor represents him as an orator, just risen from his chair, which is shown behind him, and waiting for the audience to become quiet before beginning his speech. The attitude is that always assumed by Lincoln at the beginning—one hand behind him, and the other grasping the lapel of his coat. He appears the very incarnation of rugged grandeur which held the master mind of this age.



Charles Graham Halpin (Miles O'Reilly) was born near Oldcastle, County of Meath, Ireland, November 20, 1829. Graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, in 1846. He entered the field of journalism as a profession and soon gained a reputation in England. Came to New York in 1852 and secured employment with the Herald, was later connected with other papers. Enlisted in April, 1861, and became lieutenant of Colonel Corcoran's 69th Regiment, rising to the rank of brigadier-general. He died in New York City, August 3, 1868.

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LINCOLN

He filled the Nation's eyes and heart,

An honored, loved, familiar name;

So much a brother that his fame

Seemed of our lives a common part.

His towering figure, sharp and spare,

Was with such nervous tension strung,

As if on each strained sinew swung

The burden of a people's care.

His changing face, what pen can draw—

Pathetic, kindly, droll or stern;

And with a glance so quick to learn

The inmost truth of all he saw.

Pride found no place to spawn

Her fancies in his busy mind.

His worth, like health or air, could find

No just appraisal till withdrawn.

He was his country's—not his own;

He had no wish but for the weak,

Nor for himself could think or feel,

But as a laborer for her throne.

Her flag upon the heights of power—

Stainless and unassayed to place,

To this one end his earnest face

Was bent through every burdened hour.

 .....

But done the battle—won the strife;

When torches light his vaulted tomb,

Broad gems flash out and crowns illume

The clay-cold brow undecked in life.

 .....

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O, loved and lost! Thy patient toil

Had robed our cause in victory's light;

Our country stood redeemed and bright,

With not a slave on all her soil.

'Mid peals of bells and cannon's bark,

And shouting streets with flags abloom,

Sped the shrill arrow of thy doom,

And, in an instant, all was dark!

 .....

A martyr to the cause of man,

His blood is Freedom's Eucharist,

And in the world's great hero list

His name shall lead the van.

Yes! ranked on Faith's white wings unfurled

In Heaven's pure light, of him we say,

"He fell on the self-same day

A Greater died to save the world."

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TABLET AT PHILADELPHIA
Unveiled February 21, 1903

top[219]



He who seeks the embodiment of the genius of the Union finds it in the apotheosis of the Great Emancipator. There, under the arching skies he stands, erect, serene, resplendent; beneath his feet the broken shackles of a race redeemed; upon his brow the diadem of liberty with law, while around and behind him rise up, as an eternal guard of honor, the great army of the Republic.

In the belief that from the martyr's bier as from the battlefield of right it is but one step to paradise, may we not, on days like this, draw back the veil that separates from our mortal gaze the phantom squadrons as they pass again in grand review before their "Martyr President."—From an address by Hiram F. Stevens, read before the Minnesota Commandery of the Loyal Legion.


THE MARTYR PRESIDENT

In solid platoons of steel,

Under heaven's triumphant arch,

The long lines break and wheel,

And the order is "Forward, March!"

The colors ripple o'erhead,

The drums roll up to the sky,

And with martial time and tread

The regiments all pass by—

The ranks of the faithful dead

Meeting their president's eye.

March on, your last brave mile!

Salute him, star and lace!

Form 'round him, rank and file,

And look on the kind, rough face.

But the quaint and homely smile

Has a glory and a grace

It has never known erstwhile,

Never in time or space.

Close 'round him, hearts of pride!

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Press near him, side by side!

For he stands there not alone.

For the holy right he died,

And Christ, the crucified,

Waits to welcome his own.



ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Written for the Lincoln Memorial Album, by Eugene J. Hall, 1882.

O honored name, revered and undecaying,

Engraven on each heart, O soul sublime!

That, like a planet through the heavens straying,

Outlives the wreck of time!

O rough, strong soul, your noble self-possession

Is unforgotten. Still your work remains.

You freed from bondage and from vile oppression

A race in clanking chains.

O furrowed face, beloved by all the nation!

O tall gaunt form, to memory fondly dear!

O firm, bold hand, our strength and our salvation!

O heart that knew no fear!

Lincoln, your manhood shall survive forever,

Shedding a fadeless halo round your name;

Urging men on, with wise and strong endeavor,

To bright and honest fame!

Through years of care, to rest and joy a stranger,

You saw complete the work you had begun,

Thoughtless of threats, nor heeding death or danger,

You toiled till all was done.

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You freed the bondman from his iron master,

You broke the strong and cruel chains he wore,

You saved the Ship of State from foul disaster

And brought her safe to shore.

You fell! An anxious nation's hopes seemed blighted,

While millions shuddered at your dreadful fall;

But God is good! His wondrous hand has righted

And reunited all.

You fell, but in your death you were victorious;

To moulder in the tomb your form has gone,

While through the world your great soul grows more glorious

As years go gliding on!

All hail, great Chieftain! Long will sweetly cluster

A thousand memories round your sacred name,

Nor time, nor death shall dim the spotless luster

That shines upon your fame.

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STATUE OF LINCOLN
By Vinnie Ream, rotunda of the Capitol, Washington, D. C.



Samuel Francis Smith, clergyman, born in Boston, Massachusetts, October 21, 1808. Attended the Boston Latin School in 1820-5, and was graduated at Harvard in 1829 and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1832. Was ordained to the ministry of the Baptist Church at Waterville, Maine, in 1834, where he occupied pastorates from 1834 until 1842, and at Newton, Massachusetts, 1842 to 1854. Was professor of languages in Waterville College while residing in that city, and there he also received the degree of D.D. in 1854.

top[223]

He has done a large amount of literary work, mainly in the line of hymnology, his most popular composition being our national hymn, My Country, 'Tis of Thee, which was written while he was a theological student, and first sung at a children's celebration in the Park Street Church, Boston, July 4, 1832. The Morning Light is Breaking, was also written at the same place and time. His classmate, Oliver Wendell Holmes, in his reunion poem entitled The Boys, thus refers to him:

"And there's a nice youngster of excellent pith;

Fate tried to conceal him by naming him Smith!

But he chanted a song for the brave and the free—

Just read on his medal, 'My Country, of Thee!'"

The following poem was written expressly for the exercises held on the Nineteenth Anniversary of President Lincoln's death, at his tomb, Springfield, Illinois, April 15, 1884.


THE TOMB OF LINCOLN

Grandeur and glory await around the bed

Where sleeps in lowly peace the illustrious dead;

He rose a meteor, upon wondering men,

But rose in strength, never to set again.

A king of men, though born in lowly state,

A man sincerely good and nobly great;

Tender, but firm; faithful and kind, and true,

The Nation's choice, the Nation's Saviour, too;

When Liberty and Truth shall reign for evermore,

From Oregon to Florida's perpetual May,

From Shasta's awful peak to Massachusetts Bay,—

Then our children's children, by the cottage door,

In the schoolroom, from the pulpit, at the bar,

Shall look up to thee as to a beacon star,

And deduce the lesson from thy life and death,

That the patriot's lofty courage and the Christian's faith

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Conquer honors that outweigh ambition's gaudiest prize,

Triumph o'er the grave, and open the gates of Paradise.

Schooled through life's early hardships to endure,

To raise the oppressed, to save and shield the poor;

Prudent in counsel, honest in debate,

Patient to hear and judge, patient to wait;

The calm, the wise, the witty and the proved,

Whom millions honored, and whom millions loved;

Swayed by no baleful lust of pride or power,

The shining pageants of the passing hour,

Led by no scheming arts, no selfish aim,

Ambitious for no pomp, nor wealth, nor fame,

No planning hypocrite, no pliant tool,

A high-born patriot, of Heaven's noblest school;

Cool and unshaken in the maddest storm,

For in the clouds he traced the Almighty's form;

Worn with the weary heart and aching head,

Worse than the picket, with his ceaseless tread,

He kept—as bound by some resistless fate—

His broad, strong hand upon the helm of State;

Nor turned, in fear, his heart or hope away,

Till on the field his tent a ruin lay.

His tent, a ruin; but the owner's name

Stands on the pinnacle of human fame,

Inscribed in lines of light, and nations see,

Through him, the people's life and liberty.

What high ideas, what noble acts he taught!

To make men free in life, and limb, and thought,

To rise, to soar, to scorn the oppressor's rod,

To live in grander life, to live for God;

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To stand for justice, freedom and the right,

To dare the conflict, strong in God's own might;

The methods taught by Him, by him were tried,

And he, to conscience true, a martyr died.

As the great sun pursues his heavenly way

And fills with life and joy the livelong day,

Till, the full journey, in glory dressed,

He seeks his crimson couch beneath the west;

So, with his labor done, our hero sleeps;

Above his tomb a ransomed Nation weeps;

And grateful pćans o'er his ashes rise—

Dear is his fame—his glory never dies.

Bring flowers, fresh flowers, bring plumes with nodding crests,

To wreath the tomb where our great hero rests;

Bring pipe and tabret, eloquence and song,

And sound the loving tribute, loud and long;

A Nation bows, and mourns his honored name,

A Nation proudly keeps his deathless fame;

Let vale and rock, and hill, and land, and sea

His memory swell—the anthem of the free.

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STATUE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
On the State Capitol Grounds at Lincoln, Nebraska. Unveiled September 2, 1912. Daniel Chester French, sculptor

top[227]



John Townsend Trowbridge, born September 18, 1827, in Ogden, New York. He lived the ordinary life of a country boy, going to school six months in the year till he was fourteen, after which he had to work on the farm in summer. His books had more interest to him than his work, and he managed to learn more out of school than in it. At sixteen he wrote articles in verse and prose for magazines and journals. He was a contributor to the Atlantic Monthly.

During the great rebellion, he wrote several stories of the war: The Drummer Boy, 1863, and The Three Scouts, 1865. On the return of peace he spent some four months in the principal southern States, for the purpose of gaining accurate views of the condition of society there after the war. He published the result of these observations June, 1866, in a volume entitled, The South. A collected edition of his poems was published in 1869, entitled The Vagabonds, and Other Poems.


LINCOLN

Heroic soul, in homely garb half hid,

Sincere, sagacious, melancholy, quaint;

What he endured, no less than what he did,

Has reared his monument, and crowned him saint.

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STATUE OF LINCOLN
Burlington, Wisconsin. George E. Ganiere, sculptor
Unveiled October 13, 1913

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Kinahan Cornwallis was born in London, England, December 24, 1839. Entered British Colonial Civil Service; two years at Melbourne, Australia. Located in New York in 1860, one of the editors and correspondent of the Herald. Accompanied the Prince of Wales on his American tour. Admitted to the New York bar in 1863; financial editor and general editorial writer of New York Herald, 1860-69. Editor and proprietor of The Knickerbocker Magazine, afterward of The Albion. Since 1886 editor and proprietor Wall Street Daily Investigator, now Wall Street Daily Investor. Author of Howard Plunkett (a novel); an Australian poem, 1857. The New Eldorado, or British Columbia (Travels); Two Journeys to Japan; A Panorama of the New World; Wreck and Ruin, or Modern Society (novel); My Life and Adventures (story), 1859, also of many other histories and novels. Among his poet productions are The Song of America and Columbus, 1892; The Conquest of Mexico and Peru, 1893; The War for the Union, or the Duel Between North and South, 1899.


HOMAGE DUE TO LINCOLN

Well may we all to Lincoln homage pay,

For patriotic duty points the way,

And tells the story of the debt we owe—

A debt of gratitude that all should know;

And ne'er will perish that historic tale.

To him, the Union's great defender, hail!

Through battling years he steered the ship of state,

And ever proved a captain just and great.

Through storm and tempest, and unnumbered woes,

While oft assailed in fury by his foes,

He held his course, and triumphed over all,

Responding ever to his country's call;

And more divine than human seemed the deed

When he the slave from hellish bondage freed,

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And from the South its human chattels tore.

'Twas his to Man his manhood to restore.

That righteous action sealed rebellion's doom,

And paved secession's pathway to the tomb.

But, lo! when Peace with Union glory, came,

And all the country rang with his acclaim—

A reunited country, great and strong—

A foul assassin marked him for his prey;

A bullet sped, and Lincoln dying lay.

Alas! Alas! that he should thus have died—

His country's leader, and his country's pride!

No deed more infamous than this—

No fate more cruel and unjust than his—

Can in the annals of the world be found.

The Nation shuddered in its grief profound,

And mourning emblems draped the country o'er

Alas! Alas! its leader was no more!

But still he lives in his immortal fame,

And evermore will Glory gild his name,

And keep his memory in eternal view,

And o'er his grave unfading garlands strew.

top[231]



STATUE OF LINCOLN
At Edinburgh, Scotland, George E. Bissell, sculptor


It is within an inclosed cemetery, known as the Calton burying ground, which is separated from the Calton Hill by a wide thoroughfare. The statue is the work of an American sculptor, George E. Bissell. It is a fine bronze figure, and rests on a massive granite pedestal. The figure at the base is that of a freed negro holding up a wreath. On one face of the pedestal are Lincoln's words, "To preserve the jewel of liberty in the framework of freedom." The statue is a memorial not alone to Lincoln; the legend on the pedestal tells that this plot of ground was top[232] given by the lord provost and town council of Edinburgh to Wallace Bruce, United States Consul, and dedicated as a burial place for Scottish soldiers of the American Civil War, 1861-65. Cut in the granite are the names and records of Scots who fought to preserve the Union, and who have found their last resting place in this old burying ground at the Scottish capital.


David K. Watson was born near London, Madison County, Ohio, June 18, 1849. Moved to Columbus, Ohio, in 1875, where he now resides. Was Assistant United States District Attorney for the Southern District of Ohio from 1881 to 1885. Elected Attorney-General of Ohio in 1887 and re-elected in 1889. Member of the fifty-fourth Congress. Was member of the Commission to revise the Federal Statutes. Author of History of American Coinage and Watson on the Constitution of the United States.


THE SCOTLAND STATUE

O Scotland! It was a gracious act in thee

To build a monument beside the sea

To Lincoln, who wrote the word,

And slavery's shackles fell

From off a race

Which ne'er before could tell

What freedom was.

To Lincoln, whose soul was great enough to know

That beings born in likeness of their God

Were meant to live as freemen,

Not as slaves, and ruled by slavery's rod.

To Lincoln, who more than any of his race

Uplifted men and women to the place

God made for them.

To Lincoln, who never saw your land,

And in whose veins no Scottish blood had run;

top[233]

But yet, because of deeds which he had done,

His mighty name

Had filled the world with fame

And taught the people of each land

That in God's hand

Is held the destiny of races and of man.

Immortal patriot! through the mist of years

That in the future are to come,—

When we who saw thee here are gone,—

We view thy heaven-aspiring tomb

Illumined by the roseate dawn

Of the millennial day,

When Peace shall hold her sway,

And bring Saturnian eras; when the roar

O' the battle's thunder shall be heard no more.

top[234]



STATUE OF LINCOLN
At Newark, N. J. Gutzon Borglum, sculptor


The statue was unveiled May 30, 1911. It is the gift of Amos H. Van Horn, who died December 26, 1908. In his will he set aside $25,000 for a memorial to Abraham Lincoln, to be dedicated in memory of Lincoln Post, No. 11, Department of New Jersey, G. A. R., of which he was a charter member.



Joseph Fulford Folsom, Presbyterian clergyman, miscellaneous writer and local historian, is a native of Bloomfield, New Jersey. He is a direct descendant of John Folsom who arrived at Boston in the Diligent on August 10, 1638, and settled at Hingham, Massachusetts.

Mr. Folsom is the pastor of the Third Presbyterian Church, South, of Newark, New Jersey. He has served two terms as Chaplain General of the Order of the Founders and Patriots of America. Is Librarian top[235] and Recording Secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society. Edited and wrote three chapters of Bloomfield, Old and New, a history of that town published in 1912. Wrote the history of the churches of Newark, including the History of Newark, New Jersey, published in 1913. His poem, The Ballad of Daniel Bray, is found in the Patriotic Poems of New Jersey. He is an occasional writer of poems, and contributes regularly a column of historical matters, signed "The Lorist."


THE UNFINISHED WORK

The crowd was gone, and to the side

Of Borglum's Lincoln, deep in awe,

I crept. It seem'd a mighty tide

Within those aching eyes I saw.

"Great heart," I said, "why grieve alway?

The battle's ended and the shout

Shall ring forever and a day,—

Why sorrow yet, or darkly doubt?"

"Freedom," I plead, "so nobly won

For all mankind, and equal right,

Shall with the ages travel on

Till time shall cease, and day be night."

No answer—then; but up the slope,

With broken gait, and hands in clench,

A toiler came, bereft of hope,

And sank beside him on the bench.

top[236]


CHILDREN ON THE BORGLUM STATUE



Wendell Phillips Stafford, son of Frank and Sarah (Noyes) Stafford, born at Barre, Vermont, May 1, 1861. Educated at Barre Academy and St. Johnsbury Academy. Studied law and attended Boston University Law School, graduating therefrom in 1883. Admitted to the bar in 1883. Practiced law in St. Johnsbury until 1900. Was then appointed to the Supreme Court of Vermont. Appointed to the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia in 1904, which position he still holds.

Married February 24, 1886, to Miss Florence Sinclair Goss of St. Johnsbury. Has contributed to the Atlantic Monthly and other magazines. Publications: North Flowers (poems), 1902; Dorian Days (poems), 1909; Speeches, 1913.

top[237]


ONE OF OUR PRESIDENTS

(See page 80)

He sits there on the low, rude, backless bench,

With his tall hat beside him, and one arm

Flung, thus, across his knee. The other hand

Rests, flat, palm downward, by him on the seat.

So Æsop may have sat; so Lincoln did.

For all the sadness in the sunken eyes,

For all the kingship in the uncrowned brow,

The great form leans so friendly, father-like,

It is a call to children. I have watched

Eight at a time swarming upon him there,

All clinging to him—riding upon his knees,

Cuddling between his arms, clasping his neck,

Perched on his shoulders, even on his head;

And one small, play-stained hand I saw reached up

And laid most softly on the kind bronze lips

As if it claimed them. These were the children

Of foreigners we call them, but not so

They call themselves; for when we asked of one,

A restless dark-eyed girl, who this man was,

She answered straight, "One of our Presidents."

"Let all the winds of hell blow in our sails,"

I thought, "thank God, thank God the ship rides true!"

top[238]



HEAD OF LINCOLN
This medal was struck for the Grand Army of the Republic in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln

top[239]


Frank Dempster Sherman, son of John Dempster and Lucy (McFarland) Sherman, was born May 6, 1860, at Peekskill, New York; educated at home and at Columbia and Howard Universities, and since 1886 connected with Columbia University where he is Professor of Graphics. Author of several volumes of poems which are published by Houghton-Mifflin Company, Boston.

Professor Sherman married, November 16, 1887, Juliet Durand, daughter of Rev. Cyrus Bervic and Sarah Elizabeth (Merserveau) Durand.

He is a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.


ON A BRONZE MEDAL OF LINCOLN

This bronze our Lincoln's noble head doth bear,

Behold the strength and splendor of that face,

So homely-beautiful, with just a trace

Of humor lightening its look of care,

With bronze indeed his memory doth share,

This martyr who found freedom for a Race;

Both shall endure beyond the time and place

That knew them first, and brighter grow with wear.

Happy must be the genius here that wrought

These features of the great American

Whose fame lends so much glory to our past—

Happy to know the inspiration caught

From this most human and heroic man

Lives here to honor him while Art shall last.

top[240]



MARBLE HEAD OF LINCOLN
In Statuary Hall, Capitol in Washington, Gutzon Borglum, sculptor

top[241]



Ella Wheeler [Wilcox] was born in Johnstown Centre, Wisconsin, in 1845. Was educated at the public schools at Windsor and at the University of Wisconsin. In 1884 she married Robert M. Wilcox. Contributed articles for newspapers at an early age and also wrote and published a number of books of poems.


THE GLORY THAT SLUMBERED IN THE GRANITE ROCK

A granite rock on the mountain side

Gazed on the world and was satisfied;

It watched the centuries come and go—

It welcomed the sunlight, and loved the snow,

It grieved when the forest was forced to fall,

But smiled when the steeples rose, white and tall,

In the valley below it, and thrilled to hear

The voice of the great town roaring near.

When the mountain stream from its idle play

Was caught by the mill-wheel, and borne away

And trained to labor, the gray rock mused:

"Tree and verdure and stream are used

By man, the master, but I remain

Friend of the Mountain, and Star, and Plain;

Unchanged forever, by God's decree,

While passing centuries bow to me!"

Then, all unwarned, with a heavy shock

Down from the mountain was wrenched the rock.

Bruised and battered and broken in heart,

He was carried away to a common mart.

Wrecked and ruined in peace and pride,

"Oh, God is cruel!" the granite cried;

top[242]

"Comrade of Mountain, of Star the friend—

By all deserted—how sad my end!"

A dreaming sculptor, in passing by,

Gazed on the granite with thoughtful eye;

Then, stirred with a purpose supreme and grand,

He bade his dream in the rock expand—

And lo! from the broken and shapeless mass,

That grieved and doubted, it came to pass

That a glorious statue, of infinite worth—

A statue of Lincoln—adorned the earth.

top[243]



THE LINCOLN BOULDER
At Nyack, N. Y.


This boulder had been for two hundred and fifty years a landmark near the Western shore of the Hudson River, opposite Upper Nyack. The school children of Nyack contributed the funds to remove it from its ancient bed and place it in front of the Nyack Carnegie Library, where it now stands and probably will stand for thousands of years to come, a monument to the memory of Abraham Lincoln.

The boulder contains the Gettysburg address and was dedicated June 13, 1908.

top[244]


Louis Bradford Couch, born at East Lee, Massachusetts, October 1, 1851. Son of Bradford Milton and Lucy L. Couch. Educated in the public schools of Northampton, Massachusetts. Began the study of medicine in 1871, graduating with honors from the New York Homeopathic Medical College, March 4, 1874, being awarded the Allen gold medal for the best original investigations in medicine; he was graduated from the New York Ophthalmic Hospital, the same year, as an eye and ear surgeon. Practiced medicine for thirty-nine years at Nyack, New York. Served three years as one of the medical experts on the New York State Board of Health.


THE LINCOLN BOULDER

O Mighty Boulder, wrought by God's own hand,

Throughout all future ages thou shalt stand

A monument of honor to the brave

Who yielded up their lives, their all, to save

Our glorious country, and to make it free

From bondsmen's tears and lash of slavery.

Securely welded to thy rugged breast,

Through all the coming ages there shall rest

Our Lincoln's tribute to a patriot band,

The noblest ever penned by human hand.

The storms of centuries may lash and beat

The granite face and bronze with hail and sleet;

But futile all their fury. In a day

The loyal sun will melt them all away.

Equal in death our gallant heroes sleep

In Southern trench, home grave, or ocean deep;

top[245]

Equal in glory, fadeless as the light

The stars send down upon them through the night.   

O priceless heritage for us to keep

Our heroes' fame immortal while they sleep!

. . . . .

O God still guide us with thy loving hand,

Keep and protect our glorious Fatherland.

top[246]



BAS-RELIEF HEAD OF LINCOLN
James W. Tuft, Boston

top[247]



James Arthur Edgerton, born at Plantsville, Ohio, January 30, 1869. Graduated at the Normal University, Lebanon, Ohio, in 1887. One year's post-graduate work, Marietta, Ohio, College. Editor county and state papers several years; on editorial staff of Denver News, 1899-1903; American Press Association, New York, 1904; Watson's Magazine, 1905. Editorial writer New York American, 1907; Secretary State Labor Bureau of Nebraska, 1895-9; received party vote for clerk United States House of Representatives. Author, Poems, 1889; A Better Day, 1890; Populist Hand-book for 1894; Populist Hand-book for Nebraska, 1895; Voices of the Morning, 1898; Songs of the People, 1902; Glimpses of the Real, 1903; In the Gardens of God, 1904.


WHEN LINCOLN DIED

When Lincoln died a universal grief

Went round the earth. Men loved him in that hour.

The North her leader lost, the South her friend;

The nation lost its savior, and the slave

Lost his deliverer, the most of all.

Oh, there was sorrow mid the humble poor

When Lincoln died!

When Lincoln died a great soul passed from earth,

A great white soul, as tender as a child

And yet as iron willed as Hercules.

In him were strength and gentleness so mixed

That each upheld the other. He possessed

The patient firmness of a loving heart.

In power he out-kinged emperors, and yet

His mercy was as boundless as his power.

And he was jovial, laughter loving; still

His heart was ever torn with suffering.

top[248]

There was divine compassion in the man,

A godlike love and pity for his race.

The world saw the full measure of that love

When Lincoln died.

When Lincoln died a type was lost to men.

The earth has had her conquerors and kings

And many of the common great. Through all

She only had one Lincoln. There is none

Like him in all the annals of the past.

He was a growth of our new soil, a child

Of our new time, a symbol of the race

That freedom breeds; was of the lowest rank,

And yet he scaled the highest height.

Mankind one of its few immortals lost

When Lincoln died.

When Lincoln died it seemed a providence,

For he appeared as one sent for a work

Whom, when that work was done, God summoned home.

He led a splendid fight for liberty,

And when the shackles fell the land was saved;

He laid his armor by and sought his rest.

A glory sent from heaven covered him

When Lincoln died.

top[249]



A STUDY OF LINCOLN
From painting by Blendon Campbell

top[250]



Amos Russell Wells was born at Glens Falls, New York, December 23, 1862. His mother removed to Yellow Springs, Ohio, when he was four years old, and he received his education at the public school there, afterward studying at Antioch College of that town, a college made illustrious by its first President, Horace Mann, who died there. Graduated in 1883, all by himself, later receiving as Master of Arts, also LL.D. He taught for a year in a country district school, then entered the faculty of his Alma Mater, where he was a tutor for nine years. Was professor of Greek, Geology and Astronomy. He joined the Christian Endeavor Society in 1888, and by it was led to become a member of the Presbyterian Church at Yellow Springs. When but a boy he began to write, and edited numerous journals. Later edited an amateur paper, also a town paper. His first paid contribution was a poem accepted in 1881 by The Christian Union, now The Outlook. Wrote articles often for The Golden Rule, now The Christian Endeavor World, and for the Sunday School Times.

In December, 1891, he went to Boston and became managing editor of The Golden Rule, a position which he still holds. Since then the paper has changed its name and three other papers added—The Junior Christian Endeavor World, Junior Work and Union Work, all edited by Mr. Wells. He is also Editorial Secretary of the United Society of Christian Endeavor and in editorial charge of all its publications.

Mr. Wells' first book, then entitled Golden Rule Meditations, but now The Upward Look, was published in 1893. Since then every year has seen from one to ten additions to his list of productions until they now number fifty-eight volumes in all. He is a director of the Union Rescue Mission and of the Chinese Mission of Boston. Is a member of the American Sunday-School Lesson Committee, an important part of his work being his association with Dr. F. N. Peloubet in writing the well-known Select Notes on the International Sunday-School Lessons.

top[251]


HAD LINCOLN LIVED

Had Lincoln lived,

How would his hand, so gentle yet so strong,

Have closed the gaping wounds of ancient wrong;

How would his merry jests, the way he smiled,

Our sundered hearts to union have beguiled;

How would the South from his just rule have learned

That enemies to neighbors may be turned,

And how the North, with his sagacious art,

Have learned the power of a trusting heart;

What follies had been spared us, and what stain,

What seeds of bitterness that still remain,

Had Lincoln lived!

With Lincoln dead,

Ten million men in substitute for one

Must do the noble deeds he would have done:

Must lift the freedman with discerning care,

Nor house him in a castle of the air;

Must join the North and South in every good,

Fused in co-operating brotherhood;

Must banish enmity with his good cheer,

And slay with sunshine every rising fear;

Like him to dare, and trust, and sacrifice,

Ten million lesser Lincolns must arise,

With Lincoln dead.

top[252]



THE LINCOLN MEMORIAL
Henry Bacon, Architect


The Lincoln Memorial will be the costliest monument to the memory of one man ever reared by a republic. The Capitol, at one end of the great parkway stretching from Capitol Hill to the Potomac, is a monument to the Government; the Lincoln Memorial, at the other end of that parkway, is a monument to the savior of that Government; and the Washington Monument, standing between, is a monument to its founder. The memorial will stand on a broad terrace 45 feet above grade. The colonnade will be 188 feet long and 118 feet wide, and will contain 36 columns, 44 feet high and 7 feet 5 inches in diameter at the base. Within the interior of the structure will be three halls. In the central hall, which will be 60 feet wide, 70 long, and 60 high, there will be a noble statue of Lincoln, while in the two side halls will be bronze tablets containing the Great Emancipator's second inaugural address and his Gettysburg speech. The George A. Fuller Company of Washington are the builders of the Memorial, which will be completed in 1917.

top[253]


Samuel Green Wheeler Benjamin, born at Argos, Greece, February 13, 1837. Was United States Minister to Persia (1883-1885). Assistant Librarian in the New York State Library. In 1861-1864 sent two companies of cavalry to the war. Served in war hospitals, studied art. Art editor of American Department Magazine of Art, also of the New York Mail. Marine painter and illustrator. Among his numerous works in prose and verse are Art in America, Contemporary Art in Europe (1877); Constantinople (1860); Persia and the Persians (1866); The Choice of Paris (1870), a romance; Sea Spray (1887), a book for yachtsmen, etc.


LET HIS MONUMENT ARISE

Let his monument arise,

Pointing upward to the skies,

Founded by a nation's heart,

Grandly shaped in every part

By the master-minds of art,

And consecrated by a nation's tears,

To teach throughout the after-time,

To every tribe, in every clime,

That toil for others is sublime.

[254]


top[255]



INDEX

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Allen, Lyman Whitney: sketch of, 80;
poem, "Lincoln's Church in Washington," by, 81.

Allen, William: sketch of, 173;
poem, "Springfield's Welcome to Lincoln," by, 173.

Antietam, Lincoln at: photograph, 115.

"Assassination of Lincoln, On the": poem by Henry De Garrs, 200.


BABC

Bache, Anna: poem, "Lincoln at Springfield, 1861," by, 65, 66.

Bacon, Henry, architect: Lincoln Memorial at Washington, by, 252.

Ball, Thomas, sculptor: "Emancipation Group" in Boston by, 90;
in Washington by, 188.

Bates, Edward, Attorney-General: portrait of, in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.

Baxter, James Phinney: sketch of 22;
poem, "The Natal Day of Lincoln," by, 22.

Becker, Charlotte: sketch of, 61;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 61.

Benjamin, Samuel Green Wheeler: sketch of, 253;
poem, "Let His Monument Arise," by, 253.

Bible, The: Lincoln's fondness for xvi, xxiii.

"Birth of Lincoln, The": poem by George W. Crofts, 19.

Bissell, George E., sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 231.

Blair, Montgomery, Postmaster-General: portrait of, in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.

Boker, George Henry: sketch of 208;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 209.

Booth, Edwin: Lincoln discusses his Hamlet, xvii-xix.

Booth, J. Wilkes: assassin of Lincoln, 138.

Borglum, Gutzon, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 234, 236;
marble head of Lincoln by, 240.

Boston: statue of Lincoln in, by Thomas Ball, 90.

"Boy Lincoln, The": picture by Eastman Johnson, 30.

Brady, Washington photographer: portraits of Lincoln by, frontispiece, 20, 86, 93, 97, 103, 106, 108, 122, 124, 128, 134, 170, 210.

"Bronze Medal of Lincoln, On a": poem by Frank Dempster Sherman, 239.

Brown, Stuart: owner of Lincoln portrait, 82.

Brown, Theron; sketch of, 94;
poem, "The Liberator," by, 94.

Browne, Charles F., see Ward, Artemus.

Bryant, William Cullen: sketch of, 161;
poem, "The Death of Lincoln," by, 161.

Buffalo, N. Y.: Lincoln's obsequies at, 168.

Bugbee, Emily J.: "Poetical Tribute to the Memory of Abraham Lincoln," by, 201.

Burleigh, William Henry: sketch of, 53;
poem, "Presidential Campaign, 1860," by, 53.

Burlington, Wis.: statue of Lincoln in, by Ganiere, 228.

"But Here's an Object More of Dread": poem by Lincoln, viii.


CABC

Cabin, Log, Lincoln's birthplace: picture, 13.

Cabin of Lincoln's Parents: picture, 62;
description, 63.

Campbell, Blendon. artist: "A Study of Lincoln" by, 249.

Capitol at Washington, The: description of, 72;
picture of, 73.

Carpenter, Frank B., painter of "First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation," xvii, 206;
his account of Lincoln as a dramatic critic, xvii.

Carr, Clarence E.: sketch of, 20;
poem, "Mendelssohn, Darwin, Lincoln," by, 21.

Cary, Alice: sketch of, 130;
poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 131.

Cary, Phoebe, sketch of, 210;
poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 211.

Cassidy, Thomas F.: tribute of, to the mother of Lincoln, 25.

Cawein, Madison: sketch of, 56;
poem, "Lincoln, 1809—February 12, 1909," by, 56.

"Cenotaph of Lincoln, The": poem by James Mackay, 181.

Chapple, Bennett: poem, "The Great Oak," by, 15.

"Characterization of Lincoln, A": poem by Hamilton Schuyler, 87.

Chase, Salmon P., Secretary of the Treasury: portrait of, in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.

Cheney, John Vance: sketch of, 76;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 77.

Chicago: statue of Lincoln in, by Saint Gaudens, 214.

"Children on the Borglum Statue": picture, 236.

Choate, Isaac Bassett: sketch of, 59;
top[256] poem, "The Matchless Lincoln," by, 59.

City Hall, New York, N. Y.: picture and description of, at time of Lincoln obsequies, 162, 166.

Clay, Henry: Lincoln's regard for, vi;
his eulogy of, xv.

Clendenin, Henry Wilson: sketch of, 70;
poem, "Lincoln Called to the Presidency," by, 70.

Cooke, Rose Terry: sketch of, 132;
poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 133.

Cooper Union Speech, by Lincoln; reference to, xii.

Cornwallis, Kinahan: sketch of, 229;
poem, "Homage Due to Lincoln," by, 229.

Couch, Louis Bradford: sketch of, 244;
poem, "The Lincoln Boulder," by, 244.

Cranch, Christopher Pearse: sketch of, 206;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 207.

Crofts, George W.: sketch of, 19;
poem, "The Birth of Lincoln," by, 19.


DABC

"Darwin, Mendelssohn, Lincoln": poem by Clarence E. Carr, 21;
portraits of, 20.

Davis, Noah: sketch of, 17;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 17.

Death of Lincoln, 149.

"Death of Lincoln": poem by William Cullen Bryant, 161.

Deathbed of Lincoln: picture of, 144;
poem on, 145.

Declaration of Independence: Lincoln on, 68.

"Dedication Poem" of Lincoln Monument at Springfield, Ill., by James Judson Lord, 183.

Dickinson, Charles Monroe: sketch of, 136;
poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 136.

"Diogenes and His Lantern": campaign cartoon of 1860, 55.

Douglas, Stephen A., Senator: Lincoln's opposition to, xvi;
attitude of, on the Dred Scott Decision, opposed by Lincoln, 42.

Dred Scott Decision: reference to, 42.

Dunbar, Paul Lawrence: sketch of, 128;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 129.


EABC

Edgerton, James Arthur: sketch of, 247;
poem, "When Lincoln Died," by, 247.

Edinburgh, Scotland: Statue of Lincoln in, by Bissell, 231.

"Emancipation Group," statuary designed by Thomas Ball: in Boston, 90;
in Washington, 188;
poem on, by John Greenleaf Whittier, 91.

"Emancipation Proclamation, First Reading of the": painting by Frank B. Carpenter, 206.

"England's Sorrow": poem in London Fun, 153.

Euclid: see Geometry.

"Eyes of Lincoln, The": poem by Walt Mason, 121.


FABC

Fassett, S. M., Chicago photographer: portrait of Lincoln in 1858, by, 71.

"First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation": painting by Frank B. Carpenter, 206.

Flannery, Lott, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 199.

Folsom, Joseph Fulford: sketch of, 234;
poem, "The Unfinished Work," by, 235.

Foltz, Charles G.: sketch of, 98;
poem, "On Freedom's Summit," by, 98.

Ford's Theatre: picture of, 138.

French, Daniel Chester, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 226.

Fun, London: poem, "England's Sorrow" in, 153.

Funeral of Lincoln, The, in White House: picture, 154.

"Funeral Car of Lincoln": picture of, 158;
poem by Richard Henry Stoddard on, 159.

"Funeral Hymn of Lincoln": poem by Phineas Densmore Gurley, 155.


GABC

Ganiere, George E., sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 228.

Gardner, Washington photographer: portraits of Lincoln by, 88, 95, 112, 118, 130, 132.

Garrs, Henry De: sketch of, 200;
poem, "On the Assassination of Lincoln," by, 200.

Gelert, Johannes, sculptor: bust of Lincoln by, iv, v.

Gentry, Matthew, insane friend of Lincoln: poem by Lincoln on, vii-ix.

Geometry: favorite study of Lincoln, xii, 63.

Gettysburg, Lincoln's Speech at: in prose form, 100;
comment by William H. Lambert on, 101;
in verse form, xii.

"Gettysburg Ode"; poem by Bayard Taylor, 102.

Gilder, Richard Watson: sketch of, 45;
poem, "On the Life-Mask of Abraham Lincoln," by, 45.

Gilmer, photographer: ambrotype of Lincoln, 1858, by, 40.

"Glory, The, That Slumbered In The Granite Rocks": poem by Ella Wheeler Wilcox, 241.

Gould, Elizabeth Porter: sketch of, 41;

top[257]

"Grave of Lincoln, The": views of, 178, 180, 182;
poem on, by Edna Dean Proctor, 186.

"Great Oak, The," poem by Bennett Chapple, 14.

Guiterman, Arthur: sketch of, 123;
poem, "He Leads Us Still," by, 123.

Gurley, Phineas Densmore: sketch of, 155;
poem, "The Funeral Hymn of Lincoln," by, 155.


HABC

"Had Lincoln Lived": Poem by Amos Russell Wells, 251.

Hagedorn, Hermann: sketch of, 107;
poem, "Oh, Patient Eyes!" by, 107.

Hall, Eugene J.: poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 220.

Halpin, Charles Graham ("Miles O'Reilly"): sketch of, 215;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 216.

"Hand of Lincoln, The": cast by Leonard W. Volk, 46;
poem on, by Edmund Clarence Stedman, 47.

Hanks, Nancy: see Lincoln, Nancy Hanks.

Hay, John, secretary of Lincoln: portrait of, 67.

"He Leads Us Still": poem by Arthur Guiterman, 123.

Herndon, William H., law partner of Lincoln: presents Lincoln's office chair to O. H. Oldroyd, 36.

Hesler, Chicago photographer: portrait of Lincoln in 1860, by, 58.

Hicks, painter of Lincoln portrait lithographed for campaign of 1860, 49.

Hodgenville, Ky.: statue of Lincoln in, by Weinman, 126.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell: sketch of, 170;
poem, "Services in Memory of Abraham Lincoln," by, 171;
his "Last Leaf," a favorite poem of Lincoln, xi, xxi.

"Homage Due to Lincoln": poem by Kinahan Cornwallis, 229.

"Honest Abe": campaign cartoon of 1860, 55.

"Honest Abe of the West": poem by Edmund Clarence Stedman, 51.

Hooper, Lucy Hamilton: sketch of, 175;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 176.

"Horatian Ode, An": poem by Richard Henry Stoddard, 29, 159, 193.

Hosmer, Frederick Lucian: sketch of, 134;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 135.

"House Where Lincoln Died, The": picture of, 150;
poem by Robert Mackay on, 151;
Oldroyd collection of Lincoln Memorials at, Foreword.

Howe, Julia Ward: sketch of, 14;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 14.


IABC

Independence Hall, Philadelphia: speech of Lincoln at, 68;
picture of, 69.

Ingmire, F. W., photographer: picture of Lincoln Homestead at time of Lincoln's funeral, 172.

"In Token of Respect": poem, 152.


JABC

Johnson, Eastman: picture, "The Boy Lincoln," by, 30.

Johnson, William, literary friend of Lincoln: Lincoln's letters to, v-ix.

Johnston, James Nicoll: sketch of, 168;
poem, "Requiem," by, 169.


KABC

Kimball, Harriet McEwen: sketch of, 157;
poem, "Rest, Rest, for Him," by, 157.

Knox, William, Scotch poet: favorite of Lincoln, vi;
his poem, "Oh Why Should the Spirit of Mortal Be Proud," ix.


LABC

Lambert, William H.: on Lincoln's Speech at Gettysburg, 101.

Larcom, Lucy, sketch of, 164;
poem, "Tolling," by, 165.

"Last Leaf, The," by O. W. Holmes: favorite poem of Lincoln, xi, xxi.

"Leader of His People": poem by William Wilberforce Newton, 32.

Leighton, Robert: poem, "Sic Semper Tyrannis!" by, 139.

"Let the President Sleep": poem by James M. Stewart, 179.

"Let His Monument Arise": poem by Samuel Green Wheeler Benjamin, 253.

"Liberator, The": poem by Theron Brown, 94.

"Life-mask of Lincoln, The": cast by Leonard W. Volk, 44;
poem on, by Richard Watson Gilder, 45.

Lincoln, Abraham: poems by, v-ix;
speeches by, xii-xiv, xv-xvii, xix, xxi-xxiii;
lectures by, xix, xx;
his favorite poems, vi, ix-xi, xxi;
his moral character, xiv-xvii;
his literary inspirations, xii, xvi-xix, xxiii, 17;
as a dramatic critic, xvii-xix;
as a literary artist, xix-xxiii;
his taste for humor, xx;
birth 13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 22, 74, 109;
youth, 14, 17, 29, 31, 32, 46, 47, 142;
education, 17, 22, 23, 31, 32, 35;
profession, 34, 36, 37, 147, 148;
top[258] religion, 17, 18, 41, 65, 66, 79, 81, 84, 85, 99, 105, 114, 125, 135, 223;
statecraft, 14, 18, 23, 29, 33, 37, 38, 42, 47, 48, 57, 59, 70, 75, 77, 78, 83, 91, 94, 95, 96, 98, 110, 116, 119, 127, 129, 131, 136, 141, 148, 161, 163, 183, 189, 193, 209, 220, 223, 229, 232, 241;
character, 43, 45, 48, 51, 54, 56, 61, 74, 87, 89, 107, 109, 113, 116, 121, 123, 125, 127, 131, 133, 135, 136, 139, 141, 148, 174, 176, 189, 200, 201, 209, 211, 216, 220, 223, 227, 239, 241;
death, 15, 18, 24, 29, 31, 61, 75, 92, 99, 137, 138-207, 211, 219, 230, 247, 251.

"Lincoln": title of poems by Becker, Charlotte, 61;
Boker, George Henry, 209;
Cheney, John Vance, 77;
Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 207;
Dunbar, Paul Lawrence, 129;
Davis, Noah, 17;
Halpin, Charles Graham, 216;
Hooper, Lucy Hamilton, 176;
Hosmer, Frederick Lucian, 135;
Howe, Julia Ward, 14;
Mitchell, S. Weir, 125;
Monroe, Harriet, 119;
Smith, Wilbur Hazelton, 35;
Trowbridge, John Townsend, 227.

"Lincoln, Abraham": title of poems by, Cary, Alice, 131;
Cary, Phoebe, 211;
Cooke, Rose Terry, 133;
Dickinson, Charles Monroe, 136;
Hall, Eugene J., 200;
Sangster, Margaret Elizabeth, 109;
Townsend, George Alfred, 127.

"Lincoln, Abraham, Foully Assassinated": cartoon in London Punch, 140;
poem by Tom Taylor on, 141.

Lincoln, Ambrotypes of: 34, 40, 42, 52.

"Lincoln and Cabinet": painting by Frank B. Carpenter, 206.

"Lincoln and Stanton": poem by Marion Mills Miller, 148.

"Lincoln As Candidate for Senator": ambrotype by Gilmer, 1858, 40.

"Lincoln at Springfield, 1861": poem by Anna Bache, 66.

"Lincoln at the Time of Debate with Douglas": ambrotype in 1858, 42.

Lincoln, Bas-relief Head of: by James W. Tuft, 246.

Lincoln, Bust of: by Johannes Gelert, iv.

"Lincoln by the Cabin Fire": picture, 16.

"Lincoln called to the Presidency": poem by Henry Wilson Clendenin, 70.

Lincoln, Cartoons of: "Abraham Lincoln Foully Assassinated," 140;
"Honest Abe," 55.

"Lincoln, 1809—February 12, 1909" poem by Madison Cawein, 56.

"Lincoln, 1865": poem by John Nichol, 204.

Lincoln, Death of, 149.

Lincoln, Hand of: cast by Leonard W. Volk, 46.

Lincoln, Head of: in marble, by Borglum, at Washington, 240.

"Lincoln in His Office Chair": poem by James Riley, 37.

Lincoln, Life-Mask of: by Leonard W. Volk, 44.

Lincoln, Medallion of: Bronze Head in Commemoration of Lincoln Centenary, 238.

"Lincoln, Mendelssohn, Darwin": poem by Clarence E. Carr, 21;
portraits of, 20.

Lincoln, Monuments of: Lincoln Memorial at Washington, by Bacon, Henry, 252;
Lincoln Monument in Springfield, Ill., by Mead, Larken G., 182.

Lincoln, Office Chair of: picture, 36.

Lincoln, Photographs of: Brady's, frontispiece, 20, 86, 93, 97, 103, 106, 108, 122, 124, 128, 134, 170, 210;
Fassett's, 71;
Gardner's, 88, 95, 112, 118, 130, 132;
Gilmer's, 40;
Hesler's, 58;
by unidentified photographers, 34, 42, 52, 60, 67, 82, 84, 120.

Lincoln, Pictures of: "Boy Lincoln, The," by Eastman Johnson, 30;
"Lincoln, by the Cabin Fire," 16;
"Rail Splitter, The," 28.

"Lincoln, Poetic Spirit of": introduction by Marion Mills Miller, v.

Lincoln, Portrait Paintings of: "A Study of Lincoln," by Campbell, Blendon, 249;
in "Lincoln and Cabinet," by Carpenter, Frank B., 206;
by Hicks, 49.

"Lincoln, President, To," poem by Edmund Ollier, 96.

"Lincoln's Church in Washington": picture of, 79;
poem by Lyman Whitney Allen, 81.

"Lincoln, Soldier of Christ": poem in Macmillan's Magazine, 85.

Lincoln, Speeches of: in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, 68;
on leaving Springfield, 65.

Lincoln, Studies of: by Ball, in Boston, 90, and in Washington, 188;
by Bissell, in Edinburgh, Scotland, 231;
by Borglum in Newark, N. J., 234, 236;
by Flannery, in Washington, 199;
by French, in Lincoln, Neb., 226;
by Ganiere, in Burlington, Wis., 228;
by Niehaus, in Muskegon, Mich., 203;
by Ream, in Washington, 222;
by Rogers, in Philadelphia, 208;
by Saint Gaudens, in Chicago, 214;
by Weinman, in Hodgenville, Ky., 126;
by Volk, 192.

"Lincoln the Laborer": poem by Richard Henry Stoddard, 29.

"Lincoln the Man of the People": poem by Edwin Markham, 74.

"Lincoln Boulder, The": picture of, 243;
top[259] poem on, by Louis Bradford Couch, 244.

Lincoln Homestead, Springfield, Ill.: picture of, in 1861, 64;
in 1865, 172.

Lincoln, Nancy Hanks, mother of Lincoln: tomb of, 25;
poem on, by Harriet Monroe, 26.

Lincoln, Neb.: statue of Lincoln in, by French. 226.

Lincoln, Sarah Bush, stepmother of Lincoln: cabin of, 62;
her parting from Lincoln, 63.

Lincoln, Thomas, father of Lincoln: cabin of, 62, 63.

Lincoln, Thomas ("Tad"), son of Lincoln: portrait of, 103.

Locke, David R., see Nasby, Petroleum V.

"Log Cabin, The," birthplace of Lincoln: picture of, 13.

Lord, James Judson: sketch of, 183;
poem at dedication of Lincoln Monument at Springfield, Ill., by, 183.

Lowell, James Russell: sketch of, 189;
poem, "Commemoration Ode," by, 189.


MABC

Mackay, James: sketch of, 181;
poem, "The Cenotaph of Lincoln," by, 181.

Mackay, Robert: sketch of, 151;
poem, "The House where Lincoln Died," by, 151.

Macmillan's Magazine: poem, "Lincoln, Soldier of Christ," in, 85.

"Man Lincoln, The": poem by Wilbur Dick Nesbit, 113.

Markham, Edwin: sketch of, 74;
poem, "Lincoln the Man of the People," by, 74.

"Martyr President, The": poem, 219.

Mason, Walt: sketch of, 121;
poem, "The Eyes of Lincoln," by, 121.

"Master, The": poem by Edwin Arlington Robinson, 116.

"Matchless Lincoln, The": poem by Isaac Bassett Choate, 59.

Mead, Larken G., architect: Lincoln Monument at Springfield, Ill., by, 182.

"Mendelssohn, Darwin, Lincoln": poem by Clarence E. Carr, 21;
portraits of, 20.

Miller, Marion Mills: editorial assistance by, in "The Poets' Lincoln," Acknowledgment;
introduction by, v;
sketch of, 146;
poem, "Lincoln and Stanton," by, 148.

Mitchell, S. Weir: sketch of, 125;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 125.

Monroe, Harriet: sketch of, 26;
poems, "Nancy Hanks," 26, and "Lincoln," 119.

Muskegon, Mich.: statue of Lincoln in, by Niehaus, 203.

"My Childhood's Home I See Again": poem by Lincoln, vi.


NABC

"Nasby, Petroleum V." (David R. Locke), humorist: Lincoln's fondness for, xx.

"Natal Day of Lincoln, The": poem by James Phinney Baxter, 22.

Nesbit, Wilbur Dick: sketch of, 113;
poem, "The Man Lincoln," by, 113.

Newark, N. J., Statue of Lincoln in, by Borglum, 234, 236.

Newton, William Wilberforce: sketch of, 32;
poem, "Leader of His People," by, 32.

New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, Washington: picture of, 79.

New York City: obsequies of Lincoln at, 162, 166.

Nichol, John: sketch of, 204;
poem, "Lincoln, 1865," by, 204.

Nicolay, John G., secretary of Lincoln: his account of Lincoln's lectures, xix;
portrait of, 67.

Niehaus, Charles, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 202.

Nyack, N. Y.: Lincoln Boulder at, 243.


OABC

Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Ill.: views in, 178, 180.

"O Captain! My Captain!" poem by Walt Whitman, 197.

"Ode" on Lincoln's obsequies: by Henry T. Tuckerman, 163.

"Oh, Patient Eyes!" poem by Hermann Hagedorn, 107.

"Oh, Why Should the Spirit of Mortal be Proud?" by William Knox, favorite poem of Lincoln, vi, ix.

Oldroyd, Osborn H.: editor of "The Poets' Lincoln"; his purpose, Foreword;
his collection of Lincoln memorials, Foreword;
owner of Lincoln's office chair, 36.

Ollier, Edmund: poem, "To President Lincoln," by, 96.

"One of Our Presidents": poem by Wendell Phillips Stafford, 237.

"On Freedom's Summit": poem by Charles G. Foltz, 98.

"O'Reilly, Miles," see Halpin, Charles Graham.


PABC

"Peaceful Life, A": poem by James Whitcomb Riley, 31.

Phelps, Elizabeth Stuart: sketch of, 43;
poem, "The Thoughts of Lincoln," by, 43.

Philadelphia: speech of Lincoln at, 68;
statue of Lincoln in, by Rogers, 208;
tablet to Lincoln in, 218.

Piatt, John James: sketch of, 83;
top[260] poem, "Sonnet in 1862," by, 83.

"Poetical Tribute to the Memory of Abraham Lincoln": by Emily J. Bugbee, 201.

"Poetic Spirit of Lincoln": introduction by Marion Mills Miller, v.

Polk, James K., President: Lincoln's arraignment of, xvi.

"Presidential Campaign, 1860": poem by William Henry Burleigh, 53.

Proctor, Edna Dean: sketch of, 186;
poem, "The Grave of Lincoln," by, 186.

Punch, London: poem on "Abraham Lincoln Foully Assassinated," in, 140.


RABC

"Rail Splitter, The": picture, 28.

Ream Vinnie, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 222.

Repeal of Missouri Compromise: Lincoln's speech on, xv-xvii.

Republican Convention of 1860: reference to, 50.

"Requiem": poem by James Nicoll Johnston, 169.

"Requiem of Lincoln": poem by Richard Storrs Willis, 167.

"Rest, Rest for Him": poem by Harriet McEwen Kimball, 157.

Riley, James: sketch of, 37;
poem, "Lincoln in His Office Chair," by, 37.

Riley, James Whitcomb: sketch of, 31;
poem, "A Peaceful Life," by, 31.

Robinson, Edwin Arlington: sketch of, 116;
poem, "The Master," by, 116.

Rogers, Randolph, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 208.

Rotunda, City Hall, New York: picture of, at time of Lincoln's obsequies, 166.


SABC

Saint Gaudens, Augustus, sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 214, 215.

St. James Hall, Buffalo, N. Y.: picture of, at time of Lincoln obsequies, 168.

Sangster, Margaret Elizabeth: sketch of, 109;
poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 109.

Schuyler, Hamilton: sketch of, 87;
poem, "A Characterization of Lincoln," by, 87.

"Scotland Statue, The": poem by David K. Watson, 232.

"Second Inaugural, Lincoln's": poem by Benjamin Franklin Taylor, 104.

"Services in Memory of Abraham Lincoln": poem by Oliver Wendell Holmes, 171.

Seward, William H., Secretary of State: suggests closing passage of Lincoln's First Inaugural, xxii-xxiii;
portrait in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.

Shakespeare: Lincoln's fondness for, xvi-xix.

Sherman, Frank Dempster: sketch of, 239;
poem, "On a Bronze Medal of Lincoln," by, 239.

"Sic Semper Tyrannis!", poem by Robert Leighton, 139.top

Slavery: Lincoln on, xii, xv-xvii;
the Dred Scott Decision, 42;
Lincoln the emancipator, 90, 91, 94, 96, 98, 152, 161, 184, 187, 221, 229, 232, 241.

Smith, Samuel Francis: sketch of, 222;
poem, "The Tomb of Lincoln," by, 223.

Smith, Wilbur Hazelton: sketch of, 35;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 35.

"Sonnet in 1862": poem by John James Piatt, 83.

Speed, Lucy G.: autographed portrait of himself given by Lincoln to, 84.

Springfield, Ill.: homestead of Lincoln at, 64, 172;
Lincoln's funeral at, 172-181;
state capitol at, 175;
public vault in Oak Ridge cemetery at, 178, 180;
monument to Lincoln at, 182.

"Springfield's Welcome To Lincoln": poem by William Allen, 173.

Stafford, Wendell Phillips: sketch of, 236;
poem, "One of Our Presidents," by, 237;
reference to, 80.

Stanton, Edwin M.: tribute to Lincoln dead, 144, 147;
portrait, 146;
poem on, 148;
portrait of, in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.

Stedman, Edmund Clarence: sketch of, 47;
poem, "The Hand of Lincoln," by, 47;
poem, "Honest Abe of the West," by, 51.

Stevens, Hiram F.: tribute to Lincoln by, 219.

Stewart, James M.: poem, "Let the President Sleep," by, 179.

Stickle, Thompson: designer of monument of Nancy Hanks Lincoln, 25.

Stoddard, Richard Henry: sketch of, 193;
passages from his "Horatian Ode," 29, 159, 193.

"Study of Lincoln, A": painting by Blendon Campbell, 249.


TABC

Taylor, Bayard: sketch of 102;
poem, "Geyttsburg Ode," by, 102.

Taylor, Benjamin Franklin: sketch of, 104;
poem, "Lincoln's Second Inaugural," by, 104.

Taylor, Tom: poem, "Abraham Lincoln, Foully Assassinated," by, 141.

top[261]

"Thoughts of Lincoln, The": poem by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, 43.

Tiefenthaler, Josephine Oldroyd, child guide in the "House where Lincoln Died": portrait, 150;
reference to, 151, 152.

"Tomb of Lincoln, The": poem by Samuel Francis Smith, 223.

Townsend, George Alfred: sketch of, 126;
poem, "Abraham Lincoln," by, 127.

Trowbridge, John Townsend: sketch of, 227;
poem, "Lincoln," by, 227.

Tuckerman, Henry T.: sketch of, 163;
"Ode" on Lincoln's obsequies, by, 163.

Tuft, James W., sculptor: bas-relief Head of Lincoln by, 246.


UABC

"Unfinished Work, The": Poem by Joseph Fulford Folsom, 235.

Union, The: Lincoln on, 100, 102.

Usher, J. P., Secretary of the Interior: portrait of, in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.


VABC

"Voice of Lincoln, The," Poem by Elizabeth Porter Gould, 41.

Volk, Leonard W., sculptor: Life-Mask of Lincoln by, 44;
cast of Hand of Lincoln by, 46;
statue of Lincoln by, 192.


WABC

Ward, Artemus (Charles F. Browne) humorist: Lincoln's fondness for, xx.

Washington, D. C.: statues of Lincoln in, by Ball, 188;
Flannery, 199;
Ream, 222;
marble head of Lincoln by Borglum, in, 240;
Lincoln Memorial by Bacon in, 252;
picture of Capitol, 73;
of White House, 76;
funeral of Lincoln in, 154.

Washington, George: Lincoln's poetic tribute to, xix.

Watson, David K.: sketch of, 232;
poem, "The Scotland Statue," by, 232.

Webster, Daniel: originator of closing sentence of Lincoln's Gettysburg speech, xxi, xxii.

Weinmann, Adolph A., sculptor: statue of Lincoln by, 126.

Welles, Gideon, Secretary of the Navy: portrait of, in "Lincoln and Cabinet," 206.

Wells, Amos Russell: sketch of, 250;
poem, "Had Lincoln Lived," by, 251.

"When Lincoln Died": poem by James Arthur Edgerton, 247.top

"Where Lincoln Worshipped": picture of N. Y. Ave. Presbyterian Church, Washington, 79.

White House at Washington: picture and description of, 76;
funeral of Lincoln in, 154.

Whitman, Walt: autographed portrait of, 196;
sketch of, 197;
poem, "O Captain! My Captain!" by, 197.

Whitney, Henry C.: author of "Life of Lincoln," v;
on Lincoln's poetic sensibility, xi, xxi;
on his habit of reading, 16;
on Lincoln as a lawyer, 34.

Whittier, John Greenleaf: sketch of, 91;
poem, "The Emancipation Group," by, 91;
reference to, v.

"Wigwam, The," Republican convention hall, Chicago, 1860: picture of, 50.

Wilcox, Ella Wheeler: sketch of, 241;
poem, "The Glory that Slumbered in the Granite Rock," by, 241.

Willis, Richard Storrs: sketch of, 167;
poem, "Requiem of Lincoln," by, 167.



top

TRANSCRIBER'S NOTES:

Every effort has been made to faithfully reproduce the original book in this etext. The inconsistent, alternate and archaic spelling and usage that one would expect in a collection of poets and authors from 1915 and earlier have been preserved. Errors in the Index, obvious and simple enough to be assumed typesetter's errors, have been corrected. Other problems and corrections are listed below.

Page: 1
Text: extends his grateful acknowledgmenttop
Change: acknowledgement changed to acknowledgment (to match spelling of section title)
Page: 6
Text: Abraham Lincoln Foully Assassinated, by Tom Taylor
Change: removed comma after Taylor
Page: 11
Text: The Funeral of Lincoln, in East Room of White House
Change: removed comma after White House
Page: xvi
Text: Yours truly,
Change: Comma added
Page: xvii
Text: It matters not to me whether Shakspeare be well or ill acted
Change: Shakespeare changed to Shakspeare (alternate spelling used by Carpenter)
Page: xx
Text: performed this function in a still more
Change: added the word "in"
Page: 22
Text: Like all great souls with vision unobscured
Change: version changed to vision
Page: 116
Text: May be forgotten by and by
Change: fogotten changed to forgotten
Page: 117
Text: Shrewd, hallowed, harassed
Change: harrassed changed to harassed
Page: 172
Text: (5) Hon. W. H. Wallace, Idahotop
Change: Walace change to Wallace
Page: 172
Text: (3) Hon. Lyman Trumbull, Illinois
Change: Hon changed to Hon.
Page: 189
Text: And hang my wreath on his world-honored urn
Change: wealth changed to wreath
Page: 216
Text: He filled the Nation's eyes and heart
Change: We changed to He
Page: 216
Text: Pathetic, kindly, droll or stern
Change: added comma after Pathetic
Page: 223
Text: Here, Captain! dear Father!
Change: Hear changed to Here
Page: 243
Text: funds to remove it from
Change: extra "to" removed
Page: 252
Text: The George A. Fuller Company of Washington
Change: removed comma after Company

Harper's Bazar (page 109) did not change the spelling to Bazaar until about 1929.

No poet is mentioned for "The Deathbed" on page 145. However, this poem seems to be "Now He Belongs to the Ages" by William L. Stidger, from The Lincoln Book of Poems, published by R. G. Badger, copyright 1911, page 30. (available on archive.org)

Pages v, vi and vii refer to Lincoln's correspondent as both Johnson and Johnston. Left as printed.






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