Plate II. Stomach of ruminants.

Fig. 1. Stomach of a full-grown sheep, 1/5 natural size (after Thanhoffer, from R. Meade Smith's Physiology of Domestic Animals): a, rumen, or first stomach; b, reticulum, or second stomach; c, omasum, or third stomach; d, abomasum, or fourth stomach; e, esophagus, or gullet, opening into the first and second stomachs; f, opening of fourth stomach into small intestine; g, opening of second stomach into third; h, opening of third stomach into fourth.

The lines indicate the course of the food in the stomachs. The incompletely masticated food passes down the esophagus, or gullet, into the first and second stomachs, in which a churning motion is kept up, carrying the food from side to side and from stomach to stomach. From the first stomach regurgitation takes place; that is, the food is returned through the gullet to the mouth to be more thoroughly chewed, and this constitutes what is known as "chewing the cud." From the second stomach the food passes into the third, and from the third into the fourth, or true, stomach, and from there into the intestines.

Fig. 2. Stomach of ox (after Colin, from R. Meade Smith's Physiology of Domestic Animals): a, rumen; b, reticulum; c, omasum; d, abomasum; e, esophagus; f, opening of fourth stomach into small intestine.

Fürstenberg calculated that in an ox of 1,400 pounds weight the capacity of the stomach is as follows:

Per cent.
Rumen, 149.25 quarts, liquid measure 62.4
Reticulum, 23.77 quarts 10.0
Omasum, 36.98 quarts 15.0
Abomasum, 29.05 quarts 12.6

According to Colon—

The capacity of a beef's stomach is 266.81
Small intestine 69.74
Cecum 9.51
Colon and rectum 25.58