The Project Gutenberg EBook of American Missionary - Volume 50, No. 9,
September, 1896, by Various

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever.  You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at

Title: American Missionary - Volume 50, No. 9, September, 1896

Author: Various

Release Date: June 26, 2008 [EBook #25906]

Language: English

Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1


Produced by Joshua Hutchinson, Karen Dalrymple, and the
Online Distributed Proofreading Team at
(This file was produced from images generously made
available by Cornell University Digital Collections.)

[Pg i]

The American Missionary

Vol. L SEPTEMBER, 1896. No. 9.



The Jubilee Meeting—Up To Date 273
Only Thirty Days More 274
Jubilee Share Fund—Paragraphs 275


A Negro Upon Self-Help And Self-Support 276
Beach Institute, Savannah, Ga., 279
Ballard Normal School, Macon, Ga. 280
Brewer Normal School, Greenwood, S. C. 281
Talladega College Commencement 282
Snap Shots At Talladega Students 283
Albany Normal School, Albany, Ga. 285
Chandler Normal School, Lexington, Ky. 286
Extracts From Letter Of a Southern Pastor 288
Letter From a Former Student 289
Grand View Church 291


Visits To Three Missions 292


The Association Jubilee 295


Bible House, Ninth St. and Fourth Ave., New York.

Price, 50 Cents a Year in advance
Entered at the Post Office at New York, N. Y., as second-class mail matter.

[Pg ii]

American Missionary Association.

President, Merrill E. Gates, LL.D., Mass.

Rev. F. A. Noble, D.D., Ill. Rev. Henry Hopkins, D.D., Mo.
Rev. Alex. McKenzie, D.D., Mass. Rev. Henry A. Stimson, D.D., N. Y.
Rev. Washington Gladden, D.D., Ohio.

Honorary Secretary and Editor.
Rev. M. E. Strieby, D.D., Bible House, N. Y.

Corresponding Secretaries.
Rev. A. F. Beard, D.D., Rev. F. P. Woodbury, D.D., Bible House. N. Y.
Rev. C. J. Ryder, D.D., Bible House, N. Y.

Recording Secretary.
Rev. M. E. Strieby, D.D., Bible House, N. Y.

H. W. Hubbard, Esq., Bible House, N. Y.

George S. Hickok. James H. Oliphant.

Executive Committee.
Charles L. Mead, Chairman. Charles A. Hull, Secretary.

For Three Years. For Two Years. For One Year.
Samuel Holmes, William Hayes Ward, Charles A. Hull,
Samuel S. Marples, James W. Cooper, Addison P. Foster,
Charles L. Mead, Lucien C. Warner, Albert J. Lyman,
William H. Strong, Joseph H. Twichell, Nehemiah Boynton,
Elijah Horr. Charles P. Peirce. A. J. F. Behrends.

District Secretaries.
Rev. Geo. H. Gutterson, 21 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass.
Rev. Jos. E. Roy, D.D., 153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill.

Secretary of Woman's Bureau.
Miss D. E. Emerson, Bible House, N. Y.


Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "The American Missionary," to the Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances, to the Treasurer; letters relating to woman's work, to the Secretary of the Woman's Bureau.


In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post-office orders, may be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, Bible House, New York; or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House, Boston, Mass., or 153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars constitutes a Life Member.

Notice To Subscribers.—The date on the "address label" indicates the time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made afterward the change on the label will appear a month later. Please send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and occasional papers may be correctly mailed.


"I give and bequeath the sum of —— dollars to the 'American Missionary Association,' incorporated by act of the Legislature of the State of New York." The will should be attested by three witnesses.

[Pg 273]

American Missionary

Vol. L. SEPTEMBER, 1896. No. 9.


The semi-centennial of the American Missionary Association will be celebrated in Boston, October 20-22, opening at three o'clock Tuesday afternoon. A great and inspiring convocation is anticipated. Speakers of national reputation have been secured. A large and interesting industrial exhibit will be opened. Representatives from our mission fields and a new band of Jubilee Singers will be heard throughout the meetings.

Directions as to membership and correspondence will be found on the last page of the cover. Fuller details as to the entertainment of delegates, reduced rates at hotels and in traveling fares, will be given in due time through the religious press.


For the first ten months of our current fiscal year our expenditures have been $53,000 less than for the corresponding ten months three years ago. They are $37,000 less than for the first ten months of the next year. They are $13,000 less than last year. These facts indicate the severity of our retrenchments.

We have most earnestly hoped for such a large increase of benefactions as would greatly reduce our debts. Up to this time our receipts are nearly $25,000 greater than at this date last year, but they are $11,000 less than at this time year before last. That year closed with a debt on its operations of $66,000, and last year with an additional debt of $30,000. Thus far this year we have not only saved ourselves from debt, but have gained $8,000 on the debts of the previous two years.

[Pg 274]

This is a favorable difference of $38,000 between our financial standing now and that at this date last year. This advance has been made possible only by the sympathetic and generous responses from many givers and churches which have cheered the presentation of our work. Very many others have promised future aid which will lift the burden. But, for the time being, we have had to maintain our standing chiefly by making continued reductions of expenditures. This has been a difficult and sorrowful task. In answer to numberless appeals in behalf of the ignorant and suffering, we have had to explain constantly that the refusals of the Association were due, not to lack of sympathy, but to lack of means. In general, the Association can administer only the means confided to its charge. Its historic and permanent policy has been against incurring a debt. Its careful and conservative forecast two years ago encountered, like all similar benevolent work in all the denominations, a sudden and serious reduction of receipts. The next year it provided a much diminished schedule of expenditures, but this was met with a further additional reduction of support.

Therefore, the task now set to the Association is to carry on only what work it can while recovering what has been already expended in these mission fields. We believe this recovery can be made. We are most grateful to the churches, mission societies, and individual givers who have so generously come to our help in this difficult and trying year. From the promising responses which reach us, we can but believe that very many more are planning for the relief of these missions in their distress. Just now public attention is concentrated on national issues of so perplexing and doubtful a character that every enterprise, whether of business or of benevolence, waits upon their settlement. We hope and pray that the coming months may lift the clouds and pour prosperity again throughout all these vast mission fields.


At the time these lines reach the eyes of most of our readers, only thirty days will remain of the fiftieth year in the work of the American Missionary Association.

We look forward to these few days with anxious hope. Pastors, officers of churches and missionary societies, and individual givers have intimated to us that they will co-operate in making this fiftieth year a Year of Jubilee. Again and again our anxious inquiries have received the kind assurance that the year shall not close without the uplift of special help to the Association.

[Pg 275]

Many churches and many givers have fulfilled this purpose. If all had done as well, we should now be rejoicing over emancipation from all indebtedness.

We earnestly plead for personal contributions from individual givers. After all, it is upon the many individual gifts, however small each one may be, that the success of this work must now mainly depend.

We ask as earnestly that each church which has not hitherto contributed to the support of this mission work will do so now.

We respectfully request that the treasurers of churches and mission societies will now send us contributions already taken in behalf of the American Missionary Association, or balances remaining in their hands according to church plans, of proportionate contributions.

Shall not these thirty September days in the book of life record the special consecration in thousands of hearts of sacrificial service in gifts to God's poor?


It will be seen in the record of this month that the Jubilee Share Fund now aggregates pledges of over $14,000. This is a beginning, a good beginning, but a beginning only. We hope these coming September days which close our fiscal year will bring a vast increase of pledges to the Jubilee Share Fund. We know that numbers of our friends have been planning for it and looking forward to taking their part in this great and useful Christian service. "Now is the accepted time."

From Massachusetts—"Please find inclosed check for $50 for the Jubilee Year Fund, in memory of my dear father. His heart was ever with your good work to the very end of his life."

From a Tennessee A. M. A. Missionary—"Wife and I join the Jubilee contributors. Find $50 for one share. We wish we could multiply this by a hundred."

From Massachusetts—"Please find from two friends in Boston $50 each, which has been intrusted to my care for the share fund; and I gladly send it to help on the share fund."

From Connecticut—"It gives me pleasure to send you $2,000, as a donation from our church to the American Missionary Association. Also inclosed $785 as our annual contribution for the current expenses of the Association, not for the debt."

From Iowa—"Inclosed find $18, my donation to the work of the American Missionary Association. It is probably my last donation as[Pg 276] my age (past fourscore) and poor health warn me my time is short in which to serve the Lord in this world."

From Connecticut—"I was not home last Sunday when the annual contribution for the American Missionary Association was taken up, and as I do not wish to miss having a little share in the good work of your society I will inclose my check for $10 for the work."

From New Jersey—"I am glad to be able to send the inclosed amount from the Presbyterian Sunday-school of this place. For several years we have been giving to the work of the American Missionary Association, and each year is an advance on the previous year in amount. May you all be abundantly blessed in your spiritual as well as your financial welfare."

From Massachusetts—"Inclosed find $5, which my sister before her death desired me to send to the cause she labored for so many years, and which was dear to her when her heavenly Father called her home."

From Ohio, inclosing $5—"It is a pleasure to be able to carry out the wish of my dear husband. Ever since the organization of the American Missionary Association we have been small contributors, though Baptists. God bless and support your work."

The South.



One reason why the question of self-help as it relates to the Negro is so difficult of solution, is his previous condition of slavery.

Slavery was first and last selfish. The training received by the Negro under forced labor had no ethical meaning. The Negro labored, but was not taught the dignity of labor; he did not find any dignity in it. If there was any, his masters would have labored as he did, but the Negro served as the cat's paws to get the nuts from the fire. The fire burnt him severely, but he had not the benefit of the nuts. Thus the moral and ethical benefit which he might have received from labor was lost. Let our moralists ponder over this. The Negro's masters did not believe in self-support during slavery; they were supported. Now that his freedom is secured, the Negro also would like to have and hold as the masters did.

The result of this forced selfish labor may be briefly summed up thus. The Negro by training and example became prejudiced against severe[Pg 277] struggle and toil, physical or intellectual. He is now distrustful of attempts made to induce him to labor. He is willing to let somebody else do the work while he reaps the benefit, just as his masters did during slavery. Thus slavery became a foe to true Christian manliness, self-respect, and faith in one's self and others. It took 200 years to force these traits into the Negro's being. It was destructive of all that is uplifting to his soul. There is now a reaction going on. Unless the forces of the Christian schools and churches are applied with energy, the work of construction will not soon overcome that of 200 years of destruction.

Foremost in the education of the Negro along the line of self-support is the American Missionary Association. That the policy of the Association regarding self-help is not theoretical, but practical, may be seen in the statement of Rev. Dr. Beard concerning the work in the South, before the National Council for 1895. He says: "We are realizing also that the independent methods of Congregational polity develop self-help. These churches each year are bearing a larger part of their own support. When it is remembered that formerly their preachers were seldom paid anything, it can be understood that this new way of church life is full of meaning."

The Association states in emphatic and unequivocal language its belief, founded on long experience, in an indigenous ministry. As Dr. Beard says: "Our general policy has been to prepare the race to save the race. This is based upon the conviction that in the long run, and in the large view, the most effective way to lift up the masses is to do what we can to help the relatively few to climb into higher intellectual and moral power."

One means toward the solution of this problem of self-help is the industrial solution. Many overlook it because they think the Negro has already had much of it in his past history. But the Negro has never had the best of it. His industrial training before the war was immoral as well as unscientific. The industrial education of the Negro then was carried on without mental and moral culture; now the head, the hands, and the heart are the triplets which must control his development. Before the war he was simply a machine in industry; now he is to be trained as a living soul. Before the war he had some restraint through industrial work, but it was physical, not moral. The education which the coming twentieth century requires of the Negro through industry will be imperfect unless it shall be permeated with the best and purest of ideals. It is also a recognition of the fact that man is more than a physical creature; he is a combination of the physical and the spiritual. It must be two natures working in harmony with each other's development.

[Pg 278]

The modern industrialism is a combination of preaching and practice. It has in it a larger conception of God's Kingdom as seen in the world of matter. If it is not the highest conception, it is not the lowest, and should not be despised in the education of a race just emerging from ignorance. One has only to see the Negro in the plantations of the South, and observe his methods of work, to be convinced of the necessity of industrial training as a means toward self-help. Look throughout these farming districts and you will see houses fit for pigs to dwell in rather than men; you will eat food the mode of preparation of which is unworthy of a human being; you will see women in laundry work who have never seen a washing-machine all their life; and gradually the idea will flash into your mind that industrial training is needed.

The question may be asked, What is the American Missionary Association doing along these lines of self-help and independence? Much has been done, and is being done. The Association has not said much, but it is doing much. This is better than saying much and doing little. At the present time, when much is said about the industrial development of the South, there is danger of following the crowd whose ideals are not the highest. The popular cry is for a rejuvenated South, a South with prosperous mills and factories, and the Negro with it. The Association has wisely kept out of this, and yet has done more than any other organization toward the industrial independence of the people. It was the first to start industrial schools for the Negroes. Its first industrial school was founded at Talladega, Ala., in 1867, where it now works about 300 acres of land. Modern farming in its most important branches is taught here. In connection with the school are popular lectures, which are listened to, and scattered by the students throughout the country. White and black farmers are being improved by them. The instructor in farming, a graduate of the Amherst Agricultural College, is both scientific and practical. In the same school, at Talladega, young men and women are taught various other branches of industry.

Tougaloo Institution, in Mississippi, has a farm of 500 acres, which supplies cities in the Northwest with her produce. There are no less than fifty industrial schools under the American Missionary Association, not to mention independent schools, which are largely fostered by Congregational influence. The reflex influence of these industrial schools upon the whites is marvelous.

While we labor to plant seeds of true manhood in the hearts of the people, we recognize the fact that there must be a going-out and a taking-in. The involution of the race must precede its evolution. It therefore requires time to see fruits. Time will tell; it is already telling.[Pg 279] With boards devising, and schools, churches, and pastors formulating, methods to bring about the solution of the problem, we shall reap an abundant harvest. When it is known that the larger portion of the colored race in the South is still living on the plantations, practically untouched by the Christian influences of this century, living without God and not touched by our mission work, it accentuates the imperative duty of the churches and pastors of churches to hasten the work of self-support. In concluding, I emphasize the following points:

1. That the work of educating a race to manly independence requires time as well as energy.

2. That it behooves all teachers of the race to do their utmost to rid the minds of the people of those ideas of slavery which strike a blow at their independence.

3. That the position taken by the American Missionary Association is the true one in preparing the people for self-support, and thus toward the self-support of our churches.

4. That while recognizing the difficulties in the way of self-help and self-support, many, if not all, can be removed if all the churches put their shoulders to the wheel, and both teach and practice this, and do all they can for their own support, rather than seek to have everything done for them.



After another all too swiftly fleeting school year, the commencement season is ushered in by the very able baccalaureate sermon delivered to a large and appreciative audience by the Rev. J. J. Durham, one of the colored pastors of Savannah.

On Tuesday there are oral examinations in the classrooms. On Wednesday, palms, magnolias, cape jasmine, and wild bamboo-vine have lent their charm to render the chapel a fragrant abode of beauty. "Old Glory" hangs here and there upon its walls. The large flag which each morning through the year has received, after the singing of a patriotic song, the salutations of the assembled students, has given place for this occasion to the inspiring words of the Latin motto, "Ad astra per aspera," which in bold relief gleam out from a star-bespangled field of blue above the platform.

Through the dense crowd which overflows the chapel and throngs the adjoining rooms, to the notes of a march on the piano, the Ninth Grade enters and stands to receive the graduating class, who file to their places on the platform. With what swelling of heart are they silently greeted, and how dear and noble a band do they seem to fond,[Pg 280] self-sacrificing parents, and to the teachers who have labored to bring them to this the proudest day of their young lives. The class is one of the largest which the Beach has ever graduated—four youths and thirteen girls. The salutatory and essay, "What Can a Woman Do?" earnest, suggestive, and pleasingly delivered, was followed in due order by recitations, all rendered with spirit and grace, and winning enthusiastic applause. The declamation by one youth, of President Lincoln's address at Gettysburg, and the orations, by two others, on race questions, receive due meed of appreciation.

In the cantata, "The Ivy Queen," all the girl graduates take part, and the ivy crown is placed on the brow of the valedictorian, who is a keen-minded young girl of the pure Negro type. Her essay and valedictory, "Character-building," is a worthy production. It was an inspiring thing to look into the dark but perfectly radiant faces of her father and mother, when, after the exercises, they came, all too full for verbal expression, to grasp the hands of teachers.

After the class song is sung, diplomas bestowed, the in-coming senior class welcomed, and the announcement made as to the one whose rank in her studies entitles her to a free scholarship for the ensuing year, a brief but most excellent address is given by a young colored physician of Savannah, whose ability, culture, high moral worth, and nobly unselfish ambitions fit him to stand as a model to our students. The newly made alumni meet teachers and friends in the Teachers' Home for refreshments and a good, happy time generally; and in the midst of it all one of the workers of Beach is surprised by a token of appreciation in the form of a beautiful gift from the graduating class. Our orator of the day, after some consultation, proposes to the class of '96 the forming of an alumni association at the opening of the next year, and then soon all disperse and a successful school year is reckoned with the past.



The Commencement Exercises of Ballard Normal School began with the Junior Exhibition. At the time appointed every seat was taken and there was scarcely standing room. The greatest interest was manifested by all present, and at the close of the evening, when anxious parents and interested friends crowded around with beaming faces to express their satisfaction and appreciation, each teacher felt amply rewarded for the arduous labor and effort put forth.

The "Jubilee Songs," and especially the "Jubilee Medley," attracted great attention. To hear "Steal Away," "Get on Board,"[Pg 281] "Swing Low," and all the other old-time songs, wound into one, and yet fitting into each other so perfectly and harmoniously, seemed almost a wonder.

The annual sermon was preached the following Sunday by Rev. J. R. McLean, pastor of the Congregational Church. In addressing the graduates he urged a practical use of the knowledge gained; he emphasized the fact that philanthropy is giving one's self, and he impressed upon them the necessity of co-operating with Christ in all things if success is desired in anything.

Wednesday was Visitors' Day at the school, and a larger number was out this year to witness the examinations and inspect work than for several previous years. Wednesday night the alumni held their regular meeting in the chapel.

Thursday, Commencement Day, dawned gloriously, and long before the time for the exercises to begin, people were wending their way toward the building in order to obtain a comfortable seat. There were three graduates, all girls, and they made a pretty sight as they marched slowly up the aisle and took their places upon the platform.

The Annual Address was delivered by Rev. S. A. Peeler, of the M. E. Church. He did not go back thirty years and tell the condition of the Negro at that time, and extol him for the rapid stride he has made, etc. He did not enumerate the things the Negro can do, but he simply and plainly stated, so that all who heard might clearly understand him, what the Negro, and every one else who desires success, must do.



On the afternoon which witnessed the closing exercises of the Brewer Normal School, notwithstanding a promised storm, the chapel was well filled. The platform was tastefully decorated with flowers, ferns, and the national colors. We feel keenly the need of a large flag, and should some friend who sees this be moved to donate us one it would be very gratefully received.

The class of '96, composed of two young ladies and two young men, acquitted themselves well. The essay, "We Girls," by Miss Annie Laurie Fuller, was full of good thoughts, and pointed out very forcibly to the girls of the colored race their present advantages, and what as a result their responsibilities are.

Rev. H. H. Proctor, pastor of the First Congregational Church, of Atlanta, Ga., gave an able address on "Racial Contributions to[Pg 282] American Civilization," which, while stating plain truths very plainly, gave no offense to the white friends present. For the first time in our knowledge of the school there were a number of white ladies in the audience, which we felt was quite a point gained. All expressed themselves as very much pleased with the address, the parts of the graduates, the music, and in fact with all the exercises.

Mr. Proctor's presence with us was an inspiration to all, both teachers and pupils. On the whole, the year was closed with hopefulness for the future and a greater desire to do work that should tell for the uplifting of the needy people with whom we are associated.


Talladega College, Ala., observed its twenty-ninth anniversary at the usual time.

The first public exercise was by the preparatory students who had completed the course which entitled them to enter upon the collegiate studies in the fall. Four young men received diplomas at this exhibition.

The display by the industrial departments was unusually interesting. The sewing-room had on hand plain and fancy needle-work, finished garments for both sexes, among which were children's clothes made over from those previously worn by adults. This latter feature will commend itself to many homes where the custom of "making over" old clothes is one of the necessities. Girls taught in the sewing-room are able to make a livelihood by taking orders for work in this line. There is also a nurse-training department which is not only patronized by pupils in the required course, but volunteer classes have been formed consisting of the older male students and of mothers living near the college. A hospital bed was exhibited, and also the various sorts of bandages required in special cases. The boys' mechanical department furnished a large display in carpentry—mostly of a technical character. Then there were geometric and scale drawing, building plans of a varied character, and other work. The farm was represented in an appropriate way. Convenient appliances for care of stock, for housing farm products, etc., were shown, and live stock of various sorts was there—some varieties of which are giving to the college a wide notoriety for their excellence.

Public examinations were held in studies of grammar and advanced grades. The class in trigonometry gave evidence of the practical character of its labors by exhibiting a plat of the college property—some 270 acres in all—drawn to a scale and neatly lettered.

[Pg 283]

The literary and musical exercises of the commencement were very generously patronized by the white citizens. It is to be regretted that the college chapel is not sufficiently large to accommodate the audiences, and that scores were unable to get a sitting at the concert of Monday night. There is a hope that a more commodious chapel will soon be built.

There were present two distinguished gentlemen from abroad—members of the college trustee board, Dr. Beard, of New York, and Dr. Cooper, of Connecticut. The former spoke most felicitously on several occasions, and the latter delivered a very able baccalaureate sermon and the literary address. Rev. J. R. McLean, of Macon, Ga., preached Sunday night.

The graduates and the subjects of their themes were as follows:

The Uses of the ImaginationLouise M. Johnson, Talladega
Folk-loreMarietta G. Kidd, Talladega
True WomanhoodAnnie B. Williams, Jacksonville
The Times that Try Men's SoulsRobert A. Clarke, New Berne
There is More BeyondWade A. Jones, Vincent

The Condition and the Value of Definite Preaching, Manuel L. Baldwin, Troy, N. C.
The Conquest of Alexander the Great in its Relation to the Spread of Christianity,
John I. Donaldson, Paris, Tex.
The Relation of Infant Baptism to the Kingdom of God, Robert W. Jackson, Durant, Miss.

Dr. Andrews presided at the exercises and delivered the diplomas.

Two representatives of the alumni also presented original exercises:

Leaders Demanded by this Epoch, Rev. H. E. Levi, B.D., Talladega (Normal '87, Theological '95)
Alumni History,Miss Eliza A. Jones, Selma (Normal '91)

The Alumni dinner and business meeting followed, and the address on "Manhood," by Dr. Cooper, at night, closed the series.



One day last year there came unannounced a boy who had walked fifty miles to get here. He was an orphan, had been working until he had secured a good outfit of clothing, and, having been told of this school by one of our pupil-teachers laboring in his neighborhood, concluded to come, "work his way," and get an education. There seemed to be nothing to do but to reward his faith by receiving him into boarding-hall and school-room. He was an apt scholar, worked diligently, and is still doing well.

[Pg 284]

Not long ago a young man, twenty years old, appeared with a diminutive satchel and applied to enter school. Upon inquiry a college official discovered that he lived some thirty miles distant, that he had only $3.50, no expectation of getting any more money, and that his scholarship was very poor. He stated that he had been converted about four years before and sometime afterward had a "call to preach." Later, he explained the nature of this "call" thus: "One morning just before day, as I lay in my bed, I heard a voice. It said, 'Does you remember what the Lord Jesus Christ said to his disciples just before He descended into heaven? Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.' I studied about this, and finally asked the Lord did He mean for me to preach. He gave me a feeling that He did. I tried to get the idea out of my mind, but it kept coming back, and here I am." He was advised to stay out until he could earn money enough with which to make a beginning. But he wanted to enter school even if he could stay in but two weeks. He was therefore examined, placed in the second reader room, given a book and a Testament, and the promise of work to pay his tuition. He found a boarding place, and for a brief period of time enjoyed the privileges of the school room according to his request.

A young woman, daughter of an early friend of the College, is here. Her father (now in heaven) had experienced the conditions both of slavery and of freedom, and his children have inherited that father's interest in education to a large degree. This, his youngest daughter, is cared for by her brothers, and the solicitude they exhibit in her welfare is very touching. May she finish her course with honor, and perform a noble work "for Christ and humanity."

A few years ago a man and his wife left the service of their employer in a neighboring city, rented a little cottage in Talladega, and entered the same class in one of our lower grades. By prudence and economy they had saved some money and were able to live comfortably while prosecuting their studies. They have passed regularly up the grades and are happy in the progress they are making. During the long summer vacation they find employment, and are on hand promptly at the fall opening of the school. They are both active church members, and the man expects to study for the ministry after sufficient preparatory training.

Here is a case several times repeated. It is that of a girl who is making her way unaided by parental effort. She spends the long summer vacation teaching a country school. The pay is small, board must be paid out of her wages, and her scanty wardrobe must be replenished. She has made a deposit with the treasurer, and has[Pg 285] arranged for work at the boarding hall to help out in the matter of college bills. She has no time for play, no money for luxuries, but she is plucky and is bound to have an education, and it looks as if she would succeed.

A young man is here. He came with plain clothes, although they were clean and new. Out of wages—less than ten dollars a month and board—he had saved an amount which, with work out of study hours would insure him a year in school. Once he came without money, but we could not receive him. He therefore determined to come next time with money, and his success we note above. Promotion for good scholarship came soon. Religious influences were strong, and he became a Christian. He is now among the most trusted and valued pupils.



One finds that every year the enrollment grows larger. The people are increasingly appreciating the work done by the school. Every one who can afford it usually sends his children to our school, but there are others who are extremely poor but who are equally anxious to send their children also, and in order to do this they make great sacrifices. Many mothers work at the washtub from Monday morning till Saturday night, and do all kinds of manual labor, to obtain the money with which to keep their children in school. Some of our neediest pupils prove to be the best in their classes. One boy, whose widowed mother is unable to keep him in school, may be seen every day before and after school going in search of odd jobs to obtain money with which to pay his tuition.

This boy is one of the brightest pupils we have. There are others who are equally anxious to obtain an education. Many will walk distances ranging from three to seven miles to school every morning. The interest in the school increases yearly to such an extent that the building, which at first was thought to be large enough to accommodate all who would come, is now entirely too small to accommodate the pupils that we have. It will be almost impossible to get along next year without more room. We are greatly in need of a chapel where we can hold our devotions and have our public exercises. Without more room the work will be greatly hampered.

The third anniversary of our school was held last week. These exercises are always looked forward to with the greatest interest and pleasure by both parents and pupils. On June 4 was our exhibition of the primary and intermediate grades. The audience was made[Pg 286] up of the fathers, mothers, and friends of the students. They seemed anxious to have each pupil acquit himself well, and the pupils seemed equally as eager to do their best to please the audience. The programme, which was well rendered, was made up of essays, declamations, solos, duets, and choruses. "Bernardo del Carpio" and the quarrel between Brutus and Cassius were rendered in a manner worthy of more experienced pupils.

On June 5 were the exercises of the grammar grades. The programme was made up of essays by two young ladies, who had completed the grammar grades; instrumental solos by the music-pupils, trios, and choruses; also an address by Rev. Mr. Sims, of Thomasville, Ga., who spoke on the subject "Wanted." He pointed out the need of education, of religion, of wealth, and especially of sterling morality in character. This address was highly appreciated by the large and enthusiastic audience.

Could my reader have been present he would have realized that the people are hungering and thirsting after knowledge, and are beginning to regard our school as a well-spring to supply them.



In reviewing the history of Chandler Normal School for the past year, we find more reasons than usual for courage and gratitude. In all departments of our work we see evidences of the mental and moral advancement of our pupils. The year has been one of progress and prosperity. Nothing has occurred to hinder the work. The conscientious performance of duty has been the rule of the school, and the students who entered with any other purpose in view soon discovered their mistake and saw that they did not have the approval of their companions.

The forerunner of the closing exercises was the presentation of the cantata "Little Red Riding-hood," by the pupils of the intermediate grades. This entertainment drew as large an audience as the chapel, a room that has a seating capacity of 600, could accommodate. The music, both vocal and instrumental, was excellent, and illustrated most fully the remarkable progress that has been made in this department within the past three years.

Two days were devoted to the annual written examinations, momentous occasions, that were crowned with success so far as the majority of the pupils were concerned. The ordeal of examinations closed with the public oral ones on Friday morning. On the afternoon of the same day occurred the exhibition of the eighth grade, the class[Pg 287] finishing the grammar course. The essays presented on this occasion were all upon subjects suggested by the pupils' study of United States history.

The exercises of Monday morning were wholly musical. The first part of the programme consisted of the cantata "The Musical Enthusiast," and the second part of a piano recital. All the music presented was of a high order, most of it being classical.

On Tuesday a declamatory contest was given by the young women of the normal department. The prize offered by a friend of one of the teachers was a year's tuition in Chandler School. The selections were from standard authors, and were chosen with the purpose of testing to the utmost the ability of the young contestants. During the past year much interest has been manifested by the pupils in work of this sort, and most noticeable progress has been made by many of them.

At the close of the contest a very interesting and eloquent address on the subject of temperance was given by Rev. J. S. Jackson, pastor of the Congregational Church in Lexington. The thoughts presented were full of inspiration for all who heard them.

On Wednesday morning an intelligent and appreciative audience assembled in the chapel to listen to the commencement exercises. Three young men presented orations, and three young women essays, on this occasion. There was but one graduate from the higher normal course. An oration on the subject "Frederick Douglass," presented by a young man who had completed the tenth grade, was considered an unusually creditable student production and elicited much applause.

The commencement address was given by the Rev. W. T. Bolling, D.D., pastor of the Southern Methodist Church of Lexington. The speaker prefaced his remarks by saying that much surprise had been expressed by many of his friends that he, a former slaveholder and an ex-Confederate soldier, would consent to deliver the commencement address for a school devoted to such a purpose as was Chandler. He assured these individuals that our school had no warmer friend than he, nor one more in sympathy with its work. No address could have been more helpful and stimulating than was his. All who had the privilege of listening to it were cheered and edified.

At the close of each day's literary exercises the majority of the audience accepted the invitation to examine the work of the sewing-classes on exhibition in one of the recitation-rooms. A large number of articles, all carefully made by hand, gave abundant evidence of the industry and skill of the girls of both schools.

The closing entertainment of commencement week took place in the chapel on Wednesday at 8 P.M. The programme for that occasion consisted of a cantata entitled "The Cadets' Picnic," presented by the[Pg 288] little pupils of the Hand School. The night was stormy, but for all that the large chapel of Chandler School was comfortably full. Fifty small children, carefully trained and displaying perfect self-possession, took part in this entertainment. The teachers of the Hand School had every reason to feel gratified with the results of their work.

The teachers of both the Chandler and Hand schools have labored diligently for the moral and spiritual upbuilding of their pupils during the past year. The meetings of the Christian Endeavor Society, held each Friday morning at 9, have been productive of the best results.

The Sunday-school work has been very encouraging. Chandler and Hand Mission Sabbath-schools together numbered more than two hundred pupils at the close of the year. Nearly all of these children were from communities destitute of every other Christian influence.


I desire to explain to you some features of what I conceive to be the most interesting scheme I have witnessed in the South for a long time. You have, I suppose, received one or two copies of our little paper. Let me give you a bit of history concerning it.

It was a short while after the "local option" election, in which the friends and advocates of temperance and good government went down in inglorious defeat before the red-faced saloon-keepers and other votaries of vice, when the executive committee of the "Prohibs" saddled the cause of defeat on the Negroes' shoulders. The cause of defeat agreed upon, a few generous-hearted men thought it would be much better to make some kind of effort to elevate the Negro than to grieve about what was already done. So the idea of a manual training-school was advanced by two gentlemen, one of whom is a stanch Southerner, who for a long time had the unenviable reputation of believing and openly advocating the strange and illogical theory that the Negro has no soul; the other is a minister of Southern birth, but of Northern education. Infatuated with the prospects of ultimate success, and having, it seems providentially, come upon a man who was a printer and owned an outfit, they talked with him, and he, needing work, was evidently smitten with the idea. Thoroughly understanding themselves, they sought a conference with a few representative colored men. I was among the first to be interviewed. The minister put the matter before me, and I saw nothing unworthy in it, and it drew out my sympathy immediately. After talking the whole matter over we agreed to call a meeting. The meeting was called in the well-furnished office of a colored man. There were six present—three white men and three colored men. We talked over the matter again, each one[Pg 289] stating his limitations in the affair. I asked the white gentlemen present if they thought they could stand the sentiment that would doubtless be brought to bear upon them. They said, "While we anticipate opposition, we are sure we can withstand all assaults." "Then," said I, "we have nothing to lose." The whites were to have a part of the paper and the colored a part—a quarter or a half, as they might desire. I was asked to take charge of the colored department, and with reluctance I agreed. The paper went through eight issues. The whites interested in it found the pressure too great for them, and the owner of the outfit found the support entirely too meager. The white editor while in attendance at a church convention was in some cases refused the courtesy of a Christian introduction. One young woman who was a friend of the editor refused to introduce him to her friend because he was in the newspaper business with a "nigger." A banker was asked to subscribe, but refused, saying there was too much —— "nigger" about that paper for him. The merchants generally refused to advertise in it. After an existence of about eight weeks the paper ceased temporarily or permanently, I know not whether the former or the latter. When I talked with the originator of the idea he candidly confessed: "I was born in the South, held slaves in the South, have lived in the South all my life, but the prejudice among the white people against the Negroes is greater than I thought. While I am entirely independent of public opinion, the reflection on my friends Mr. —— and Dr. —— has been very great."


Dear Friend: I entered Emerson Institute the first Monday in October of 1892, but long before that time I had contemplated going there to school, though not having any immediate support I could not attend until the above-named time. Just two days before I entered the school I had accepted a position as clerk, but seeing the great need of an education I quit immediately and entered school. When I entered Emerson I had not been in school for about seven years, but had to some extent been engaged in study. I had no sure means of support, but was determined to educate myself.

Our principal, seeing my earnestness, gave me the privilege of living at the "Home," which enabled me to work out my board and tuition. I gladly accepted. And it is here the lasting influence began its effect upon me. Indeed, I cannot state the first impression made, but I do know the best; that is, it was here I became a Christian and was made to accept Christ as my Saviour. I think I professed religion in March of 1893, during Mr. Moore's work there. From this[Pg 290] step I began to build a principle that would be able to stand the many temptations that would come upon me. The next best thing, it was here (at Emerson) I was made to realize the evil effect of alcoholic liquors, and when, as before that time, I had some toleration for wine, etc., I pledged myself against it and became a strong defender of "Prohibition." I was fortunate in being awarded a prize for the best-made speech on Prohibition in a contest given by Emerson Institute on May 22, 1894; and I almost decided to become a temperance lecturer.

It is impossible for me to enumerate the myriad of good influences that have surrounded me by being a student in Mobile. But permit me to say that if there is any one thing in earth that I owe for my stableness in that which is right, it is my having been immediately under the good influences of Emerson Institute and its earnest teachers. I have been made to see the power of a good education. My mind, heart, and soul have been broadened; and now I am able to look upon humanity from a broader point of view. It has certainly given me a more congenial spirit, and wherein I may have been conceited, I am not now. One very important influence is that I have decided to never stop short of the very best possible education. I have been made to believe that morality is the only standard for ideal Christianity.

A few words of what I am doing and shall do. I shall soon be teaching my motto, "A high moral standard," pure and upright, to benefit the largest possible number in shortest possible time. I shall endeavor by God's assistance to instill in my pupils these true principles of right doing and the possibilities brought through education. And as I have been influenced by Emerson Institute and its teachers, I shall try and do likewise to those whom I shall assume authority over.

I think that you will be able to get an idea of how I have been influenced by Emerson Institute by the narrative which I have given, although scattering.

I trust that you will pray for my success, and that I may be able to stand the test. I have endeavored to give veracity in this matter, with no exaggeration. Neither have I spoken in hyperbolical terms, to make the wrong impression. Trusting that this is the question that you asked me, properly answered, I am hopeful that your stay with us this year has been crowned with success, and that you may return next year with even greater determination, and that the results may be a hundred-fold. Kind wishes to all the teachers. I am,

Yours sincerely,

W. L. Jones.

[Pg 291]



The Grand View Congregational Church is situated on Waldon's Ridge, overlooking the pleasant valley of Tennessee. The outlook on the southern side reaches to the Unaka chain of mountains in North Carolina, a distance of about seventy miles. Westward and northward rise in the background of the forest the mountains of the Cumberland plateau. On the east, the trees shut out everything but the sky.

We are about 800 feet above the sea-level, giving a most delightful and salubrious atmosphere. The moral atmosphere is equally good. The nearest place for liquors and their accompanying vices is in the valley beneath.

The Congregational Church was organized at this place on October 15, 1885, under the superintendency of the American Missionary Association. The congregation was composed wholly of people from the Northern States, who had come to the mountains seeking health. These, to the number of about twenty-five families, form the neighborhood of Grand View. Outside of this place are to be found the people of the mountains, scattered across the mountain-top, in a little clearing here and another there. In the midst of the woods, during the summer, it is a "discovery" to find the log house, the home of the mountaineer. The occupation of all is farming. There is no other means for a livelihood.

Many of the church members own their own homes; usually two-story frame buildings.

During the present pastorate twenty-one have united with the church; fourteen by letter, seven by confession. Out of this number we have nine who are mountaineers, the first acquisition of the native element to the church. We have a small but neat building, seating 150, in which services are held every Sunday morning and evening. A Christian Endeavor Society embraces a large number of the young people for whom we labor.

This church is in connection with a large and flourishing school. The students come to us from three States, and thus the influence of the American Missionary Association is scattered far and wide. We are the center of a large but poor class of people who have no means to help themselves. If they are ever to help themselves, they must receive a start from outside. When they do get a chance they usually go ahead.

We have among our students many teachers of the public schools lifting the tone of the whole mountain. Last year about sixteen of[Pg 292] the students taught school during the vacation, covering a territory from Red Belt, Georgia, to Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee. Several lawyers, former students, are now practicing at the bar in Tennessee and other States. To our honor one of our graduates is a missionary in China; many have gone forth to usefulness. Many, if not all, of these would have been unable to do anything for themselves but for the benevolence of the churches and the planting of the school and church in this place. The ideas with which the Association set out to work are no longer theories, but established facts.

The success of the Association, I believe, lies, next to God's blessing, in the fact that they realized that not only the school is needed to make better men and women, but also the church to fit these men and women for the struggles of life. Both together are needed to do the work.

In this place, where "the work which this society is doing touches every fiber of our national life," that which produced the sterling manhood of New England in the past days, and made our national life a possibility and then a fact, can, in a like manner in the future, produce such men and women on the mountains and in the valleys of the South.

Such a work should give hope and courage to every friend of this Association, and I believe that in the last day it will be a great surprise to many to know how many homes they have helped to brighten, and how many lives they have helped to bless, and how many souls they have helped to save.

The Chinese.



The missions visited were those at Marysville, Oroville, and Watsonville. At each place an anniversary was held, at which Dr. Pond wished me to make an address. But I felt that I had other duties to do besides this:

1. To see that those brethren who had not been baptized should come to baptism.

2. To urge those scholars who ought to join the Congregational Association of Christian Chinese to do so at once.

3. To strengthen and stimulate the brethren, not only to stand firm in their faith, but to press forward to save men through Christ.

4. To urge them to give generously to our work.

[Pg 293]

5. To preach on the street, that I might lead some one or more to Jesus.

At Marysville I lost no time in getting the names of those who had not been baptized, and who seemed ready for baptism; then the names of pupils who ought to join the association. Then I enlisted the co-operation of the baptized Christians. We just surrounded four of our brethren and urged them to give themselves publicly and wholly to Christ. They objected that they would like just to know more, but they had been under instruction between one and two years, and had confessed themselves believers six or more months ago by joining the association. We thought them well qualified to receive baptism. Finally they consented, and then we all shook hands and rejoiced. They were baptized by Dr. Pond the following Sunday evening, when after the anniversary we received the Lord's Supper and listened to Dr. Pond's sermon on our motto for the year, "Ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost."

The method of winning the three pupils for the Association was the same only with the added efforts of all present.

The contribution was generous. At my first mention of this matter they all held up their pledge-cards, duly signed, and with the amounts they were able to give written upon them.

On Sunday afternoon we held a street meeting, which all the brethren who could attended, and all helped.

The next day (Monday) two Marysville brethren went with us to Oroville at their own expense. The weather was intensely hot, but this did not prevent a cordial welcome to us, both at the depot and at the Mission. And here we settled down to work just as we did at Marysville. The result was that three brethren were baptized and one scholar joined the association. The new brother is an educated young man, but was a great devotee of gambling, at which he has generally lost money. On my first visit to Oroville, two years ago, I admonished him to quit this bad habit and become a Christian. He frankly acknowledged the sin, but was reluctant to cease from it till he could win back what he had lost. So I could not persuade him. And when I reached Oroville this time I was made sad at hearing that he was still a gambler, though still a pupil in the school. He came to the Mission house that evening at about 10 o'clock, and, after hand-shaking, sat down in a corner of the room. Seeing in this a fine opportunity, I said to the brethren present, "Let us gather about Jee Loy and win him to Christ to-night." There were six of us, myself included. We asked him what objection he had to becoming a Christian. He mentioned many, but we disposed of them all, not, however, without talking for nearly two hours. During the brethren's[Pg 294] turns to speak I prayed in my heart many times, invoking God's help on our words, and begging that his heart might be opened to the truth and to Christ.

But he still refused. I then said to him, "Will you go home and think the matter over very carefully and let us know to-morrow evening?" He said that he would. A prayer was offered and he went home. We were overjoyed when he came the next evening to tell us that he had decided for Christ and would join the association, which he did at once. We were all filled with thanksgiving.

Three other things made us glad: (1) The addition of three brethren to our Bethany Church in Oroville; (2) the steadfastness and boldness of our brethren as shown at the street preaching service; and (3) their generosity. For when I spoke to them about Senator George C. Perkins and his allowing them to occupy this building for twenty years without charging a cent of rent, or even our paying the taxes upon it, and suggested that they make him a life member of our California Chinese Mission, as quick as lightning "Yes," "Yes!" was heard all over the room. In a very short time the whole amount of $25 was subscribed; and they intend, with God's help, to make Mrs. Perkins a life member next year.

The anniversaries at Marysville and Oroville were the best we ever had in either place. The Lord's Supper, in each case, was observed at the mission after the anniversary service closed, and this was followed by Dr. Pond's discourse, so that the services did not end till about 11.30 o'clock.

At Oroville, even after this, a pleasant social was held, and we tried to bring another to Christ, but did not succeed; and finally, the night being so nearly gone, and the morning train for San Francisco starting at 4 o'clock, we did not go to bed at all, but strolled through Chinatown and enjoyed the cool night air after a hot, laborious day.

At Watsonville we had similar exercises, and the joy of extending our fellowship to Dr. Quon Hun, a highly educated Chinese physician, who had attended our school for several months, and who, after studying the Lord's Prayer all alone, was led into the light of Christ, and composed a beautiful Chinese poem upon it. He had charge of the tablets of one of the Tongs, and had also his own private shrine in his office. But he returned the tablets and destroyed his own idols. He is a man greatly respected, and will be able to do a great work for Christ, though doubtless he will encounter much odium and persecution.

[Pg 295]

Bureau of Woman's Work.



Not long after emancipation a freed-woman, about 50 years old, who was learning to read, came to the word "unbound" in her lesson, and exclaimed, rapturously, "How good, to feel unbound!"

If the American Missionary Association, its work, principles, and all that it represents, could be expressed in one word, that word would be emancipation—deliverance from bondage, deliverance from caste prejudice, from ignorance, superstition, and darkness. Its mission is to preach the gospel to the poor, to loose the chains of the bound, to proclaim "The truth shall make you free."

It was a little company of earnest men and women that gathered in Albany, N. Y., in September, 1846, to form this organization. Its early history was not only of works, but of "witness," fearless and undaunted. It had a God-given mission, and this conviction sustained its brave adherents during those years of severe trial and testing. Yet all was not discouragement. Every year brought added strength in numbers and in funds. Every year showed more plainly that the hand of the Lord was in this movement.

So it worked for fifteen years, gaining varied experience in industrial, educational, evangelistic, and church work, in methods of administration, in wise use of funds. At the close of this period it was conducting prosperous missions at thirty-seven stations in its foreign field, and in the home field it had under its care 120 churches. Then came the rebellion and war, and the unmistakable call of Providence to the rapid development of missions southward. Immediately the Association, now encouraged and supported by all the churches, moved in the wake of the Union army, beginning in 1861 to work for the contrabands at Fortress Monroe, where 1,800 colored people had sought the protection of the American flag. All its varieties of experience and resources were called into action. It became a philanthropic society to feed and clothe the suffering, a Bible society to distribute the word of God. It became an industrial society to help people to homes and teach practical farming, trades, and housewifery. It established social settlements, with groups of missionary teachers living in one household among the degraded and despised people, to whom they ministered; an educational society with its system of schools; a church society, seeking always the salvation of souls and gathering of converts into churches.

Now it was that the wisdom, the heroism, the unfaltering faith of this Association, strengthened by fifteen years of valorous adherence[Pg 296] to the gospel principles of emancipation, prepared it to launch out upon its great mission. The demands were almost overwhelming in extent and variety.

First, Fortress Monroe, then Norfolk and all eastern Virginia, Newport News, and Port Royal; then the Carolinas, Mississippi, and Tennessee. So closely did the missions follow the victorious armies that by the time the war-storm had fully cleared away, the American Missionary Association had 320 missionaries preaching and teaching the gospel to the freedmen, with 16,000 pupils in its schools. No wonder that it was said, "Behold how God has fitted this Association for this vast and mighty work."

The development of this marvelous work has many thrilling chapters among the forty-nine that have been already written. They tell the story briefly of the devoted men and women who have been carrying on the blessed work of emancipation. They show how not less than 3,000 women have given of their best talent and strength to this Christ-like service. They speak of the perils by shotgun and by fire; of imprisonment, ostracism, and scorn; of persecution, that it was believed the progress of the age had made impossible in these later days, but which the State of Florida has been able to revive. But these chapters tell also how the truth has been setting many free, blacks and whites alike, bringing them into a truer conception of God's fatherhood, man's brotherhood through sonship by Jesus Christ.

The American Missionary Association finds its highest testimonial in the work itself, in its system of Christian schools, including graded primaries, academies, normal and industrial schools, in its colleges in each of five states, and in its advancing church work. Nay, its best testimonial is in the product from these schools and churches, the teachers and preachers, lawyers and doctors, the good farmers and mechanics, the upright mothers and fathers, the sweet though humble homes, the conscientious Christian citizens, in whose influence and leadership lies the hope of the African race. It finds its testimonial in the loyalty and devotion of its missionaries, their self-denial for the cause they love. It has seen a gifted woman from a home of comfort going year by year for twenty years to this work of emancipation for the "bound" in Georgia and Tennessee, among a despised people, and, when called from earth and earth's opportunities, leaving a liberal sum to continue the work of Christian education. It has seen many another consecrated missionary take from the savings of a lifetime, to enable the Association to light one more lamp for the dark places of the South, and not a few turn back three-fourths of their small salaries to help in sustaining the work. The liberality[Pg 297] of the missionaries testifies not only to the genuineness of the work, but to the importance of the field and its irresistible appeal.

With such a history the American Missionary Association stands before the churches in this, its fiftieth, year. God has graciously widened the fields before it. The 4,000,000 of freed slaves are a race of 8,000,000 in our midst. "Never since the apostolic age has there been open to the church a field so vast, so urgent, so hopeful."

God has graciously widened the mission fields of the Association; the mountain regions of the South have been opened, and the gospel, carried with such personal risk fifty years ago, reaching only here and there a few, may be carried freely to the 2,000,000 of our mountain countrymen mentally and spiritually bound. God has graciously widened the fields. The Indian missions present their claim, for wherever a pagan Indian tribe remains there may the gospel be carried quickly and without personal harm. The providential call has been heard also, and answered by this Association, for the Chinese within our borders and the Eskimo on the Alaskan coast. The work of this Association may well be the glory of the churches. God has done His part. He has opened the fields, He has richly blessed every effort toward enlightenment and Christian civilization. The missionaries have done their part in prayer, in labor, in gifts, in voicing the earnest appeal of these poor, whose greatest need is Christian education and a pure gospel.

Now, the Association has come to its fiftieth year, the fiftieth chapter in its serial history. Standing always for emancipation, it is itself enthralled in the toils of a terrible debt. It trusted the churches; it believed that the action of the churches in separating their Indian work from the government, relinquishing $22,000, would be followed by $22,000 additional gifts from the people of God, that the Indian missions should not suffer loss. It believed that the growing claim of the Southern mountain work and the claim of this great African race in our midst would not be disregarded. It still believes in the churches. There has been only a temporary withholding. In the sisterhood of missionary societies, two have been freed from debt. Now by one grand concentration of gifts to the Jubilee Fund of the American Missionary Association, shall it not be enabled to celebrate a remarkable record, a marvelous work, a divine call to present widening fields of usefulness and a jubilee of financial freedom that by the grace of God shall last? May we not then confidently look for the opening of the windows of heaven, and the outpouring of such a blessing on home churches and mission fields as shall summon the attention of an indifferent and unbelieving world to the certain and rapid progress of the kingdom of God?

[Pg 298]

Jubilee Year Fund, Additional Shares.

Emeline J. Kellogg, Manchester, Vt.
Andrus March, Charlton City, Mass.
Caroline Crowell, Haverhill, Mass.
Christian Union Congregational Church, Upper Montclair, N. J.
Mrs. S. M. Cowles, Kensington, Conn.
Mrs. M. A. Bachelor, Whitinsville, Mass.
Mrs. C. A. Ransom, Wellesley, Mass.
Central Union South Church, Concord, N. H.
Two Friends, Wellesley, Mass., two shares.
Woman's Missionary Society, River Falls, Wis.
First Congregational Church, Great Barrington, Mass.
Rev. James W. Bixler, Trustee, New London, Conn.
Frank L. Andrews, Fall River, Mass.
Mrs. R. S. Curtis, Hampden, Me.
Second Congregational Church, Manchester, Conn.
Plymouth Congregational Sunday-school, Worcester, Mass.
Tabitha L. Cushman, East Los Angeles, Cal.
Congregational Sunday-school, Greenville, N. H.
"Debtor to the A. M. A.," Auburndale, Mass.
Mrs. Ellen M. Wellman, Malden, Mass.
W. H. M. A., Auxiliary of Church of the Pilgrimage, Plymouth, Mass.
Congregational Church, Yankton, S. D.
Walnut Hills Woman's Home Missionary Society, Cincinnati, O.
John M. Williams, Evanston, Ill.
Plymouth Congregational Church, Lawrence, Kan.
Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord Thomson, Medina, O.
Congregational Church, Granby, Mass.
Mrs. Lota B. White Wales, in memory of Rev. O. H. White, D.D., Dorchester, Mass.
A Friend, New Britain, Conn.
Friends, Milford, N. H., two shares.
Ladies in Second Congregational Church, West Winsted, Conn.
Miss Anna E. Farrington, through Woman's Home Missionary Union of North Carolina, Oaks, N. C.
Woman's Missionary Society, Hancock, Mich.
A Friend, Concord, N. H., two shares.
Mrs. S. A. Pratt, Worcester, Mass.
Evangelical Congregational Church, Westboro, Mass.
Congregational Church, Oakham, Mass.
Two Friends, Park Street Congregational Church, Boston, Mass.
[Pg 299] Individuals in Congregational Church, Cumberland Centre, Me.
Belle Olinger, Williamsburg, Ky.
Mrs. W. H. Catlin, Meriden, Conn.
Woman's Association, First Church, Detroit, Mich.
Residents, Cumberland Gap, Tenn.

Previously reported,238
Subscriptions reported above,46
Total number of shares reported,284



For the Education of Colored People.

Income for July
Previously acknowledged


MAINE, $371.59
Albany. J. E. Bird
Auburn. Mission Band High St. Ch., for Talladega C.
Calais. First Cong. Soc.
Centre Lebanon. Cong. Ch. and Soc.
East Madison. "A Friend"
Gardiner. First Cong. Ch.
Hampden. Mrs. R. S. Curtis, for Share Jubilee Fund
North Bridgton. Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Rockland. Cong. Ch.
South Freeport. Miss Fannie E. Soule, for Moorhead, Miss.
Wells. B. Maxwell, for Share Jubilee Fund
Maine Woman's Aid to A. M. A., by Mrs. Ida V. Woodbury, Treas.:
Biddeford. Second Ch. Ladies' Miss'y Aux.
Biddeford. Second Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E.
Harpswell Center.
Minot Center. Bal. to const. Mrs. Olive D. Shaw L. M.
Somerset. Conference Coll.
Woodfords. S. S. Primary Dept.
Alsted. Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Boscawen. Mr. and Mrs. S. N. Allen (1 of which for debt)
Candia. Cong. Ch.
Concord. South Cong. Ch.
Derry. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.
Dover. First Cong. Ch.
Greenville. Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Hanover. Mary A. Fletcher, for Hospital, Fort Yates, N. D.
Haverhill. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., Box C. and Bedding, Val. 22.45, for Savannah, Ga.
Laconia. Cong. Ch. and Soc.
Lyndeboro. Cong. Ch.
Manchester. Class of Young Girls, Sab. Sch. of Franklin St. Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Plainfield. Mrs. S. R. Baker
Rindge. Cong. Ch.
Swanzey. Y. P. S. C. E., 8 for Fort Berthold, N. D.; 5 for Fort Independence, N. D.
Walpole. Cong. Ch.
——. "A Friend," for a Life Membership
New Hampshire Female Cent. Inst. and Home Missionary Union, by Miss Annie A. McFarland, Treas.:
Boscawen. Cent. Union, for Salary, Pleasant Hill, Tenn.
Concord. Cent. Union, First Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Concord. "A Friend," First Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Concord. Cent. Union, South Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Derry. Cent. Union, First Cong. Ch., for Salary
Epsom. Cent. Society
Hebron and Groton. Homeland Circle (3.78 of which for debt)
Keene. Sab. Sch. Prim. Dept., Second Ch.
Manchester. L. H. M. Soc. of Franklin St. Ch.
Tamworth. Mrs. Mary K. Gannet, for Two Shares Jubilee Fund
[Pg 300]
New Ipswich. Estate of Dea. Leavit Lincoln, by Trustees
VERMONT, $626.39.
Barnet. Y. P. S. C. E., by R. L. Laughlin, Cor. Sec.
Bradford. Cong. Ch.
Burlington. College St. Cong. Ch.
Burlington. Sab. Sch., College St. Ch., for Central Ch., New Orleans, La.
Granby. "A Friend"
Manchester. Miss Emeline J. Kellogg, for Share Jubilee Fund
Newbury. Bbl. for Christmas, Freight 2.46, for King's Mountain, N. C.
North Bennington. Cong. Ch., adl.
Queechee. Cong. Ch., adl.
Randolph. First Cong. Ch.
Rochester. Cong. Ch.
Saint Albans. Cong. Ch.
Saint Johnsbury. "In Memoriam, Z.W." for Share Jubilee Fund, 50; "B.," 25; "H.," 25
Townshend. Miss E. Ballard
Wallingford. "A Friend"
West Brattleboro. Cong. Ch.
Westford. Y. P. S. C. E., by Luna M. Osgood, Cor. Sec.
West Hartford. Mrs. E. M. Copeland, Jubilee Offering
West Randolph. Mrs. Sidney Howard
Windsor. Old South Cong. Ch.
Woodstock. Cong. Soc.
Charlotte. Estate of Lydia Ann Hicks
Swanton. Estate of C. C. Long, by D. G. Furman, Executor
Abington. First Cong. Ch.
Andover. Abbot Academy, for Share Jubilee Fund and to const. Miss Laura S. Watson, Principal, L. M.
Andover. Sab. Sch., South Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Ashby. Ortho. Ch.
Auburndale. "One who is a Debtor to
the A. M. A.," for Share Jubilee Fund
Beverly. Dane St. Cong. Ch.
Beverly. Mrs. Ann V. Bailey, for Share Jubilee Fund
Blandford. First Cong. Ch.
Brookline. Harvard Cong. Ch.
Boston—Dorchester. Second Cong. Ch.
Dorchester. Pilgrim Ch., adl.
Roxbury. H. M. Soc. Walnut Av. Ch., Mrs. Esther G. Thomas, Jubilee Offering
Cambridge. North Av. Cong. Ch.
Cambridgeport. Pilgrim Cong. Ch.
Campello. South Cong. Ch.
Charlton City. Andrus March, for Share Jubilee Fund
Concord. Cong. Ch., adl.
Cummington. Cong. Ch.
Curtisville. Cong. Ch., 17; Mite Boxes Sab. Sch., Cong. Ch., 18.88, for McIntosh, Ga.
Dalton. Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E.
Douglas. First Cong. Ch.
Easthampton. Pilgrim Cong. Ch.
Enfield. Cong. Ch.
Fall River. Frank L. Andrews, for Share Jubilee Fund
Fall River. Central Cong. Ch., Ladies' Benef. Soc. and Y. L. Aux., for Share Jubilee Fund
Foxboro. "M. N. P.," 30 of which to const. Mrs. Esther N. Cadwell L. M.
Gardner. W. B. M. Aux., by Mrs. E. A. Rolfe
Gloucester. Trinity Cong. Ch.
Great Barrington. First Cong. Ch., 30, to const. Rev. Leon D. Bliss L. M; First Cong. Ch., Sunday Sch. Class and Other Friends, 30, to const. Mrs. Emily A. Van Lennep L. M. (50 of which for Share Jubilee Fund)
Greenfield. Second Cong. Ch., 41.24; Mrs. Dwight R. Tyler, 12.00
Greenfield. First Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E., for Alaska M.
Haverhill. Mrs. Caroline Crowell, for Share Jubilee Fund
Holliston. First Cong. Ch.
Holliston. S. S. Class of Boys, for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Huntington. Rev. Edward C. Haynes
Hyde Park. "Friends," for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Lenox. Mrs. Anson Phelps Stokes, 50; Mrs. Geo. Westinghouse, 50; George Higginson, 50, for Life Membership and for 3 Shares Jubilee Fund
Littleton. Ladies' Sewing Circle
Lowell. Eliot Ch., W. H. M. A., Box Sch. Supplies for Tougaloo U.
Lynn. Chestnut St. Cong. Ch.
Lyonsville. "A Friend of Missions"
Malden. Mrs. Ellen M. Wellman (50 of which for Share Jubilee Fund)
Middleboro. Thomas P. Carleton, for Gospels, for Colored Children
Millbury. Second Cong. Ch., for Theo. Student Aid, Howard U.
Millers Falls. First Cong. Ch.
Mittineague. Southworth Co., Box of Paper for Talladega C.
Newburyport. First Cong. Ch.
Newton. Eliot Ch.
Newton Center. First Cong. Ch.
Northampton. "Friends," 15; Miss M. F. Andrews, 10, for Theo. Student Aid, Howard U.
North Amherst. North Cong. Ch., Martha E. Harrington, 20; Frank W. Harrington, 5
North Andover. Cong. Ch.
North Andover. Mrs. Wm. A. Russell, for Theo. Student Aid, Harvard U.
North Brookfield. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.
North Wilbraham. Grace Union Ch.
Oxford. Cong. Ch., bal. to const. Miss Mabel E. Tyler and Miss Lucy J. King L. M.'s
Palmer. Second Cong. Ch., for Theo. Student Aid, Talladega C.
Princeton. First Cong. Ch.
Richmond. King's Daughters, for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Sheffield. Cong. Ch.
Springfield. Edward O. Sutton, 40; Faith Ch., by W. I. Morse, Treas., 12
Sunderland. Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch.
Taunton. West Cong. Soc.
Wakefield. Cong. Ch.
Wareham. "Two Friends"
Wellesley. "Two Friends," for Two Shares Jubilee Fund
Wellesley. Mrs. C. A. Ransom, for Share Jubilee Fund
Wellesley Hills. Cong. Ch.
[Pg 301]
Whitinsville. Mrs. M. A Bachelor, for Share Jubilee Fund
Williamsburg. Cong. Ch.
Winchester. First Cong. Ch.
West Yarmouth. Cong. Ch.
Worcester. Central Ch., 125; Union Ch.,
67.70; Piedmont Ch. (quarterly), 30
Worcester. Sab. Sch., Plymouth Cong. Ch. for Share Jubilee Fund
Worcester. Park Cong. Ch., for Theo. Student Aid, Howard U.
Worcester. "A Friend." by N. Scammon
Worcester. "A Friend in Mass."
Woman's Home Missionary Association of Mass. and R. I., Miss Annie C. Bridgman, Treas:
Auburndale Aux.
Plymouth Aux., for Share Jubilee Fund
Boston. Estate of Lucinda J. Hartshorn
Boston. Estate of Elizabeth C. Parkhurst
RHODE ISLAND, $120.49.
Newport. United Con. Ch. (quarterly)
Pawtucket. Pawtucket Cong. Ch.
Providence. N. W. Williams, 15; Y. P. S. C. E. of North Cong. Ch., 1.96
CONNECTICUT, $2,297.56.
Bridgeport. Park St. Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E.
Bristol. Mrs. S. P. Newell and Mrs. Harry W. Barnes, for Share Jubilee Fund
Clinton. L. L. Hull
Danielsonville. Westfield Cong. Ch. and Soc.
Danielson. Mrs. H. N. Clemons
East Canaan. Cong. Ch.
Farmington. Cong. Ch.
Farmington. "A Friend," for Indian M.
Glastonbury. Sab. Sch. of Cong. Ch., 25, for Student Aid, Tougaloo U., and 25 for Student Aid, Pleasant Hill, Tenn.
Guilford. Miss Clara I. Sage, for Two Shares Jubilee Fund
Hartford. Wethersfield Av. Cong. Ch.
Kensington. Mrs. S. M. Cowles, for Share Jubilee Fund
Kensington. Cong. Ch., Coll. at Rally Meeting
Killingworth. Cong. Ch.
Lisbon. The Sunbeam Mission Circle, for Student Aid, A. G. Sch., Moorhead, Miss.
Manchester. Second Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Manchester. Miss M. H. Hilliard, for Share Jubilee Fund
Middletown. First Cong. Ch., Bbl. Useful Articles; Cash, 2; for Talladega C.
Milford. Plymouth Ch., 20.28; First Cong. Ch., 14.02
Morris. Cong. Soc.
New Britain. First Ch. of Christ
New Britain. Union Service, by Rev. J. W. Cooper, D.D., for Share Jubilee Fund
New Haven. Mrs. James H. Foy, 25; F. R. Bliss, 5, for Theo. Dept., Talladega C.
New London. Rev. James W. Bixler, for Share Jubilee Fund
New London. First Ch. of Christ
New Milford. Grace H. Turrill
Northfield. Cong. Ch., 18.26; C. E. Soc.
of Cong. Ch., 1.08
North Greenwich. Cong. Ch.
Old Lyme. Cong. Ch.
Plainfield. Sab. Sch., Cong. Ch.
Plainville. "Church Member," for Share Jubilee Fund
Plymouth. Cong. Ch.
Prospect. B. B. Brown, for Share Jubilee Fund
Putnam. Edgar Clark
Ridgefield. First Cong. Ch.
Rockville. G. L. Grant
Salisbury. Cong. Ch.
Shelton. Cong. Ch.
Southington. Cong. Ch.
Stony Creek. Ch. of Christ, Jubilee Offering
Torrington. Third Cong. Ch.
Wapping. Sab. Sch., Cong. Ch.
Waterbury. Mrs. Ruth W. Carter, deceased, Trust Fund, by Samuel Holmes, for Douglass Hall, Cappahosic, Va.
Woodbury. First Cong. Ch.
Woodstock. First Cong. Ch.
West Winsted. Second Cong. Ch. and Soc., 98.41; Rev. H. A. Russell, 5.
Weston. Norfield Y. P. S. C. E., by Anna E. Fitch, Cor. Sec.
Woman's Congregational Home Missionary Union of Connecticut, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas.:
Bridgeport. No. Ch. Aux. for Grand View, Tenn.
Cromwell, Ladies of Cong. Ch., for Thomasville Sch.
Hartford, Friend in Asylum Hill Ch., for Fort Berthold, N. D.
Kensington, Aux., for Share Jubilee Fund and to const. Mrs. S. A. Hart L. M.
Richville. Union Ch., Jr. C. E. Soc., for Grand View, Tenn.
Clinton. Estate of Harvey Stevens, by R. R. Stannard, Trustee
NEW YORK, $3,082.77.
Angola. Cong. Ch., 10; Y. P. S. C. E., 2
Angola. Miss A. H. Ames
Binghamton. First Cong. Ch., Bible Sch., for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Brooklyn. Mrs. Julia E. Brick, for The Joseph K. Brick Normal and Agricultural School, Enfield, N. C.
Brooklyn. Lewis Av. Cong. Ch., Sab. Sch. Miss'y Soc., for Salary of Teacher, Indian M., 75; Sab. Sch., Central Cong. Ch., for Indian M., Santee, Neb., 37.50; Rev. J. M. Whiton, Ph.D., for Whiton Prizes, Talladega C., 15; Bushwick Av. Cong. Sab. Sch., for Williamsburg, Ky., 5
Cold Brook. Mrs. A. J. Burt, for Gloucester Sch. Cappahosic, Va.
Crown Point. First Cong. Ch.
Danby. Cong Ch.
East Bloomfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc
Elbridge. First Presb. Ch
New York. W. E. Dodge, Educational Fund, for Theo. Dept., Talladega C.
[Pg 302]
New York. Miss D. E. Emerson, for repairs, Moorehead, Miss.
New York. (Tremont) Trinity Cong. Ch.
Northfield. Y. P. S. C. E., by W. S. Webb
Pattersonville. Mrs. Freeman Milmine, for Talladega C.
Perry Centre. "In Memoriam Martha B. Sheldon," by Milton A. Barber, for Debt
Phœnix. L. J. Carrier, for Student Aid, Tougaloo U.
Rushville. Rev. F. T. Hoover, Bbl. Potatoes, for Greenwood, S. C.
Saratoga Springs. Mrs. E. B. Ripley, for Share Jubilee Fund
Sherburne. Miss Fannie Rexford, for Talladega C.
Sherburne. Mrs. J. C. Harrington
Syracuse. Geddes Cong. Ch.
Utica. Plymouth Cong. Ch. Y. P. S. C. E., for Central Ch., New Orleans, La.
Westmoreland. Miss S. A. Dann
West Winfield. "G. W."
Woman's Home Missionary Union of New York, by Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, Treas.:
Brooklyn. Tompkins Av. Ch., S. S. Class C, for Student Aid, Lincoln Acad.
Carthage. W. M. S.
Clifton Springs. "Mrs. A. G. W.," for Jubilee Fund
Morrisville. C. E., for Central Ch., New Orleans, La.
Rutland. Aux.
Syracuse. Danforth Ch., L. U., for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Amsterdam. Estate of David Cady: T. H. Benton Crane, Executor
NEW JERSEY, $343.92.
Chester. J. H. Cramer
East Orange, First Cong. Ch., Y. P S. C. E., for Grand View, Tenn.
Hoboken. John E. Merrill, Jubilee Offering
Lyons Farms. Sab. Sch. Presb. Ch.
Orange. The Armstrong Club, for Gloucester Sch., Cappahosic, Va.
Newark. First Cong. Ch., Jun. Y. P. S. C. E., for Indian M.
Plainfield. Mrs. Mary E. Whiton to const. Miriam F. Choate L. M.
Woodbridge. First Cong. Ch.
Upper Montclair. Christian Union Cong. Ch. (50.00 of which for Share Jubilee Fund)
Vineland. Jun. C. E. Soc., First Bapt. Ch., for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Woman's Home Missionary Union of the N. J. Association, by Mrs. J. H. Denison, Treas.:
Plainfield. Cong. Ch., W. H. M. S., for Salary
Germantown. Sab. Sch. of First Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Philadelphia. W. Graham Tyler
OHIO, $550.80.
Akron. First Cong. Ch., adl.
Ashtabula. Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Morris, Jubilee Offering
Atwater. "A Friend"
Bellevue. S. W. Boise, 10; First Cong. Ch., 4
Cleveland. Bethlehem Cong. Ch., 38.60; Euclid Ave. Cong. Ch., 25.00; C. E. Soc., East Madison Ave. Cong. Ch., 5.00
Cleveland. Hough Ave. Cong. Ch., "A Friend," for Mountain Work
Columbus. Rev. B. Talbot, for Debt
Cuyahoga Falls. First Cong. Ch.
Dover. Mrs. R. Hall
Hudson. Cong. Ch.
Lodi. Cong. Ch.
North Bloomfield. Dea. and Mrs. J. M. Knapp, for Theo. Dept., Talladega C.
Oberlin. First Cong. Ch., 39.93; Mrs. Hannah S. Lewis, 5.00
Oberlin. Mrs. M. A. Keep, for Share Jubilee Fund in part
Painesville. Class of Girls, Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch., for Macon, Ga.
Rootstown. W. J. Dickinson
Senecaville. Rev. Evans Thompson
Tallmadge. Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch.
Thorndyke. Adelaide E. Whetmore
Windham. First Cong. Ch.
Ohio Woman's Home Missionary Union, by Mrs. Geo. B. Brown, Treas.:
Austinburg. W. M. S., for Salaries
Chardon. Y. P. S. C. E., for Salary
Cincinnati. Walnut Hills, W. H. M. S., for Share Jubilee Fund
Cleveland. First, W. H. M. S., Jubilee Offering
Cleveland. Pilgrim J. C. E., 6 for Salaries; 3.20, for Student Aid, Dorchester Acad.
Dayton. Y. P. S. C. E., for Salary
North Fairfield. W. M. S., 2.50; S. S., 1, for Salaries
Oberlin. First, L. A. S., for Salary
Ravenna. F. & H. M. S., for Salary
Springfield. First, Y. P. S. C. E., for Salary
Wauseon. C. W. A., Jubilee Offering
Zanesville. W. M. S., for Salary
INDIANA, $20.50.
Fort Wayne. Plymouth Cong. Ch., for Freedmen and Indian M.
ILLINOIS, $616.01.
Aurora. New England Cong. Ch.
Belvidere. Mrs. M. C. Foote
Canton. Cong. Ch.
Clifton. Cong. Ch.
Elburn. Cong. Ch.
Elgin. Mrs. M. C. Town, for Share Jubilee Fund
Evanston. Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Galesburg. Central Cong. Ch., Mrs. Martha A. Hitchcock, in part for Share Jubilee Fund
[Pg 303]
Glencoe. Cong. Ch. of Christ, 67.91; Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch. of Christ, 25.71
Glen Ellyn. First Cong. Ch.
Hinsdale. Cong. Ch.
LaGrange. Cong. Ch.
Mazon. Cong. Ch.
Moline. Cong. Ch.
Normal. First Cong. Ch.
Oak Park. Second Cong. Ch.
Oneida. Cong. C. E. Soc.
Paxton. Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E., for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Peoria. Rev. A. A. Stevens
Princeton. Cong. Ch.
Rio. Sab. Sch., Second Cong. Ch.
Rockford. Sab. Sch., Second Cong. Ch.
Sannemin. Mrs. M. E. Knowlton
Stark. Missionary Soc., by Mrs. Wm. Kleffer, Treas.
Sterling. Mrs. Catharine McKinney
Toulon. Miss Addie M. Smith, for Student Aid, Talladega C.
——. Cash
Illinois Woman's Home Missionary Union, Mrs. L. A. Field, Treas.:
Chicago. New England, W. M. S.
Chicago. Lincoln Park, W. M. S.
Lockport. W. M. S.
Peoria. Plymouth, Jr., C. E.
Rockford. First, W. M. S.
Saint Charles. W. M. S.
Freeport. Estate of L. A. Warner, by A. C. Warner, Executor
MICHIGAN, $78.44.
Benzonia. First Cong. Ch.
Hancock. First Cong. Ch.
Kalamazoo. First Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E., for Student Aid, Pleasant Hill, Tenn.
Olivet. Olivet Benev. Soc., for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Saint Joseph. First Cong. Ch.
Vicksburg. Rev. J. and Mrs. L. A. Van Antwerp
Woman's Home Missionary Union of Michigan, by Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treas.:
Detroit. First Ch., Primary Dept., for Chapel Building, Chinese M.
Litchfield. L. M. S., for Salary
IOWA, $249.34.
Alden. Cong. Ch.
Algona. First Cong. Ch., Y. P. S. C. E., 25; Mrs. H. E. Stacey, 10; for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Anita. Ladies' M. Soc., for Student Aid, Fisk U.
Chester Center. Cong. Ch.
Cedar Falls. Cong. Ch.
Council Bluffs. N. P Dodge, for DeF. Mem. Chapel, Talladega C.
Danville. Lee W. Mix.
Hartwick. Cong. Ch.
Lewis. Cong. Ch.
Otho. Cong. Ch.
Ottumwa. First Cong. Ch.
Waverly. Sab. Sch. of Cong. Ch.
Wayne. Cong. Ch.
Iowa Woman's Home Missionary Union, Miss Belle L. Bentley, Treas:
Decorah. Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch. for Indian M., Salary
Grinnell. W. H. M. U.
Iowa City. W. H. M. U.
Lake View. L. M. S.
Mason City. Y. P. S. C. E., for Indian M., Salary
Muscatine. Jr. C. E., for Talladega C.
Old Man's Creek. Cong. Ch.
Old Man's Creek. Sab. Sch. for Indian M., Salary
Osage. W. M. S.
WISCONSIN, $246.60.
Beloit. First Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Delavan. Cong. Ch.
Durand. Pilgrim Cong. Ch., 3.50; Pilgrim Cong. Ch., L. M. Soc., 5.00
Eau Claire. First Cong. Ch.
Fulton. Rev. A. S. Reid
Janesville. Y. P. S. C. E. of Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Talladega C.
Lake Geneva. First Cong. Ch.
Oconomowoc. Cong. Ch.
Sparta. Cong. Ch.
Sun Prairie. Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch., for Student Aid, Talladega C.
West Salem. Cong. Ch. to const. Clyde M. Shane L. M., 32.77; Cong. Ch. C. E. Soc., 9.06
Wisconsin Woman's Home Missionary Union, Mrs. C. M. Blackman, Treas.:
Appleton. W. H. M. U.
Arena. W. H. M. U.
Eau Claire. W. H. M. U.
Stoughton. S. S. Birthday Box
Sun Prairie. W. H. M. U.
Wauwatosa. W. H. M. U.
Wauwatosa. W. H. M. U., for Debt
MINNESOTA, $117.12.
Alexandria. First Cong. Ch.
Austin. Sab. Sch., First Cong. Ch.
Minneapolis. Como Av. Cong. Ch.
New Richland. Cong. Ch.
Robbinsdale. Cong. Ch.
Winona. Cong. Ch.
Worthington. Union Cong. Ch.
Hawley. Estate of Adna Colburn, Sen., by Walter Tanner, Executor
MISSOURI, $3.00.
Saint Louis. Bethlehem Cong. Ch.
NEBRASKA, $38.30.
Linwood. Cong. Ch.
Fairmont. Cong. Ch.
Santee Agency. Young Woman's Missionary Society of Santee Normal Training Sch., by Mary T. Morris, for Debt
Woman's Home Missionary Union of North Dakota, by Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Treas.:
Cummings. Mission Band
[Pg 304]
Beresford. Cong. Ch., 2.65; W. M. Soc. of Cong. Ch., 2.35
Yankton. Cong. Ch., for Share Jubilee Fund
Pioneer. Cong. Ch.
COLORADO, $6.00.
Fort Logan, Charlotte E. Parish
ARIZONA, $2.00.
Nogales. Soc. of C. E., by Mrs. O. E. Mix
Avalon. Rev. Ewing Ogden Tade
Lodi. Cong. Ch.
East Los Angeles. Mrs. Tabitha I. Cushman, for Share Jubilee Fund
Woman's Home Missionary Union of Southern Cal., by Mrs. Mary M. Smith, Treas.:
San Jacinto. L. A. Soc. of Cong. Ch.
OREGON, $5.00.
Ashland. Cong. Ch.
Snohomish. Cong. Ch.
Washington. Rev. J. E. Rankin, Prof. J. L. Ewell and Prof. Isaac Clark, 100; First Cong. Ch., 75; Prof. J. L. Ewell, 32.61; Prof. Isaac Clark, 18.61; Rev. J. E. Rankin, 12; Mount Pleasant Cong. Ch., 10; Rev. H. P. Johnson, D.D., 10, for Theo. Student Aid, Howard U.
MARYLAND, $100.00.
Baltimore. D. D. Mallory, for Gloucester Sch., Cappahosic, Va.
VIRGINIA, $3.50.
Cappahosic. John Boyd, for Gloucester Sch.
Saint Stephen's Ch. Rev. W. H. Taylor, for Gloucester Sch., Cappahosic, Va.
KENTUCKY, $10.47.
Campton. Rev. J. W. Doane, Jubilee Offering
Evarts. Cong. Ch., 2.05; Sab. Sch., Cong. Ch., 42c.
Red Ash. Cong. Ch.
Woman's Missionary Union of North Carolina, by Miss A. E. Farrington, Treas.:
Oaks. Free-Will Workers
Oaks. Jr. C. E. S., for Indian M.
Charleston. Miss I. C. Chapin, for Student Aid, Talladega C.
GEORGIA, $5.50.
McIntosh. Rev. J. A. Jones, for Theo. Dept., Talladega C.
Woodville. Rev. J. H. H. Sengstacke
ALABAMA, $18.84.
Ironaton. Rev. P. O. Wailes, for De F. Mem. Chapel, 4; for Theo. Dept., Talladega C., 2.
Talladega. Abraham Lincoln Cent. Soc., by Mrs. E. G. Snell, Treas.
Moorhead. Miss E. L. Parsons, for Moorhead
Tougaloo. F. H. Ball, for Student Aid, Tougaloo U.
——, $17.25.
——. Anonymous, for Talladega C.
——. D. H. Holmes
——. "A Friend"
HAWAII, 200.00.
Kohala. "A Friend"
INCOME, $335.00.
Avery Fund, for Mendi M.
Dike Fund, for Straight U.
General Endowment Fund
General Endowment Fund, for Freedmen
LeMoyne Fund, for Memphis, Tenn.
Scholarship Fund, for Straight U.
Tuthill King Fund, for Atlanta U.
Yale Library Fund, for Talladega C.
TUITION, $1,294.14.
Evarts, Ky. Tuition
Lexington, Ky. Tuition
Williamsburg, Ky. Tuition
Nashville, Tenn. Tuition
Beaufort, N. C. Tuition
Charleston, S. C. Tuition
Greenwood, S. C. Tuition
Marietta, Ga. Tuition
Talladega, Ala. Tuition.
New Orleans, La. Tuition
Austin, Tex. Tuition
Total for July
Total from Oct. 1, to July 31
Subscriptions for July
Previously acknowledged

H.W. HUBBARD, Treas.,
Bible House, N.Y.

End of the Project Gutenberg EBook of American Missionary - Volume 50, No.
9, September, 1896, by Various


***** This file should be named 25906-h.htm or *****
This and all associated files of various formats will be found in:

Produced by Joshua Hutchinson, Karen Dalrymple, and the
Online Distributed Proofreading Team at
(This file was produced from images generously made
available by Cornell University Digital Collections.)

Updated editions will replace the previous one--the old editions
will be renamed.

Creating the works from public domain print editions means that no
one owns a United States copyright in these works, so the Foundation
(and you!) can copy and distribute it in the United States without
permission and without paying copyright royalties.  Special rules,
set forth in the General Terms of Use part of this license, apply to
copying and distributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works to
protect the PROJECT GUTENBERG-tm concept and trademark.  Project
Gutenberg is a registered trademark, and may not be used if you
charge for the eBooks, unless you receive specific permission.  If you
do not charge anything for copies of this eBook, complying with the
rules is very easy.  You may use this eBook for nearly any purpose
such as creation of derivative works, reports, performances and
research.  They may be modified and printed and given away--you may do
practically ANYTHING with public domain eBooks.  Redistribution is
subject to the trademark license, especially commercial



To protect the Project Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting the free
distribution of electronic works, by using or distributing this work
(or any other work associated in any way with the phrase "Project
Gutenberg"), you agree to comply with all the terms of the Full Project
Gutenberg-tm License (available with this file or online at

Section 1.  General Terms of Use and Redistributing Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic works

1.A.  By reading or using any part of this Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic work, you indicate that you have read, understand, agree to
and accept all the terms of this license and intellectual property
(trademark/copyright) agreement.  If you do not agree to abide by all
the terms of this agreement, you must cease using and return or destroy
all copies of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works in your possession.
If you paid a fee for obtaining a copy of or access to a Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic work and you do not agree to be bound by the
terms of this agreement, you may obtain a refund from the person or
entity to whom you paid the fee as set forth in paragraph 1.E.8.

1.B.  "Project Gutenberg" is a registered trademark.  It may only be
used on or associated in any way with an electronic work by people who
agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement.  There are a few
things that you can do with most Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works
even without complying with the full terms of this agreement.  See
paragraph 1.C below.  There are a lot of things you can do with Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic works if you follow the terms of this agreement
and help preserve free future access to Project Gutenberg-tm electronic
works.  See paragraph 1.E below.

1.C.  The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation ("the Foundation"
or PGLAF), owns a compilation copyright in the collection of Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic works.  Nearly all the individual works in the
collection are in the public domain in the United States.  If an
individual work is in the public domain in the United States and you are
located in the United States, we do not claim a right to prevent you from
copying, distributing, performing, displaying or creating derivative
works based on the work as long as all references to Project Gutenberg
are removed.  Of course, we hope that you will support the Project
Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting free access to electronic works by
freely sharing Project Gutenberg-tm works in compliance with the terms of
this agreement for keeping the Project Gutenberg-tm name associated with
the work.  You can easily comply with the terms of this agreement by
keeping this work in the same format with its attached full Project
Gutenberg-tm License when you share it without charge with others.

1.D.  The copyright laws of the place where you are located also govern
what you can do with this work.  Copyright laws in most countries are in
a constant state of change.  If you are outside the United States, check
the laws of your country in addition to the terms of this agreement
before downloading, copying, displaying, performing, distributing or
creating derivative works based on this work or any other Project
Gutenberg-tm work.  The Foundation makes no representations concerning
the copyright status of any work in any country outside the United

1.E.  Unless you have removed all references to Project Gutenberg:

1.E.1.  The following sentence, with active links to, or other immediate
access to, the full Project Gutenberg-tm License must appear prominently
whenever any copy of a Project Gutenberg-tm work (any work on which the
phrase "Project Gutenberg" appears, or with which the phrase "Project
Gutenberg" is associated) is accessed, displayed, performed, viewed,
copied or distributed:

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever.  You may copy it, give it away or
re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at

1.E.2.  If an individual Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work is derived
from the public domain (does not contain a notice indicating that it is
posted with permission of the copyright holder), the work can be copied
and distributed to anyone in the United States without paying any fees
or charges.  If you are redistributing or providing access to a work
with the phrase "Project Gutenberg" associated with or appearing on the
work, you must comply either with the requirements of paragraphs 1.E.1
through 1.E.7 or obtain permission for the use of the work and the
Project Gutenberg-tm trademark as set forth in paragraphs 1.E.8 or

1.E.3.  If an individual Project Gutenberg-tm electronic work is posted
with the permission of the copyright holder, your use and distribution
must comply with both paragraphs 1.E.1 through 1.E.7 and any additional
terms imposed by the copyright holder.  Additional terms will be linked
to the Project Gutenberg-tm License for all works posted with the
permission of the copyright holder found at the beginning of this work.

1.E.4.  Do not unlink or detach or remove the full Project Gutenberg-tm
License terms from this work, or any files containing a part of this
work or any other work associated with Project Gutenberg-tm.

1.E.5.  Do not copy, display, perform, distribute or redistribute this
electronic work, or any part of this electronic work, without
prominently displaying the sentence set forth in paragraph 1.E.1 with
active links or immediate access to the full terms of the Project
Gutenberg-tm License.

1.E.6.  You may convert to and distribute this work in any binary,
compressed, marked up, nonproprietary or proprietary form, including any
word processing or hypertext form.  However, if you provide access to or
distribute copies of a Project Gutenberg-tm work in a format other than
"Plain Vanilla ASCII" or other format used in the official version
posted on the official Project Gutenberg-tm web site (,
you must, at no additional cost, fee or expense to the user, provide a
copy, a means of exporting a copy, or a means of obtaining a copy upon
request, of the work in its original "Plain Vanilla ASCII" or other
form.  Any alternate format must include the full Project Gutenberg-tm
License as specified in paragraph 1.E.1.

1.E.7.  Do not charge a fee for access to, viewing, displaying,
performing, copying or distributing any Project Gutenberg-tm works
unless you comply with paragraph 1.E.8 or 1.E.9.

1.E.8.  You may charge a reasonable fee for copies of or providing
access to or distributing Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works provided

- You pay a royalty fee of 20% of the gross profits you derive from
     the use of Project Gutenberg-tm works calculated using the method
     you already use to calculate your applicable taxes.  The fee is
     owed to the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark, but he
     has agreed to donate royalties under this paragraph to the
     Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.  Royalty payments
     must be paid within 60 days following each date on which you
     prepare (or are legally required to prepare) your periodic tax
     returns.  Royalty payments should be clearly marked as such and
     sent to the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation at the
     address specified in Section 4, "Information about donations to
     the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation."

- You provide a full refund of any money paid by a user who notifies
     you in writing (or by e-mail) within 30 days of receipt that s/he
     does not agree to the terms of the full Project Gutenberg-tm
     License.  You must require such a user to return or
     destroy all copies of the works possessed in a physical medium
     and discontinue all use of and all access to other copies of
     Project Gutenberg-tm works.

- You provide, in accordance with paragraph 1.F.3, a full refund of any
     money paid for a work or a replacement copy, if a defect in the
     electronic work is discovered and reported to you within 90 days
     of receipt of the work.

- You comply with all other terms of this agreement for free
     distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm works.

1.E.9.  If you wish to charge a fee or distribute a Project Gutenberg-tm
electronic work or group of works on different terms than are set
forth in this agreement, you must obtain permission in writing from
both the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and Michael
Hart, the owner of the Project Gutenberg-tm trademark.  Contact the
Foundation as set forth in Section 3 below.


1.F.1.  Project Gutenberg volunteers and employees expend considerable
effort to identify, do copyright research on, transcribe and proofread
public domain works in creating the Project Gutenberg-tm
collection.  Despite these efforts, Project Gutenberg-tm electronic
works, and the medium on which they may be stored, may contain
"Defects," such as, but not limited to, incomplete, inaccurate or
corrupt data, transcription errors, a copyright or other intellectual
property infringement, a defective or damaged disk or other medium, a
computer virus, or computer codes that damage or cannot be read by
your equipment.

of Replacement or Refund" described in paragraph 1.F.3, the Project
Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, the owner of the Project
Gutenberg-tm trademark, and any other party distributing a Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic work under this agreement, disclaim all
liability to you for damages, costs and expenses, including legal

defect in this electronic work within 90 days of receiving it, you can
receive a refund of the money (if any) you paid for it by sending a
written explanation to the person you received the work from.  If you
received the work on a physical medium, you must return the medium with
your written explanation.  The person or entity that provided you with
the defective work may elect to provide a replacement copy in lieu of a
refund.  If you received the work electronically, the person or entity
providing it to you may choose to give you a second opportunity to
receive the work electronically in lieu of a refund.  If the second copy
is also defective, you may demand a refund in writing without further
opportunities to fix the problem.

1.F.4.  Except for the limited right of replacement or refund set forth
in paragraph 1.F.3, this work is provided to you 'AS-IS' WITH NO OTHER

1.F.5.  Some states do not allow disclaimers of certain implied
warranties or the exclusion or limitation of certain types of damages.
If any disclaimer or limitation set forth in this agreement violates the
law of the state applicable to this agreement, the agreement shall be
interpreted to make the maximum disclaimer or limitation permitted by
the applicable state law.  The invalidity or unenforceability of any
provision of this agreement shall not void the remaining provisions.

1.F.6.  INDEMNITY - You agree to indemnify and hold the Foundation, the
trademark owner, any agent or employee of the Foundation, anyone
providing copies of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works in accordance
with this agreement, and any volunteers associated with the production,
promotion and distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works,
harmless from all liability, costs and expenses, including legal fees,
that arise directly or indirectly from any of the following which you do
or cause to occur: (a) distribution of this or any Project Gutenberg-tm
work, (b) alteration, modification, or additions or deletions to any
Project Gutenberg-tm work, and (c) any Defect you cause.

Section  2.  Information about the Mission of Project Gutenberg-tm

Project Gutenberg-tm is synonymous with the free distribution of
electronic works in formats readable by the widest variety of computers
including obsolete, old, middle-aged and new computers.  It exists
because of the efforts of hundreds of volunteers and donations from
people in all walks of life.

Volunteers and financial support to provide volunteers with the
assistance they need, is critical to reaching Project Gutenberg-tm's
goals and ensuring that the Project Gutenberg-tm collection will
remain freely available for generations to come.  In 2001, the Project
Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation was created to provide a secure
and permanent future for Project Gutenberg-tm and future generations.
To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation
and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4
and the Foundation web page at

Section 3.  Information about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive

The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation is a non profit
501(c)(3) educational corporation organized under the laws of the
state of Mississippi and granted tax exempt status by the Internal
Revenue Service.  The Foundation's EIN or federal tax identification
number is 64-6221541.  Its 501(c)(3) letter is posted at  Contributions to the Project Gutenberg
Literary Archive Foundation are tax deductible to the full extent
permitted by U.S. federal laws and your state's laws.

The Foundation's principal office is located at 4557 Melan Dr. S.
Fairbanks, AK, 99712., but its volunteers and employees are scattered
throughout numerous locations.  Its business office is located at
809 North 1500 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84116, (801) 596-1887, email  Email contact links and up to date contact
information can be found at the Foundation's web site and official
page at

For additional contact information:
     Dr. Gregory B. Newby
     Chief Executive and Director

Section 4.  Information about Donations to the Project Gutenberg
Literary Archive Foundation

Project Gutenberg-tm depends upon and cannot survive without wide
spread public support and donations to carry out its mission of
increasing the number of public domain and licensed works that can be
freely distributed in machine readable form accessible by the widest
array of equipment including outdated equipment.  Many small donations
($1 to $5,000) are particularly important to maintaining tax exempt
status with the IRS.

The Foundation is committed to complying with the laws regulating
charities and charitable donations in all 50 states of the United
States.  Compliance requirements are not uniform and it takes a
considerable effort, much paperwork and many fees to meet and keep up
with these requirements.  We do not solicit donations in locations
where we have not received written confirmation of compliance.  To
SEND DONATIONS or determine the status of compliance for any
particular state visit

While we cannot and do not solicit contributions from states where we
have not met the solicitation requirements, we know of no prohibition
against accepting unsolicited donations from donors in such states who
approach us with offers to donate.

International donations are gratefully accepted, but we cannot make
any statements concerning tax treatment of donations received from
outside the United States.  U.S. laws alone swamp our small staff.

Please check the Project Gutenberg Web pages for current donation
methods and addresses.  Donations are accepted in a number of other
ways including including checks, online payments and credit card
donations.  To donate, please visit:

Section 5.  General Information About Project Gutenberg-tm electronic

Professor Michael S. Hart was the originator of the Project Gutenberg-tm
concept of a library of electronic works that could be freely shared
with anyone.  For thirty years, he produced and distributed Project
Gutenberg-tm eBooks with only a loose network of volunteer support.

Project Gutenberg-tm eBooks are often created from several printed
editions, all of which are confirmed as Public Domain in the U.S.
unless a copyright notice is included.  Thus, we do not necessarily
keep eBooks in compliance with any particular paper edition.

Most people start at our Web site which has the main PG search facility:

This Web site includes information about Project Gutenberg-tm,
including how to make donations to the Project Gutenberg Literary
Archive Foundation, how to help produce our new eBooks, and how to
subscribe to our email newsletter to hear about new eBooks.